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1822

Related subjects Years

Centuries: 18th century - 19th century - 20th century
Decades: 1790s  1800s  1810s  - 1820s -   1830s   1840s   1850s
Years: 1819 1820 1821 - 1822 - 1823 1824 1825

Year 1822 (MDCCCXXII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar).

Events of 1822

June 14: Babbage's Difference engine.
June 14 Babbage's Difference engine.
  • July 28 - Independence Day in Peru (see History of Peru).
  • July 31 - Last public whipping in Edinburgh.
  • August 12 - St David's College (now the University of Wales, Lampeter) founded by Bishop Thomas Burgess.
  • August 22 - The English ship Orion landed at Yerba Buena, now named San Francisco, under the command of William A. Richardson
  • September 7 - Brazil declares its independence from Portugal (see Brazilian independence).
  • September 16 - George Canning appointed British Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs.
  • September 22 - Portugal approves its first Constitution.
  • October 12 - Peter I of Brazil declared constitutional emperor of the Brazilian Empire.
  • October- December - Congress of Verona at which Russia, Austria and Prussia approve French intervention in Spain.
  • November 13 - Greek War of Independence: Nafplion falls to the Greek rebels.
  • December 1 - Peter I is crowned as Emperor of Brazil (see The reign of Pedro I, 1822-31.)

Undated

  • Hieroglyphs deciphered by Thomas Young and Jean-François Champollion using the Rosetta Stone.
  • Galileo Galilei's Dialogue taken off the Index Librorum Prohibitorum, the Roman Catholic Church's list of banned books.
  • Ashley's Hundred leave from St. Louis setting off a major increase in fur trade.
  • An earthquake in Chile raises the coastal area.
  • Coffee ban in Sweden abolished.
  • Britain repeals death penalty for over 100 crimes. (See Capital punishment in the United Kingdom).
  • First group of freed slaves from USA arrive to modern-day Liberia and founded Monrovia. (See History of Liberia.)
  • Graham Cracker developed in Bound Brook, New Jersey by Presbyterian minister Rev. Sylvester Graham.
  • Gist Masion is built in Wellsburg, West Virginia, which some 100 years later is used for the Brooke Hills Spooktacular.

Births

1822 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 1822
MDCCCXXII
Ab urbe condita 2575
Armenian calendar 1271
ԹՎ ՌՄՀԱ
Bahá'í calendar -22 – -21
Berber calendar 2772
Buddhist calendar 2366
Burmese calendar 1184
Chinese calendar 4458/4518-12-9
( 辛巳年十二月初九日)
— to —
4459/4519-11-19
( 壬午年十一月十九日)
Coptic calendar 1538 – 1539
Ethiopian calendar 1814 – 1815
Hebrew calendar 5582 – 5583
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1877 – 1878
 - Shaka Samvat 1744 – 1745
 - Kali Yuga 4923 – 4924
Holocene calendar 11822
Iranian calendar 1200 – 1201
Islamic calendar 1237 – 1238
Japanese calendar Bunsei 5
(文政5年)
Korean calendar 4155
Thai solar calendar 2365
  • January 2 - Rudolf Clausius, German physicist (d. 1888)
  • January 6 - Heinrich Schliemann, German archaeologist (d. 1890)
  • January 28 - Alexander Mackenzie, second Prime Minister of Canada (d. 1892)
  • February 4 - Edward Fitzgerald Beale, American Navy Lieutenant and explorer
  • February 16 - Sir Francis Galton, English explorer and biologist (d. 1911)
  • March 4 - Jules Antoine Lissajous, French mathematician (d. 1880)
  • April 3 - Edward Everett Hale, American writer (d. 1709)
  • April 27 - Ulysses S. Grant, 18th President of the United States (d. 1885)
  • May 20 - Frédéric Passy, French economist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1912)
  • May 26 - Edmond de Goncourt, French writer (d. 1896)
  • June 10 - John Jacob Astor III, American businessman (d. 1890)
  • July 18 - Princess Augusta of Cambridge (d. 1916)
  • July 20 - Gregor Mendel, Czech geneticist (d. 1884)
  • October 4 - Rutherford B. Hayes, 19th President of the United States (d. 1893)
  • December 10 - César Franck, Belgian composer and organist (d. 1890)
  • December 24 - Matthew Arnold, English poet (d. 1888)
  • December 27 - Louis Pasteur, French microbiologist and chemist (d. 1895)

Deaths

  • July 8 - Percy Bysshe Shelley, English poet (b. 1792)
  • August 12 - Robert Stewart, Viscount Castlereagh, British foreign secretary (suicide) (b. 1769)
  • August 25 - William Herschel, German-born astronomer (b. 1738)