Explore Techsciencenews Encyclopedia Alphabetically

 
Techsciencenews Home 

 

Art | Business Studies | Citizenship | Countries | Design and Technology | Everyday life | Geography | History | Information Technology | Inventions Timeline | Language and Literature | Mathematics | Music | People | Portals | Religion | Science | Subjects Index

1856

Related subjects Years

Centuries: 18th century - 19th century - 20th century
Decades: 1820s  1830s  1840s  - 1850s -   1860s   1870s   1880s
Years: 1853 1854 1855 - 1856 - 1857 1858 1859

Year 1856 (MDCCCLVI) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar).

Events of 1856

January - June

January 29: Victoria Cross.
January 29 Victoria Cross.
  • January 8 - Borax is discovered ( John Veatch).
  • January 24 - U.S. President Franklin Pierce declares the new Free-State Topeka government in Bleeding Kansas to be in rebellion.
  • January 26 - First Battle of Seattle (1856). Marines from the USS Decatur drive off American Indian attackers after all day battle with settlers.
  • January 29 - Queen Victoria institutes the Victoria Cross
  • February - The Tintic War in Utah.
  • February 1 - Auburn University is first chartered as the East Alabama Male College.
  • February 2 - Dallas, Texas incorporated as a city.
  • February 7 - The nawab of Oudh Wajid Ali Shah is exiled to Metiabruz
  • February 18 - The American Party ( Know-Nothings) convene in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania to nominate their first Presidential candidate, former President Millard Fillmore.
  • March 5 - Fire destroys Covent Garden Theatre
  • March 6 - Maryland Agricultural College (present-day University of Maryland, College Park) chartered
  • March 9 - National Fraternity Sigma Alpha Epsilon is founded at the University of Alabama in Tuscaloosa, AL.
  • March 20 - Costa Rican troops rout Walker's soldiers
  • March 24 - Taiping Rebellion: Suspecting treachery on the part of East King Yang Xiuqing, Shi Dakai garrisons Anhui and begins his march back to the Heavenly Capital, having defeated a strong Xiang Army dettachment.
  • March 31 - The Treaty of Paris (1856) is signed, ending the Crimean War
March 5: Covent Garden Theatre fire.
March 5: Covent Garden Theatre fire.
  • April 7 - Foundation of Nelson College, Nelson, New Zealand
  • April 10 - Theta Chi Fraternity founded at Norwich University
  • May 1 - The creation of Isabela province in the Philippines in honour to the Queen of Spain, Queen Isabela II.
  • May 16 - the Vigilance Committee founded in San Francisco, California. It lynches two gangsters, arrests most Democratic Party officials and disbands itself on August 18
  • May 21 - Lawrence, Kansas is captured and burned by pro- slavery forces (the " Sacking of Lawrence").
  • May 22 - Congressman Preston Brooks of South Carolina beats Senator Charles Sumner with a cane in the hall of the United States Senate for a speech Sumner had made attacking Southerners who sympathized with the pro-slavery violence in Kansas (" Bleeding Kansas"). Sumner was unable to return to duty for three years while he recovered. Brooks became a hero across the South.
  • May 24 - The Pottawatomie Massacre - group of followers of radical abolitionist John Brown kill five homesteaders in Franklin County, Kansas
  • June 2 - Battle of Black Jack between proslavery and antislavery forces, led by John Brown, in Bleeding Kansas.
  • June 9 - 500 Mormons leave Iowa City, Iowa and head west for Salt Lake City, Utah carrying all their possessions in two-wheeled handcarts.
  • June 13 - Taiping Rebellion: Shi Dakai arrives at Nanjing.

July - December

  • July 17 - The Great Train Wreck of 1856 was the worst railroad calamity in the world to date, occurring near Philadelphia, PA, USA.
  • July 31 - Christchurch, New Zealand chartered as a city.
  • August 10 - Hurricane destroys Last Island, Louisiana - 400 dead. The whole island was broken up into several smaller islands by the storm.
  • August 30 - Battle of Osawatomie between proslavery and antislavery forces in Bleeding Kansas.
  • September 1 - Seton Hall University was founded by Archdiocese of Newark Bishop James Roosevelt Bayley, a cousin of U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt and nephew of Saint Elizabeth Ann Seton.
  • September 2 - Taiping Rebellion: Wei Changhui and Qin Rigang assassinate Yang Xiuqing.
  • October 8 - The Second Opium War between several western powers and China begins with the Arrow Incident on the Pearl River.
  • November 1 - Anglo-Persian War: War Is declared between Great Britain and Persia.
  • November 4 - U.S. presidential election, 1856: Democrat James Buchanan defeats former President Millard Fillmore, representing a coalition of " Know-Nothings" and Whigs, and John C. Frémont of the fledgling Republican Party to become the 15th President of the United States.
  • November 11 - Taiping Rebellion: Shi Dakai arrives at the Heavenly Capital once more with 100,000 men and demands that Wei Changhui and Qin Rigang be executed. Shi subsequently becomes head of the government.
  • November 17 - American Old West: On the Sonoita River in present-day southern Arizona, the United States Army establishes Fort Buchanan in order to help control new land acquired in the Gadsden Purchase.
  • November 21 - Niagara University founded in Niagara Falls, New York.
  • December 9 - Bushehr surrenders to the British.

Undated

Gregor Mendel.
Gregor Mendel.
  • Gregor Mendel starts his research on genetics.
  • British Country and Borough Police Act extends London police model to all of England and Wales.
  • Kate Warne, the first female private detective, begins to work for the Pinkerton Detective Agency
  • Pre-human remains found in the Neanderthal valley in Germany.
  • National Portrait Gallery in London opened.
  • Founding year of St. Paul's School, Camp, Belgaum.
  • Western Union is founded.

Ongoing events

Births

1856 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 1856
MDCCCLVI
Ab urbe condita 2609
Armenian calendar 1305
ԹՎ ՌՅԵ
Bahá'í calendar 12 – 13
Berber calendar 2806
Buddhist calendar 2400
Burmese calendar 1218
Chinese calendar 4492/4552-11-24
( 乙卯年十一月廿四日)
— to —
4493/4553-12-5
( 丙辰年十二月初五日)
Coptic calendar 1572 – 1573
Ethiopian calendar 1848 – 1849
Hebrew calendar 5616 – 5617
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1911 – 1912
 - Shaka Samvat 1778 – 1779
 - Kali Yuga 4957 – 4958
Holocene calendar 11856
Iranian calendar 1234 – 1235
Islamic calendar 1272 – 1273
Japanese calendar Ansei 3
(安政3年)
Korean calendar 4189
Thai solar calendar 2399

January - June

  • January 11 - Christian Sinding, Norwegian composer (d. 1941)
  • January 12 - John Singer Sargent, American-born artist (d. 1925)
  • February 2 - Frederick William Vanderbilt, American railway magnate (d. 1938)
  • February 14 - Frank Harris, Irish author and editor (d. 1931)
  • March 4 - Alfred William Rich, English watercolour painter and author (d. 1921)
  • March 8
    • Bramwell Booth, Salvation Army general (d. 1929)
    • Tom Roberts, Australian artist (d. 1931)
  • March 16 - Napoléon Eugène Louis John Joseph, Prince Imperial, son of French Emperor Napoleon III (d. 1879)
  • March 20
    • Sir John Lavery, Irish artist (d. 1941)
    • Frederick Winslow Taylor, American inventor and efficiency expert (d. 1915)
  • April 5 - Booker T. Washington, American educator (d. 1915)
  • April 12 - William Martin Conway, British art critic and mountaineer (d. 1937)
  • April 24 - Henri Philippe Pétain, French soldier and statesman (d. 1951)
  • April 26 - Sir Joseph Ward, 17th Prime Minister of New Zealand (d. 1930)
  • April 27 - Tongzhi Emperor, Emperor of China (d. 1875)
  • May 6
  • May 15 - L. Frank Baum, American author (d. 1919)
  • June 14 - Andrey Markov, Russian mathematician (d. 1922)

July - December

  • July 23 - Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Indian political activist (d. 1920)
  • July 10 - Nikola Tesla, Serbian inventor (d. 1943)
  • July 26 - George Bernard Shaw, Irish writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1950)
  • August 10 - William Willett, inventor of Daylight Saving Time (d. 1915)
  • August 13 - Alfred Deakin, second Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1919)
  • August 15 - Ivan Franko, Ukrainian poet, critic, journalist and political activist (d. 1916)
  • September 1 - Sergei Winogradsky, Russian scientist (d. 1953)
  • September 18 - Wilhelm von Gloeden, German photographer (d. 1931)
  • November 13 - Louis Brandeis, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (d. 1941)
  • November 21 - William Emerson Ritter, American biologist (d. 1944)
  • November 22 - Heber J. Grant, seventh president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (d. 1945)
  • November 24 - Bat Masterson, American lawman (d. 1921)
  • November 29 - Theobald von Bethmann Hollweg, Chancellor of Germany (d. 1921)
  • December 11 - Georgi Plekhanov, Russian revolutionary and Marxist theoretician (d. 1918)
  • December 13 - Svetozar Boroević, Austrian field marshal (d. 1920)
  • December 18 - J.J. Thomson, English physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1940)
  • December 22 - Frank B. Kellogg, United States Secretary of State, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1937)
  • December 25 - Hans von Bartels, German painter (d. 1913)
  • December 28 - Woodrow Wilson, 28th President of the United States, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1924)

Deaths

  • January 16 - Thaddeus William Harris, American naturalist (b. 1795)
  • January 31 - Khedrup Gyatso, eleventh Dalai Lama (b. 1838)
  • February 17 - Heinrich Heine, German writer (b. 1797)
  • May 3 - Adolphe Charles Adam, French composer (b. 1803)
  • June 23 - Ivan Kireevsky, Russian literary critic and philosopher (b. 1806)
  • July 9 - Amedeo Avogadro, Italian chemist (b. 1776)
  • July 29 - Robert Schumann, German composer and pianist
  • August 29 - Mary Anne Schimmelpenninck, British Christian writer (b. 1778)
  • August 30 - Gilbert Abbott à Beckett, English writer (b. 1811)
  • October 19 - William Sprague III, American politician from Rhode Island (b. 1799)
  • December 20 - Francesco Bentivegna, Italian revolutionary (b. 1820)