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1789

Related subjects Years

Centuries: 17th century - 18th century - 19th century
Decades: 1750s  1760s  1770s  - 1780s -   1790s   1800s   1810s
Years: 1786 1787 1788 - 1789 - 1790 1791 1792

Year 1789 (MDCCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar).

1789 was the year of the first French Revolution, which ultimately overthrew the French monarchy and triggered a series of European wars that lasted until the final defeat of Napoleon in 1815. The French Revolution was a watershed historical event that drew the age of unlimited monarchies to a close and ushered in the tumultuous 19th century.

Events of 1789

January - June

February 4: 1st U.S. President, George Washington, elected.
February 4: 1st U.S. President, George Washington, elected.
April 28: Mutiny on the Bounty.
April 28: Mutiny on the Bounty.
  • June 17 - In France, representatives of the Third Estate at the Estates-General declare themselves the National Assembly.
  • June 20 - Tennis Court Oath made in Versailles.

July - December

  • July 9
    • In Versailles, the National Assembly reconstitutes itself as the National Constituent Assembly and begins preparations for a French constitution.
    • Official end of the Theatre War.
  • July 10 - Alexander Mackenzie reaches Mackenzie River Delta.
  • July 11 - King of France fires popular chief minister Necker.
  • July 12 - Angry Parisian crowd demonstrates against King’s decision to dismiss minister Necker.
  • July 14 - French Revolution (1789-1799) begins: Citizens of Paris storm the Bastille and free seven prisoners. In rural areas, peasants attack noble manors.
July 14: Storming of the Bastille.
July 14: Storming of the Bastille.
  • July 27 - The first U.S. federal government agency under the new Constitution, the Department of Foreign Affairs (later renamed the Department of State), is established.
  • August 4 - In France, members of the Constituent Assembly take an oath to end feudalism and abandon their privileges.
  • August 7 - The United States War Department is established.
  • August 26 - Declaration of the Rights of Man in France.
  • August 28 - William Herschel discovers Enceladus, one of Saturn's moons.
  • September 2 - United States Department of the Treasury is founded.
  • September 22 - Russo-Turkish War, 1787-1792: Alexander Suvorov roundly defeats the 100,000 Turks in the Battle of Rymnik.
  • September 24 - The Judiciary Act of 1789 establishes the federal judiciary and the United States Marshals Service.
  • September 25 - The United States Congress proposes a set of twelve amendments for ratification by the states. Ratification for ten of these proposals is completed on December 5, 1791, creating the United States Bill of Rights.
  • September 29 - The United States War Department first establishes the nation's first regular army, with a strength of several hundred men.
  • November 6 - Pope Pius VI appoints Father John Carroll (priest) the first Roman Catholic bishop in the United States.
  • November 20 - New Jersey ratifies the United States Bill of Rights, the first state to do so.
  • November 21 - North Carolina ratifies the United States Constitution and becomes the 12th U.S. state.
  • November 26 - A national Thanksgiving Day is observed in the United States as recommended by President George Washington and approved by Congress.
  • December 11 - University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill is founded, it stands as the oldest public university in the United States.

Undated

  • Thomas Jefferson returns from Europe, bringing the first macaroni machine to the United States.
  • Influenced by Dr. Benjamin Rush's argument against excessive use of alcohol, about 200 farmers in a Connecticut community formed a temperance association.
  • Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor decrees that all peasant labor obligations be converted into cash payments.
  • Fort Washington is built in Cincinnati, Ohio, to protect early US settlements in the Northwest Territory.

Ongoing

  • Russo-Swedish War (1788–1790)
  • Russo-Turkish War (1787–1792)

Births

1789 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 1789
MDCCLXXXIX
Ab urbe condita 2542
Armenian calendar 1238
ԹՎ ՌՄԼԸ
Bahá'í calendar -55 – -54
Berber calendar 2739
Buddhist calendar 2333
Burmese calendar 1151
Chinese calendar 4425/4485-12-6
( 戊申年十二月初六日)
— to —
4426/4486-11-15
( 己酉年十一月十五日)
Coptic calendar 1505 – 1506
Ethiopian calendar 1781 – 1782
Hebrew calendar 5549 – 5550
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1844 – 1845
 - Shaka Samvat 1711 – 1712
 - Kali Yuga 4890 – 4891
Holocene calendar 11789
Iranian calendar 1167 – 1168
Islamic calendar 1203 – 1204
Japanese calendar Tenmei 9 Kansei 1
(寛政元年)
Korean calendar 4122
Thai solar calendar 2332
  • January 4 - Benjamin Lundy, American abolitionist (died 1839)
  • January 12 - Ettore Perrone di San Martino, prime minister of Sardinia (died 1849)
  • January 21 - William Machin Stairs, Canadian businessman and statesman (died 1865)
  • March 16 - Georg Ohm, German physicist (died 1854)
  • July 19 - John Martin, English painter (died 1854)
  • August 21 - Augustin Louis Cauchy, French mathematician (died 1857)
  • August 28 - Stephanie de Beauharnais, Grand Duchess of Baden (died 1860)
  • September 15 - James Fenimore Cooper, American writer (died 1851)
  • October 8 - William John Swainson an English naturalist and artist (died 1855).
  • December 28 - Catharine Sedgwick, American writer (died 1867)
  • date unknown - Mohammad Ibrahim Zauq, Urdu poet (died 1854)

Deaths

  • January 1 - Fletcher Norton, 1st Baron Grantley, English politician (born 1716)
  • January 8 - Jack Broughton, English boxer (born 1703)
  • January 23 - Frances Brooke, English writer (born 1724)
  • February 19 - Nicholas Van Dyke, American lawyer and President of Delaware (born 1738)
  • April 7 - Abd-ul-Hamid I, Ottoman Sultan (born 1725)
  • April 7 - Petrus Camper, Dutch anatomist (born 1722)
  • April 26 - Count Petr Ivanovich Panin, Russian soldier (born 1721)
  • May 1 - George Fife Angas, Founder of South Australia (died 1879)
  • May 9 - Jean Baptiste Vaquette de Gribeauval, French artillery specialist (born 1715)
  • May 25 - Anders Dahl, Swedish botanist (born 1751)
  • June 4 - Prince Louis-Joseph of France, son of Louis XVI of France (tuberculosis) (born 1781)
  • July 13 - Victor de Riqueti, marquis de Mirabeau, French economist (born 1715)
  • July 14 - Jacques de Flesselles, French provost (assassinated) (born 1721)
  • July 15 - Jacques Duphly, French composer (born 1715)
  • July 22 - Joseph-François Foulon, French politician (executed) (born 1715)
  • October 27 - John Cook, American farmer and President of Delaware (born 1730)
  • December 3 - Claude Joseph Vernet, French painter (born 1714)
  • December 12 - John Ponsonby, Irish politician (born 1713)
  • December 23 - Charles-Michel de l'Épée, French philanthropist and developer of signed French (born 1712)