How to Make an Egg Wash

Applying an egg wash is one of the easiest ways to make your baked goods really stand out. For a basic egg wash, whisk 1 whole egg with up to of water, cream, or milk. Brush the egg wash over the food just before you bake it or use the egg wash to seal pastry together. If you’d like to use an egg wash substitute, you can use olive oil, egg replacements, or plain milk products. Whatever you choose to use, it’s simple to adjust the egg wash so you get great results.

1 whole egg

to milk, heavy cream, or water

Makes enough egg wash for 1 loaf of bread or pie

EditWhisking the Egg Wash
Crack the egg into a small bowl. You can use any type of egg and any sized egg. Keep in mind that a jumbo chicken egg will make more egg wash than a small chicken egg or quail egg.If you want to make a dark egg wash, use just the yolk and a pinch of salt. The salt will liquefy the yolk so it’s easier to spread.

Add of liquid. You can use water, milk, heavy cream, or soy milk according to your preferences. The liquid thins the egg yolk so it won’t dry your pastry out and cause it to crack in the oven. If the egg wash looks too thick, you can thin it out with another to of liquid.[1]Keep in mind that each liquid will give you a different look. For example, water will give a matte appearance while milk and cream give shine.

Whisk the egg wash until it’s combined. Hold a whisk or fork and use your wrist to beat the egg and liquid in a circular motion. Whisk the egg wash for up to 10 seconds so the yolk is well blended and mixed with the white.Avoid whisking the egg wash until the egg foams.

Whisk in any additional items according to your needs. You can whisk a few pinches of spice such as nutmeg or cinnamon, if you want the egg wash to have a darker color with a hint of flavor. Add a few dashes of salt if you want a shiny surface or stronger binding for pastry.[2]
Thin the egg wash with more liquid, if necessary. If you are glazing something that is going to expand a lot such as puff pastry or bread, mix in another to of liquid to prevent cracking as the pastry expands.[3]
EditSelecting an Egg-Free Alternative
Use plain half-and-half or heavy cream. If you’d like to leave the egg out of the wash, you can still add golden color to your baked goods. Brush half-and-half or heavy cream on your baked goods for a matte finish.[4]
Keep in mind that the heavy cream is more likely to crack as it expands.

Brush olive oil instead of egg wash. Olive oil is a good vegan substitute for egg wash. Just brush pure olive oil directly on your bread or baked goods. While olive oil will give your baked goods a little shine, it may give a faint olive oil flavor so avoid brushing it on sweet baked goods.[5]
For another vegan egg wash, mix a few teaspoons of water with soy powder.

Use a commercial egg substitute. Buy a vegan egg replacement or purchase an egg substitute that’s made with egg whites and thickeners. If you’re using a liquid substitute, brush it directly on the baked goods. If you’re using a powder, mix a little water into the powder so it’s spreadable.[6]

EditUsing the Egg Wash
Brush the egg wash over your bread. Dip a pastry brush into the egg wash or egg wash alternative. Spread it evenly over the top of the bread, but avoid using so much that the egg wash runs down the sides. This could cause the bread to stick to the pan. Score the bread and bake it as directed.[7]If a lot of egg wash puddles near the bottom of the bread, you’ll have bits of cooked egg stuck to the loaf.

Spread egg wash over the bottom of an unbaked pie crust. To prevent soggy bottom crusts, brush the egg wash over the unbaked pastry before you add the filling. As the pie cooks, the egg wash will cook and prevent liquids in the filling from soaking into the bottom crust.[8]
Seal the edges of pastry with egg wash. If you’re making puff pastry, cooking turnovers, or baking sandwich cookies, brush egg wash along the edges on 1 side of the pastry. Fold or place the top layer over pastry over the washed edges and press down gently. The egg wash will keep the pastry stuck together.[9]If you’d like the pastry to be pale and crisp, consider making an egg wash with just the egg white and water.

Cover the top of the baked goods. Once you’ve filled your pie, assembled your rolls, or made your croissants, brush the tops with egg wash. Bake the items immediately to get the best finish on them. Try brushing an egg wash on top of:Bread and rolls

Pastries and danishes


Meat pies such as pasties, empanadas, and shepherd’s pie

Puff pastry hors d’oeuvres

Cut-out cookies

Use the egg wash to secure seeds, sugar, or pastry. If you plan on decorating your food, brush it with egg wash and then sprinkle the embellishments on top. The egg wash will hold the decorations in place.[10]For example, brush a pie with egg wash and sprinkle coarse sugar on top. If you’re baking bread, scatter sesame or poppy seeds over the wash.

If you want to lay decorative pastry pieces on top of pastry, brush a little egg wash on the decorations before setting them in place.

If you have leftover egg wash that is not contaminated with raw meat or fish, you can cover the bowl and store it to make breakfast the next day.

EditThings You’ll Need
Whisk or fork

Small bowl

Pastry brush

Measuring spoons

EditRelated wikiHows
Use a Pastry Brush

Blind Bake a Pie Crust

Break an Egg

Make Bread from Scratch

EditQuick Summary
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Today in History for 14th May 2019

Historical Events

1890 – 16th Kentucky Derby: Isaac Murphy aboard Riley wins in 2:45
1910 – Canada authorizes issuing of silver dollar coins
1969 – Abortion and contraception legalized in Canada
1973 – Skylab launched, 1st Space Station
1975 – French press reports massive deportation from Cambodia
1991 – 42 die in a train collision in Japan

More Historical Events »

Famous Birthdays

1846 – Arnold Kerdijk, Dutch lib politician/founder (Social Weekly newspaper)
1899 – Pierre Victor Auger, French physicist (d. 1993)
1943 – [Derek] Lek Leckenby, English guitarist (Herman’s Hermits), born in Leeds, England (d. 1994)
1957 – William G Gregory, Lockport NY, Mjr USAF/Astronaut (STS 67)
1978 – André Macanga, Angolan footballer
1980 – Eugene Martineau, Dutch decathlete

More Famous Birthdays »

Famous Deaths

1742 – Dominique Marie Valet, French RC/old-catholic bishop, dies at 64
1801 – Johann Ernst Altenburg, composer, dies at 66
1864 – William N Green Jr, Union brigadier general, dies
1940 – Eddy [Charles E] du Platform, writer/poet, dies
1966 – Georgia BD Camp Johnson, US poet/playwright, dies at 88
2006 – Stanley Kunitz, American poet (b. 1905)

More Famous Deaths »

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How to Cook Quinoa in a Rice Cooker

If you’re trying to swap out white rice for more nutritious quinoa, don’t change the cooking method. Your rice cooker is a great tool for quickly steaming quinoa that turns out fluffy and light every time. Although you only need quinoa and water to make a batch, you can easily flavor quinoa by adding spices, herbs, or flavorful liquid in place of the water.

1 cup (170 g) of quinoa

of water

1/2 teaspoon (2.5 g) of salt

Makes 4 servings

EditMaking Basic Quinoa
Rinse the quinoa in cold water. Put 1 cup (170 g) of quinoa into a fine mesh strainer or sieve and hold it under cold running water. Use your hands to swish the quinoa around as you rinse it.[1]
It’s important to rinse quinoa before cooking it since this will remove quinoa’s bitter covering.

Put the quinoa, water, and salt into the rice cooker. Scoop the rinsed quinoa into your rice cooker and pour in of water. Then stir in 1/2 teaspoon (2.5 g) of salt.[2]Use cold water because hot water would make the quinoa turn gummy in texture.

Cover and turn on the rice cooker. Put the lid on your rice cooker and turn it on. If your rice cooker has a white or brown rice option, choose the white rice option. Leave the quinoa to cook until the rice cooker clicks off.
Avoid lifting the lid as the quinoa cooks since it won’t steam properly if moisture escapes.

Let the quinoa sit for 3 to 5 minutes before you fluff it with a fork. Keep the lid on the rice cooker and unplug the machine. The quinoa will finish steaming as it rests for a few minutes. Then lift off the lid and fluff the quinoa gently with a fork.[3]Fluffing the quinoa will loosen it so it’s light instead of compact in the rice cooker.

Serve the quinoa. You can serve the quinoa hot along with your meal or chill it and serve it as a cold salad. For example, mix cold quinoa with vinaigrette and shredded vegetables.[4]
To store leftover quinoa, put it into an airtight container and refrigerate it for up to 5 days.

You can also freeze the quinoa for up to 2 months. To defrost it, put the container in the refrigerator overnight.

EditTrying Variations
Substitute a flavorful liquid for the water. One of the simplest ways to add flavor to your quinoa is to substitute the water with vegetable or chicken broth. Control how salty your quinoa is by using low-sodium broth or stock.[5]
For a burst of fresh flavor, add a squirt of lemon juice to the liquid.

Add spices to give the quinoa a unique flavor. Stir up to 2 tablespoons (12 g) of your favorite dried seasonings into the cooking liquid so the quinoa absorbs it as it cooks. Consider what you’re eating the quinoa with to determine how to season it. For example, try:[6]Mexican taco or fajita seasoning

Curry powder

Chinese five-spice powder

Cajun seasoning mix

Stir in aromatics or oil to flavor the quinoa. Toss in a clove of crushed garlic, a piece of lemon peel, or a sprig of fresh rosemary for an instant flavor boost. You can also pour in of a flavored oil, such as walnut, toasted sesame, or hazelnut.[7]Remove the garlic, peel, or herbs just before serving the quinoa.

Use coconut milk and add fruit for breakfast quinoa. For a nice change from your morning oatmeal, cook a batch of quinoa in the rice cooker, but use coconut milk instead of water. Stir in chopped fresh fruit and sprinkle ground cinnamon over the top just before serving.[8]If you prefer, use an alternative milk, such as almond, hemp, or soy milk, instead of coconut milk.

To use dried fruit, add it to the rice cooker when you add the quinoa. This will allow the fruit to plump up as it cooks.

Always read your rice cooker’s instruction manual. Some manuals will include instructions for cooking quinoa.

EditThings You’ll Need
Fine mesh strainer or sieve

Rice cooker


Measuring cups and spoons

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