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1839

Related subjects Years

Centuries: 18th century - 19th century - 20th century
Decades: 1800s  1810s  1820s  - 1830s -   1840s   1850s   1860s
Years: 1836 1837 1838 - 1839 - 1840 1841 1842

Year 1839 (MDCCCXXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar).

Events of 1839

January - March

  • January 9 - The French Academy of Sciences announces the Daguerreotype photography process.
  • January 19 - British East India Company captures Aden
  • January 20 - In the Battle of Yungay, Chile defeats a Peruvian and Bolivian alliance.
  • February 11 - The University of Missouri is established, becoming the first public university west of the Mississippi River.
  • February 24 - William Otis receives a patent for the steam shovel.
  • March 5 - Longwood University founded, Farmville, Virginia.
  • March 7 - Baltimore City College, the third public high school in the United States, is established in Baltimore, Maryland.
  • March 23 - First recorded use of "OK" oll korrect ( Boston Morning Post).
  • March 26 - The first Henley Royal Regatta is held
  • March 29 - British naturalist Charles Darwin marries his cousin Emma Wedgwood.

April - June

  • April - Sultan Mahmud II of Turkey declares war on Mehemet Ali of Egypt in revenge.
  • April 9 - The world's first commercial electric telegraph line comes into operation alongside the Great Western Railway line from Paddington station to West Drayton.
  • April 19 - The Treaty of London establishes Belgium as a kingdom.
  • June 22 - Louis Daguerre receives patent for his camera (commercially available by September with the prize of 400 Francs)

July - September

  • July 1 - Slave rebellion of Amistad
  • July 1 - Change of emperor of the Ottoman Empire from Mahmud II (1808-1839) to Abd-ul-Mejid (1839-1861).
  • July 23 - British forces capture the fortress city of Ghazni, Afghanistan in the Battle of Ghazni during the First Anglo-Afghan War
  • August 8 - The Beta Theta Pi fraternity was founded in Oxford, Ohio
  • August 19 - French government gives Louis Daguerre a pension and gives the daguerreotype "for the whole world"
  • August 23 - British forces seized Hong Kong as a base, as it prepared to wage war against Qing China. The ensuing 3-year conflict would become known as the First Opium War.
  • September 9 - In the Great Fire of Mobile, Alabama hundreds of buildings are burned.

October - December

  • October 3 - In the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies a railway between Napoli and Portici (7.4km length) is inaugurated by H.M. the King Ferdinand II of Bourbon. It is the first railway in the Italian peninsula.
  • October 15 - Abd al-Kader declares a jihad against the French.
  • November 4 - The Newport Rising was the last large-scale armed rebellion against authority in mainland Britain.
  • November 11 - The Virginia Military Institute is founded in Lexington, Virginia.
  • November 17 - Giuseppe Verdi's first opera, Oberto, conte di San Bonifacio opens in Milan.
  • November 25 - A disastrous cyclone slams India with terrible winds and a giant 40 foot storm surge, wiping out the port city of Coringa. 300,000 people die.
  • November 27 - In Boston, Massachusetts, the American Statistical Association is founded.

Undated

  • In the United States, the first state law permitting women to own property is passed in Jackson, Mississippi.
  • The first parallax measurement of the distance to Alpha Centauri is published by Thomas Henderson.
  • Michael Faraday publishes "Experimental Researches in Electricity" clarifying the true nature of electricity.
  • Excavation on Copan begins.
  • Half of the Limburg province of Belgium was added to the Netherlands, since 1839 there is a Belgian Limburg and Dutch Limburg.
  • Episcopal High School in Alexandria, Virginia is founded.
  • Charles Goodyear vulcanizes rubber.

Ongoing events

  • First Opium War (1839-1842)

Births

1839 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 1839
MDCCCXXXIX
Ab urbe condita 2592
Armenian calendar 1288
ԹՎ ՌՄՁԸ
Bahá'í calendar -5 – -4
Berber calendar 2789
Buddhist calendar 2383
Burmese calendar 1201
Chinese calendar 4475/4535-11-16
( 戊戌年十一月十六日)
— to —
4476/4536-11-26
( 己亥年十一月廿六日)
Coptic calendar 1555 – 1556
Ethiopian calendar 1831 – 1832
Hebrew calendar 5599 – 5600
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1894 – 1895
 - Shaka Samvat 1761 – 1762
 - Kali Yuga 4940 – 4941
Holocene calendar 11839
Iranian calendar 1217 – 1218
Islamic calendar 1254 – 1255
Japanese calendar Tenpō 10
(天保10年)
Korean calendar 4172
Thai solar calendar 2382

January - June

  • January 19 - Paul Cézanne, French painter (d. 1706)
  • February 11 - Josiah Willard Gibbs American physicist and chemist (d. 1703)
  • February 22 - Francis Pharcellus Church, American editor and publisher (d. 1706)
  • March 9 - Phoebe Knapp, American hymn writer (d. 1708)
  • March 16 - John Butler Yeats, Northern Irish artist (d. 1922)
  • March 21 - Modest Mussorgsky, Russian composer (d. 1881)
  • April 12 - Nikolai Przhevalsky, Russian explorer (d. 1888)
  • April 30 - Floriano Peixoto, Brazilian president (d.1895)
  • June 17 - Arthur Tooth, Anglican clergyman prosecuted for Ritualist practices in the 1870s (d. 1931)
  • June 21 - Machado de Assis, Brazilian author (d.1708)

July - December

  • July 8 - John Davison Rockefeller, American industrialist and philanthropist (d. 1937)
  • July 17 - Ephraim Shay, inventor of the Shay locomotive (d. 1916)
  • November 20 - Christian Wilberg, German painter (d. 1882)
  • December 5 - George Armstrong Custer, American cavalry officer (d. 1876)
  • December 12 - Caroline Lake Ingalls, née Quiner, mother of author Laura Ingalls Wilder (d. April 20, 1924)

Deaths

January - June

  • February 7 - Karl August Nicander, Swedish poet (b. 1799)
  • March 2 - Charlotte Napoléone Bonaparte, niece of Napoleon I of France (b. 1802)
  • April 1 - Benjamin Pierce, U.S. politician (b. 1757)
  • April 2 - Hezekiah Niles, American editor and publisher (b. 1777)
  • April 4 - Kaahumanu II, queen of Hawaii
  • April 11 - John Galt, Scottish novelist (b. 1779)
  • April 22 - Denis Davydov, Russian general and poet (b. 1784)
  • May 17 - Archibald Alison, Scottish author (b. 1757)

July - December

  • July 8 - Fernando Sor, Spanish composer (b. 1778)
  • July 15 - Winthrop Mackworth Praed, English politician and poet (b. 1802)
  • August 10 - John St Aubyn, British fossil collector (b. 1758)
  • August 22 - Benjamin Lundy, American abolitionist (b. 1789)
  • August 28 - William Smith, English geologist and cartographer (b. 1769)
  • October - William Light, British Army colonel and the first Surveyor-General of South Australia (b. 1786)
  • November 15 - William Murdoch, Scottish inventor (b. 1754)
  • December 3 - Frederick VI, King of Denmark, ex-King of Norway (b. 1768)
  • December 15 - Ignaz Aurelius Fessler, court councillor and minister to Alexander I (b. 1756)