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1851

Related subjects Years

Centuries: 18th century - 19th century - 20th century
Decades: 1820s  1830s  1840s  - 1850s -   1860s   1870s   1880s
Years: 1848 1849 1850 - 1851 - 1852 1853 1854

1851 (MDCCCLI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar).

Events of 1851

January - June

May 1: Great Exhibition in Hyde Park
May 1: Great Exhibition in Hyde Park
  • January 11 - Taiping Rebellion: Hong Xiuquan officially begins the Taiping Rebellion.
  • January 23 - The flip of a coin determines whether a new city in the Oregon Territory is named after Boston, Massachusetts, or Portland, Maine, with Portland winning.
  • February 12 - Edward Hargraves claims to have found gold in Australia.
  • March 1 - Victor Hugo uses the phrase United States of Europe in a speech to the French national assembly.
  • March 11 - Giuseppe Verdi's opera Rigoletto is first performed at La Fenice in Venice.
  • March 27 - First reported case of white men seeing Yosemite Valley.
  • March 30 - A population census is taken in the United Kingdom.
  • April 28 - Santa Clara College is chartered in Santa Clara, California.
  • May 1 - The Great Exhibition of the Works of Industry of All Nations in the Crystal Palace, Hyde Park, London is opened by Queen Victoria. It runs until October 18.
  • May 15
    • Alpha Delta Pi Sorority, the first secret society for women, founded at Wesleyan College in Macon, Georgia.
    • Rama IV is crowned King of Thailand.

July - September

May 15: Rama IV crowned.
May 15: Rama IV crowned.
  • July - The immortal game, a famous chess game, is played.
  • July 1
    • Colony of Victoria separates from New South Wales.
    • Serial poisoner Helene Jegado is arrested in Rennes, France
  • July 10 - University of the Pacific is chartered as California Wesleyan College in Santa Clara, California
  • July 29 - Annibale de Gasparis, in Naples, Italy discovers asteroid 15 Eunomia.
  • August 1 - Virginia closes its Reform Constitutional Convention deciding that all white men have the right to vote.
  • August 5 - Mount Pelee erupts and kills 30 people.
  • August 22 - The yacht America wins the first America's Cup race.
  • September 15 - Saint Joseph's University is founded in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
  • September 18 - The New York Times is founded.
  • September 30 - The Fregatten Eugenies (or the Frigate Eugenie) left from Karlskrona, Sweden to begin its voyage as the first Swedish Royal Navy vessel to circumnavigate the world.

October - December

September 18: NYT is founded.
September 18: NYT is founded.
  • October - Reuters news service founded.
  • October 18 - The Great Exhibition in London is closed.
  • October 24 - Ariel and Umbriel, moons of Uranus, discovered by William Lassell.
  • November 13 - The Denny Party lands at Alki Point, the first settlers of what will become Seattle, Washington.
  • November 14 - Herman Melville's novel Moby-Dick; or The Whale is published in the U.S. by Harper & Brothers, New York - after it was first published, on October 18 in London by Richard Bentley, in 3 volumes as The Whale.
  • December 2 - Louis Napoleon, president of France, dissolves French National Assembly and declares a new constitution to extend his term. Later he declares himself as an emperor Napoleon III. End of the Second Republic.
  • December 6 - Trial of Helene Jegado begins; she is eventually sentenced to death and executed by guillotine.
  • December 9 - The first YMCA (1844) in North America is established in Montreal, Quebec.
  • December 24 - The Library of Congress burns.
  • December 26- 27 - Royal Navy warship bombards Lagos island; Oba Kosoko is wounded and flees to Epe.
  • December 29 - The first Boston YMCA opens (in Massachusetts).

Undated

  • Northwestern University is founded.
  • St. Paul's College, Hong Kong is founded.
  • Macy's department store founded by R.H. Macy.
  • Western Union is founded.

Ongoing events

  • New Zealand land wars (1845-1872)
  • Taiping Rebellion (1851-1864)

Births

1851 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 1851
MDCCCLI
Ab urbe condita 2604
Armenian calendar 1300
ԹՎ ՌՅ
Bahá'í calendar 7 – 8
Berber calendar 2801
Buddhist calendar 2395
Burmese calendar 1213
Chinese calendar 4487/4547-11-29
( 庚戌年十一月廿九日)
— to —
4488/4548-11-10
( 辛亥年十一月初十日)
Coptic calendar 1567 – 1568
Ethiopian calendar 1843 – 1844
Hebrew calendar 5611 – 5612
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1706 – 1707
 - Shaka Samvat 1773 – 1774
 - Kali Yuga 4952 – 4953
Holocene calendar 11851
Iranian calendar 1229 – 1230
Islamic calendar 1267 – 1268
Japanese calendar Kaei 4
(嘉永4年)
Korean calendar 4184
Thai solar calendar 2394

January - June

  • January 17 - A. B. Frost, American illustrator (d. 1928)
  • January 19 - Jacobus Kapteyn, Dutch astronomer (d. 1922)
  • February 8 - Kate Chopin, American writer (d. 1704)
  • March 19 - William Henry Stark, Business Leader (d. 1936)
  • March 27 - Vincent d'Indy, French composer and teacher (d. 1931)
  • March 28 - Bernardino Machado, Portuguese President (d. 1944)
  • April 13 - Robert Abbe, American surgeon (d. 1928)
  • April 20 - Young Tom Morris, Scottish golfer (d. 1875)
  • April 21 - Charles Barrois, French geologist (d. 1939)
  • May 6 - Aristide Bruant, French cabaret singer and comedian (d. 1925)
  • May 20 - Emil Berliner, telephone and recording pioneer (d. 1929)
  • May 21 - Léon Bourgeois, French statesman, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1925)

July - December

  • June 16 - Georg Jellinek, German legal philosopher(d. 1911)
  • July 15 - Eduardo Gutiérrez, Argentinian author (d. 1889)
  • July 20 - Arnold Pick, Czechoslovakian neurologist and psychiatrist (d. 1924)
  • July 24 - Friedrich Schottky, German mathematician (d. 1935)
  • August 14 - Doc Holliday, American gambler and gunfighter (d. 1887)
  • September 7 - David King Udall, American politician (d. 1938)
  • October 2 - Ferdinand Foch, French commander of allied forces in World War I (d. 1929)
  • October 20 - George Gandy, American entrepreneur (d. 1946)
  • December 20 - Dora Montefiore, English suffragist and socialist (d. 1933)
  • December 30 - Asa Griggs Candler, American businessman and politician (d. 1929)

Deaths

January - June

  • January 10 - Karl Freiherr von Müffling, Prussian field marshal (b. 1775)
  • January 19 - Esteban Echeverría, Argentine poet and writer (b. 1805)
  • January 23 - Archibald Primrose, Lord Dalmeny, Scottish politician (b. 1809)
  • January 27 - John James Audubon, French-American naturalist and illustrator (b. 1785)
  • January 31 - David Spangler Kaufman, Congressman from Texas (b. 1813)
  • February 1 - Mary Shelley, English author (b. 1797)
  • February 18 - Carl Gustav Jakob Jacobi, German mathematician (b. 1804)
  • February 23 - Joanna Baillie, Scottish poetess and dramatist (b. 1762)
  • February 28 - Guillaume Dode de la Brunerie, Marshal of France (b. 1775)
  • March 9 - Hans Christian Ørsted, Danish scientist (b. 1777)
  • May 13 - Princess Augusta of Bavaria, Duchess of Leuchtenberg (b. 1788)
  • May 22 - Mordecai Manuel Noah, American writer, journalist (b. 1785)

July - December

  • July 17 - Roger Sheaffe, British General
  • August 8 - James Shudi Broadwood, piano manufacturer (b. 1772)
  • September 10 - Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet, American educator (b. 1787)
  • September 11 - Sylvester Graham, American nutritionist and inventor (b. 1794)
  • September 14 - James Fenimore Cooper, American writer (b. 1789)
  • October 4 - Manuel de Godoy, Spanish statesman (b. 1767)
  • October 19 - Marie Thérèse Charlotte (b. 1778)
  • November 26 - Nicolas Jean de Dieu Soult, French marshal and politician (b. 1769)
  • December 19 - Joseph Mallord William Turner, English artist (b. 1775)
  • date unknown - John Brown Russwurm, Abolitionist (b. 1799)