How to Fix Leaking Pipes

Leaking pipes can cause a lot of damage to your home if they’re left untreated. There are many temporary fixes for leaking pipes you can use, such as epoxy putty or pipe clamps, while you wait for a plumber. If you want to fix the pipe yourself so it’s up to code, you can use a slip coupling to make the process easy. No matter what you use, be sure to turn off your water supply so your pipes don’t leak while you’re working!

[Edit]Steps
[Edit]Turning off Your Water Supply
Shut off the water supply to your home. Locate your main water supply, which is typically in your basement or crawl space. Turn the dial clockwise to shut off the water going into your home so the leak stops and doesn’t cause more damage.[1]
In an emergency, call your water company and see if they can shut off the water leading to your home.
Turn on the faucets connected to the pipe to drain them. Start by turning on the lowest faucet in your home, such as an outdoor hose pipe or a sink in the basement. Let the water run until the pipe is completely empty. If the leak is on a pipe leading to a specific fixture, then turn on that faucet to drain it.[2]
Dry the leaking area on the pipe. Once all of the water is drained from the pipes, use a cleaning cloth to wipe the area around the leak completely dry. That way it won’t be slippery while you’re trying to work on it.[3]
Set a cloth or bucket underneath the leak in case any stray drops of water come out of the leak.[Edit]Applying Epoxy Putty for a Temporary Fix
Put on latex or nitrile gloves. Epoxy putty heats up while you’re working with it and could cause pain on bare skin. Make sure the gloves are thin enough where you can still work intricately. Wear the gloves any time you handle the epoxy putty.[4]
You can buy latex or nitrile gloves from any hardware or big box store.
Mix plumbing epoxy putty by hand to combine it. Rip off a small ball of epoxy putty from the tube and knead it together between your fingers. The darker epoxy will mix with the lighter exterior to activate it. Once the putty has a consistent light grey color, you can stop kneading it.[5]
You can buy plumbing epoxy putty from your local hardware store.
Wrap the putty around the leaky area. Mold the putty around the leak on your pipe so it wraps completely around it. Make sure the putty forms a layer that’s about thick around the leak so it holds in place. Taper the edges of the putty onto the pipe so it makes a watertight seal.[6]
Epoxy putty works on straight lengths of pipes as well as joints.
Let the putty set for 5-10 minutes before turning your water on. Once the epoxy putty is mixed, it will set quickly so you can use your water again. Leave the putty alone for at least 5 minutes while it sets so it can solidify. Once the epoxy sets, you can turn your water back on.[7]
Epoxy putty is a temporary fix, so be sure to fully replace your pipe or contact a plumber the next day.[Edit]Clamping Small Leaks
Buy a pipe clamp that’s the same size as the leaky pipe. Pipe clamps use rubber gaskets create a tight seal to secure a small leak on your pipe. You can purchase these in the plumbing section of your local hardware store, but make sure to buy a pipe clamp that is the same size and at least as long as the pipe that’s leaking so you have a tight fit when you secure it.[8]
Align the rubber gasket on the pipe with the leak. The rubber gasket is the rectangular piece inside of the clamp that makes your pipe’s water-tight. Set the rubber gasket on top of the hole in your pipe so it seals the leak completely. If the leak is on the bottom of the pipe, hold the clamp in place until you secure the clamp.[9]
Fit the clamp around the gasket and tighten the bolts. Close the clamp around your pipe so it fits tightly on it and feed the bolts provided with the clamp through the holes. Turn the nuts using a wrench to secure them to the bottom of the bolts. Continue tightening the bolts until the clamp stays in place and doesn’t turn any further.[10][Edit]Putting a Slip Coupling on Your Pipe
Get a slip coupling that matches the size and type of your pipe. Slip couplings are small, watertight connections that connect 2 different pieces of pipe. Look for a slip coupling has the same diameter as the pipe you need to fix and is long enough so you can cut out the leak. Before you purchase one, make sure the coupling is the same material as your pipe, such as PVC or copper.
You can buy slip couplings from your local hardware store.
Slip couplings can be a permanent solution to fixing your pipes and they are up to code.
Mark the length of the slip coupling on your pipe. Hold the slip coupling up to the leaky spot on your pipe so the coupling extends out from each side. Use a marker to draw a line on your pipe at the end of the slip coupling. This will help ensure that you cut out the right length of pipe so the coupling can still fit.[11]
Use a pipe cutter to cut out the leaky area on the pipe. Pipe cutters are small devices that easily slice through a pipe as you rotate them around. Set the edge of your pipe cutter inside the line you drew and tighten the screw on the bottom of the device. Rotate the pipe cutter around the pipe completely and tighten the screw again. Keep spinning and tightening the pipe cutter until it makes a clean cut through the pipe. Repeat the process in from the other line you drew.[12]
You can buy pipe cutters from your local hardware store.
Pipe cutters work on metal and PVC pipes.
Some PVC pipe cutters look like a pair of scissors. Put the blade over the pipe and slowly squeeze the cutters shut.
Scrape the inside and outside of the pipe with a deburring tool. A deburring tool is a special tool used to scrape the inside and outside of the pipe to help reshape it after you make your cut. Hold the pipe steady with your nondominant hand and set the blade edge of the deburring tool inside the pipe. Scrape around the inside edge of the pipe with your tool to deburr it. The take the tool out of the pipe and scrape the outside edge.[13]
You can buy deburring tools in the plumbing section of a hardware store.
Make sure you deburr both sides of the cut pipe to prevent future leaks.
Slide the slip coupling onto the ends of your pipe. Take your coupling and slide an end over one side of your pipe. Push the coupling on far enough so you’re able to line it up with the other side of the cut pipe. Line up the other end of the coupling with the pipe and pull it over so the 2 pipes are connected by the coupling. The coupling will hold the pipes together so water can flow between them.[14]
Some couplings may make you tighten them by hand or with a wrench. Follow the directions on the packaging carefully to see if there are any additional steps.[Edit]Warnings
Contact a plumber if you don’t feel comfortable cutting or replacing your own pipes or if the leak is difficult to reach.[Edit]Things You’ll Need
[Edit]Applying Epoxy Putty for a Temporary Fix
Latex or nitrile gloves
Epoxy putty[Edit]Clamping the Leak Shut
Pipe clamp
Wrench[Edit]Putting a Coupling on Your Pipe
Pipe slip coupling
Pipe cutter
Measuring tape
Deburring tool[Edit]Related wikiHows
Temporarily Deal with a Water Leak[Edit]References
[Edit]Quick Summary↑ https://www.wsscwater.com/customer-service/residential-tips/locating-and-operating-your-main.html

↑ https://youtu.be/u3aeRknUd1U?t=55

↑ https://youtu.be/m3cfvLGiw8E?t=80

↑ https://youtu.be/6C9PiaXnuGY?t=54

↑ https://youtu.be/6C9PiaXnuGY?t=66

↑ https://youtu.be/6C9PiaXnuGY?t=87

↑ https://youtu.be/6C9PiaXnuGY?t=127

↑ https://youtu.be/m3cfvLGiw8E?t=116

↑ https://youtu.be/m3cfvLGiw8E?t=123

↑ https://youtu.be/m3cfvLGiw8E?t=126

↑ https://youtu.be/Db_GYaTcrGk?t=235

↑ https://youtu.be/Db_GYaTcrGk?t=235

↑ https://youtu.be/Db_GYaTcrGk?t=240

↑ https://youtu.be/Db_GYaTcrGk?t=253

Read More

Today in History for 30th November 2019

Historical Events

1523 – Amsterdam bans assembly of heretics
1931 – His Master’s Voice and Columbia Records merge into EMI
1967 – Senator Eugene McCarthy announces he will run for the US presidency on an anti-Vietnam war platform
1978 – France performs nuclear test
1980 – Uruguay’s new constitution rejected by referendum
2015 – NBA star Kobe Bryant (LA Lakers) announces his intention to retire at the end of the season

More Historical Events »

Famous Birthdays

1817 – Theodor Mommsen, German historian and scholar (Imperial Lives, Nobel Prize in Literature 1902), born in Garding, Duchy of Schleswig (d. 1903)
1911 – Jorge Negrete [Moreno], Mexican singer and actor (The Rebel, La madrina del diablo), born in Guanajuato, Mexico (d. 1953)
1954 – Simonetta Stefanelli, Italian Actress (The Godfather)
1976 – Cypher Zero, American circus innovator (New York Circus Arts)
1977 – Kazumi Saitoh, Japanese baseball player
1977 – Iván Guerrero, Honduran footballer

More Famous Birthdays »

Famous Deaths

1761 – John Dollond, British optician and owner of 1st patent for achromatic lens, dies at 55
1792 – Ernst William Wolf, composer, dies at 57
1947 – Ernst Lubitsch, German actor, producer and film director (To Be or Not to Be, Love Parade, Anna Boleyn, Ninotchka), dies from a heart attack at 55
1987 – Simon Carmiggelt, journalist/literary (Kronkel), dies at 74
2006 – Elhadi Adam, Sudanese poet and lyricist (b. 1927)
2015 – Eldar Ryazanov, Russian film director and screenwriter (Carnival Night), dies at 88

More Famous Deaths »

Read More

How to Stay Healthy Living in a City

Staying in a city is a great way to live a safer and more environmentally friendly lifestyle.[1] Aside from sporting a happier population, city living also provides you with plenty of opportunities to stay healthy.[2] To begin, try finding ways to stay active in your everyday life, such as biking and running. If you’re looking to improve your diet, try meal planning and looking for healthy grocery store and restaurant options in your neighborhood. Finally, take advantage of the city’s resources to keep regular tabs on your health and wellness. You’re only a few steps away from being your healthiest self! This article will tell you how to.

[Edit]Steps
[Edit]Staying Active
Travel by bike instead of car to get places. Invest in a bike to save time and money traveling. While cars seem faster, you can have more mobility by riding a bike. Check and see if your city has any bike routes or bike lanes built into the street that allow you to travel more safely.[3]
See more of the city on a bike! For example, if you live in New York City, try biking across the Brooklyn Bridge.
Join a local gym to stay healthy. Search online or look through your local newspaper advertisements to see if there’s a gym or fitness club near you. While gyms are a bit more expensive, you get constant access to special equipment. Don’t worry about the facility being too crowded—if anything, exercising in a busier place can help you feel more motivated.[4]
Use an online review site to figure out the nearest and cleanest gyms in your area.
See if you can find a yoga studio in your area or within walking distance to increase mindfulness and stay fit.[5]
Run to stay in shape. Use the abundant amount of sidewalks around you to get some exercise around some nearby city streets. If you don’t feel like driving or biking, running can also be a great alternative for getting from place to place. Whenever you go out, make sure that you’re running in comfortable shoes and wearing a reflective shirt or vest.[6]
You can also run in the wintertime—just remember to adjust your wardrobe to the elements.
Participate in citywide activities to meet new people. Look online or at your local community center to see what events are going on, like yoga sessions or cooking classes. Look for opportunities that are free of charge—just keep in mind that these events might fill up fast due to popular interest.[7]
For instance, San Diego has a partnership with Scripps Health that sponsors free, healthy events each month.
Search for green spaces to spend time regularly. Check the area in walking distance from your home to see if you have any urban green spaces, such as public parks, nature preserves, or sports fields. Try to visit urban green spaces at least once a week to increase your happiness and be active.[8]
Urban green spaces also include community gardens, tree cover, and yards as well.[Edit]Choosing Healthy Foods
Plan healthy meals for each week. Create a calendar specifically for mealtime, including breakfast, lunch, and dinner. Decide ahead of time what you’d like to eat throughout the week, so you can shop for what you need early on. If you’re going to be busy on a certain day of the week, opt for a frozen meal instead.[9]
Planning your meals allows you to adjust your lifestyle to meet more of your nutritional needs.
Meal planning is also helpful for people who are vegetarian or vegan.
Save time by using simple cooking devices. Opt for a slow cooker if you’d prefer the taste of a home-cooked meal. Prepare any recipe earlier the day by adding a healthy combination of vegetables, proteins, and other ingredients into the appliance. If you’d prefer a more instant meal, try microwaving a healthy frozen dinner, instead![10]
When using a slow cooker, remember to use less liquid than you would in the traditional cooking process. Additionally, consider cutting your produce into larger pieces if you want your food to be even more flavorful.
Avoid using cookware that has Teflon or non-stick properties since they could create fumes that are harmful if inhaled.
Order from healthier restaurants instead of going for fast food. Download apps like DoorDash so you can get a variety of food delivered to your front door. By using these services, you can try a more customized delivery service that gives you the freedom to choose healthier options.[11]
If you have an issue with your order, companies like DoorDash and Postmates are very easy to contact.
Figure out where your closest grocery store is. Use a navigational app or website to find out what grocery stores are in your area. Before you go shopping, look up some reviews of the stores. Additionally, look at convenience stores to see if they sell any healthy snacks or entrees.[12]
When shopping, try to avoid processed foods, as these are less healthy.[13]
Look for farmer’s markets as well. You can purchase a lot of fresh and delicious produce for a great price at these kinds of places![14]
While at a grocery store, be sure to check out the freezer section. Frozen fruits and vegetables are easy and healthy options that last for a long time in your home.
Take advantage of healthy places that are open late. Look up the opening and closing times for restaurants, convenience stores, and other eateries and shops. If your work schedule causes you to arrive home at a later time, knowing your options can be useful for grabbing a late-night snack or meal. See if any stores or healthy restaurants near you work with a third-party delivery app, like Postmates.[15]
Some stores also have online grocery shopping options that let you ship food to your door. If you don’t want to deal with an extra shopping trip or a late-night grocery run, opt for this program instead.[16]
Ideally, try having a set mealtime. In the long run, this can help contribute to healthier eating habits![17]
Participate in a community garden. Ask your landlord or neighbors to see if there’s a community garden in the area. If there is a plot near you, consider using a section of it to grow your own produce. Some apartment complexes and other condensed living spaces (e.g., condos, flats) already have plots that you can join or contribute to. If your neighborhood doesn’t have a garden already, try starting one instead![18][Edit]Managing Your Health
Schedule regular doctor’s appointments to keep tabs on your health. Live each day of your city life to the healthiest and fullest by checking in with the doctor on a regular basis. If you’re ever feeling under the weather, look up an urgent care clinic that can examine your symptoms right away.[19]
If you don’t have insurance or have a plan that won’t cover the cost of your visit, try looking up free clinics in the area. While they might be difficult to find, most cities have places that are willing to see you for little to no charge.
Bring a notebook in case you’re worried that you’ll forget what your doctor says later on.
Stay up-to-date on the latest vaccines and flu shots. Ask your doctor if you need any new vaccines, be they for new illnesses (e.g., the flu) or longstanding sicknesses (e.g., chicken pox, measles, polio, etc.). Since cities are more densely populated than other regions, illnesses can spread more rapidly. Protect yourself and those around you by getting all of the immunizations that you need.[20]
For example, the United States has had an increase in reported measles cases over the past year.[21]
If you do feel sick, wear a face mask to prevent spreading the illness to others or being exposed to more disease.
You can also get an online doctor instead of going out if you feel very bad.
Practice good hand hygiene while you’re in public. A lot of people touch door handles, shopping carts, and other items in public, so germs can spread easily between people. Do your best to avoid touching handles with your bare hands, using a tissue or paper towel instead. Don’t touch your face so you avoid transferring bacteria near your nose and mouth.
Many stores offer sanitary wipes for shopping carts so you can wipe them before you use them.
Always wash your hands before you touch your face or eat so you don’t spread germs.
Meditate regularly to reduce your anxiety levels. Keep your mind clear by practicing meditation each day. Spend a few minutes each day to focus on your breathing, which will help distract you from many of the major stressors in your life. Ideally, try meditating for about 20 minutes each day.[22]
Meditation has other positive side effects, like lowering your blood pressure and current heart rate.
Use a HEPA air purifier in your room to filter out harmful particles. High-efficiency particulate arrestance (HEPA) air purifiers have special filters that can remove small particles, such as dust, dirt, and smog. Keep an air purifier in your bedroom, and run it while you sleep so you can breathe clean air.[23]
Not every city will have bad air quality. You can check the air quality index of your city online.
Get a healthy night’s sleep. Cities can be bright and noisy, which can make it difficult to sleep well through the night. Close your windows if you’re able to and use blinds that block out light so your room is completely dark while you’re sleeping. If you can’t fall asleep due to the noise, wear ear plugs while you sleep to block out annoying sounds.[24]
Use a white noise generator or app to help you block out ambient city sounds if you aren’t able to use ear plugs.
Wear a sleep mask to cover your eyes if your blinds don’t entirely block out light.
Avoid using your phone or electronics right before bed so you aren’t kept awake from the blue light.
Spend time with nature to improve your mental health. Give yourself some room to think and breathe by spending time at a park or other natural area. While these spaces can be hard to come by in cities, try to look for places with a lot of trees. Although it may seem mundane, you can get a lot of mental health benefits from walking through areas with a lot of foliage, like lowered anxiety.[25]
Search online to find a park near you.
Find a supportive community to help boost your mental health. Spending time with other people has positive effects on your mental health and helps you get to know your community. Find a meditation group, a book club, church, or local meet-up in your area so you can branch out and make more friends. Seek people that have similar interests as you so you can have fun together.
You can find local meet-ups and groups using apps like Facebook and Meetup.
Check your local library to see what events and groups they host.
Even if it’s just for a few minutes, set aside some time to focus on your dental hygiene. A little time in the morning and before bed is all it takes to take care of your teeth![26]
Brush your teeth two times every day with fluoride toothpaste. This will help prevent cavities.
Using an electric toothbrush will be even more beneficial for your teeth.
Remember to floss! To floss, put the floss between two teeth, and make it into about a C shape. Shake it there to cause friction and remove plaque.
You can also try a waterpik to wash your teeth even better.[Edit]References↑ https://www.globalcitizen.org/en/content/health-impacts-of-living-in-a-city/

↑ https://www.nbcnews.com/health/health-news/here-s-why-big-cities-are-healthier-n664501

↑ https://www.nbcnews.com/health/health-news/here-s-why-big-cities-are-healthier-n664501

↑ https://bestlifeonline.com/city-living-benefits/

↑ https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3447533/

↑ https://www.mec.ca/en/article/5-ways-to-stay-active-in-the-city-during-winter

↑ https://downtownsandiego.org/healthyscripps/

↑ https://bmcpublichealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1471-2458-6-149

↑ https://familydoctor.org/healthy-food-city/

↑ https://www.bbcgoodfood.com/videos/techniques/how-use-slow-cooker

↑ https://familydoctor.org/healthy-food-city/

↑ https://familydoctor.org/healthy-food-city/

↑ https://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/nutrition-and-healthy-eating/basics/healthy-menus-and-shopping-strategies/hlv-20049477

↑ https://bestlifeonline.com/city-living-benefits/

↑ https://bestlifeonline.com/city-living-benefits/

↑ https://familydoctor.org/healthy-food-city/

↑ https://time.com/4008273/regular-mealtimes-eat-healthy-eating/

↑ https://familydoctor.org/healthy-food-city/

↑ https://bestlifeonline.com/city-living-benefits/

↑ https://www.theguardian.com/cities/2014/feb/27/sick-cities-how-to-stay-healthy-city

↑ https://www.chop.edu/news/vaccine-news-briefs

↑ https://www.theguardian.com/cities/2014/feb/27/sick-cities-how-to-stay-healthy-city

↑ https://www.abatement.com/learning-center/patient-isolation/facts-about-hepa-filtration/

↑ https://sleeping.guide/sleep-in-noisy-city-apartment/

↑ https://www.sciencealert.com/increasing-urban-tree-cover-gives-community-mental-health-a-boost-says-new-study

↑ https://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/adult-health/in-depth/dental/art-20045536/

Read More