How to Fix Leaking Pipes

Leaking pipes can cause a lot of damage to your home if they’re left untreated. There are many temporary fixes for leaking pipes you can use, such as epoxy putty or pipe clamps, while you wait for a plumber. If you want to fix the pipe yourself so it’s up to code, you can use a slip coupling to make the process easy. No matter what you use, be sure to turn off your water supply so your pipes don’t leak while you’re working!

[Edit]Steps
[Edit]Turning off Your Water Supply
Shut off the water supply to your home. Locate your main water supply, which is typically in your basement or crawl space. Turn the dial clockwise to shut off the water going into your home so the leak stops and doesn’t cause more damage.[1]
In an emergency, call your water company and see if they can shut off the water leading to your home.
Turn on the faucets connected to the pipe to drain them. Start by turning on the lowest faucet in your home, such as an outdoor hose pipe or a sink in the basement. Let the water run until the pipe is completely empty. If the leak is on a pipe leading to a specific fixture, then turn on that faucet to drain it.[2]
Dry the leaking area on the pipe. Once all of the water is drained from the pipes, use a cleaning cloth to wipe the area around the leak completely dry. That way it won’t be slippery while you’re trying to work on it.[3]
Set a cloth or bucket underneath the leak in case any stray drops of water come out of the leak.[Edit]Applying Epoxy Putty for a Temporary Fix
Put on latex or nitrile gloves. Epoxy putty heats up while you’re working with it and could cause pain on bare skin. Make sure the gloves are thin enough where you can still work intricately. Wear the gloves any time you handle the epoxy putty.[4]
You can buy latex or nitrile gloves from any hardware or big box store.
Mix plumbing epoxy putty by hand to combine it. Rip off a small ball of epoxy putty from the tube and knead it together between your fingers. The darker epoxy will mix with the lighter exterior to activate it. Once the putty has a consistent light grey color, you can stop kneading it.[5]
You can buy plumbing epoxy putty from your local hardware store.
Wrap the putty around the leaky area. Mold the putty around the leak on your pipe so it wraps completely around it. Make sure the putty forms a layer that’s about thick around the leak so it holds in place. Taper the edges of the putty onto the pipe so it makes a watertight seal.[6]
Epoxy putty works on straight lengths of pipes as well as joints.
Let the putty set for 5-10 minutes before turning your water on. Once the epoxy putty is mixed, it will set quickly so you can use your water again. Leave the putty alone for at least 5 minutes while it sets so it can solidify. Once the epoxy sets, you can turn your water back on.[7]
Epoxy putty is a temporary fix, so be sure to fully replace your pipe or contact a plumber the next day.[Edit]Clamping Small Leaks
Buy a pipe clamp that’s the same size as the leaky pipe. Pipe clamps use rubber gaskets create a tight seal to secure a small leak on your pipe. You can purchase these in the plumbing section of your local hardware store, but make sure to buy a pipe clamp that is the same size and at least as long as the pipe that’s leaking so you have a tight fit when you secure it.[8]
Align the rubber gasket on the pipe with the leak. The rubber gasket is the rectangular piece inside of the clamp that makes your pipe’s water-tight. Set the rubber gasket on top of the hole in your pipe so it seals the leak completely. If the leak is on the bottom of the pipe, hold the clamp in place until you secure the clamp.[9]
Fit the clamp around the gasket and tighten the bolts. Close the clamp around your pipe so it fits tightly on it and feed the bolts provided with the clamp through the holes. Turn the nuts using a wrench to secure them to the bottom of the bolts. Continue tightening the bolts until the clamp stays in place and doesn’t turn any further.[10][Edit]Putting a Slip Coupling on Your Pipe
Get a slip coupling that matches the size and type of your pipe. Slip couplings are small, watertight connections that connect 2 different pieces of pipe. Look for a slip coupling has the same diameter as the pipe you need to fix and is long enough so you can cut out the leak. Before you purchase one, make sure the coupling is the same material as your pipe, such as PVC or copper.
You can buy slip couplings from your local hardware store.
Slip couplings can be a permanent solution to fixing your pipes and they are up to code.
Mark the length of the slip coupling on your pipe. Hold the slip coupling up to the leaky spot on your pipe so the coupling extends out from each side. Use a marker to draw a line on your pipe at the end of the slip coupling. This will help ensure that you cut out the right length of pipe so the coupling can still fit.[11]
Use a pipe cutter to cut out the leaky area on the pipe. Pipe cutters are small devices that easily slice through a pipe as you rotate them around. Set the edge of your pipe cutter inside the line you drew and tighten the screw on the bottom of the device. Rotate the pipe cutter around the pipe completely and tighten the screw again. Keep spinning and tightening the pipe cutter until it makes a clean cut through the pipe. Repeat the process in from the other line you drew.[12]
You can buy pipe cutters from your local hardware store.
Pipe cutters work on metal and PVC pipes.
Some PVC pipe cutters look like a pair of scissors. Put the blade over the pipe and slowly squeeze the cutters shut.
Scrape the inside and outside of the pipe with a deburring tool. A deburring tool is a special tool used to scrape the inside and outside of the pipe to help reshape it after you make your cut. Hold the pipe steady with your nondominant hand and set the blade edge of the deburring tool inside the pipe. Scrape around the inside edge of the pipe with your tool to deburr it. The take the tool out of the pipe and scrape the outside edge.[13]
You can buy deburring tools in the plumbing section of a hardware store.
Make sure you deburr both sides of the cut pipe to prevent future leaks.
Slide the slip coupling onto the ends of your pipe. Take your coupling and slide an end over one side of your pipe. Push the coupling on far enough so you’re able to line it up with the other side of the cut pipe. Line up the other end of the coupling with the pipe and pull it over so the 2 pipes are connected by the coupling. The coupling will hold the pipes together so water can flow between them.[14]
Some couplings may make you tighten them by hand or with a wrench. Follow the directions on the packaging carefully to see if there are any additional steps.[Edit]Warnings
Contact a plumber if you don’t feel comfortable cutting or replacing your own pipes or if the leak is difficult to reach.[Edit]Things You’ll Need
[Edit]Applying Epoxy Putty for a Temporary Fix
Latex or nitrile gloves
Epoxy putty[Edit]Clamping the Leak Shut
Pipe clamp
Wrench[Edit]Putting a Coupling on Your Pipe
Pipe slip coupling
Pipe cutter
Measuring tape
Deburring tool[Edit]Related wikiHows
Temporarily Deal with a Water Leak[Edit]References
[Edit]Quick Summary↑ https://www.wsscwater.com/customer-service/residential-tips/locating-and-operating-your-main.html

↑ https://youtu.be/u3aeRknUd1U?t=55

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Today in History for 30th November 2019

Historical Events

1523 – Amsterdam bans assembly of heretics
1931 – His Master’s Voice and Columbia Records merge into EMI
1967 – Senator Eugene McCarthy announces he will run for the US presidency on an anti-Vietnam war platform
1978 – France performs nuclear test
1980 – Uruguay’s new constitution rejected by referendum
2015 – NBA star Kobe Bryant (LA Lakers) announces his intention to retire at the end of the season

More Historical Events »

Famous Birthdays

1817 – Theodor Mommsen, German historian and scholar (Imperial Lives, Nobel Prize in Literature 1902), born in Garding, Duchy of Schleswig (d. 1903)
1911 – Jorge Negrete [Moreno], Mexican singer and actor (The Rebel, La madrina del diablo), born in Guanajuato, Mexico (d. 1953)
1954 – Simonetta Stefanelli, Italian Actress (The Godfather)
1976 – Cypher Zero, American circus innovator (New York Circus Arts)
1977 – Kazumi Saitoh, Japanese baseball player
1977 – Iván Guerrero, Honduran footballer

More Famous Birthdays »

Famous Deaths

1761 – John Dollond, British optician and owner of 1st patent for achromatic lens, dies at 55
1792 – Ernst William Wolf, composer, dies at 57
1947 – Ernst Lubitsch, German actor, producer and film director (To Be or Not to Be, Love Parade, Anna Boleyn, Ninotchka), dies from a heart attack at 55
1987 – Simon Carmiggelt, journalist/literary (Kronkel), dies at 74
2006 – Elhadi Adam, Sudanese poet and lyricist (b. 1927)
2015 – Eldar Ryazanov, Russian film director and screenwriter (Carnival Night), dies at 88

More Famous Deaths »

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How to Stay Healthy Living in a City

Staying in a city is a great way to live a safer and more environmentally friendly lifestyle.[1] Aside from sporting a happier population, city living also provides you with plenty of opportunities to stay healthy.[2] To begin, try finding ways to stay active in your everyday life, such as biking and running. If you’re looking to improve your diet, try meal planning and looking for healthy grocery store and restaurant options in your neighborhood. Finally, take advantage of the city’s resources to keep regular tabs on your health and wellness. You’re only a few steps away from being your healthiest self! This article will tell you how to.

[Edit]Steps
[Edit]Staying Active
Travel by bike instead of car to get places. Invest in a bike to save time and money traveling. While cars seem faster, you can have more mobility by riding a bike. Check and see if your city has any bike routes or bike lanes built into the street that allow you to travel more safely.[3]
See more of the city on a bike! For example, if you live in New York City, try biking across the Brooklyn Bridge.
Join a local gym to stay healthy. Search online or look through your local newspaper advertisements to see if there’s a gym or fitness club near you. While gyms are a bit more expensive, you get constant access to special equipment. Don’t worry about the facility being too crowded—if anything, exercising in a busier place can help you feel more motivated.[4]
Use an online review site to figure out the nearest and cleanest gyms in your area.
See if you can find a yoga studio in your area or within walking distance to increase mindfulness and stay fit.[5]
Run to stay in shape. Use the abundant amount of sidewalks around you to get some exercise around some nearby city streets. If you don’t feel like driving or biking, running can also be a great alternative for getting from place to place. Whenever you go out, make sure that you’re running in comfortable shoes and wearing a reflective shirt or vest.[6]
You can also run in the wintertime—just remember to adjust your wardrobe to the elements.
Participate in citywide activities to meet new people. Look online or at your local community center to see what events are going on, like yoga sessions or cooking classes. Look for opportunities that are free of charge—just keep in mind that these events might fill up fast due to popular interest.[7]
For instance, San Diego has a partnership with Scripps Health that sponsors free, healthy events each month.
Search for green spaces to spend time regularly. Check the area in walking distance from your home to see if you have any urban green spaces, such as public parks, nature preserves, or sports fields. Try to visit urban green spaces at least once a week to increase your happiness and be active.[8]
Urban green spaces also include community gardens, tree cover, and yards as well.[Edit]Choosing Healthy Foods
Plan healthy meals for each week. Create a calendar specifically for mealtime, including breakfast, lunch, and dinner. Decide ahead of time what you’d like to eat throughout the week, so you can shop for what you need early on. If you’re going to be busy on a certain day of the week, opt for a frozen meal instead.[9]
Planning your meals allows you to adjust your lifestyle to meet more of your nutritional needs.
Meal planning is also helpful for people who are vegetarian or vegan.
Save time by using simple cooking devices. Opt for a slow cooker if you’d prefer the taste of a home-cooked meal. Prepare any recipe earlier the day by adding a healthy combination of vegetables, proteins, and other ingredients into the appliance. If you’d prefer a more instant meal, try microwaving a healthy frozen dinner, instead![10]
When using a slow cooker, remember to use less liquid than you would in the traditional cooking process. Additionally, consider cutting your produce into larger pieces if you want your food to be even more flavorful.
Avoid using cookware that has Teflon or non-stick properties since they could create fumes that are harmful if inhaled.
Order from healthier restaurants instead of going for fast food. Download apps like DoorDash so you can get a variety of food delivered to your front door. By using these services, you can try a more customized delivery service that gives you the freedom to choose healthier options.[11]
If you have an issue with your order, companies like DoorDash and Postmates are very easy to contact.
Figure out where your closest grocery store is. Use a navigational app or website to find out what grocery stores are in your area. Before you go shopping, look up some reviews of the stores. Additionally, look at convenience stores to see if they sell any healthy snacks or entrees.[12]
When shopping, try to avoid processed foods, as these are less healthy.[13]
Look for farmer’s markets as well. You can purchase a lot of fresh and delicious produce for a great price at these kinds of places![14]
While at a grocery store, be sure to check out the freezer section. Frozen fruits and vegetables are easy and healthy options that last for a long time in your home.
Take advantage of healthy places that are open late. Look up the opening and closing times for restaurants, convenience stores, and other eateries and shops. If your work schedule causes you to arrive home at a later time, knowing your options can be useful for grabbing a late-night snack or meal. See if any stores or healthy restaurants near you work with a third-party delivery app, like Postmates.[15]
Some stores also have online grocery shopping options that let you ship food to your door. If you don’t want to deal with an extra shopping trip or a late-night grocery run, opt for this program instead.[16]
Ideally, try having a set mealtime. In the long run, this can help contribute to healthier eating habits![17]
Participate in a community garden. Ask your landlord or neighbors to see if there’s a community garden in the area. If there is a plot near you, consider using a section of it to grow your own produce. Some apartment complexes and other condensed living spaces (e.g., condos, flats) already have plots that you can join or contribute to. If your neighborhood doesn’t have a garden already, try starting one instead![18][Edit]Managing Your Health
Schedule regular doctor’s appointments to keep tabs on your health. Live each day of your city life to the healthiest and fullest by checking in with the doctor on a regular basis. If you’re ever feeling under the weather, look up an urgent care clinic that can examine your symptoms right away.[19]
If you don’t have insurance or have a plan that won’t cover the cost of your visit, try looking up free clinics in the area. While they might be difficult to find, most cities have places that are willing to see you for little to no charge.
Bring a notebook in case you’re worried that you’ll forget what your doctor says later on.
Stay up-to-date on the latest vaccines and flu shots. Ask your doctor if you need any new vaccines, be they for new illnesses (e.g., the flu) or longstanding sicknesses (e.g., chicken pox, measles, polio, etc.). Since cities are more densely populated than other regions, illnesses can spread more rapidly. Protect yourself and those around you by getting all of the immunizations that you need.[20]
For example, the United States has had an increase in reported measles cases over the past year.[21]
If you do feel sick, wear a face mask to prevent spreading the illness to others or being exposed to more disease.
You can also get an online doctor instead of going out if you feel very bad.
Practice good hand hygiene while you’re in public. A lot of people touch door handles, shopping carts, and other items in public, so germs can spread easily between people. Do your best to avoid touching handles with your bare hands, using a tissue or paper towel instead. Don’t touch your face so you avoid transferring bacteria near your nose and mouth.
Many stores offer sanitary wipes for shopping carts so you can wipe them before you use them.
Always wash your hands before you touch your face or eat so you don’t spread germs.
Meditate regularly to reduce your anxiety levels. Keep your mind clear by practicing meditation each day. Spend a few minutes each day to focus on your breathing, which will help distract you from many of the major stressors in your life. Ideally, try meditating for about 20 minutes each day.[22]
Meditation has other positive side effects, like lowering your blood pressure and current heart rate.
Use a HEPA air purifier in your room to filter out harmful particles. High-efficiency particulate arrestance (HEPA) air purifiers have special filters that can remove small particles, such as dust, dirt, and smog. Keep an air purifier in your bedroom, and run it while you sleep so you can breathe clean air.[23]
Not every city will have bad air quality. You can check the air quality index of your city online.
Get a healthy night’s sleep. Cities can be bright and noisy, which can make it difficult to sleep well through the night. Close your windows if you’re able to and use blinds that block out light so your room is completely dark while you’re sleeping. If you can’t fall asleep due to the noise, wear ear plugs while you sleep to block out annoying sounds.[24]
Use a white noise generator or app to help you block out ambient city sounds if you aren’t able to use ear plugs.
Wear a sleep mask to cover your eyes if your blinds don’t entirely block out light.
Avoid using your phone or electronics right before bed so you aren’t kept awake from the blue light.
Spend time with nature to improve your mental health. Give yourself some room to think and breathe by spending time at a park or other natural area. While these spaces can be hard to come by in cities, try to look for places with a lot of trees. Although it may seem mundane, you can get a lot of mental health benefits from walking through areas with a lot of foliage, like lowered anxiety.[25]
Search online to find a park near you.
Find a supportive community to help boost your mental health. Spending time with other people has positive effects on your mental health and helps you get to know your community. Find a meditation group, a book club, church, or local meet-up in your area so you can branch out and make more friends. Seek people that have similar interests as you so you can have fun together.
You can find local meet-ups and groups using apps like Facebook and Meetup.
Check your local library to see what events and groups they host.
Even if it’s just for a few minutes, set aside some time to focus on your dental hygiene. A little time in the morning and before bed is all it takes to take care of your teeth![26]
Brush your teeth two times every day with fluoride toothpaste. This will help prevent cavities.
Using an electric toothbrush will be even more beneficial for your teeth.
Remember to floss! To floss, put the floss between two teeth, and make it into about a C shape. Shake it there to cause friction and remove plaque.
You can also try a waterpik to wash your teeth even better.[Edit]References↑ https://www.globalcitizen.org/en/content/health-impacts-of-living-in-a-city/

↑ https://www.nbcnews.com/health/health-news/here-s-why-big-cities-are-healthier-n664501

↑ https://www.nbcnews.com/health/health-news/here-s-why-big-cities-are-healthier-n664501

↑ https://bestlifeonline.com/city-living-benefits/

↑ https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3447533/

↑ https://www.mec.ca/en/article/5-ways-to-stay-active-in-the-city-during-winter

↑ https://downtownsandiego.org/healthyscripps/

↑ https://bmcpublichealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1471-2458-6-149

↑ https://familydoctor.org/healthy-food-city/

↑ https://www.bbcgoodfood.com/videos/techniques/how-use-slow-cooker

↑ https://familydoctor.org/healthy-food-city/

↑ https://familydoctor.org/healthy-food-city/

↑ https://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/nutrition-and-healthy-eating/basics/healthy-menus-and-shopping-strategies/hlv-20049477

↑ https://bestlifeonline.com/city-living-benefits/

↑ https://bestlifeonline.com/city-living-benefits/

↑ https://familydoctor.org/healthy-food-city/

↑ https://time.com/4008273/regular-mealtimes-eat-healthy-eating/

↑ https://familydoctor.org/healthy-food-city/

↑ https://bestlifeonline.com/city-living-benefits/

↑ https://www.theguardian.com/cities/2014/feb/27/sick-cities-how-to-stay-healthy-city

↑ https://www.chop.edu/news/vaccine-news-briefs

↑ https://www.theguardian.com/cities/2014/feb/27/sick-cities-how-to-stay-healthy-city

↑ https://www.abatement.com/learning-center/patient-isolation/facts-about-hepa-filtration/

↑ https://sleeping.guide/sleep-in-noisy-city-apartment/

↑ https://www.sciencealert.com/increasing-urban-tree-cover-gives-community-mental-health-a-boost-says-new-study

↑ https://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/adult-health/in-depth/dental/art-20045536/

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How to Be Frugal on Black Friday

On the day after Thanksgiving, also known as “Black Friday,” retail stores entice customers with special offers and deep discounts on gifts for the holidays. If you’ve been putting off doing your Christmas shopping, you might decide that it would be a good idea to take advantage of Black Friday sales and snatch up as many coveted items as you can at one time. But be careful—though the goal is to save money, it can be easy to fall into the trap of spending much more than you intended during the frantic holiday rush. For this reason, it’s important to keep a few guidelines in mind before you set off on your Black Friday shopping spree.

[Edit]Steps
[Edit]Planning Ahead
Set out with a goal in mind. Before you pull on your scarf and mittens and prepare to wait in line for hours first thing in the morning, have a clear idea of what you’re shopping for and whether it’s worth it. If you’ve already got a Christmas list for reference and you’re trying to check off items at bargain prices, Black Friday sales may save you a substantial amount of money. If you’re simply intoxicated by the idea of discounted goods, however, or you’re just shopping to see what’s out there, you may end up parting with more money than you planned to.[1]
Black Friday sales are most favorable to shoppers when they can identify a few things they need, that they can score for significantly less, and only buy these items.
If there’s nothing you absolutely have to have, and you’re feeling tempted to shop purely for its own sake, you may be better off finding something else to do with your time.[2]
Preview Black Friday deals. Traditionally, Black Friday sales ads have run in the newspaper on Thanksgiving day. Nowadays, though, it may be possible to take a look at upcoming specials through store websites or even smartphone apps a few days in advance. Browse through early listings to see how things are being priced, and whether a particular store has what you’re looking for on sale.[3]
Being able to look at products and prices in advance will help you calculate a realistic shopping budget, another must for saving during the Black Friday frenzy.
Go through reputable channels (such as official sites like Macy’s and Brookstone, or bargain shopping apps like Flipp and Slice) to guarantee that the sales you find are legit.[4]
Look over merchandise before you buy it. If you’ve scanned through previews of Black Friday sales and something has caught your eye, take a scouting trip to the store that’s selling it and give it a closer look. This way, you’ll be able to inspect the product for quality and see if it suits your budget and personal tastes before committing yourself to buying it. Some basic recon will also familiarize with where to find the item before the store is overrun with swarming crowds.[5]
Browsing before doing the bulk of your shopping can provide an opportunity to learn about exclusive in-store deals.
Devise a “battle plan” by plotting your path through a store that you expect to be busy.
Limit yourself to a handful of stores. Instead of just darting aimlessly from one sale to another, come up with a few stores in particular to visit. In the interest of time and expense, try to keep this number around five or six at most. Settle on stores that stock a wide range of items to get as much done in as few locations as you can, or stores that provide specialty products you can’t get anywhere else.
If possible, have a shopping buddy to go deal-hunting with. The two of you can split up and cover more ground, getting to hot items faster and eliminating the need to trek all over town.[6][Edit]Getting Organized
Set a budget. Decide on a realistic amount that you’re willing and able to spend. Don’t deviate from this figure. You’ll be much more careful about comparing prices and making necessary compromises if you know you can’t exceed a strict total. Having a fixed budget in mind might also force you to get more creative about picking out gifts, which means you could end up with more items than you originally expected for the same amount.[7]
Make sure your primary finances are in order before you set aside money for shopping.[8]
Be conservative. It’s always better to spend less now and not have to worry about financial security later on.
Make a list of must-have items. Write down everything you know you need and prioritize necessities over casual purchases before you start looking at other things. For instance, if your daughter has asked for a new winter coat, and you want to get your best friend a toaster as a housewarming gift, pick these items out first. After your main shopping is done, you can start browsing freely if you have some spending money leftover.[9]
If you’re not shopping for anything in particular, think of what you could personally use in your wardrobe or around the house.
Write down the price beside each item on your list and make sure it corresponds with your budget.
Compare prices. Don’t take sale advertisements at face value. You can find some remarkable bargains on Black Friday, but you might be able to track down an even better one somewhere else. Pore over newspaper ads, mailer promotions, store websites and shopping apps to find out who is offering what for how much. That way, you’ll know exactly where to go once it’s time to get shopping.
For the sake of business, most stores are willing to match low prices with competitors, saving you money and the need for an extra trip uptown.[10]
Pay attention to less obvious stores that might be offering deals on the same products. For instance, you can find a variety of name-brand goods at drugstores, which are likely to be less crowded than mall shops and more popular destinations.[11]
Collect coupons. Check the mail around Thanksgiving and sign up for store newsletters for a chance to receive coupons that could save you even more on Black Friday purchases. Coupons are an often overlooked way to be thrifty, and, when combined with slashed rates on promotional items, can help keep a little bit of extra money in your pocket. Tuck some coupons in your wallet or checkbook before you head out for your first stop of the day.[12]
To prevent overspending, only use coupons for the limited number of stores you decided on ahead of time.
In addition to coupons, there are websites where you can go to buy discounted gift cards that will allow you to save a few more bucks on Black Friday purchases.[Edit]Showing Restraint
Stay home. One option for Black Friday shopping that a lot of people tend to forget about is simply not participating. Decide whether saving $30 or $40 is worth the tedium, exhaustion and stress of surrendering your whole day for a chance to make mad grabs at the local mall. Remember, your time is valuable too. The hours you give up waiting in line or fighting your way through angry mobs could be spent enjoying the holidays with your loved ones.[13]
If you just can’t let a bargain pass you by, avoid the chaos and capitalize on Black Friday savings by doing your shopping online through participating sites. It’s a win-win situations.
Keep in mind what’s really important during the holidays: warmth, comfort, and making loving memories with the people you care about.
Avoid the temptation to impulse-buy. Sure, that all-in-one coffee maker/juicer/smoothie machine might look nifty, but is it something you really need? If an item isn’t on your list, and you can’t justify buying it, keep moving. The irony of Black Friday is that prices are often so low that people are tricked into buying things they have no real use for. In doing so, they end up spending more than they would have on a typical outing.[14]
Stay focused and practice a little self-control when you run into attractive but unnecessary deals.
Having concrete items and figures in mind, like making a list or setting a budget, can keep you from dropping money on extra purchases you may regret later.
Stick to advertised deals. The items that comprise your shopping list should all come from Black Friday savings offers. The whole point of Black Friday shopping is to secure goods at markdown, so ignore non-sale items for now. The more you spend on regularly-priced goods, the less you’ll have available to buy more of the things that end up saving you money. If you’re not careful, you’ll just end up racking up added expenses that set you back, defeating the purpose of the commercial holiday.[15]
Sometimes, stores will advertise products at prices that aren’t much lower than what they ordinarily cost. Take advantage of the biggest discounts you can and bypass the rest.[16]
You can always come back later and buy other items with the money you saved doing your Black Friday shopping.
Look into each store’s return policy. Hold onto your receipts in case you decide to bring something back and be aware of how individual stores handle returns and exchanges. It may be that you give someone something they already have, or you get home only to be confronted with immediate buyer’s remorse. In these cases, making use of returns can put some of that hard-earned holiday cash back in your hands.[17]
Stash your receipts in your wallet or pocketbook to help you keep up with them, or file them away in a separate folder back home.
Some return policies may be subject to change on Black Friday. Be sure to read the fine print and don’t miss your window to take an unwanted item back.[Edit]Tips
Keep an eye on sales advertised in the weeks leading up to and following Thanksgiving to see how much shopping you can get done before and after the rush.
Once you get home, look over everything you’ve bought and decide whether it’s all worth keeping or whether there are some items you’d be willing to return.
Stores are opening earlier than ever for Black Friday. If you don’t want to miss out, plan to do your shopping as early as the midnight after Thanksgiving day.
Eat before you set out so that you don’t have to negotiate busy restaurants and food courts in the middle of the day.
Wait for other commercial holidays, such as Cyber Monday, to look for deals on electronic goods.
Return unwanted items for store credit. You may be able to find something else on your list without an additional trip or transaction.[Edit]Warnings
Guard your wallet, shopping bags and other belongings closely. It’s common for thieves to prey on distracted Black Friday shoppers.
Be wary of “free” offers. These usually come with unadvertised payment plans or some other catch.[Edit]References↑ http://money.usnews.com/money/the-frugal-shopper/2014/11/18/10-rules-for-black-friday

↑ http://www.marketwatch.com/story/why-black-friday-sales-are-not-for-the-truly-frugal-2016-11-20

↑ http://money.usnews.com/money/the-frugal-shopper/2015/11/16/the-unconventional-guide-to-black-friday-shopping

↑ http://www.digitaltrends.com/mobile/best-black-friday-apps/

↑ https://www.thebalance.com/black-friday-shopping-tips-1389279

↑ http://money.usnews.com/money/the-frugal-shopper/2014/11/18/10-rules-for-black-friday

↑ http://www.laurengreutman.com/black-friday-budget/

↑ http://www.moneysavingexpert.com/banking/Budget-planning

↑ http://www.allyou.com/budget-home/money-shopping/black-friday-tips

↑ https://www.thebalance.com/black-friday-shopping-tips-1389279

↑ http://money.usnews.com/money/the-frugal-shopper/2015/11/16/the-unconventional-guide-to-black-friday-shopping

↑ https://www.thebalance.com/black-friday-shopping-tips-1389279

↑ http://money.usnews.com/money/the-frugal-shopper/2015/11/16/the-unconventional-guide-to-black-friday-shopping

↑ http://www.wisebread.com/9-simple-ways-to-stop-impulse-buying

↑ https://www.thebalance.com/black-friday-shopping-tips-1389279

↑ http://www.marketwatch.com/story/why-black-friday-sales-are-not-for-the-truly-frugal-2016-11-20

↑ https://www.thebalance.com/black-friday-shopping-tips-1389279

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Today in History for 29th November 2019

Historical Events

1887 – US receives rights to Pearl Harbor, on Oahu, Hawaii
1913 – CFL Grey Cup, AAA Grounds, Hamilton: Hamilton Tigers beat Toronto Parkdale, 44-2; second-largest margin of victory in a Grey Cup final
1924 – CFL Grey Cup, Varsity Stadium, Toronto: Queen’s University wins 3rd straight Championship; defeat Toronto Balmy Beach, 11-3
1987 – Joe Montana of SF 49ers completes NFL record of 22 consecutive passes
2008 – 73rd Iron Bowl: Alabama beats Auburn 36-0 in Tuscaloosa, Alabama’s first win in the series in seven years
2009 – CFL Grey Cup, McMahon Stadium, Calgary: Montreal Alouettes come from behind to beat Saskatchewan Roughriders, 28–27 on a 33-yard Damon Duval field goal as time runs out

More Historical Events »

Famous Birthdays

1338 – Lionel of Antwerp, 1st Duke of Clarence, son of Edward III of England, born in Antwerp, Buchy of Brabant (d. 1368)
1894 – Lucille Hegamin, American singer and entertainer (d. 1970)
1916 – Frances “Fran” Ryan, American actress (Stripes, The Long Riders), born n Los Angeles, California (d. 2000)
1939 – Peter Bergman, American comedian, (d. 2012)
1956 – Eric Laakso, American football player
1983 – Pamela Brown, American television reporter and newscaster (CNN, ABC WJLA-TV), born in Lexington, Kentucky

More Famous Birthdays »

Famous Deaths

1924 – Giacomo Puccini, Italian composer (Mme Butterfly), dies in Brussels at 65
1967 – Theo Marcuse, American character actor (Mara of Wilderness), dies in auto accident at 47
1980 – Dorothy Day, American journalist, social activist and devout Catholic convert, dies of a heart attack at 83
1985 – Rik Jacobs, Flemish stage manager, dies at 71
2005 – Wendie Jo Sperber, American actress (Back to the Future), dies of breast cancer at 47
2007 – Henry Hyde, American politician (Rep (R) Illinois (1975-2007), dies at 83

More Famous Deaths »

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How to Be Thankful

There is good reason to believe that people who cultivate thankfulness tend to be happier and healthier than those who don’t.[1] Thankful people appreciate what they have instead of obsessing over what they lack. They express gratitude to others and often receive more gratitude in return as a result. They see each day as a new opportunity for happiness, rather than another challenge to struggle through. While some people may naturally be more thankful, don’t assume that you cannot nurture a more thankful perspective in your own life. It may not be easy, but you’ll be thankful that you made the effort!

[Edit]Steps
[Edit]Being Thankful in the Moment
Take a minute to be thankful for your life. Sometimes a good way to get back on track and feeling better is to take a break. You’ll need to identify things to be grateful for, and sometimes the break itself is a good reason to be thankful.
At work, school, etc., go for a walk around your building or step outside for 15 minutes to breathe the fresh air and muse about how thankful you are for the opportunity to take a break, to stretch your legs, to feel the sun, etc.
Take a moment to notice the little things you’re thankful for, like your morning cup of coffee or your pillow when you lay down to go to sleep at night.
Tell someone you appreciate them. So often life gets busy that you forget to tell people how much they matter to you, or that you’ve noticed what they do and it means a lot to you. Expressing your thanks to others will cultivate an atmosphere of thankfulness that can spread out gradually. For example:
If your spouse packs your lunch for you, call or text them something like “Honey, I know packing a lunch doesn’t seem like much to you, but I really appreciate how you always try to make my morning just a bit less hectic.”
Talk about gratitude with family. Set aside a time, like the evening meal, to talk about the things you were grateful for that day. Let each family member have a turn to discuss what made them thankful that day.[2]
Make it a routine to go around the table and mention at least 1 thing you’re thankful for before digging in.
Try to be as specific as possible. For example, instead of saying “I’m thankful for all of you being there for me,” you could say “I’m thankful that you all help me tend to the garden every weekend.”
Send thank you notes. It is really amazing what sending just a small thank you note can do. A thank you note acknowledges that the person gave you something (time, effort, a gift) that they didn’t have to and that you appreciate what they’ve done. You don’t have to write a massive novel thanking them, just a few lines that let them know what they and their gift, time, effort, etc. meant to you.
Thank you texts, emails, voicemails, etc. are great to send (and receive), but there still seems to be something particularly special about a handwritten thank you note.
Your thank you note can be as simple as a post-it with a short message, or it can be written on a notepad with a flower or heart doodle.
Give back as part of giving thanks. Being thankful isn’t just about telling people you are thankful — it’s also about giving back to your community and friends. This doesn’t mean that you give back so that everything is even and no one “owes” anyone anything. Give because it’s the right thing to do and because it feels good to do it.[3]
If you know the person, help them directly. For example, you could take your grandmother to her appointments or help your friend move into her new place.
If you don’t know the person, continue their good work. For example, you could repay your college advisor by mentoring others.
Focus on the intention behind kindness shown to you. When someone does something nice for you — gives you a gift, brings you a hot meal, offers to read over and edit your thesis — focus on how they tried to bring something good into your life. Someone gave up their precious time, money, etc., just so they could do something kind for you.[4]
This focus cultivates an atmosphere of gratitude that is then passed on to other people through your actions and words, especially if you have children.[5]
Make sure to say “thank you” regularly. Thank the barista who makes your coffee, thank the person who held the door for you, thank the customer service person who helped you figure out why your phone wasn’t working. Speaking the words aloud can help cement the feeling of gratitude in your life.[6]
Use the words “thank you” as a sort of prayer or mantra. You can thank specific things, or you can just repeat the words over and over to yourself. For example, you could give thanks for the food you ate this morning, the rain for watering all the trees, your rain jacket for keeping the rain off, and so on.
By cultivating gratitude (and by speaking it aloud), you can do things like ease anger, anxiety, depression, and other health problems.
When you say thank you to people, make eye contact and smile so they can feel the sincerity.
Find reasons to be thankful, even when it’s difficult. Sometimes it can be really hard to be thankful in your life. These are the times, however, when it is even more important to cultivate gratitude, because that will help you get through the hard times better than getting angry or upset will.[7]
To cultivate gratitude for something like a difficult or boring job, make a list of the good things about the job: it gives you money so you can buy food and have a roof over your head, it gives you a chance to take the bus into the city and see the early morning sun, and so on.
For something like a break-up or a death of someone you love, you should allow yourself time to grieve and be sad. Being grateful doesn’t mean doing away with emotions like sadness, anger, etc. it simply means making them more manageable. After you’ve given yourself time to grieve, make a list of the things that you learned or are grateful for from the relationship, and then what you are thankful for about the relationship being over.[Edit]Developing a More Thankful Mindset
Keep a gratitude journal. Record your reasons to be thankful each day in order to cement them in your memory. It doesn’t matter how difficult your life is at the moment, there is always something to be thankful for. Finding that will help you deal with the other parts of life.[8]
Record about five things you’re thankful for every single day. These can be things as simple as “the sun was shining,” or they can be as big as “my significant other proposed.”
Spend a little time each day reflecting on the things you’re most grateful for. You may even find that you have more than five things you want to record.
If you need a little reminder, download a gratitude journaling app for your phone that will send you daily notifications.
Refer back to your gratitude journal as needed. When you’re having a particularly difficult time, it can be beneficial to go back to what you’ve written previously. If it’s a really hard time, find the smallest things that you can be grateful for.[9]
For example, even if you have a terminal illness, you can be grateful for things like someone bringing you dinner, a warm bed, or your cat snuggling with you. All these little things can make the trauma of the big thing (the illness) more bearable.
Get a gratitude buddy. Share your goal of becoming more thankful with a close friend or family member, and ask for their help. Choose someone you can comfortably talk to about the things you’re grateful for. Also, make it a person who will hold you accountable when you go down the slippery slope of complaining about things.
It might work best as a two-way-street — that is, each of you helping the other to become a more thankful person.[10]
Turn around how you think about difficulties. People who are thankful for the things in their lives aren’t living an easier life than you. In fact, many people who practice gratitude abundantly have struggled quite a bit. They, however, understand that it isn’t the situation that’s the problem, it’s how you think about the situation that makes it easier or more difficult.[11]
For example, if you have to work in order to pay for college, you could think about how your work is teaching you responsibility instead of taking away free-time.
Use the right words to describe your life. Using negative language and labeling can make a situation more difficult, and make it harder for you to be thankful in general. For example, labeling it “my horrible illness” creates a more negative perception than simply saying “the illness that I have.” In the second instance, not only are you not making the illness part of you, you are also utilizing neutral language, rather than negative.[12]
Include your gratitude in the words you use to describe your life. For example, you could say “Even though I have this illness, I’m thankful that I’m receiving wonderful treatment and that I have the support of my family.”
Be positive about yourself and other people. Bashing yourself and others will make you less able to be truly thankful. When you find that you’re thinking negatively about yourself or another person, stop and turn that thinking around. For example, if you think “I am so stupid when it comes to math,” tell yourself “I am having some difficulty with this math problem” instead.[13]
A simple change in language and perception re-frames things so that the problem isn’t you, it’s that there is a disconnect between you and this problem. And that is something that you can overcome.[Edit]Cultivating Thankfulness with Mental and Physical Health
Eat a healthy diet. Make sure you’re putting food in your body that will help you feel good, which makes it easier to feel thankful as well. Go for veggies and fruits like kale, red peppers, and bananas; good carbohydrates like brown rice, whole grains, and oats; and proteins like salmon, nuts, lean meats, and eggs.
Moderation and variety is important. Your diet shouldn’t solely consist of fruits and veggies; you need protein and good carbs too.
Be sure to avoid refined sugars and added salt as much as possible.
Stay hydrated by drinking lots of water. Water is a necessary component to making sure every part of your body and mind runs smoothly. Take sips regularly, and drink before you get thirsty.
Be thankful every time you can turn on the tap or open a bottle and have fresh, clean water to drink. Keep in mind that millions (perhaps billions) of people around the world don’t have this luxury.
Don’t skimp on the amount of sleep you get. Sleep is a huge component of healthiness and happiness, both of which make it easier to be thankful. While it’s certainly admirable to practice gratitude even during those sleepless, anxiety-fueled times in your life, getting enough sleep can help make thankfulness easier to cultivate.
Set a consistent bedtime and wake-up time, create a comfortable sleeping location and a calming bedtime routine, and turn off all electronics well before bedtime.
Follow a regular exercise routine. Exercise releases happy chemicals like endorphins, which help to regulate your mood and make you feel better. And feeling good is both a reason to be thankful and a motivator for practicing gratitude.
Try to get at least 30 minutes of exercise each day. This can be something as simple as going for a run, putting on some music and dancing, or doing some yoga.
Meditate regularly. Meditation is another useful way of dealing with mental health issues and a general sense of malaise in your life. It can also help to support your thankfulness and gratitude practices.
Go somewhere quiet and meditate for at least fifteen minutes each day. Sit comfortably and take deep breaths. Focus on your breath. When errant thoughts demand your attention, acknowledge them and let them go when you exhale.
Practice mindfulness. By remaining in the moment, you are making it very difficult for your brain to race ahead and worry or plan for the future, or become bogged down in the past. This is one way of practicing thankfulness, because you are immersing yourself in the present, and thereby giving thanks to the “now.”
Practice mindfulness while you eat. Focus on the food that you’re putting into your mouth: Is it hot or cold? What is the texture? Is it sweet or sour or salty?
Try this while going for a walk, or simply sitting outside. Notice the color of the sky and shape of the clouds. Use your nose to locate any scents, and listen to the wind in the trees.[Edit]Tips
Remember, sometimes you will have bad days, where you’re grumpy and dislike everything. That’s okay. Don’t beat yourself up because you aren’t constantly floating along in a bubble of gratitude. That may be the goal, but no one’s yet reached it.
Just because you learn to be thankful doesn’t mean that bad things won’t happen, or that you won’t be affected by the things that do happen. It can simply help to make the things that happen easier to deal with and not as taxing for your mental health.
You can’t always control what happens to you, but you can work on controlling how you respond to things.
Thanking people for the little things they do for you (at least once in a while) helps others feel appreciated too. A little gratitude can go a long way in making someone’s day, and that can help you feel better too.[Edit]Related wikiHows
Stop Feeling Like Your Life Isn’t Good Enough
Be Happy
Be Optimistic
Be Thankful
Practice Gratitude[Edit]References↑ http://www.psy.miami.edu/faculty/mmccullough/gratitude/Emmons_McCullough_2003_JPSP.pdf

↑ https://www.healthychildren.org/English/family-life/Community/Pages/12-Tips-for-Teaching-Children-Gratitude.aspx

↑ http://psychcentral.com/blog/archives/2013/12/28/6-ways-to-cultivate-gratitude/

↑ http://greatergood.berkeley.edu/topic/gratitude/definition

↑ http://greatergood.berkeley.edu/images/application_uploads/Wood-TraitAndStateLevelsGratitude.pdf

↑ https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/what-mentally-strong-people-dont-do/201504/7-scientifically-proven-benefits-gratitude

↑ https://greatergood.berkeley.edu/article/item/how_gratitude_can_help_you_through_hard_times

↑ http://psychcentral.com/blog/archives/2009/11/19/12-ways-to-be-thankful/

↑ http://psychcentral.com/blog/archives/2009/11/19/12-ways-to-be-thankful/

↑ http://www.superherolife.com/2012/12/find-a-gratitude-buddy/

↑ https://tinybuddha.com/blog/5-steps-to-change-your-perspective-and-overcome-your-challenges/

↑ http://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/stress-management/in-depth/positive-thinking/art-20043950?pg=2

↑ http://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/stress-management/in-depth/positive-thinking/art-20043950?pg=2

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