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1853

Related subjects Years

Centuries: 18th century - 19th century - 20th century
Decades: 1820s  1830s  1840s  - 1850s -   1860s   1870s   1880s
Years: 1850 1851 1852 - 1853 - 1854 1855 1856

Year 1853 (MDCCCLIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar).

Events of 1853

January - June

  • January 8 - Taiping Rebellion: Zeng Guofan is ordered to assist the governor of Hunan in organising a militia force to search for local bandits.
  • January 12 - Taiping Rebellion: Taiping army occupies Wuchang.
  • January 19 - Giuseppe Verdi's opera Il Trovatore premieres in performance at Teatro Apollo in Rome.
  • February 10 - Taiping Rebellion: Taiping forces at Hanyang, Hankou and Wuchang for march of Nanjing.
  • February 12 - Puerto Montt is founded in the Reloncaví Sound, Chile.
  • February 22 - Washington University is founded as Eliot Seminary
  • May - Beginning of an outbreak of yellow fever that kills 7,790 in New Orleans.
  • March 4 - Inauguration of US president Franklin Pierce
  • March 20 - Taiping Rebellion: Rebel army of around 750,000 seizes Nanjing, killing 30,000 Imperial troops.
  • May 23 - The first plat for Seattle, Washington is laid out.
  • June 27 - Taiping Rebellion: Northern Expeditionary Force crosses the Yellow River.

July - December

  • July 8 - U.S. Commodore Matthew Perry arrives in Edo Bay with a request for a trade treaty
  • July 25 Outlaw and bandit Joaquin Murietta is killed.
  • August 12 – New Zealand acquires self-government
  • August 23 - 1st true International Meteorological Organization Brussels, Belgium
  • August 24 - Potato chips first prepared.
  • September 19 - Hudson Taylor first left for China.
The Battle of Sinop was the last major naval battle involving sailing warships.
The Battle of Sinop was the last major naval battle involving sailing warships.
  • October 4/ October 5 - Crimean War: The Ottoman Empire declares war on Russia.
  • October 28 - Crimean War: Ottoman army crosses the Danube into Vidin / Kalafat in Wallachia.
  • October 30 - Taiping Rebellion: Taiping Northern Expeditionary Force comes within three miles of Tianjin.
  • November 3 - Troops of William Walker capture La Paz in Baja California and declare (short-lived) Republic of Lower California
  • November 15 - Maria II of Portugal is succeeded by her son Pedro
  • November 30 - Crimean War: Battle of Sinop - The Russian fleet destroys the Turkish fleet.
  • December 6 - Taiping Rebellion French minister de Bourboulon arrives at the Heavenly Capital aboard the Cassini.
  • December 30 - Gadsden Purchase: The United States buys land from Mexico to facilitate railroad building in the Southwest

Undated

  • Royal Norwegian Navy Museum founded.
  • Alexander Wood invents the hypodermic syringe
  • Donald McKay builds the Great Republic, the world's biggest sailing ship, which at 4,500 tons was too large to be successful
  • Isambard Kingdom Brunel began work on the Great Eastern passenger steamer
  • Independent Santa Cruz Maya of Eastern Yucatan recognized as an independent nation by British Empire
  • Iesada succeeds Ieoshi as Japanese Shogun
  • Beginning of the Late Tokugawa shogunate, the last part of the Edo period in Japan.
  • Stephen Foster writes " My Old Kentucky Home."
  • The University of Florida is established
  • Swiss watch company Tissot is founded.
  • Wheaton Academy founded in West Chicago, Illinois

Ongoing events

Births

1853 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 1853
MDCCCLIII
Ab urbe condita 2606
Armenian calendar 1302
ԹՎ ՌՅԲ
Bahá'í calendar 9 – 10
Berber calendar 2803
Buddhist calendar 2397
Burmese calendar 1215
Chinese calendar 4489/4549-11-22
( 壬子年十一月廿二日)
— to —
4490/4550-12-2
( 癸丑年十二月初二日)
Coptic calendar 1569 – 1570
Ethiopian calendar 1845 – 1846
Hebrew calendar 5613 – 5614
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1708 – 1709
 - Shaka Samvat 1775 – 1776
 - Kali Yuga 4954 – 4955
Holocene calendar 11853
Iranian calendar 1231 – 1232
Islamic calendar 1269 – 1270
Japanese calendar Kaei 6
(嘉永6年)
Korean calendar 4186
Thai solar calendar 2396
  • January 28 - José Martí, Cuban revolutionary (d. 1895)
  • February 6 - Ignacij Klemenčič, Slovenian physicist (d. 1701)
  • March 14 - Ferdinand Hodler, Swiss painter (d. 1918)
  • March 30 - Vincent van Gogh, Dutch painter (d. 1890)
  • May 28 - Carl Larsson, Swedish painter (d. 1919)
  • June 3 - William Flinders Petrie, English Egyptologist (d. 1942)
  • June 12 - Chester Adgate Congdon, Minnesota mining magnate (d. 1916)
  • July 5 - Cecil Rhodes, English businessman (d. 1702)
  • July 18 - Hendrik Lorentz, Dutch physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1928)
  • September 2 - Wilhelm Ostwald, German chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1932)
  • September 16 - Albrecht Kossel, German physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1927)
  • September 20 - Chulalongkorn, Rama V, king of Thailand (d. 1910)
  • September 21 - Heike Kamerlingh Onnes, Dutch physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1926)
  • December 6 - Haraprasad Shastri, Indian academic, Sanskrit scholar, archivist and historian of Bengali literature (d. 1931)

Deaths

  • January 16 - Matteo Carcassi, Italian composer (b. 1792)
  • February 6 - Anastasio Bustamante, Mexican President
  • March 17 - Christian Doppler, Austrian mathematician (b. 1803)
  • April 18 - William R. King, 13th Vice President of the United States (b.1786)
  • April 28 - Ludwig Tieck, German writer (b. 1773)
  • June 8 - Richard William Howard Vyse (b. 1784)
  • July 27 - Tokugawa Ieyoshi, Japanese shogun (b.1793)
  • August 19 - George Cockburn, British Naval commander (b.1772)
  • August 23 - Alexander Calder, first mayor of Beaumont, Texas (b. 1806)
  • September 3 - Augustin Saint-Hilaire, French botanist and traveller (b.1799)
  • November 15 - Maria II of Portugal (b. 1819)