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1809

Related subjects Years

Centuries: 18th century - 19th century - 20th century
Decades: 1770s  1780s  1790s  - 1800s -   1810s   1820s   1830s
Years: 1806 1807 1808 - 1809 - 1810 1811 1812

Year 1809 (MDCCCIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar).

Events of 1809

January - March

Jan. 16: Battle of Corunna.
Jan. 16: Battle of Corunna.
February 11: Fulton patents steamboat.
February 11: Fulton patents steamboat.
  • January 5 - Treaty of the Dardanelles between Britain and the Ottoman Empire concluded.
  • January 10 - French Marshal Jean Lannes begins the Siege of Zaragoza.
  • January 16 - Peninsular War: The French defeat the British at the Battle of Corunna.
  • February 3 - Illinois Territory was created.
  • February 8 - Franz I of Austria declares war on France,
  • February 11 - Robert Fulton patents the steamboat.
  • February 12 - Charles Darwin and Abraham Lincoln were born.
  • February 20 - A decision by the Supreme Court of the United States states that the power of the federal government is greater than any individual state.
  • February 20 - Siege of Zaragoza grinds to a halt as Jose Palafox surrenders. Over 60,000 had been killed on both sides in 41 days of street fighting.
  • February 25 - Spanish forces are defeated at the Battle of Valls in Catalonia by Marshal Laurent Gouvion Saint-Cyr.
  • March 1 - Embargo Act repealed, Non-Intercourse Act replaces it.
  • March 4 - James Madison succeeds Thomas Jefferson as the President of the United States.
  • March 13 - Military coup ousts Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden - he is confined in the Gripsholm Castle.
  • March 29 - At the Diet of Porvoo, Finland's four Estates pledge allegiance to Alexander I of Russia, commencing the secession of the Grand Duchy of Finland from Sweden. King Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden abdicates after a coup d'état and is later exiled.
  • March 29 - The First Battle of Porto ends in disaster as 18,000 Portuguese soldiers are drowned in a rout after defeat by the French under Marshal Soult and the Battle of Medellín results in massive Spanish casualties in Extremadura, when Marshal Victor's cavalry routs their army.

April - June

  • April 9 - Tyroleans rise against French and Bavarian occupation, most notable militia lead by Andreas Hofer.
  • April 14 - Napoleon I defeats Austrians in the Battle of Abensberg, Bavaria
  • April 19 - Battle of Raszyn between armies of Austria (attackers) and Duchy of Warsaw (defenders) as a part of struggles of the Fifth Coalition (1809). The Austrian army was defeated.
  • April 22 - Battle of Eckmühl - French troops under Napoleon I and Marshal Davout defeat the Austrians under Archduke Charles.
  • May - Napoleon captures Vienna, is excommunicated, imprisons pope Pius VII.
  • May 5 - Mary Kies is the first American woman to be awarded a patent.
  • May 5 - The Swiss canton of Aargau denies Jews citizenship.
  • May 17 - Napoleon I of France orders the annexation of the Papal States to the French empire. When he announces Pope's secular power has ended, pope excommunicates him.
  • May 21 - Battle of Aspern-Essling: Austrian troops under Archduke Karl beat French under Napoleon in a hard fought battle.
  • May 24 - Dartmoor Prison opens, first to house French prisoners of war.
  • June 6 - Sweden promulgates a new Instrument of Government, which restores political power to the Riksdag of the Estates after authoritarian rule since 1772.
  • June 7 - Shoja Shah of Afghanistan signs a treaty with the British. Only weeks later, he is succeeded by Mahmud Shah.
  • June 10- Thomas Paine died

July - September

  • July 5- 6 - The massive Battle of Wagram in which Napoleon defeats the Austrians.
  • July 6 - French troops arrest Pope Pius VII and take him to Liguria
  • July 10 - French Marshal Marmont engages in the inconclusive Battle of Znaim against the Austrians.
  • July 28 - Sir Arthur Wellesley's British, Portuguese and Spanish army defeats a French force at the Battle of Talavera.
  • July 30 - British invasion army lands in Walcheren.
  • August 8 - 70 disciples of Gaon of Vilnius arrive in Palestine.
  • August 10 - Ecuador declares independence from Spain.
  • August 11 - Severe earthquakes strike the Azores and sinks the village of São Miguel.
  • August 11 - A poorly-led Spanish army was defeated by King Joseph Bonaparte's French army at the Battle of Almonacid de Toledo.
  • September 17 - Peace of Hamina - Peace between Russia and Sweden in the Finnish War. The territory to become the Grand Duchy of Finland is ceded to Russia by the Treaty of Fredrikshamn.
  • September 18 - A new theatre to hold the Royal Opera House opens in London to replace the first burnt down. in a fire in 1808. The price increases led to the Old Price Riots which lasted for 64 days.

October - December

  • October 11 - Along the Natchez Trace in Tennessee, explorer Meriwether Lewis dies under mysterious circumstances at an inn called Grinder's Stand.
  • October 14 - Treaty of Schoenbrunn cedes Illyrian provinces to France.
  • November 19 - A Spanish army is ridden down and 20,000 are killed by French forces at the Battle of Ocana.
  • November 25 - Benjamin Bathurst, a British diplomat, mysteriously disappeared (possibly murdered) in Perleberg.
  • December 26 - British invasion force leaves Vlissingen
  • December 30 - Wearing masks at balls is forbidden in Boston, Massachusetts.

Undated

  • USS Constitution (Old Ironsides) is recommissioned as flagship of the North Atlantic Squadron.
  • Louis Poinsot describes the two remaining Kepler-Poinsot polyhedra.
  • Jean-Baptiste Lamarck publishes Philosophie Zoologique, outlining the concept of evolution.
  • First running of the Two Thousand Guineas Stakes horse race in England.
  • Miami University (Ohio) established by congressional order by George Washington.
  • Nicolas François Appert (1750- 1841) develops a method to preserve food by means of canning.

Ongoing events

Births

1809 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 1809
MDCCCIX
Ab urbe condita 2562
Armenian calendar 1258
ԹՎ ՌՄԾԸ
Bahá'í calendar -35 – -34
Berber calendar 2759
Buddhist calendar 2353
Burmese calendar 1171
Chinese calendar 4445/4505-11-16
( 戊辰年十一月十六日)
— to —
4446/4506-11-25
( 己巳年十一月廿五日)
Coptic calendar 1525 – 1526
Ethiopian calendar 1801 – 1802
Hebrew calendar 5569 – 5570
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1864 – 1865
 - Shaka Samvat 1731 – 1732
 - Kali Yuga 4910 – 4911
Holocene calendar 11809
Iranian calendar 1187 – 1188
Islamic calendar 1223 – 1224
Japanese calendar Bunka 6
(文化6年)
Korean calendar 4142
Thai solar calendar 2352

January - June

  • January 1 - Cao Bá Quát, Shi (d. 1855)
  • January 4 - Louis Braille, French teacher, inventor of braille (d. 1852)
  • January 15 - Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, French anarchist (d. 1864)
  • January 19 - Edgar Allan Poe, American writer and poet (d. 1849)
  • February 3 - Felix Mendelssohn, German composer (d. 1847)
  • February 12
  • February 15 - Cyrus McCormick, American inventor (d. 1884)
  • February 23 - William Sprague, American minister and politician from Michigan (d. 1868)
  • March 24 - Joseph Liouville, French mathematician (d. 1882)
  • March 31 - Nikolai Gogol, Russian writer (d. 1852)
  • April 15 - Hermann Gunter Grassmann, Prussian mathematician (d. 1877)
  • June 4
    • Columbus Delano, American statesman (d. 1896)
    • John Henry Pratt, English clergyman and mathematician (d. 1871)
  • June 8 - Richard Wigginton Thompson, American politician (d. 1700)
  • June 20 - Isaak August Dorner, German theologian (d. 1884)

July - December

  • August 6 - Alfred Lord Tennyson, British poet (d. 1892)
  • August 8 - Heinrich Abeken, German theologian (d. 1872)
  • August 27 - Hannibal Hamlin, American politician (d. 1891)
  • August 29 - Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr., American physician and writer (d. 1894)
  • October 22 - Volney E. Howard, American politician (d. 1889)
  • September 27 - Raphael Semmes, Officer in the USN and the CSN (d.1877)
  • November 27 - Fanny Kemble, British-born American actress and writer (d. 1893)
  • December 24 - Kit Carson, American frontiersman (d. 1868)
  • December 29 - William Ewart Gladstone, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1898)

Deaths

January - June

  • January 16 - John Moore, British general (killed in battle) (b. 1761)
  • February 25 - John Murray, 4th Earl of Dunmore ( Lord Dunmore)
  • March 7 - Johann Georg Albrechtsberger, Austrian composer (b. 1736)
  • March 11 - Hannah Cowley, English dramatist and poet (b. 1743)
  • March 25 - Anna Seward, English writer (b. 1747)
  • March 27 - Joseph-Marie Vien, French painter (b. 1716)
  • May 13 - Beilby Porteus, English bishop and abolitionist (b. 1731)
  • May 17 - Leopold Auenbrugger, Austrian physician (b. 1722)
  • May 31
    • Joseph Haydn, Austrian composer (b. 1732)
    • Jean Lannes, French marshal (mortally wounded in battle (b. 1769)

July - September

  • July 6 - Antoine Charles Louis Lasalle, French cavalry general (killed in battle) (b. 1775)
  • June 4 - Nikolaj Abraham Abildgaard, Danish painter (b. 1743)
  • June 8 - Thomas Paine, American revolutionary writer (b. 1737)
  • August 8 - Ueda Akinari, Japanese author and scholar (b. 1734)
  • August 18 - Matthew Boulton, English manufacturer and engineer (b. 1728)
  • October 8 - James Elphinston, Scottish philologist (b. 1721)
  • October 11 - Meriwether Lewis, American explorer (suicide) (b. 1774)
  • October 30 - William Cavendish-Bentinck, 3rd Duke of Portland, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1738)
  • November 9 - Paul Sandby, English cartographer and painter (b. 1725)