How to Win at Tug of War

Tug of war is a classic game that’s frequently played at children’s parties and family gatherings. In a game of tug of war, 2 teams stand at opposite ends of a rope and try to tug the rope until the majority of it is pulled over their side of the center line or marker. However, the game isn’t as easy as it seems! There’s plenty of strategy that goes into winning tug of war, and a lot of it has to do with the team’s positioning and their technique.

EditPositioning the Team
Gather 8 people of varying sizes and strength levels. The great thing about tug of war is that you can learn how to win as a team, even if you don’t have the strongest people on your side! For organized leagues, you might also want to recruit 1-2 extra people as alternates in case someone gets hurt or has to miss a match.[1]
If you’re planning to play in a league, make sure the combined weight of the people on your team is less than the stated rules, which can vary depending on the age group.

Place a more experienced team member at the front to lead the tug. This person will act as the “leader” of the group. Choose someone who is a medium height for the team and has played tug of war before. This person should be able to keep a good grip on the rope while in a squatting position and have a lot of lower body strength to keep the front of the line from becoming too strained.[2]
It might be helpful to have the teammates stand from tallest to shortest and then pick one of the people close to the middle to be the lead tugger.

Stagger the middle teammates based on their skills to encourage teamwork. Position a less experienced member in between 2 more experienced members of the team so they can communicate throughout the game. That way, the knowledgeable teammates can set the pace of the tug and less experienced teammates can work on building up endurance and strength.[3]
Talking and communicating throughout the game can be helpful for some members, but remember not to give away your strategy to the other team!

Position someone with good endurance at the back of the team. Choose someone with good lower body strength and put them at the end of the rope so they can “anchor” the team. Make sure they’re strong enough to continually pull the team back while maintaining a tight grip on the rope.[4]
In general, the anchor normally wraps the rope around their back and keeps the team moving backward.

Normally, the anchor will set the pace for the tugging by taking a step back every 3-4 seconds. If the rest of the team can’t keep up, it’s up to the anchor to keep their grip and slow down so the rest of the team can reposition themselves.

EditPerfecting Your Technique
Grip the rope firmly with your palms up and hands positioned close together. Stand on the left side of the rope and pick up the rope with your right hand. Cradle the rope with your palm up, and place your left hand either right in front or right behind your right hand. Close your fist around the rope so that your thumbs are facing upward.[5]
Some sources recommend dusting your hands with chalk to help you grip the rope. This works well for some people, but you can still win without it!

Squat and lean back to dig your heels into the ground when the whistle blows. When you line up for the game, position your feet so that they’re about shoulder-width apart, and squat down so your knees are bent slightly. When the game begins, lean back at a 45-degree angle with your back straight to dig your heels into the ground and hold yourself in place. Don’t pull or tug on the rope just yet, and instead let your weight do the work for you![6]
If you bend your back or knees too much, you can cause unnecessary muscle strain, which can harm your endurance.

Take small steps backward as a team, digging in with your heels. Before the match, talk to your teammates and plan to take a step back every 3-4 seconds, starting with your left foot. When the game starts, carefully lift and plant your left heel about behind where it began. Then, repeat this with the right heel to slowly move backward, moving the other team. If you can, try taking larger steps as the opposing team begins to get tired.[7]
You shouldn’t be pulling or tugging on the rope. Instead, just hold it tightly and keep it close to your body as you move back.

You can talk to the player in front of you and listen to the player behind you throughout the game. However, avoid saying things like “pull” or “move back” during the game, as the other team might hear you and have time to get into a better position.

Keep your left leg straight and push off of it as you move back to counterattack. If you’re losing your footing, try turning your body toward the rope on your right side to set up a counterattack move. Dig your left foot into the ground horizontally to slow any forward movement, and push off of it to propel your body backward. Shuffle your feet back at a time as you push yourself backward.[8]
If you can’t pull back, just try to stay in place until the other team gets too tired to keep pulling. Then, it might be easier to start moving again.

Never wrap the rope around your hands to tug. This can cause you to strain your wrist or break a bone in your hand.

EditRelated wikiHows
Play Tug of War

Play Catch and Pull Tug of War

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How to Eat Ghee

Ghee is a superfood that has been around for centuries and is a staple in many Indian diets because of its health-boosting properties. It is a clarified butter that has a richer flavor and is healthier than regular butter. Because of its unique antioxidant and immune system-boosting properties, ghee is a smart addition to your daily diet and a great substitute for other fats in cooking. Start experimenting by adding it into your daily foods to find something you like!

EditMoon Milk
1 cup (235 ml) of milk of your choice

1/2 tsp (2 g) of ground cinnamon

1/2 tsp (2 g) of ground turmeric

1/4 tsp (1 g) of ashwagandha

2 pinches of ground cardamom

1 pinch of ground nutmeg

1 pinch of ground black pepper

1 tsp (4 g) of ghee

1 tsp (5 ml) of honey

Makes 1 serving

EditAdding Ghee to Your Diet for Health Benefits
Buy a jar of ghee from a health food store or make some at home. Ghee is a clarified butter product available at many health food stores or Indian markets. Follow a recipe to make ghee at home.[1]
Ghee is non-perishable and does not need to be refrigerated like butter, so don’t worry about an expiration date!

Ghee does not contain lactose and has less cholesterol than regular butter. It contains the fat-soluble vitamins A, D, E, and K.

Put 1/2-1 tbsp (7-14 g) of ghee in your morning coffee or tea. Ghee is richer than butter and it has a nutty flavor that tastes nice when you melt it in coffee or tea. Keep in mind that ghee is high in saturated fat so it will increase the calories of your coffee if you also include things like cream.[2]
1/2-1 tbsp (7-14 g) of ghee is considered a healthy serving.

Add 1/2-1 tbsp (7-14 g) of ghee to breakfast foods. Spread ghee on toast instead of butter or mix it into a bowl of oatmeal. The vitamins and antioxidants that ghee contains are a great addition to your first meal of the day.
The vitamin D in ghee helps improve memory function, while the other vitamins have antioxidant properties that help fortify the immune system.[3]

Blend 1/2-1 tbsp (7-14 g) of ghee into a smoothie. Add ghee to any smoothie recipe for even more healthy vitamins. Ghee has energy boosting properties that will make any super smoothie even more powerful.
Try pairing 1/2 tbsp (7 g) of ghee and 1/2 tbsp (7 g) coconut oil in a smoothie for a combo of healthy fats.[4]

Top popcorn with melted ghee instead of regular butter. Make your movie night healthier with ghee. Use about 4 tbsp (60 ml) of melted ghee for every 1/2 cup (64 g) of popcorn kernels, or whatever suits your personal taste.[5]
Pour the melted ghee over the popcorn while it is still hot and mix it thoroughly to coat the popcorn evenly.

Don’t eat more than a serving of ghee each day to avoid negative effects. Even though ghee is a healthy fat, excessive amounts of anything high in saturated fat have negative effects on your weight and heart health. Stick to one serving of ghee a day.[6]
Add ghee in moderation to an otherwise balanced and healthy diet to get its full benefits.

EditCooking with Ghee
Use ghee as the cooking fat when you saute things. Substitute an equal amount of ghee for the cooking oil or butter in recipes like stir-fries. Ghee has a high smoke point so it can withstand high heats when you cook with it in a frying pan.[7]
Ghee is a healthy alternative to vegetable oil.

Try using ghee to make a vegetable or chicken stir fry.

Substitute ghee for coconut oil in baked goods. When you use ghee in baking, it will add a rich, nutty flavor to the baked goods. Like coconut oil, it is a healthy alternative to other oils.[8]
Ghee is especially tasty in baked dishes that already include nuts because of its natural nutty flavor.

Try substituting ghee for the butter or oil when you make brownies.

Add ghee to sauces, soups, stews, or curries. Use ghee as a substitute for butter or oil in any liquid recipes. The rich flavor especially compliments these types of dishes and it is often used in Indian curry recipes.[9]
Even if the recipe doesn’t call for butter, you can add 1/2 tbsp (7g) to any dish to receive added health benefits.

EditMaking Moon Milk
Simmer 1 cup (235 ml) of milk in a small saucepan over medium-low heat. For the best flavor, use whole milk or an unsweetened nut milk such as almond or cashew milk. Keep an eye on the saucepan while it comes to a simmer, and turn down the heat if it looks like it is about to boil.[10]
Warm milk is a remedy for sleeplessness that has been used for centuries.This moon milk recipe adds other natural flavors and herbs with healthy properties to warm milk. Drink it before bed to help you fall asleep faster.

The recipe also provides healthy proteins and is a delicious way to include ghee in your diet.

Stir in 1/2 tsp (2 g) each of ground cinnamon and turmeric. Use a fork or a whisk to thoroughly mix the ground cinnamon and turmeric into the milk as it simmers. Whisk until you don’t see any clumps of the spices.[11]

Add 1/4 tsp (1 g) of ashwagandha and stir it in. Ashwagandha is an adaptogen, or in other words a substance that helps the body adapt to stress. Look for it at a health food store or an Indian market.[12]
You can substitute another adaptogen such as shatavari or astragalus if you can’t find ashwagandha.

Add 2 pinches of ground cardamom and 1 pinch of black pepper and nutmeg. Pinch a small amount of each spice between your fingers and toss it into the milk. Whisk it in with a fork or whisk.[13]
Nutmeg is another natural sleep aid that adds a restful boost to this recipe.

Drop in 1 tsp (4 g) of ghee, turn the heat to low, and cook for 5-10 minutes. Stir the milk occasionally to keep mixing all the ingredients together. The longer you cook it, the stronger the flavors and properties will be.[14]
Remember that ghee is high in saturated fat, so consume it in moderation. Cut the amount down to 1/2 tsp (2 g) if you are eating ghee in other recipes throughout the day or have concerns about cholesterol.[15]

Remove the saucepan from the heat, stir in 1 tsp (5 ml) of honey, and serve. Stir in the honey at the very end to avoid cooking it. Honey loses its beneficial properties when it gets cooked.[16]
Raw honey is preferred for this recipe if you can find it.

Let the mixture cool for 2-3 minutes in your mug before you drink it to avoid burning your mouth.

EditThings You’ll Need
EditMoon Milk
Small saucepan

Fork or whisk


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Today in History for 16th December 2018

Historical Events

1598 – Seven Year War: Battle of Noryang Point – in the final battle of the war Korean navy decisively defeats the Japanese
1918 – German troops evacuate Finland, give over Kiev in the Ukraine to revolutionary forces and pull back from Estonia as Bolshevik forces move in
1927 – Don Bradman makes his cricket 1st-class debut for NSW v South Australia
1959 – Snow falling in Lowarai Pass West Pakistan kills 48
1960 – TWA 266 and United 826 collide over Staten Island, kills 134
1989 – Commencement of 1st Test Cricket play at Bellerive Oval, Hobart (v SL)

More Historical Events »

Famous Birthdays

1734 – Georg Peter Weimar, composer
1830 – John Frederick Hartranft, American politician, 17th Governor of Pennsylvania (1873-1879), and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in New Hanover Township, Pennsylvania (d. 1889)
1895 – Lidj Jasu, emperor of Ethiopia
1938 – Liv Ullmann, Norwegian actress and director (The Emigrants, Persona), born in Tokyo, Japan
1950 – Roy Schuiten, Dutch cyclist (d. 2006)
1972 – Željko Kalac, Australian soccer player

More Famous Birthdays »

Famous Deaths

1379 – John Fitzalan, Marshal of England
1870 – Stanisław Duniecki, Polish composer, dies at 31
1914 – Ivan Zajc, Czech composer and conductor, dies at 82
1978 – Blanche Calloway, US singer/dancer/radio hostess, dies at 76
1985 – Merv Waite, cricketer (2 Tests for Aust 1938, 1 wkt avg 190), dies
1993 – Bentri Seddik, Algerian court judge, murdered at 46

More Famous Deaths »

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How to Remove Odors from Your Car

Nobody likes a smelly car. It’s unpleasant to sit in your car and smell a bad aroma, and you may feel embarrassed if you’re giving friends a ride. Fortunately, in most cases, it’s relatively simple to remove a bad smell from your car. Start with taking out trash from the car, then vacuuming the interior and wiping away any stains. If the smells linger, you may need to shampoo the interior surfaces or reach out to professional car cleaners.

EditCleaning Your Car to Eliminate Smells
Clean trash and other garbage out of your car. Start with the basics by clearing everything out of the car and removing all trash. There may be an old piece of food or other garbage stinking up your car.[1] Check under the seats and remove all rotting food, trash, and junk items. Check back pockets and remove all trash items.
Be careful if you have children as there may be sticky candies, or unidentified blobs of food stuck within the pocket. Don’t forget to clean the back or trunk of the car as well.

Wipe the interior surfaces to remove stains that may produce odors. Use a soft cleaning cloth and an all-purpose cleaning spray to wipe down every plastic, wood, glass, and metallic surface inside the car.[2] Look for any spills or stains that could be causing the odor. For example, a child may have spilled pudding on the seat.
For leather seats, use an appropriate leather cleaner. Alternatively, you can ask for a suitable interior car cleaner at your automotive store.

If your upholstery is not leather, remove stains by vacuuming or shampooing the surfaces.

Remove and clean the floor mats or rugs. In most cars, the floor mats (where the driver’s and passengers’ feet rest) can be removed. Pull these out, and use a few rags and hot, soapy water to clean them. Stains may have accumulated over time, which may be producing the foul smell in your car.[3]
Use clean water when you’re cleaning off the floor mats. Wipe off all excess water from the mats so no water pools up in the car once you put the mats back in.

Vacuum the car to clear out any grime worked into the carpet. Vacuum the carpet and the seats to remove excess dirt. Besides dirt, food crumbs or leftover bits of trash may have been worked into the carpet. Vacuuming these out should improve the smell of your car. Run the vacuum nozzle over all seat and floor surfaces.[4]
If you’re sure that the car’s carpet is the problem, you could sprinkle carpet deodorizer over the carpet. Leave it to sit for the time recommended on the package instructions (usually about 5-10 minutes) before vacuuming it up.

Shampoo the inside of the car if vacuuming didn’t remove the smell. If vacuuming failed to remove the smell, you’ll need to take a more aggressive approach towards cleaning the carpet. Purchase a car shampoo from your local car store and use a clean sponge for scrubbing. Mix the car shampoo with water as the package directions suggest. Scrub the shampoo deep into the car upholstery and carpet to release the dirt trapped inside the fabric folds.[5]
Work the shampoo deep into any existing carpet or seat stains. Stains may be a source of odor, so removing them is crucial.

Once you’ve finished scrubbing the car’s interior, you’ll need to rinse out the shampoo and let the interior carpets and seats dry.

When purchasing a car shampoo, select one that is designed to treat the type of materials used in your car.

Sprinkle baking soda over odorous stains to remove the smell. Baking soda absorbs unpleasant odors. Buy a box at your local grocery store, and use your fingers to sprinkle a pinch of the powder over a smelly stain in your car. Let it sit for 4-5 hours and use a regular household vacuum cleaner to vacuum up the baking soda.[6]
Only sprinkle baking soda onto dry surfaces. If you sprinkle it onto a wet stain, the powder will form a tough-to-remove paste.

EditRemoving Smells with Specific Causes
Wipe interior surfaces with water and vinegar to remove cigarette smell. Mix a 1:1 mixture of white vinegar and water in a large bowl. Wet a clean rag in the mixture, and use the rag to wipe residue from smoke and tar off of the car’s interior surfaces.[7] Since smoke tends to work its way into every surface of a vehicle, you may also need to spray a deodorizing spray into the car’s vents and air intake.
If you or somebody else regularly smokes in the car, though, the odor will always be present, so the best thing to do is to stop smoking in the car.

Remove mildew or mold by vacuuming out any moisture. Use a wet-dry vac to vacuum out any moisture from your car’s upholstery or carpets. Once you’re done, leave the windows open for 8-10 hours to allow the car’s interior to fully dry out. If you cleaned removable rugs or mats, let them dry in the sun to kill mold and mildew. Once the interior is dry, the mildew smell should be gone.[8]
Prevent future mildew in your vehicle by checking for any leaks in your car. You can check for leaks by parking your car over a sheet of clean cardboard overnight. If you find that your car has leaks, take it to a mechanic for repair.

If leaks aren’t an issue, the mildew or mold may have occurred because of a spilled drink or wet gear being placed in the car and left there. Remove any contaminants such as rotting food and clean the area of the car with an all-purpose cleaner or shampoo.

Clean out vomit by scrubbing stains with a water and vinegar solution. Vomit is an odor source that should be cleaned up immediately, because the stomach acids in vomit cling to the fiber and can damage it. Mix vinegar and water at a 1:1 ratio in a large bucket. Then, dip a rag into the mixture and scrub at the vomit stain. Keep working over the stain until you’ve removed it from the surface it’s on.[9]
Once you’ve scrubbed all of the residual vomit out of the carpet, use a wet-dry vac to pull all of the remaining water and vinegar out of the carpet.

Remove urine stains by scrubbing with a stain remover. Urine has a strong odor and should be removed from the car as soon as possible. Visit an auto shop and buy a stain remover that is suitable for car upholstery or carpet. Blot the stain remover onto the car upholstery or carpet rather than rubbing it in. Let the stain remover sit for the time suggested by the packaging.
Allow the wet patch to air-dry. If you use a hot dryer source (like a hair dryer), the urine may adhere to the carpet and start to smell very bad.

If this doesn’t work, you could try using a pet urine odor removing spray. You can purchase this product at most pet stores.

Seek professional help if the odor continues to linger. There are professionals who focus specifically on removing odors, either through professional detailing outlets, or through specialist cleaning. These agencies will have plenty of experience removing stubborn odors and deeply-ingrained stains from cars.[10]
Search online for a specialist car cleaner near you, or call a local car dealership for their recommendation.

While you can hang a scented air freshener over your rearview mirror, these only mask bad smells rather than actually removing them. However, if you’d like to try an air freshener, you can purchase them at most gas stations and grocery stores.[11]
You can rent or purchase a wet-dry vacuum at most local hardware stores or home-improvement stores.

EditRelated wikiHows
Get Bad Smells out of Leather

Remove Mold Odors From Inside Automobiles

Find the Source of a Bad Odor in a Car

Deodorize a Room

Get Rid of Tobacco Odors in Cars

Get Rid of Vomit Smell

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How to Choose a Dress for New Year’s Eve

Whether you’re planning on going out on the town, attending a ball, or throwing a party at your house, you want the dress you wear on New Year’s Eve to be the perfect choice. It’s the start of a new year, and that deserves a new dress, but picking a dress can be a stressful process. By looking at specifics such as dress style, color, and fabric, you’ll be choosing your New Year’s Eve dress in no time at all.

EditChoosing a Dress Style and Length
Pick a cocktail dress if you’ll be attending a semi-formal party or event. Cocktail dresses are a great option for many New Year’s Eve events – they’re short yet elegant. There are tons of different cocktail dress styles – from long sleeve to strapless, off-the-shoulder to cap-sleeved – to fit any type of party.[1]
Strapless and off-the-shoulder dresses are perfect for people with a pear-shaped body, while cocktail dresses with ruffles or pleating look best on ruler-shaped forms.[2]

Choose a long gown if you’ll be attending a ball or black tie event. If you’re going to be attending a very formal event, a floor-length gown is the perfect choice. Just be sure to try it on plenty of time beforehand so that you can fix the length and buy proper shoes if needed.[3]

Decide on a mini dress if you’ll be going to parties, clubs, or bars. A mini dress is easy to dress up or dress down, depending on the exact event you’re going to, and they come in almost every color or style.[4]
Mini dresses (such as body cons) are usually fitted, so if you have an hourglass figure, this is your best option.

If you’re going to be doing a lot of dancing or moving around, make sure the dress isn’t too short or uncomfortable.

EditDeciding on the Dress Color and Fabric
Wear silver or gold for a bold, classic look. Silver and gold are popular New Year’s Eve colors, and they’re a great way to make you stand out. If you’re going to a party or want to make an impression, choose a silver, gold, or other metallic dress color.[5]
If you really want to stand out, choose a dress with sparkle, such as beads, glitter, or sequins.

Wear a darker-tinted color for a holiday look. Wearing darker colors, such as maroon, purple, dark green, or navy blue, is a popular New Year’s Eve choice when it comes to picking a dress. It allows you to be festive while also showing off your sophisticated evening attire, and you can choose whichever color looks best on you.

Choose a little black dress perfect for any event. You can never go wrong with a little black dress. They come in a variety of styles, are easy to dress up or down, and can be found in almost any store. If you’re unsure about the color or type of dress that would be appropriate for the event you’re attending, pick out a black dress you feel confident in.[6]

Choose a dress made of velvet for a stylish and warm look. Velvet is a very popular holiday fabric, especially during the winter. Its texture and thickness make it comfortable to wear while also keeping you warm, and it always looks festive.[7]
Other warm fabrics you might consider are knits, leather, or wool.

Wear satin or silk for a dressier look. While they’re not the warmest fabrics, satin, silk, or any other shiny fabric is sure to create a more formal-looking dress that’s party-ready.[8]
If you want to wear satin or silk but don’t want to look too formal, dress it down by adding a simple jacket.

Choose a lace dress for a sophisticated look. Lace is another fabric that can be dressed up or down, and it’s very popular in the winter. Since it’s an intricate and detailed fabric, you don’t need to add many accessories – choose some great shoes and let the lace be the center of attention.[9]

EditAccessorizing the Dress
Choose shoes that match the color and length of your dress. Shoes are an important piece of any outfit, so make sure you spend some time deciding which ones will look (and feel!) the best.[10]
If you’re wearing a long dress, make sure to try your dress on with your shoes to ensure that the shoe height is correct – you don’t want your dress to be dragging on the ground all night.

Whether you’re wearing high heels or flats, it’s typically good to choose a shoe color one shade darker than your dress, and black is always a safe choice.

Pick out jewelry that goes with the style and color of your dress. Your jewelry should complement your dress, not overshadow it. Choose a maximum of three pieces and match your jewelry to the dress’s features.
Pay attention to your dress’s neckline and choose a necklace that will frame it nicely.[11]

Wear outerwear that matches your dress and is weather-appropriate. Since New Year’s Eve is one of the chilliest holidays, you’re going to need a jacket of some sort to keep warm.
If you know you’ll be spending the majority of the time inside, a shawl, sweater, or light jacket are good options.

If you’re worried about being cold while outside, opt for warmer outerwear, such as a fur coat or a leather jacket.

Add a scarf, hat, or tights to your outfit to stay warm and stylish. If you’re still worried about being cold or know you’ll be ringing in the New Year outside, bundle up with additional warm accessories such as a knit scarf or fleece lined leggings.

Comfort is key – make sure your dress isn’t too long, tight, or uncomfortable so that you’re sure to enjoy the night.

If online shopping for a dress, be sure to know your dress size and shop plenty of time before New Year’s Eve to account for added shipping days and possible returns.

Dress for your body type – find out which styles of dresses look best on you and complement your form.

Get a second opinion from a friend or family member if you’re unsure of which dress to choose.

Think about the weather if your New Year’s Eve is outside- you don’t want it to be short-sleeved without a pair of tights on the coldest time of the year!

EditRelated wikiHows
Hold an Elegant Ball for New Year’s Eve

Accomplish Your New Year’s Resolutions

Attend the New Year’s Celebrations in Times Square

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