Explore Techsciencenews Encyclopedia Alphabetically

 
Techsciencenews Home 

 

Art | Business Studies | Citizenship | Countries | Design and Technology | Everyday life | Geography | History | Information Technology | Inventions Timeline | Language and Literature | Mathematics | Music | People | Portals | Religion | Science | Subjects Index

1843

Related subjects Years

Centuries: 18th century - 19th century - 20th century
Decades: 1810s  1820s  1830s  - 1840s -   1850s   1860s   1870s
Years: 1840 1841 1842 - 1843 - 1844 1845 1846

Year 1843 (MDCCCXLIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar).

Events of 1843

January - March

  • February 6 - The Virginia Minstrels perform the first minstrel show ( Bowery Amphitheatre, New York City).
  • February 11 - Giuseppe Verdi's opera I Lombardi premieres in Milan
  • February 14 - The event that inspired the song Being for the Benefit of Mr. Kite! is held.
  • March 15 - Victoria, British Columbia, was founded by the Hudson's Bay Company as a trading post and fort.
July 19: SS Great Britain launch.
July 19: SS Great Britain launch.

April - June

  • May 4 - Natal proclaimed a British colony
  • May 18 - The Disruption of the Church of Scotland took place in Edinburgh
  • May 22 - The first major wagon train headed for the northwest sets out with one thousand pioneers from Elm Grove, Missouri on the Oregon Trail.
  • May 23 - Chile takes possession of the Strait of Magellan.

July - September

  • July 1
    • Ulysses S. Grant graduates from West Point 21st from a class of 39.
    • John J. Peck graduates from West Point 8th from a class of 39.
  • July 19 - The SS Great Britain is launched from Bristol.
  • August 15 - Tivoli Gardens, one of the oldest still intact amusement parks in the world, opened in Copenhagen, Denmark.
August 15: Tivoli Gardens.
August 15: Tivoli Gardens.

October - December

  • October 13 - In New York City, Henry Jones and 11 others found B'nai B'rith (the oldest Jewish service organization in the world).
  • November 11 - First publication of Hans Christian Andersen's The Ugly Duckling.
  • November 28 - Ka La Ku'oko'a: Hawaiian Independence Day. The Kingdom of Hawai`i was officially recognized by the United Kingdom and France as an independent nation.
  • December 19 - First publication of Charles Dickens' A Christmas Carol.

Undated

  • The world's first commercial Christmas cards are printed by Sir Henry Cole in London.
  • James Joule quantifies the conversion of work into heat
  • In Barbados, Samuel Jackman Prescod, is the first black person elected to the Barbados House of Assembly
  • Danish government re-establishes althing in Iceland as an advisory body
  • First tunnel under Thames is finished
  • Argentina supports Rosas of Uruguay and begins a siege of Montevideo
  • Quaternions are discovered by William Rowan Hamilton.
  • The Economist is first published.
  • Bishop's University is founded.
  • Abbeville is founded by descendants of Acadians from Nova Scotia.
  • First publication of Edgar Allan Poe's short story The Tell-Tale Heart.
  • The world does not end, contrary to prediction by American preacher William Miller.
  • Germans from the Black Forest region of Southern Baden migrate to Venezuela

Births

1843 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 1843
MDCCCXLIII
Ab urbe condita 2596
Armenian calendar 1292
ԹՎ ՌՄՂԲ
Bahá'í calendar -1 – 0
Berber calendar 2793
Buddhist calendar 2387
Burmese calendar 1205
Chinese calendar 4479/4539-12-1
( 壬寅年十二月初一日)
— to —
4480/4540-11-11
( 癸卯年十一月十一日)
Coptic calendar 1559 – 1560
Ethiopian calendar 1835 – 1836
Hebrew calendar 5603 – 5604
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1898 – 1899
 - Shaka Samvat 1765 – 1766
 - Kali Yuga 4944 – 4945
Holocene calendar 11843
Iranian calendar 1221 – 1222
Islamic calendar 1258 – 1259
Japanese calendar Tenpō 14
(天保14年)
Korean calendar 4176
Thai solar calendar 2386

January - June

  • January 8 - John H. Moffitt, American politician (d. 1926)
  • January 10 - Frank James, American outlaw (d. 1915)
  • January 29 - William McKinley, 25th President of the United States (d. 1701)
  • April 4 - William Jackson, photographer (d. 1942)
  • April 15 - Henry James, American writer (d. 1916)
  • April 25 - Princess Alice of the United Kingdom, third child of Queen Victoria (d. 1878)
  • May 21 - Charles Albert Gobat, Swiss politician, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1914)
  • June 3 - King Frederick VIII of Denmark (d. 1912)
  • June 9 - Bertha von Suttner, Austrian writer and pacifist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1914)
  • June 15 - Edvard Grieg, Norwegian composer (d. 1707)
  • June 30 - Sir Ernest Satow, British diplomat and scholar (d. 1928)

July - December

  • July 7 - Camillo Golgi, Italian physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1926)
  • July 29 - Johannes Schmidt, German linguist (d. 1701)
  • August 1 - Robert Todd Lincoln, American statesman and businessman (d. 1926)
  • August 20 - Christina Nilsson,Swedish operatic soprano (d. 1921)
  • August 31 - Georg von Hertling, Chancellor of Germany (d. 1919)
  • November 25 - Henry Ware Eliot, American industrialist, philanthropist and the father of T. S. Eliot (d. 1919)
  • November 27 - Cornelius Vanderbilt II, American railway magnate (d. 1899)
  • December 11 - Heinrich Hermann Robert Koch, German physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1910)
  • date unknown - Owon, Korean painter (d. 1897)
  • probable - Pierre Lallement, French inventor of the bicycle (d. 1891)

Deaths

January - June

  • January 11 - Francis Scott Key, American lawyer and lyricist (b. 1779)
  • March 21 - Robert Southey, English poet (b. 1774)
  • March 25 - Robert Murray M'Cheyne, Scottish clergyman (b. 1813)
  • March 27 - Karl Salomo Zachariae Von Lingenthal, German jurist (b. 1769)
  • April 15 - Noah Webster, American lexicographer (b. 1758)
  • April 17 - Samuel Morey, American inventor (b. 1762)
  • June 1 - William Abbot, English actor (b. 1798)
  • June 6 - Friedrich Hölderlin, German writer (b. 1770)

July - December

  • July 7 - John Holmes, American politician (b. 1773)
  • July or August - Sequoyah, creator of the Cherokee syllabary (b. around 1767)
  • December 18 - Thomas Graham, Lord Lynedoch, British Governor-General of India (b. 1748)