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1819

Related subjects Years

Centuries: 18th century - 19th century - 20th century
Decades: 1780s  1790s  1800s  - 1810s -   1820s   1830s   1840s
Years: 1816 1817 1818 - 1819 - 1820 1821 1822

Year 1819 (MDCCCXIX) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) in the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar).

Events of 1819

  • January 17 - Simón Bolívar proclaims the Republic of Gran Colombia.
  • January 25 - Thomas Jefferson founds the University of Virginia.
  • January 29 - Sir Stamford Raffles lands on the island of Singapore.
  • February 6 - Formal treaty between Hussein Shah of Johor and the British Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles establishes a trading settlement in Singapore.
  • February 15 - The United States House of Representatives agrees to the Tallmadge Amendment barring slaves from the new state of Missouri, the opening vote in a controversy that leads to the Missouri Compromise.
  • February 22 - Spain cedes Florida to the United States. (see Adams-Onís Treaty)
  • March 1 - U.S. naval vessel USS Columbus is launched in Washington, DC.
  • March 20 – Burlington Arcade opened in London.
  • May 22 - The SS Savannah leaves port at Savannah, Georgia on a voyage to become the first steamship to cross the Atlantic Ocean. The ship will arrive at Liverpool, England on June 20.
  • May 31 - Walt Whitman is born on Long Island in New York
  • August 6 - Norwich University founded by Captain Alden Partridge in Vermont as the first private military school in the United States.
  • August 7 - Simón Bolívar is victorious in the Battle of Boyacá in Colombia.
  • August 16 - Peterloo Massacre in Manchester, UK. Cavalry charge into a crowd of protesters results in 11 deaths and over 400 injuries.
  • December 14 - Alabama is admitted as the 22nd U.S. state.

Undated

  • Panic of 1819 - first major financial crisis in the United States
  • 'Ai Noa in Hawaii.
  • McCulloch v. Maryland case.
  • Serfdom is abolished in Livonia.

Births

1819 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 1819
MDCCCXIX
Ab urbe condita 2572
Armenian calendar 1268
ԹՎ ՌՄԿԸ
Bahá'í calendar -25 – -24
Berber calendar 2769
Buddhist calendar 2363
Burmese calendar 1181
Chinese calendar 4455/4515-12-6
( 戊寅年十二月初六日)
— to —
4456/4516-11-15
( 己卯年十一月十五日)
Coptic calendar 1535 – 1536
Ethiopian calendar 1811 – 1812
Hebrew calendar 5579 – 5580
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1874 – 1875
 - Shaka Samvat 1741 – 1742
 - Kali Yuga 4920 – 4921
Holocene calendar 11819
Iranian calendar 1197 – 1198
Islamic calendar 1234 – 1235
Japanese calendar Bunsei 2
(文政2年)
Korean calendar 4152
Thai solar calendar 2362

January - June

  • February 8 - John Ruskin, English writer, artist, and social critic (d. 1700)
  • February 11 - Samuel Parkman Tuckerman, American composer (d. 1890)
  • February 14 - Joshua A. Norton, self-proclaimed " Emperor of these United States" (d. 1880)
  • February 20 - Alfred Escher, Swiss politician, railroad entrepreneur (d. 1882)
  • February 22 - James Russell Lowell, American poet and essayist (d. 1891)
  • March 3 - Gustave de Molinari, Belgian economist (d. 1912)
  • March 14 - Eric Edlund, swedish physicist and meteorologist † 1888
  • March 31 - Prince Chlodwig zu Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst, Chancellor of Germany (d. 1701)
  • April 4 - Queen Maria II of Portugal (d. 1853)
  • April 9 - Annibale de Gasparis, Italian astronomer (d. 1892)
  • April 11 - Charles Hallé, German pianist and conductor (d. 1895)
  • April 18 - Franz von Suppé, Austrian composer (d. 1895)
  • April 28 - Ezra Abbot, American Biblical scholar (d. 1884)
  • May 5 - Stanisław Moniuszko, Polish composer (d. 1872)
  • May 24 - Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom (d. 1701)
  • May 27 - Julia Ward Howe, American abolitionist and poet (d. 1910)
  • May 31 - Walt Whitman, American poet (d. 1892)
  • June 5 - John Couch Adams, English astronomer (d. 1892)
  • June 10 - Gustave Courbet, French painter (d. 1877)
  • June 20 - Jacques Offenbach, German-born composer (d. 1880)
  • June 29 - Nicolae Bălcescu, Wallachian revolutionary (d. 1852)

July - December

  • July 19 - Gottfried Keller, Swiss writer (d. 1890)
  • August 1
    • Richard Dadd, British painter (d. 1886)
    • Herman Melville, American novelist (d. 1891)
  • August 13 - Sir George Gabriel Stokes, Irish mathematician and physicist (d. 1703)
  • August 25 - Allan Pinkerton, American detective (d. 1884)
  • August 26 - Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, Prince Consort to Queen Victoria (d. 1861)
  • September 7 - Thomas Hendricks, Vice President of the United States (d. 1885)
  • September 13 - Clara Schumann, German composer and pianist (d. 1896)
  • September 22 - Wilhelm Wattenbach, German historian (d. 1897)
  • October 16 - Austin F. Pike, American politician from New Hampshire (d. 1886)
  • October 20 - The Báb, Persian founder of the Bábi Faith (d. 1850)
  • November 22 - George Eliot, British novelist (d. 1880)
  • December 30 - Theodor Fontane, German writer (d. 1898)
  • Felice Orsini, Italian revolutionary (d. 1858)

Deaths

January - June

  • February 17 - Henry Constantine Jennings, British collector and gambler (b. 1731)
  • February 25 - Francisco Manoel de Nascimento, poet (b. 1734)
  • May 8 - Kamehameha I, King of Hawaii (b. 1738)
  • May 22 - Hugh Williamson, American Founding Father (b. 1735)

July - December

  • July 1 - Jemima Wilkinson, American preacher (b. 1754)
  • August 21 - Haim Farkhi, Jewish adviser to Ottoman Empire (assassinated) (b. 1760)
  • August 23 - Oliver Hazard Perry, American naval officer (b. 1785)
  • August 25 - James Watt, Scottish inventor (b. 1736)
  • September 12 - Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher, Prussian general (b. 1742)
  • September 20 - Abbé Faria, hypnotist (b. 1746)
  • December 5 - Friedrich Leopold Graf zu Stolberg, German poet (b. 1750)
  • December 19 - Sir Thomas Fremantle, English naval officer and politician (b. 1765)