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1831

Related subjects Years

Centuries: 18th century - 19th century - 20th century
Decades: 1800s  1810s  1820s  - 1830s -   1840s   1850s   1860s
Years: 1828 1829 1830 - 1831 - 1832 1833 1834


Year 1831 (MDCCCXXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar).

Events of 1831

  • February- March - Revolts in Modena, Parma and the Papal States are put down by Austrian troops.
  • February 2 - Pope Gregory XVI succeeds Pope Pius VIII as the 254th pope.
  • February 14 - Ras Marye of Yejju marches into Tigray and defeats and kills the warlord Sabagadis in the Battle of Debre Abbay.
  • February 20 - Battle of Grochow. Polish rebel forces divide a Russian army.
  • March 10 - French Foreign Legion founded.
  • March 29 - The Great Bosnian uprising.
Image:Leopold1.jpg
July 21:Léopold I of Belgium
  • April 7 - Pedro I of Brazil abdicates as emperor of Brazil in favour of his son Pedro II of Brazil.
  • May 26 - Battle of Ostroleka. The Poles fight another indecisive battle.
  • July 21 - Inauguration of Léopold I of Belgium, first king of the Belgians.
  • August 2 - Dutch invasion of Belgium. It is repelled by a French army ( ten-day campaign).
  • August 21 - USA: Outbreak of Nat Turner's slave rebellion in Southampton County, Virginia.
  • September 6- 8 - Battle of Warsaw - The Russians take the Polish capital and crush resistance.
  • November 7 - Slave trading is forbidden in Brazil.
  • December 27 - Charles Darwin embarks on his historic journey aboard the HMS Beagle.
  • December 31 - Gramercy Park is deeded to New York City.

Undated

  • The Sydney Morning Herald newspaper is first published.
  • Wesleyan University in Middletown, Connecticut is founded.
  • Xavier University in Cincinnati, Ohio is founded as "The Athenaeum"

Births

1831 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 1831
MDCCCXXXI
Ab urbe condita 2584
Armenian calendar 1280
ԹՎ ՌՄՁ
Bahá'í calendar -13 – -12
Berber calendar 2781
Buddhist calendar 2375
Burmese calendar 1193
Chinese calendar 4467/4527-11-18
( 庚寅年十一月十八日)
— to —
4468/4528-11-28
( 辛卯年十一月廿八日)
Coptic calendar 1547 – 1548
Ethiopian calendar 1823 – 1824
Hebrew calendar 5591 – 5592
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1886 – 1887
 - Shaka Samvat 1753 – 1754
 - Kali Yuga 4932 – 4933
Holocene calendar 11831
Iranian calendar 1209 – 1210
Islamic calendar 1246 – 1247
Japanese calendar Tenpō 2
(天保2年)
Korean calendar 4164
Thai solar calendar 2374
  • January 7 - Heinrich von Stephan, German postal union organizer (d. 1897)
  • February 24 - Leo von Caprivi, Chancellor of Germany (d. 1899)
  • March 3 - George Pullman, American inventor and industrialist (d. 1897)
  • March 12 - Clement Studebaker, American automobile pioneer (d. 1701)
  • March 20 - Solomon L. Spink, U.S. Congressman from Illinois (d. 1881)
  • June 1 - John Bell Hood, American Confederate general (d. 1879)
  • June 13 - James Clerk Maxwell, Scottish physicist (d. 1879)
  • June 28 - Joseph Joachim, Austrian violinist (d. 1707)
  • July 22 - Emperor Kōmei of Japan (d. 1867)
  • 12 August - Helena Petrovna Blavatsky, Russian-born author and theosophist (d. 1891)
  • September 18 - Siegfried Marcus, German-born automobile pioneer (d. 1898)
  • October 6 - Richard Dedekind, German mathematician (d. 1916)
  • October 18 - Emperor Frederick III of Germany (d. 1888)
  • October 31 - Romualdo Pacheco, Governor of California (d. 1899)

Deaths

  • January 21 - Achim von Arnim, German poet (b. 1781)
  • February 14 - Vicente Guerrero, President of Mexico, Independence War hero (b. 1782)
  • February 14 - Marye of Yejju, Ethiopian Ras
  • February 14 - Sabagadis, Ethiopian warlord
  • February 17 - Friedrich Wilhelm, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg (b. 1785)
  • February 25 - Friedrich Maximilian Klinger, German writer (b. 1752)
  • April 5 - Dmitry Senyavin, Russian admiral (b. 1763)
  • April 20 - John Abernethy (surgeon) (b. 1764)
  • April 27 - Charles Felix of Savoy, King of Sardinia (b. 1765)
  • June 27 - Sophie Germain, French mathematician (b. 1776)
  • July 4 - James Monroe, 5th President of the United States (b. 1758)
  • July 16 - Louis Alexandre Andrault de Langeron, Russian general (b. 1763)
  • August 24 - August von Gneisenau, Prussian field marshal (b. 1760)
  • November 11 - Nat Turner, American slave rebel (b. 1800)
  • November 14 - Georg Hegel, German philosopher (b. 1770)
  • November 16 - Carl von Clausewitz, German military strategist (b. 1780)