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1842

Related subjects Years

Centuries: 18th century - 19th century - 20th century
Decades: 1810s  1820s  1830s  - 1840s -   1850s   1860s   1870s
Years: 1839 1840 1841 - 1842 - 1843 1844 1845

Year 1842 (MDCCCXLII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar).

Events of 1842

January - March

  • January - Massacre of Elphinstone's army on the road from Kabul to Jalalabad, Afghanistan, by Akbar Khan, son of Dost Mohammed Khan.
  • February 7 - Ras Ali Alula, Regent of the Emperor of Ethiopia defeats warlord Wube Haile Maryam of Semien in the Battle of Debre Tabor
  • March 5 - Mexican troops led by Rafael Vasquez invade Texas briefly occupy San Antonio and then head back to the Rio Grande. This is the first such invasion since the Texas Revolution.
  • March 6 - Constanze Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart's wife, dies.
  • March 9 - Giuseppe Verdi's third opera Nabucco premieres in Milan; its success establishes Verdi as one of Italy's foremost opera writers.
  • March 30 - Anesthesia is used for the first time in an operation (Dr. Crawford Long performed the operation using ether).
  • March 31 - Middleton Junction and Oldham Branch Railway line opened up to Werneth in North West England.

April - June

  • May 8 - Two trains collide in Paris and catch fire - 59 dead
  • May 19 - Dorr Rebellion - militiamen supporting Thomas Wilson Dorr attack arsenal in Providence, Rhode Island but are repulsed
  • June 4 - In South Africa, hunter Dick King rides into British military base in Grahamstown to warn that Boers have besieged Durban. He had left 11 days earlier. British army dispatches a relief force.

July - September

  • August 4 - Armed Occupation Act is signed, providing for the armed occupation and settlement of the unsettled part of the Peninsula of East Florida.
  • August 9 - Webster-Ashburton Treaty is signed, establishing the United States-Canada border east of the Rocky Mountains.
  • August 29 - Treaty of Nanking signing ends the First Opium War

October - December

  • December 20 - The Citadel, The Military College of South Carolina is established.

Undated

  • Sons of Temperance founded in New York City.
  • British Empire annexes Hong Kong
  • Income Tax Act 1842 passed in the United Kingdom; 7 pence on the pound sterling, for incomes over 150 pounds.
  • Pentonville Prison built.
  • New Zealand seat of government moves from Russell to Auckland
  • Ohio's Wesleyan University is established.
  • University of Notre Dame is founded by Father Edward Sorin, CSC of the Congregation of Holy Cross.
  • Scroll and Key secret society of Yale University established.
  • Commonwealth v. Hunt makes strikes and unions legal in the United States.
  • First pils beer brewed in the Czech city of Pilsen. The Pils is the original lager beer of which all modern lagers are copies.
  • Hollins University founded in Roanoke, Virginia by Charles Cocke.
  • Villanova University is founded in Villanova, Pennsylvania by the Augustinian order
  • Indiana University School of Law - Bloomington is founded.

Ongoing events

  • First Opium War (1839-1842)

Births

1842 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 1842
MDCCCXLII
Ab urbe condita 2595
Armenian calendar 1291
ԹՎ ՌՄՂԱ
Bahá'í calendar -2 – -1
Berber calendar 2792
Buddhist calendar 2386
Burmese calendar 1204
Chinese calendar 4478/4538-11-20
( 辛丑年十一月二十日)
— to —
4479/4539-11-30
( 壬寅年十一月三十日)
Coptic calendar 1558 – 1559
Ethiopian calendar 1834 – 1835
Hebrew calendar 5602 – 5603
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1897 – 1898
 - Shaka Samvat 1764 – 1765
 - Kali Yuga 4943 – 4944
Holocene calendar 11842
Iranian calendar 1220 – 1221
Islamic calendar 1257 – 1258
Japanese calendar Tenpō 13
(天保13年)
Korean calendar 4175
Thai solar calendar 2385

January - June

  • January 11 - William James, American psychologist and philosopher (d. 1910)
  • February 3 - Sidney Lanier, American writer (d. 1881)
  • February 4 - Arrigo Boito, Italian poet and composer (d. 1918)
  • February 25 - Karl May, German writer (d. 1912)
  • March 2 - Carl Jacobsen, Danish brewer and patron of the arts after whom the Carlsberg brewery was named (d. 1914)
  • March 10 - Mykola Lysenko, Ukrainian composer (d. 1912)
  • March 18 - Stéphane Mallarmé, French poet (d. 1898)
  • May 8 - Emil Christian Hansen, Danish fermentation physiologist (d. 1709)
  • May 13 - Arthur Sullivan, English composer (d. 1700)
  • June 12 - Rikard Nordraak, Norwegian composer (d. 1866)

July - December

  • July 4 - Hermann Cohen, German-Jewish philosopher, one of the founders of the Marburg School of Neo-Kantianism, and he is often held to be "probably the most important Jewish philosopher of the nineteenth century" (d. 1918)
  • August 23 - Osborne Reynolds, Irish engineer and physicist (d. 1912)
  • September 13 - John H. Bankhead, U.S. Senator (d. 1920)
  • September 21 - Abd-ul-Hamid II, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1918)
  • October 14 - Joe Start, baseball player (d. 1927)
  • October 28 - Anna Elizabeth Dickenson, American orator (d. 1932)
  • November 12 - John Strutt, 3rd Baron Rayleigh, English physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1919)
  • December 2 - C. W. Alcock, English footballer and football official (d. 1707)
  • December 9 - Peter Kropotkin, Russian anarchist (d. 1921)

Deaths

January - June

  • February 15 - Carlo Andrea Pozzo di Borgo, politician and diplomat (b. 1764)
  • March 13
    • Samuel Eells, Founder of Alpha Delta Phi Fraternity (b. 1810)
    • Henry Shrapnel, English soldier and inventor (b. 1761)
  • March 15 - Luigi Cherubini, Italian composer (b. 1760)
  • March 23 - Stendhal, French writer (b. 1783)
  • April 4 - Jean Moufot, French philosopher and mathematician (b. 1784)
  • May 8 - Jules Dumont d'Urville, French explorer (b. 1790)

July - December

  • July 13 - Prince Ferdinand-Philippe d'Orléans, French prince (b. 1810)
  • July 25 - Dominique Jean Larrey, French surgeon (b. 1766)
  • July 28 - Clemens Brentano, German poet (b. 1778)
  • September 15 - Francisco Morazán, President of Central America (b. 1792)
  • October 20 - Grace Darling, heroine (b. 1815)
  • October 24 - Bernardo O'Higgins, first Chilean head of state after independence (b.1778)
  • December 12 - Robert Haldane, theologian (b. 1764)