Today in History for 4th August 2018

Historical Events

1636 – Johan Mauritius appointed governor of Dutch Brazil
1830 – Plans for city of Chicago laid out
1943 – British premier Winston Churchill travels on the Queen Mary to Canada
1953 – Black families move into Trumbull Park housing project in Chicago
1976 – England beats Australia by 8 wickets in the limited overs cricket international at Lord’s; first time women are permitted to play on the main square at ‘the home of cricket’
2010 – California’s Proposition 8, the ballot initiative prohibiting same-sex marriage passed by the state’s voters in 2008, is overturned by Judge Vaughn Walker in the case Perry v. Schwarzenegger

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Famous Birthdays

1897 – Joseph Calleia, Maltese-American actor (Jungle Book, Gilda, Touch of Evil), born in Mdina, Malta (d. 1975)
1908 – Osbert Lancaster, English cartoonist and author (Daily Express), born in London (d. 1986)
1965 – Dennis Lehane, American crime writer
1967 – Michael Lawrence Marsh, American sprinter (Olympic 200m gold 1992, silver 1996), born in Los Angeles, California
1979 – Robin Peterson, South African cricketer
1992 – Tiffany Evans, American singer

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Famous Deaths

1778 – Pierre de Rigaud, French colonial governor in North America (b. 1698)
1904 – Arnold Krug, German composer, dies at 54
1914 – Jules Lemaître, French critic and dramatist, dies at 61
1982 – Bruce Goff, American Architect (b. 1904)
1991 – Nikiforos Vrettakos, Greek poet (Hodyne), dies at 80
2012 – Arnie Risen, Basketball Hall of Fame center (4-time NBA All Star), dies at 87

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Today in History for 3rd August 2018

Historical Events

1956 – American sprinter Willie Williams sets 100m world record at 10.1 in Berlin, Germany
1958 – The Billboard Hot 100 is founded
1960 – Niger gains independence from France
1969 – Cincinnati Reds with 25 hits and 10 runs in 5th edge Philadelphia Phillies 19-17 at Connie Mack Stadium
1972 – Chozen-ji/Intl Zen Dojo founded by Omori Sogen Roshi, in Hawaii
1985 – Train crash at Flaujac, France: 35 killed

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Famous Birthdays

1902 – Regina Jonas, German first woman rabbi (d. 1944)
1905 – Maggie Kuhn, activist/co-founder (Gray Panthers)
1918 – James MacGregor Burns, political writer (The Lion and the Fox)
1923 – Roger Foulon, French/Belgian poet
1924 – Max van der Stoel, Dutch Foreign minister (PvdA)
1956 – Abhisit Vejjajiva, Thai politician

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Famous Deaths

1929 – Thorstein Veblen, American economist (Theory of the Leisure Class-1899), dies at 72
1996 – Guido Alberti, Italian film actor (Marco the Magnificent), dies at 87
2003 – Roger Voudouris, American singer and songwriter (b. 1954)
2006 – Elisabeth Schwarzkopf, singer (b. 1915)
2008 – Skip Caray, American TV and radio broadcaster (b. 1939)
2017 – Theodore “Ted” Stanley, American anesthesiologist and medical entrepreneur (created the fentanyl lollipop), dies at 77

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Today in History for 2nd August 2018

Historical Events

1931 – Spanish Catalonia agrees (99+%) for autonomous status
1936 – Tour de France: Sylvère Maes of Belgium wins his second title from Frenchman Antone Magne
1938 – MLB conducts the first test of bright yellow baseballs during Dodgers vs Cardinals doubleheader
1940 – Clermont-Ferrand sentences General Charles de Gaulle to death
1992 – Vitaly Scherbo of Belarus becomes the first gymnast to win 6 gold medals at one Olympics in Barcelona, also first to win 4 gold in one day’s competition (pommel, vault, rings and parallel bars)
2012 – 23 people are killed after two blasts in a fruit market in Lahore, Pakistan

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Famous Birthdays

1867 – Frank Alvord Perret, American volcanologist renowned for his research at Vesuvius, Etna, Stromboli and Kilauea, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
1882 – Johannes Tralow, writer
1907 – Mary Hamman, American writer (d. 1984)
1922 – Lord Murray of Epping Forest [Lionel], British labour politician and union leader (General Secretary TUC), born in Hadley, Telford (d. 1984)
1969 – Jan Axel Blomberg Norwegian musician (Dimmu Borgir, Winds, Mayhem)
1988 – Brittany Hargest, American singer (Jump5)

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Famous Deaths

1511 – Andrew Barton, Scottish naval leader
1799 – Jacques-Etienne Montgolfier, French inventor, dies at 54
1873 – Frank Mori, English composer, dies at 53
1942 – Friedrich Aereboe, German landlord and agricultural economist, dies at 77
1959 – Prospero Bisquertt, Chilean composer, dies at 78
1992 – Michel Berges, French composer, dies of a heart attack at 44

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Bodhisattva

Bodhisattva

History Today

The compassionate Buddhist deity who walks among us.

A bodhisattva is a Buddhist deity who has attained the highest level of enlightenment, but who delays their entry into Paradise in order to help the earthbound. The bodhisattva, known in Sanskrit as Avalokiteśvara, takes both male and female form and is associated with the qualities of mercy and compassion; its Chinese incarnation, Guanyin – who is always represented as female – translates as the ‘perceiver of sounds’. Guanyin, Buddhists believe, can recognise the cries of all those who suffer on earth and guide them towards salvation.The earliest source for the doctrines of Avalokiteśvara is in the 25th chapter of the Lotus Sutra, one of the foundation texts of Mahayana Buddhism, which originated in India around the beginning of the first century AD. Other sources claim that the sun and the moon were born of this bodhisattva’s eyes. Ideas and images associated with Avalokiteśvera have been of particular influence on Chinese and Japanese literature, such as The Tale of Genji, written by the 11th-century noblewoman Murasaki Shikabu, which tells the romantic, picaresque story of the son of an ancient Japanese emperor. Some scholars have argued that it has claim to be the first novel.This statue of Avalokiteśvara, now on display in the St Louis Art Museum, depicts the bodhisattva seated, with legs folded as if meditating. It is made of a single woodblock, decorated with quartz and carnelian, and was made in China at the time of the Northern Song dynasty (960-1127).

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Today in History for 1st August 2018

Historical Events

1789 – US Customs begins enforcing Tariff Act
1883 – Amsterdam’s Grand Hotel Krasnapolsky gets electric lights
1925 – Shortwave-radio link between Kootwijk and Netherland East-Indies
1954 – Tour de France: Louison Bobet of France wins by 15′ 49″ from Ferdinand Kübler, for the second of his 3 consecutive wins
1985 – Russian KGB officer Vitaly Yurchenko defects to the US in Rome, naming Americans Ronald Pelton and Edward Lee Howard as KGB agents
1986 – Twins pitcher Bert Blyleven becomes 10th to reach 3,000 MLB strikeout milestone, 2-hits A’s, 10-1

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Famous Birthdays

1808 – Henry Darwin Rogers, American Geologist (theory of mountain building, first geological mapping of Pennsylvania), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
1912 – Henry Jones, American actor (Vertigo, Phyllis, Falcon Crest, Gun Shy), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1999)
1924 – Frank Worrell, cricketer (one of the three W’s, inspiring WI captain)
1952 – C L Whittington, WLAF defensive coach (Frankfurt Galaxy)
1976 – Ivan Duque Márquez, Colombian politician, President of Colombia (2018-), born in Bogotá, Colombia
1977 – Marc Denis, Canadian ice hockey player, born in Montreal, Quebec

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Famous Deaths

1227 – Shimazu Tadahisa, Japanese warlord (b. 1179)
1464 – Cosimo de Medici, Italian de facto ruler of Florence, dies at 74
1911 – Konrad Duden, German linguist (Das, grosse Duden Lexicon), dies
1963 – Theodore Roethke, US poet (Praise to the end!), dies
2003 – Guy Thys, Belgian football coach (b. 1922)
2005 – Al Aronowitz, American music journalist (b. 1928)

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Today in History for 31st July 2018

Historical Events

1653 – Fronde-leaders surrender in Bordeaux
1899 – Albert Trott hits Monty Noble over the Pavilion at Lord’s
1944 – US troops occupy Sansapor, New-Guinea
1944 – Last deportation train out Mechelen departs to Auschwitz
1975 – The Miami Showband killings: Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF), a loyalist paramilitary group, shoot dead three members of an Irish showband at Buskhill, County Down, Ireland
1980 – Soyuz 37 crew returns to Earth aboard Soyuz 36

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Famous Birthdays

1597 – Sebastian Stosskopf, Elzassisch painter, baptized
1830 – Frantisek Zdenek Xavier Alois Skuhersky, composer
1843 – Peter Rosegger, Austrian poet and Nobel Prize laureate, born in Krieglach, Austria (d. 1918)
1945 – William Floyd Weld, (Gov-R-Mass)
1946 – Karen Zerby, American religious leader, born in Camden, New Jersey
1959 – Stanley Jordan, American jazz guitarist, born in Chicago, Illinois

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Famous Deaths

1508 – Na’od, Emperor of Ethiopia (b. 1494)
1917 – Francis Ledwidge, Irish poet (b. 1881)
1953 – Robert Taft, (Sen-R-Oh) “Mr Republican”, dies in NY at 63
1990 – Albert Leduc, French Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1902)
1993 – George Keyt, Sri Lankan painter, dies at 92
1996 – Joan Warburton, Scottish painter, dies at 76

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On the Spot: Lucy Inglis

On the Spot: Lucy Inglis

History Today

‘People don’t learn from others mistakes. We have a need to make our own’

Why are you a social historian?I’m interested in people, from morphine-addicted veterans of the American Civil War to 18th-century London artisans.What’s the most important lesson history has taught you?That people don’t learn from others’ mistakes. We have a need to make our own.Which book has had the greatest influence on you?David Cannadine’s Decline and Fall of the British Aristocracy.What book in your field should everyone read?Alfred W. McCoy’s The Politics of Heroin in Southeast Asia.Which moment would you most like to go back to?Covent Garden market at dawn, early 1760s, when it sold marmosets and songbirds, and had an Italian food warehouse.Which historian has had the greatest influence on you?Liza Picard. Like me, she didn’t train as a historian, but found it as a vocation.Which person in history would you most like to have met?Peter Mundy, born around 1600 in Cornwall, who travelled to Japan via Constantinople, India and Canton.How many languages do you have?I do my best in English, French and German.What’s the most exciting field in history today?The history of women. The gradual dismantling of the notion that the majority of women did not occupy various forms of gainful employment and exercise a measure of autonomy prior to the 20th century is bringing new perspectives into the light.What historical topic have you changed your mind on?Many. If you cannot change your mind, you have ceased to assimilate information.Which genre of history do you like least?Feminist history as a political statement.Is there a major historical text you have not read?Immanuel Kant’s Critique of Pure Reason.What’s your favourite archive?The National Archives and Kedleston Hall, Derbyshire.What’s the best museum?It is hard to beat Sir John Soane’s Museum on the candlelit evenings.What is the most common misconception about your field?That it sacrifices fact for the sake of popularity.What will future generations judge us most harshly for?Our love of single-use plastic.Michelangelo or Frida Kahlo?Michelangelo.Normans or Anglo-Saxons?Anglo-Saxons, definitely.Rome or Athens?Athens.Braudel or Gibbon?Gibbon.Lucy Inglis is a historian of the city and narcotics. Her latest book is Milk of Paradise: A History of Opium (Pan Macmillan, 2018).

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Today in History for 30th July 2018

Historical Events

1653 – Johan de Witt sworn in as pension advisor of Holland
1914 – John French appointed British supreme commander
1914 – Austrian-Hungary and Russia proclaim general mobilization
1930 – FIFA World Cup Final: Uruguay beats Argentina 4-2 in the inaugural event in Montevideo, Uruguay
1941 – German occupiers forbid SDAP, VDB, ARP, RKSP, CHU and SGP in Netherlands
1991 – Heavy metal band Metallica release their single “Enter Sandman”

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Famous Birthdays

1910 – Edgar de Evia, American photographer (d. 2003)
1961 – Laurence Fishburne, American actor (The Matrix, CSI, Apocalypse Now), born in Augusta, Georgia
1971 – Tom Green, Canadian comedian and actor
1972 – Clif Groce, NFL running back (Indianapolis Colts)
1981 – Hope Solo, American soccer player (US women’s national team goalkeeper), born in Richland, Washington
1982 – Yvonne Strahovski, Australian actress

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Famous Deaths

1566 – Guillaume Rondelet, French Naturalist famous for his study of marine animals, dies at 58
1718 – William Penn, English Philosopher, Quaker and founder of Pennsylvania (No cross, no crown), dies at 73
1970 – Louis Lomax, African-American author and journalist, dies in a car accident 47
1994 – Enid Balint-Edmonds, British psychoanalyst, dies at 90
1997 – Bảo Đại, last Emperor of Vietnam (1926-45) and Chief of State of South Vietnam (1949-55), dies at 85
2006 – Al Balding, Canadian golfer (b. 1924)

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Today in History for 29th July 2018

Historical Events

1221 – Emperor Go-Horikawa aged only 10 years old ascends to the Chrysanthemum Throne of Japan
1836 – Inauguration of the Arc de Triomphe in Paris
1899 – The First Hague Convention is signed.
1899 – Southern California Golf Association forms
1970 – 6 days of race rioting in Hartford Ct
1986 – Dennis Amiss scores his 100th 100, Warwickshire v Lancashire

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Famous Birthdays

1883 – Manuel Infante, Spanish composer/conductor
1899 – Walter Beall, American baseball player (d. 1959)
1963 – Steve Frey, Meadowbrook PA, pitcher (Philadelphia Phillies)
1965 – Chang-Rae Lee, Korean-born author
1972 – Steven Branscombe, WLAF WR (Scotland Claymores)
1977 – Greg Burgess, American 200m individual medley (Olympic silver 1992, 96)

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Famous Deaths

1786 – Franz Asplmayr, composer, dies at 58
1792 – René Nicolas Charles Augustin de Maupeou, Chancellor of France (b. 1714)
1897 – Joost G Kist, lawyer/president of High Council (1885-97), dies at 74
1983 – David Niven, British actor (Around the World in 80 Days, Rugues), dies in Switzerland at 73
1987 – Arthur Chipperfield, cricketer (14 Tests for Australia), dies
2003 – Johnny Walker [Badruddin Jamaluddin Kazi], Indian actor (Madhumati, Chachi 420), dies at 82

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