How to Revive a Dying Aloe Vera Plant

Aloe vera plants make great indoor or outdoor plants; they are also handy to have around because of their healing properties. These plants are succulents, and therefore can become sick due to overwatering, underwatering, and other environmental factors. Root rot is one of the most common ailments of Aloe vera plants, but they can also become sunburned. If your Aloe vera plant looks a little under the weather, don’t lose hope! You can still revive it!

EditSteps
EditRepotting Due to Root Rot
Remove the Aloe vera plant from its current pot. One of the typical reasons for Aloe vera plant death is root rot. In order to determine if this is the case, you need to first take the plant out of its pot.[1]
Loosely hold the base of the plant and the bottom of your pot. Tip the pot upside down, and continue holding the plant with your other hand. Hit the bottom of the pot with your hand or knock it against a table ledge (or other hard surface).[2]
Depending on the size of your plant, you may need another person to help you. One person should hold the plant base with both hands, while the other person tips the pot upside down and hits the bottom.[3]. You might also find it helpful to jostle the pot back and forth until the plant comes loose.

If you still have difficulties removing your plant with two sets of hands, you can run a trowel or knife around the interior of the pot and try releasing it again, or push some of the soil out through the drainage holes in the bottom of the pot. If your plant still does not come out of the pot, you may need to break your pot, but this is a last resort.[4]
While releasing the Aloe Vera plant from its pot, be sure that you are keeping the plant itself as steady as possible. All the movement should be centered on the pot, not the plant itself. In other words, hold, don’t pull, the plant. Hitting the bottom of the pot will keep your roots intact, and gravity will push the plant downward.

Tend the roots. Examine the roots and determine how many of the roots are still healthy. Mushy roots are characteristic of root rot and need to be removed.[5] Any roots that aren’t black or mushy are good and can be kept.
If you see a lot of healthy roots and only a section of dead or mushy roots, you can likely save your plant without too much trouble, but you’ll need to cut away the damaged roots.[6] You can use a sharp, sterilized knife to cut away the dead roots,[7] but make sure to get them all.

If you notice that the majority of your plant has damaged roots, it will take a little more effort to save the plant, and it may be beyond saving. In this case, you can try to save the plant by removing the largest leaves (with a knife). Cut away about half of the plant. This method is risky. However, with fewer leaves to nourish, the small amount of undamaged roots can better direct nutrients throughout the plant.[8]

Choose a pot that is one-third larger than the root system. Any excess soil will hold water and could cause root rot in the future, so a smaller pot is better than a larger one.[9]
The roots of Aloe vera plants grow horizontally, rather than vertically. [10] Aloe vera plants can also become quite heavy, and the weight of the plant can cause a narrow pot to tip over. Thus, select a wide pot, rather than a deep or narrow pot.[11]
The pot you choose should also have plenty of drainage holes on the bottom so that excess water does not sit in the soil.[12]
A plastic pot is best if you live in a dryer climate, while a pot made from terra cotta or clay is best for cooler or humid areas.[13]

Use potting soil suitable for cactus or succulents. This type of soil has a higher sand content and produces a well-draining environment for your plant. You can find this type of soil easily at your local garden center.[14]
You can also create your own soil mix for your Aloe vera plant by mixing equal parts of sand, gravel or pumice, and soil.[15] Be sure to use a coarse sand (like builder’s sand), rather than a fine sand. Fine sand can clump and hold water, rather than allowing it to drain down and through the pot.[16]
Although you can use potting soil for Aloe vera plants, they will thrive better in a mixed soil.[17] Potting soil is more likely to hold moisture and could therefore cause root rot.

Replant your Aloe vera. Prepare the pot by filling it with the potting soil mixture, and shake your Aloe vera plant gently to remove about a third of the soil that has attached itself to the root ball.[18] Place your plant in the newly prepared pot and cover the top with more of the potting soil mixture. Be sure that the entire root ball is covered with the soil mixture , but don’t bury the plant deeper than it was in the first pot.[19]
You can also layer small rocks or gravel on the top of the soil, which helps reduce the evaporation of water.[20]

Do not water immediately after repotting. Your Aloe vera plant needs a few days to readjust to its new pot and to repair any broken roots.[21]

EditMonitoring Water
Check the soil. You can tell if your Aloe vera plant needs to be watered by pressing your index finger a few inches down into the soil. If the soil is dry, your plant needs water. Aloe vera plants are succulents and do not need to be watered often. Overwatering can kill your plant![22]
If you keep your plant outside, watering every two weeks should be sufficient.[23]
If you keep your plant inside, water it every three to four weeks.[24]

Modify watering according to the season. Aloe vera plants need more water in the warmer months, but less in the cooler months. Water less often in Fall and Winter, especially if your plant lives in a cool space.[25]

Examine the leaves. As a succulent, Aloe vera plants store water in their leaves. If you notice the leaves are dropping or are becoming almost transparent, your plant likely needs water.[26]
However, the same qualities can be a sign of root rot, caused by overwatering. Ask yourself when you watered your plant last. If you watered it recently, you should remove the plant from the pot and check for root rot.[27]

Water until the soil is just moist. Water should never sit on top of the surface of the soil, so water with a light hand. Continue to check your plant weekly or bi-weekly by testing the soil to see if it needs to be watered.

EditCaring for a Sunburnt Plant
Check the leaves. If the leaves of your Aloe vera plant are turning brown or red, your plant may be sunburned.[28]

Reposition your plant. Move your plant to a place where it receives indirect, rather than direct, sunlight.[29]
If your plant is typically in a position to receive artificial light rather than sunlight, reposition the plant so that there is a greater distance between it and the light source. You can also try moving it outside so that it is getting some indirect natural light, rather than artificial light.[30]

Water your plant. Check the soil and determine if your plant needs to be watered. The soil is likely dry if your plant has been getting too much sunlight, since the water would be evaporating more quickly.[31]

Remove dead leaves. With a sharp, sterilized knife, cut the leaf away from the plant at the base. Any leaves that are dead take nutrients from other parts of the plant, so be sure to remove them so that the rest of your plant doesn’t suffer.[32]

EditTip
Instead of snapping off leaves when you want to use the aloe, cut the leaves at the base with a sharp knife where the leaf meets the soil. The plant will heal itself better from a more precise cut.[33]
EditRelated wikiHows
Grow Kalanchoe

Fertilize Carnivorous Plants

Clean African Violet Leaves

Choose a Good Office Plant

Make Pot Liners for Plants

Raise Carnivorous Plants

Plant Aloe Vera

Care for Your Aloe Vera Plant

Revive a Wilted Herb Plant

EditReferences
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Today in History for 31st May 2019

Historical Events

1902 – Boer War Ends; Treaty of Unity signed, Britain annexes Transvaal
1931 – 7.1 magnitude Earthquake destroys Quetta in modern-day Pakistan: 40,000 dead.
1937 – Brooklyn Dodgers snap NY Giant Carl Hubbell’s 24-game winning streak
1953 – Lebanese president Camille Shamun disbands government
1961 – 6th European Cup: Benfica beats Barcelona 3-2 at Bern
2005 – Mark Felt, former FBI high ranking official revealed as “Deep Throat” source during Watergate investigations in “Vanity Fair” article

More Historical Events »

Famous Birthdays

1656 – Marin Marais, French composer, born in Paris (d. 1728)
1931 – John Schrieffer, US physicist (Nobel 1972)
1932 – Ronald Hampel, British CEO (ICI)
1949 – Tom Berenger, actor (Big Chill, Someone to Watch Over Me), born in Chicago, Illinois
1971 – Brad Elberg, CFL running back (Winnipeg Blue Bombers)
1977 – Domenico Fioravanti, Italian swimmer

More Famous Birthdays »

Famous Deaths

1862 – Robert Hopkins Hatton, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies in battle at 35
1952 – Walter Schellenberg, German lawyer/headed spy (Venlo), dies
1986 – James Rainwater, American physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1917)
1987 – Dorothy Patrick, actress (Torch Song, New Orleans, High Wall), dies
2000 – Johnnie Taylor, American RandB and multi-genre singer (Disco Lady, I Believe in You), dies at 66
2001 – Arlene Francis, American television personality (d. 1907)

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How to Reduce the Redness of Sunburn

A bad sunburn can be painful, irritating, and tough to get rid of quickly. We’ve looked into it for you, and the very best thing you can do to diminish the intense redness is to take actions to properly heal and conceal your skin. After this, ease your discomfort with medication, cool temperatures, and other remedies. Prevent yourself from burning next time by protecting your skin with sunscreen and protective clothing, and by practicing awareness.

EditSteps
EditHealing and Concealing Sunburns
Drink a lot of water. Try to drink at least 10 full glasses of water each day for a week after your sunburn. This will help your body to re-hydrate which will, in turn, aid in the healing process. Drinking water while you are out in the sun will also help you to avoid heatstroke and other heat-related medical conditions.[1]
At the same time, make sure to avoid consuming any alcohol during your recovery period. This will only dehydrate you and dry out your skin even more.[2]

Apply aloe vera. This is the traditional go-to remedy when dealing with a burn. The gel of the aloe vera plant has natural anti-inflammatory properties and can speed up the healing process if applied correctly. You can buy a store-brand aloe, but it is best to use the gel directly from a plant when possible.[3]
To remove the gel from a plant, break off a single full stem. Cut the stem open lengthwise. Open the stem and scrape out the gel using a spoon or your finger. Apply the gel to your skin between 2-3 times a day.[4]
For extra relief, you could also fill up an ice cube tray with aloe vera and freeze it, making aloe cubes that you can rub on your burn. (Wrap the cubes in a light hand towel before touching them to your skin). You can also apply aloe gel to your face in an overnight mask.[5]

Create a baking soda paste. Get out a small bowl and mix equal parts baking soda and cornstarch. Add cool water until it reaches a thick enough consistency to apply to your skin. Both of these primary ingredients may take some of the redness out the burned areas. Rinse the paste and reapply as needed to soothe your skin.[6]

Use witch hazel. You can use the leaves and bark of the witch hazel plant for medicinal purposes. The “tannins” contained in witch hazel may help to repel bacteria and promote healing. Look for a vial of witch hazel extract at your local natural foods store. Use a cotton ball to apply the extract to your skin.[7]

Apply apple cider vinegar to the area. You can fill up a bottle and spray the vinegar directly on your skin for relief. Or, you can soak cotton balls in vinegar and place them on your skin. Vinegar is a known anti-inflammatory, so it may speed up the healing process. You can also take a cool bath in vinegar. Fill the tub up with cool water and then 1 cup of vinegar. Relax in the tub for approximately 20min and then rinse off. Do this once a day for about three days. The cool water mixed with vinegar will pull the burning sensation of the heat out of your body, and make you feel cooler.[8]
Be aware that some people react badly to apple cider vinegar. It is a good idea to apply a small amount on the back of your hand, via a cotton ball, before putting it all over your body. This will allow you to watch your body’s reaction on a small scale to make sure you will be okay.

Apply potato slices to the area. Many natural healers swear that potatoes can reduce pain and inflammation. Get a few potatoes and use a knife to cut them into thin slices. Then, place these slices on the burnt areas of your skin. Rotate the slices until you feel some relief.[9]
You can also dice or shred a potato and place it into a blender. Blend for a few pulses and then apply the resulting paste (being careful to include the potato juices) onto your skin.

Make sure to carefully wash the potatoes before slicing or dicing.

Apply live cultured yogurt. This one is a bit of a long-shot but, if nothing else, the cool temperature of the yogurt may soothe your skin. Get out a cup of plain, probiotic yogurt and apply a light coating to your burned skin using a cotton ball. Let the yogurt sit on your skin for around 5 minutes before wiping off with a clean damp towel.[10]

Wear loose and dark clothing. Light, cotton garments that fall away from the skin are your best options during your recovery period. These items will let your skin breathe, preventing stagnation and lessening the possibility of infection. Stick to darker colors as they will draw less attention to your skin. Avoid whites and neon colors as they will create contrast with the redness, making it more noticeable.[11]

Use make-up to cover the redness. Apply a green-tinted primer to the burned areas to counterbalance the appearance of redness. Don’t apply blush as it will only increase the red look. Use a light hand with make-up, however, as you can run the risk of skin irritation.[12]

EditLessening Your Pain and Discomfort
Take pain medication. As soon as you get out of the sun, take an over-the-counter (OTC) anti-inflammatory medication, such as Aspirin. Go ahead and ingest the highest recommended dose for at least the first 24 hours to kick-start the healing process. Keep taking the medication until the immediate discomfort from the burn has subsided.
No matter how much pain you feel, it is critical that you follow the dosage instructions for OTC or prescription pain medications. Taking more than the proper dosage can cause serious medical injuries, such as liver damage. Read the label carefully to determine how many pills to take and at what intervals.

Make sure that you are also aware of any possible pain medication side effects or drug interactions. These are often also listed on the bottle’s label or you can contact your doctor with any questions. For example, people with bleeding issues are often advised to avoid consuming Aspirin.

You can also get a small bowl, drop one or two aspirin tablets into it, and crush them into a paste (adding a little water, if needed). Then, apply this paste to the most burned areas. Wipe off after a few minutes. However, for health safety reasons, do not crush and use more pills than the recommended dosage on the bottle or apply this paste while also taking a pain medication orally.[13]

Apply a cool cloth to the area. Pull out a soft cotton washcloth and dip it into cool, not cold, water. Wring it out slightly and then place it on your skin. Re-soak the cloth and repeat as necessary. You can also dip the cloth in whole cold milk. This will let you get the cooling benefits and the restorative effects of vitamin D.[14]

Take a cool bath. Run a bath for yourself using cool, not cold, water. Soak for a bit. For even more benefit, fill up a clean sock with 2 cups of uncooked oatmeal and tie it off at the end. Place the filled sock in the tub with you and squeeze it to release the juices. The oatmeal’s polysaccharides will coat and calm your skin.[15]
You can also, of course, dump the raw oats directly into the tub with you, but expect more of a clean-up this way.

Resist the urge to scrub off with soap or a body cleanser while in the tub. This will only dry your skin out and extend the healing process.[16]

Soothe with cucumber. Add a bit of cucumber to your water for a relaxing way to hydrate. Place thin slices of cucumber on your burn. Or, blend cucumbers to create a mask that you can then apply to your face or elsewhere. All of these approaches will maximize the antioxidant properties found in cucumbers.[17]
Feel free to mix the cucumber paste with aloe vera gel for even more of a healing boost.

Drink some tea. Make yourself a cup of green tea. You can either drink the tea directly or dip some cotton balls into it and apply it to your skin. The antioxidants and anti-inflammatory properties of the tea may reduce redness and swelling, allowing your skin to heal.[18]

Avoid applying ice. It is very tempting to pluck a few cubes out of the freezer and place them directly onto your skin. Resist this urge as that type of extreme cold can actually damage your skin, even more, killing the skin cells in the process. Instead, if you really want to use ice, wrap the cubes in a soft, clean washcloth before touching them to your skin.

Do not pick at the affected area. Resist the urge to run your fingers over your skin, removing flakes as you go. Your dead skin will fall off in due time without your direct assistance. Forcibly exfoliating your skin too early can lead to scarring or infection. This is especially the case if you puncture any raised areas or sores.[19]
Once your skin has returned to a close-to-normal color and is pain-free then you can spend some time exfoliating it with a soft sponge or scrubber.

Consult with a doctor. Make an appointment to see a physician if your sunburn develops blisters or seems to be swelling. If you see any pus coming from the burned areas, it can be a sign of possible infection. You can also see a doctor if your burn is simply making you miserable and the home remedies seem to have no effect.[20]
Depending on your specific situation, your doctor will most likely give you a corticosteroid cream. They may also prescribe an antibiotic if your burn shows signs of infection.

EditPreventing a Sunburn
Apply sunscreen before going out. Purchase a broad-spectrum (also called a full-spectrum) sunscreen that will block both UVA and UVB rays. Get a sunscreen with a sun protection factor (SPF) of at least 50, the higher the better. Then, apply the cream to your skin at least 20 minutes before heading outside. This allows the sunscreen to begin working before you are actually exposed to the sun, thus preventing burning.[21]
As you consider various sunscreen brands, consider what activities you’ll be doing that will require protection. If you will be in the water, then you’ll want a sunscreen that is water-resistant. If you are hiking, you may need a sunscreen that includes insect repellant.

Reapply sunscreen on a regular basis. You should aim to reapply your sunscreen at least every 90 minutes. This interval may need to be shortened if you are sweating heavily or spending time in the water. When you reapply, don’t rush. Make sure to coat all exposed parts of your body.[22]
For each application you can estimate using a nickel-sized portion on your facial area and two shot glasses worth of lotion on your body.

Wear a hat. It is almost impossible to apply sunscreen to your scalp and that makes this area very susceptible to burning. To prevent a painful head burn, wear a solid hat when venturing outdoors for extended periods of time. This will also offer some protection for your face as well.[23]

Pay attention to your body’s signals. Your body will often tell you when it has had enough of the sun. Pause in your activities for a moment and evaluate your condition. Does your skin feel overly warm? Are you starting to notice feelings of tightness? Are you experiencing any pain at this point? If you answer “yes” to any of these questions, head indoors.

Ask your friends to check you out. If you are outside with other people you can always ask them to look you over. However, the reflection from the sun on your skin can often mask the visual signs of a burn, so it may be difficult for them to accurately gauge if you are headed in that direction.

Be very careful when recovering. It can take up to six months for your skin to fully heal after a sunburn. If you are burned again during this interval, the healing process can come to a standstill. While you are healing, be careful with your body and limit your time in the sun.[24]

EditVideo
EditTips
Over-the-counter moisturizers get a bad rap when it comes to burns. Buy a water-based moisturizer and then place it in the fridge to cool. Applying it to your burns should help a bit.

Be patient with the healing process. Most sunburns begin to visibly improve within a week or less.[25]
If you want to expedite the healing process, you might try LED laser therapy treatments. These applications promote healing and can be done immediately following a burn.[26]
Don’t apply apple cider vinegar to your sunburn without first diluting it significantly with water. Pure apple cider vinegar will be far too acidic and cause further damage and additional pain.

EditWarnings
If you are experiencing severe swelling, a high temperature, dizziness, nausea, or headaches along with your burn, then get medical attention immediately. You could be experiencing sun poisoning.[27]
Be aware that certain medications, such as particular antibiotics, can make you particularly susceptible to the sun’s rays, potentially resulting in a sunburn.[28]
EditReferences
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How to Make Blue Hawaiian Jello Shots

For a fun party treat with shocking color, make Blue Hawaiian jello shots. To quickly mix up these adult shots, dissolve berry blue jello in water and then add Blue Curaçao, Malibu Rum, and pineapple juice.[1] Pour the liquid into small cups and chill until they’re set. For shots with distinctive blue and yellow layers, combine pineapple juice with vodka, gelatin, and Blue Curaçao. Once this layer is set, pour a mixture of gelatin, lemon syrup, and pineapple juice over it. Serve the layered shots once they’re set.

EditIngredients
EditEasy Blue Hawaiian Jello Shots[2]
1 3-ounce (85 g) box of berry blue jello

of boiling water

of Blue Curaçao liquor

of Malibu Rum

of pineapple juice, chilled

10 fresh or canned pineapple wedges, for garnish

10 maraschino cherries, without stems, drained

Makes 10 jello shots

EditBlue Hawaiian Jello Shots from Scratch[3]
Blue Layer

of canned pineapple juice, strained and divided

of vodka

2 (0.25 ounce or 7 g) envelopes of gelatin, divided

of Blue Curaçao liqueur

of white rum

1⁄4 cup of lemon syrup or of lemonade concentrate with of water

Makes 18 to 24 jello shots

EditSteps
EditEasy Blue Hawaiian Jello Shots
Arrange 10 small cups on a baking sheet. Get out a rimmed baking sheet or tray and set it on your work surface. Place 10 2-ounce (59 ml) plastic soufflé on the tray.

Put the berry blue jello in a bowl and whisk in the boiling water. Open a 3-ounce (85 g) box of berry blue jello and pour it into a bowl. Slowly pour in of boiling water and whisk until the jello is dissolved.[4]To make it easier to pour into the cups, you can whisk the mixture in a large heat-proof measuring cup.

Whisk in the Blue Curaçao, Malibu Rum, and pineapple juice. Pour of Blue Curaçao liquor, of Malibu Rum, and of chilled pineapple juice into the bowl. Whisk to combine the liquids.
Pour the liquid into the cups. Slowly pour enough of the liquid to fill each of the soufflé cups on the baking sheet. If you can’t pour directly from the bowl, use a measuring cup to divide the liquid between the cups.
Chill the jello shots for at least 4 hours. Put the baking sheet with the shots in the refrigerator. Leave the jello shots for at least 4 hours so they set up.[5]If you’d like to make the shots ahead of time, refrigerate them for up to 1 day.

Garnish the shots with pineapple wedges and maraschino cherries. Cut 10 canned or fresh pineapple wedges into bite-sized pieces and cut a slit into each. Push a bite-sized wedge onto the rim of each jello shot. Then top each shot with a maraschino cherry and serve them.
Garnish the shots just before serving because the cherries could discolor the shots over time.

EditBlue Hawaiian Jello Shots from Scratch
Put of the juice and vodka into a pan. Pour of the strained pineapple juice into a saucepan and add of vodka. Stir to combine the liquids.
Sprinkle half of the gelatin over and let it sit for 1 to 2 minutes. Open a 0.25 (7 g) package of gelatin and sprinkle it over the liquids in the saucepan. Let the gelatin absorb the liquid for 1 to 2 minutes.The gelatin will appear thick once it’s absorbed some of the liquid.

Avoid stirring the gelatin as it hydrates.

Stir and cook the mixture over low heat for 5 minutes. Turn the burner to the lowest setting and begin stirring the gelatin mixture. Keep stirring as the gelatin heats and dissolves.Avoid heating the gelatin over medium heat because it could cause some of the alcohol to evaporate.

Turn off the burner and stir in the Blue Curaçao and rum. Move the saucepan to a cold burner to stop the gelatin from cooking further. Stir in of Blue Curaçao liqueur and of white rum.
Pour the blue gelatin mixture into shot glasses. Place 18 to 24 2-ounce (59 ml) cups on a baking sheet. Divide the blue gelatin mixture between all of the cups. This will make a blue layer on the bottom of the shots.To make a larger pan that you can cut into shots, get out a 9 x 5 (22 x 12 cm) loaf pan. Pour all of the blue gelatin mixture into the loaf pan.

Refrigerate the blue gelatin layer for at least 1 hour. Put the baking sheet with the shots into the refrigerator. Chill the jello for at least 1 hour so the blue layer sets up completely.
Mix the remaining juice and of lemon syrup in a saucepan. Pour the remaining of strained pineapple juice into a small saucepan. Stir in of lemon syrup until the liquids are combined.If you don’t have lemon syrup, mix of lemonade concentrate with of water and strain it.

Sprinkle the gelatin over the liquid and let it soak for 1 to 2 minutes. Open the remaining (0.25 or 7 g) envelope of gelatin and sprinkle it evenly over the liquid in the saucepan. Leave it to hydrate for 1 to 2 minutes.Don’t stir the gelatin as it hydrates or it could make lumps.

Stir and cook the yellow gelatin for 5 minutes over low heat. Turn the burner to the lowest setting and stir the gelatin constantly. Keep cooking the gelatin mixture until the gelatin dissolves.
Cool the yellow gelatin for 10 minutes and pour it into the shot cups. Turn off the burner and move the saucepan to a cold burner. Let the gelatin mixture cool for 10 minutes. Then take the cups with the blue gelatin out of the refrigerator and pour the yellow gelatin evenly over the blue layer.If you’re using the loaf pan, pour all of the yellow gelatin over the blue layer in the pan.

Refrigerate the jello for at least 2 hours. Put the baking sheet with the shots back in the refrigerator and chill them until they’re completely set. If you’d like to make them ahead of time, refrigerate them overnight.To serve the shots, remove them from the refrigerator just before you’re ready to serve them. If you used the loaf pan, cut them into small cubes and serve them.

EditTips
If you prefer, substitute tequila for the rum.

EditThings You’ll Need
EditEasy Blue Hawaiian Jello Shots
Measuring cups and spoons

Rimmed baking sheet or tray

10 (2 oz or 59 ml) plastic soufflé cups

Measuring bowl

Whisk

EditBlue Hawaiian Jello Shots from Scratch
Measuring cups and spoons

Saucepan

Spoon

18 to 24 (2 oz or 59 ml) plastic soufflé cups

Baking sheet

9 x 5 (22 x 12 cm) loaf pan, optional

Knife

EditReferences
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Today in History for 30th May 2019

Historical Events

1416 – Jerome of Prague burned at the stake for heresy by church Council of Constance
1876 – Ottoman sultan Abd-ul-Aziz is deposed and succeeded by his nephew Murat V.
1925 – Rogers Hornsby replaces Branch Rickey as manager of Cardinals
1947 – Indianapolis 500: Mauri Rose wins in 4:17:52.159 (187.228 km/h)
1959 – 58th Men’s French Championships: Nicola Pietrangeli beats Ian Vermaak (3-6, 6-3, 6-4, 6-1)
1964 – Indianapolis 500: A. J. Foyt wins in 3:23:35.813 (237.137 km/h)

More Historical Events »

Famous Birthdays

1220 – Alexander Nevsky, Prince of Novgorod and Grand Prince of Vladimir, considered the key figure in medieval Rus (1252-63), born in Pereslavl-Zalessky, Vladimir-Suzdal (now Russia) (d. 1263)
1925 – Claude Prey, French composer, born in Fleury sur Andelle (d. 1998)
1945 – Norman Eshley, English actor
1957 – Allison Roe, marathoner (NYC-1981), born in Auckland, New Zealand
1961 – Ella Arolovich, Leningrad USSR, model
1979 – Mike Bishai, Canadian ice hockey player

More Famous Birthdays »

Famous Deaths

1944 – Jessie Ralph, actress (Good Earth, San Francisco), dies at 79
1960 – Boris Pasternak, Russian poet and novelist (Doctor Zhivago) (Nobel Prize 1958), dies at 70
1971 – Marcel Dupré, French organist and composer, dies at 85
1972 – Margaret Ruthven Lang, composer, dies at 104
1996 – Leon-Etienne Duval, French prelate and cardinal of the Catholic Church in Algeria, dies at 92
1997 – West Arkeen, American musician, best known for co-writing several Guns N’ Roses songs (It’s So Easy, The Garden), dies of a drug overdose at 36

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How to Hand Feed a Horse

Whether you own your own horse or just enjoy visiting them in pastures or stables near your home, it can be a rewarding experience to hand feed a horse. If you follow safety procedures and offer the horse the proper food or treat when hand-feeding, you and the horse can enjoy a bonding experience.

EditSteps
EditFeeding a Horse By Hand Safely
Get permission to approach and feed horses that are not yours. If you see some horses grazing in a pasture on the side of the road, don’t assume you can simply approach the fence and offer them food. You must always as the owner’s permission before approaching or feeding any horses that do not belong to you.[1]
Some horses might be on a very specific diet, and offering them food outside of that diet could be harmful. Alternatively, some horses may have biting tendencies or aggressive behaviors, and you don’t want to approach any horse without being aware of these tendencies beforehand.

Approach the horse with caution. Never run at a horse. Do not come at the horse from behind, as you might spook it. Approach the horse from the front, and off to the side a bit. Approaching at a slight angle toward the shoulder will allow it to see you a bit better.[2]
Don’t approach a horse directly from the front since that’s where its blind spot is. Make sure you are coming to it from the side a bit as that is where its best vision is. Walk slowly and don’t lunge towards the horse or make any sudden movements.

Let the horse know you are coming. Talking softly, clicking your tongue, or speaking the horse’s name will let it know you are approaching. You might see its ears twitch as it hears your voice, and it may turn to look at you when it hears you. This will let you know the horse has acknowledged your presence and you haven’t startled it.[3]
Don’t make any strange or overly loud noises to let the horse know you’re there. Just speak quietly or make noises it is used to hearing.

Hold your hand out flat. When offering a horse food with your hand, you want to make sure your hand is flat with your fingers together and the food or treat on your palm. Doing this will keep your fingertips away from the horse’s mouth, and it will be less likely to accidentally nip you while taking the food.[4]
Avoid holding your hand too high. Let the horse drop its head down to take the treat from your palm. That way, the horse will be reaching down into your palm rather than coming straight onto your fingertips.

EditFeeding the Proper Treats
Offer the horse fruits, vegetables, or manufactured horse treats. Horses particularly love apples and carrots, but you can also offer a myriad of other things, including melons, snow peas, pumpkin, and strawberries. You can also choose to offer treats made specifically for horses that can be purchased at horse supply stores.[5]
For a sweet treat, you can even offer the horse a few peppermint candies or sugar cubes. Make sure you only give these occasionally, and only a few at a time.

Break off small pieces to feed to the horse. Some horses might chew and swallow the treats you give them, while others might be more prone to swallow without chewing. Breaking up larger pieces will prevent anything from getting stuck in the horse’s throat.[6]
Watch the horse as it eats its treats to assure it doesn’t have trouble chewing or eating whatever you have chosen to feed it.

Avoid feeding horses any treats that may produce gas. Things like potatoes, onions, Brussels sprouts, and cabbage should be avoided. Horses are prone to bloat which could lead to health complications, so you don’t want to feed them things that could lead to excessive gas.[7]
Avoid giving your horse raw garlic. Garlic is sometimes given to horses in supplement form, or incorporated into certain kinds of feed, but should not be given raw as a treat.

Chocolate is also a bad treat choice for horses. The same chemical that makes chocolate toxic to dogs also makes it toxic to horses in large amounts. Still, a tiny piece now and then won’t do much harm.

Give treats in moderation. Overfeeding treats adds unnecessary calories and could disrupt the bacteria and microbes present in a horse’s digestive tract that are balanced to keep things working properly.[8]
As an alternative to treats, you can hand feed a horse its regular feed, or handfuls of the grass it likely spends most of its day munching on out in the pasture.

EditDiscouraging Nipping Behaviors
Incorporate a verbal command or cue. If you associate a hand-fed treat with a verbal cue, the horse will eventually learn to only expect a treat when the word is spoken, rather than all the time. This will discourage them from constantly nudging or nipping for treats.[9]
Speaking a word like “Treat!” when you want to give your horse a treat will help it wait for this cue to expect a treat.

Stand at the horse’s shoulder. Rather than standing in front of the horse and offering a treat to it outright, stand beside it and face in the same direction as it. Hold the treat in the palm of your hand and reach a little over to its other side. This will force the horse to turn its head slightly away from you to take the treat.[10]
Doing this will teach the horse to expect hand-fed treats in this manner, and the horse will be less likely to nip or nudge people for treats.

Avoid pulling your hand away as you feed the horse. Rather than pulling your hand back towards yourself as the horse takes the treat from your palm, guide the treat into the horse’s mouth and direct your hand toward it instead.[11]
Pulling your hand away might signal to the horse that you are going to withdraw the treat, which might cause them to lunge for it in an attempt to get it before you take it away. This could lead to an accidental nip or bite.

Feed the horse treats in a bucket or feeding trough. If a certain horse has particularly bad hand-feeding manners, stick to feeding that horse with a bucket or feeding trough. This will generally be the safest way to feed a horse.[12]
Hand feeding is sometimes frowned upon in the horse-owner community because of the nipping behaviors it can occasionally create or foster. If your horse has a tendency towards these behaviors, feeding the horse treats in a bucket or feeding trough is a safe alternative.[13]

EditTips
Some horses like to be petted as they eat, depending on how friendly they are with strangers. Rubbing its muzzle or scratching its forehead (or neck if the horse is head-shy) is enough to make it happy.

Don’t overdo it with the grass. The horse still has lots of pasture to eat, so only a few handfuls of grass from the other side of the fence is enough to give it a treat.

If your horse has problems such as nipping or biting, then you should wear gloves the first few times to make it stop.

EditWarnings
Do not stick your fingers in its mouth. This is a good way to get bit!

EditRelated wikiHows
Feed a Horse

Grass Feed a Horse

EditReferences
EditQuick Summary
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How to Afford Healthy Food

Eating healthy might take a little more work, but it doesn’t have to be expensive. You can find ingredients that are healthy, such as whole grains, vegetables, fruits, and lean protein and dairy, and make healthy meals at home. Don’t forget to make a plan and stick to it at the grocery store. It can also help to make ingredients yourself, such as yogurt and broths/stocks.

EditSteps
EditFinding Deals on Healthy Groceries
Pick what’s in season. When fruits and vegetables are in season, they tend to cost less. Often, grocery stores will run sales on what’s in season because they know customers expect certain fruits and veggies at certain times of the year. As an added bonus, when things are in season, they taste better.[1]
In fall, look for produce like pumpkins, winter squash, cabbage, and apples.

In the winter, opt for winter squash, cabbage, and other root vegetables.

Springtime is great for produce like beets, leafy greens, spring onions, and asparagus.

Summer is a good time for watermelon, corn, and berries, just to name a few. You’ll likely notice the cheapest produce prices in summer. Also, because produce is cheaper this time of year, you can buy extra and freeze it or can it yourself.

Check the prices on frozen and canned. While you may prefer fresh fruits and vegetables, you can often save money by opting for frozen or canned instead. These options have the same health benefits, though be sure to pick ones that don’t have added sugar or salt.[2]
Check your proteins, too. Frozen chicken may be cheaper than fresh, and canned salmon and tuna is likely cheaper than fresh fish.[3]

Check out the weekly deals. Most grocery stores run weekly specials, which you can learn about through their weekly ads. When something is on sale, that’s the time to stock up on it. Most protein can be frozen and saved for later, for instance, so if your store is running a sale on boneless, skinless chicken breasts, buy some to use and save for later.[4]

Compare prices every time. You probably already know to check for the lowest prices on the items you’re buying. However, you may get stuck in a rut buying a certain brand and assuming it’s the cheapest when prices change all the time. Check each time you buy.[5]
Look up and down, as grocery stores tend to put the most expensive items at eye level.

Keep an eye on store brands, as they tend to be cheaper.

Buy in bulk. While buying in bulk can come with a higher price upfront, it’ll be cheaper overall. For instance, buying a large can of quick oatmeal is much cheaper than buying a box of the instant packets. Add some fresh fruit to create your own flavors.[6]
You can also buy some items in bulk bins at health food stores. Often these stores will have items like grains, beans, pastas, nuts, granolas, flours, and sugars. You can get just what you need, taking advantage of the cheaper prices without having to buy more than you need.

Use coupons. Take advantage of coupons when you come across them. However, only use them for the foods you already buy. If you’re buying something you don’t normally buy, you’re just spending extra money that must come from somewhere else.
You can find coupons online, as well as in the newspaper. You can also use a variety of coupon apps to save money.

Apply for SNAP or WIC. If you are low-income, you might qualify for SNAP or WIC. SNAP is the contemporary version of food stamps, and you get your assistance on a debit-type card.[7] WIC is only for women with low income who have young children. Pregnant women also qualify. It’s also more restrictive about what you can buy, but it can still help you afford healthy food.[8]
Visit your local SNAP office to apply in person, or you can apply online in many states. Check if you can apply online in your state at https://www.fns.usda.gov/snap/apply.

To apply for WIC, contact your local WIC office.

Find a farmer’s market or local farms. Sometimes, you can find cheaper produce at the farmer’s market, though you must hunt for deals. Also, driving out to local farms to pick your own produce can make it cheaper, as well. Be ready to use what you buy, though, as farm-fresh produce doesn’t tend to last as long as grocery market produce, which is bred and treated to last longer. However, you’ll make up for it in flavor.
Some farmer’s markets even accept SNAP.

EditFocusing on Cheaper Healthy Ingredients
Choose cheaper ingredients. Not all healthy ingredients are expensive. In fact, many healthy ingredients are cheap. Take each category of food you need to buy, and figure out options in each one.
For instance, in whole grains, you can try oatmeal, brown rice, bulgur, popcorn, and whole-wheat bread and pasta.

For vegetables, pick ones like cabbage, leafy greens (like mustard greens, kale, or even broccoli), squash, carrots, and celery.

In fruit, go for cheaper options, such as oranges, apples, and bananas.

In the dairy section, reach for milk and plain yogurt in large containers.[9]

Make your proteins last longer. Keep in mind that you probably need less protein than you think in your diet. Making your proteins last across several meals will help both your budget and your diet. For instance, if you make a chicken one night, use the leftovers the next night to make a chicken soup. The night after that, use some of the chicken in tacos.[10]
Adult women under 30 only need 5 1/2 ounce-equivalents each day, while women over 30 only need 5 ounce-equivalents. Adult men under 30 need 6 1/2, while if you’re 30 to 50, you need 6 ounce-equivalents and 5 1/2 if you’re over 50.

An “ounce-equivalent” is one ounce (28 grams) of meat (3 ounces of meat is about the size of a deck of cards).[11]

Go vegetarian. While you don’t need to completely cut animal protein out of your diet, opting for plant-based protein sometimes can help cut costs. Try focusing meals around these vegetarian options, such as having beans and rice one night instead of chili.[12]
Some vegetarian equivalents to an ounce of meat include an egg, 1/4 cup (60 milliliters) of beans, peas, or lentils, 1/2 an ounce (14 grams) of nuts or seeds, a tablespoon (15 milliliters) of peanut butter, or 2 tablespoons (30 milliliters) of hummus.[13]

Read labels. While you need to compare prices on foods, you should also compare labels for items you’re buying, particularly if you’re buying prepacked food of any kind. For instance, if you must have a box of macaroni and cheese, it’s best to pick the healthiest one you can find.[14]
Look for foods low in sugar and sodium. You should be eating about 2,300 milligrams (1 teaspoon) of salt per day. Also, check for lower trans and saturated fat. Even the healthier fats should only be 20 to 30 percent of what you eat.

Keep serving sizes to 400 calories or less. Also, check to see how many vitamins and minerals the food has.

EditMaking Meal Plans
Decide on your dinners for the week. Making a meal plan will help you to only buy what you need and therefore stay under budget. If you don’t already have healthy recipes you love, find some you like online or ask your friends for recommendations.[15]
One site you can try is the USDA’s What’s Cooking website (https://whatscooking.fns.usda.gov/). It has healthy recipes that you can use to plan meals.

Don’t forget to plan around your schedule. Opt for leftovers or quick meals on nights you’re going to be busy.[16]

Stick with what you know. You may think that eating healthy means you need to try out a bunch of new trendy health foods. While these trendy foods may be healthy, that doesn’t mean they’re the only healthy foods. Stick to simpler ingredients that you know, even something as simple as a roasted chicken with vegetables and brown rice. You’ll be more likely to keep eating healthy, and you’ll save money at the same time.[17]

Create your shopping list. Once you’ve planned out your meals, create a list of the items you’ll need. Sticking to a list (and not buying extras) can help you stay on budget, so you can afford healthier food.[18]

Plan ahead when you eat out. Meal planning isn’t just for eating at home. It can help to make a plan before you go to a restaurant. Look over the menu if it’s available online, and compare calorie counts. Many restaurants have the calorie counts available, but you can also use online calorie counters or websites.[19]
Consider choosing a healthy appetizer to save money. It will also keep the portion small.

Opt for dishes with lean proteins paired with whole grains and lots of veggies.

Choose veggies or fruit over fries, onion rings, or mashed potatoes.

Ask for a take-out box when you get your food. Split it in half before you start eating, and put half in the box to take home. Splitting it up helps you control your portion and stretch your money.

EditMaking Food at Home
Grow what you can. Often, having a small garden or even a few potted plants can be a cheap way to get in the veggies you need. Try growing a tomato plant, for instance, or even just a few herbs on your window sill.[20]

Create your own snacks. You can buy pre-made snacks at the store that are a bit healthier than your average chips, such as veggie chips or fruit cups. However, they tend to be expensive, so making your own at home is a more affordable alternative.[21]
For example, try making kale chips. Wash and dry kale thoroughly. Chop or tear the leaves into large pieces. Toss them in olive oil, or spray them with cooking spray, and then spread them out on a large baking sheet in a single layer. Sprinkle salt and pepper on top and any other seasoning you want. Bake them at 350 degrees Fahrenheit (177 Celsius) until crispy (about 15 minutes).

You can also make yourself individual cups of fruits and veggies. For instance, cut up oranges, apples, and grapefruit, and toss them with a tiny bit of honey. Spoon them into small reusable containers so you can grab them any time. You can do the same with veggies. Cut them into bite-sized pieces, and put them in reusable bags. Spoon out (homemade) hummus into individual containers to go with them.

Boil up your own stocks and broths. Stocks and broths are a great way to start out soups, but buying them in cans or cartons can get expensive. Plus, they’re often loaded with extra sodium. Making your own at home results in better quality, and it’s cheaper, too.[22]
You can even make a stock with your scraps. Save the bits of vegetables you have leftover, such as onion skins, the ends of carrots, and the tops of celery. When you eat a chicken, save the bones and the bits of meat. Freeze them in a bag until you have enough. When you do, throw them in a pot and cover them with water. Boil them (covered on low heat) for six to eight hours or until you have a stock with a flavor you like. Strain it, and your stock is ready.

Once you have your stock, you can portion it out in small containers and freeze it.

Branch out into making other foods. Lots of foods besides snacks and broths can be made cheaper at home. For instance, if you eat yogurt often, making your own yogurt might be a good option. For bread, consider investing in a bread machine, so you can make your own bread with the push of a button.[23]

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