Explore Techsciencenews Encyclopedia Alphabetically

 
Techsciencenews Home 

 

Art | Business Studies | Citizenship | Countries | Design and Technology | Everyday life | Geography | History | Information Technology | Inventions Timeline | Language and Literature | Mathematics | Music | People | Portals | Religion | Science | Subjects Index

1780

Related subjects Years

Centuries: 17th century - 18th century - 19th century
Decades: 1750s  1760s  1770s  - 1780s -   1790s   1800s   1810s
Years: 1777 1778 1779 - 1780 - 1781 1782 1783

Year 1780 (MDCCLXXX) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Wednesday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar).

Events of 1780

January - June

  • January 16 - American Revolutionary War: Battle of Cape St. Vincent.
  • February - League of Armed Neutrality alliance formed between Denmark, Sweden, and Russia.
  • March 26 - The British Gazette and Sunday Monitor, the first Sunday newspaper in Britain.
  • April 16 - The University of Münster in Münster, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany is founded.
  • May 12 - American Revolutionary War: Charleston, South Carolina is taken by British forces.
May 29: Waxhaw Massacre in America.
May 29: Waxhaw Massacre in America.
  • May 19 - New England's Dark Day
  • May 29 - American Revolutionary War: Loyalist forces under Col. Banastre Tarleton kill surrendering American soldiers in the Waxhaw Massacre.
  • June 2 - Gordon Riots in London, Great Britain. The Duke of Richmond calls, in the House of Lords, for manhood suffrage and annual parliaments.

July - December

  • July 11 - French soldiers arrive in Newport, Rhode Island to reinforce colonists in the American Revolutionary War
  • August 16 - American Revolutionary War: Battle of Camden - The British defeat the Americans near Camden, South Carolina.
  • September 25 – Benedict Arnold flees to British-held New York.
  • October 2 - American Revolutionary War British spy John André is hanged by American forces.
  • October 7 - Patriots defeat Loyalists under British Major Patrick Ferguson at the Battle of Kings Mountain.
  • October 10- 16 - The Great Hurricane flattens the islands of Barbados, Martinique and St. Eustatius: 22,000 dead.
  • November 29 - Maria Theresa of Austria dies and her Habsburg dominions pass to her ambitious son, Joseph II, who has already been Holy Roman Emperor since 1765.
  • December 16 - Emperor Kōkaku accedes to the throne of Japan.

Undated

Image:DiderotVanLoo.jpg
1780: Final volume, Diderot Encyclopédie.
  • Britain attacks the United Provinces before it can join the League of Armed Neutrality, because of its support for the American uprising.
  • In Ireland, Lady Berry, who is sentenced to death for the murder of her son, is released when she agrees to become an executioner (retires 1810).
  • Good grain and wine harvest in France.
  • The 35th and last volume of Diderot's Encyclopédie is published.
  • The original Craven Cottage is built by William Craven, 6th Baron Craven (it was located on the centre circle of the pitch).
  • Jose Gabriel Kunturkanki, businessman and landowner, proclaims himself Inca Tupac Amaru II.
  • Use of torture abolished in France.
  • Nikephoros Theotokis starts introducing Edinoverie, an attempt to integrate the Old Belevers into Russia's established church


Births

1780 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 1780
MDCCLXXX
Ab urbe condita 2533
Armenian calendar 1229
ԹՎ ՌՄԻԹ
Bahá'í calendar -64 – -63
Berber calendar 2730
Buddhist calendar 2324
Burmese calendar 1142
Chinese calendar 4416/4476-11-25
( 己亥年十一月廿五日)
— to —
4417/4477-12-6
( 庚子年十二月初六日)
Coptic calendar 1496 – 1497
Ethiopian calendar 1772 – 1773
Hebrew calendar 5540 – 5541
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1835 – 1836
 - Shaka Samvat 1702 – 1703
 - Kali Yuga 4881 – 4882
Holocene calendar 11780
Iranian calendar 1158 – 1159
Islamic calendar 1193 – 1195
Japanese calendar An'ei 9
(安永9年)
Korean calendar 4113
Thai solar calendar 2323
  • February 19 - Richard McCarty, American politician (d. 1844)
  • April 29 - Charles Nodier, French author (d. 1844)
  • May 21 - Elizabeth Fry, British humanitarian (d. 1845)
  • June 1 - Carl von Clausewitz, Prussian military strategist (d. 1831)
  • August 29 - Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres, French painter (d. 1867)
  • December 26 - Mary Fairfax Somerville, British mathematician (d. 1872)
  • date unknown - John Bird Sumner, Archbishop of Canterbury (d. 1862)

Deaths

  • February 14 - William Blackstone, English jurist (b. 1723)
  • February 17 - Andreas Felix von Oefele, German historian and librarian (b. 1706)
  • February 18 - Kristijonas Donelaitis, Lithuanian poet (b. 1714)
  • March 26 - Charles I, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (b. 1713)
  • May 18 - Charles Hardy, British governor of Newfoundland (b. c. 1714)
  • June 3 - Thomas Hutchinson, American colonial governor of Massachusetts (b. 1711)
  • July 4 - Prince Charles Alexander of Lorraine, Austrian military leader (b. 1712)
  • July 14 - Charles Batteux, French philosopher (b. 1713)
  • August 3 - Étienne Bonnot de Condillac, French philosopher (b. 1715)
  • August 29 - Jacques-Germain Soufflot, French architect (b. 1713)
  • September 4 - John Fielding, English magistrate and social reformer (b. 1721)
  • September 8 - Enoch Poor, American Revolutionary general (b. 1736)
  • October 2 - John André, British Army officer of the American Revolutionary War (executed) (b. 1750)
  • October 17 - William Cookworthy, English chemist (b. 1705)
  • November 26 - Sir James Denham Steuart, 4th Baronet, British economist (b. 1712)
  • November 29 - Empress Maria Theresa of Austria (b. 1717)
  • December 26 - John Fothergill, English physician (b. 1712)
  • date unknown - Thomas Dilworth, British cleric and writer