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1857

Related subjects Years

Centuries: 18th century - 19th century - 20th century
Decades: 1820s  1830s  1840s  - 1850s -   1860s   1870s   1880s
Years: 1854 1855 1856 - 1857 - 1858 1859 1860

Year 1857 (MDCCCLVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar).

Events of 1857

January - June

July - December

  • July 15 - Indian rebellion of 1857: The second massacre at Kanpur takes place.
  • July 18 - The Utah Expedition leaves Fort Leavenworth, effectively beginning the Utah War.
  • August - Calcutta University established.
  • September 11 - Mountain Meadows massacre in Utah.
  • September 12 - The SS Central America sinks off the coast of North Carolina, killing 425 people.
  • October 13 - New York Banks close following major financial panic and do not reopen until December 12.
  • October 24 - Sheffield F.C., the world's first association football team, is founded in Sheffield, England.
  • November 30 - End of term for President of Mexico Ignacio Comonfort. He is succeeded by Félix María Zuloaga.
  • December 16 - An earthquake with an estimated magnitude of 6.9 kills 11,000 people in Naples, Italy.
  • December 31 - Queen Victoria chooses Ottawa, Ontario as the capital of Canada.

Undated

  • Divorce without parliamentary approval becomes legal in Britain.
  • Speculation in U.S. railway shares causes financial crisis in Europe.
  • The Mormons abandon Las Vegas.
  • Founding of Hollywood.
  • Restoration of the Mexican republic (see Mexico/History).
  • Discovery of La Tene culture artifacts in Switzerland by Hansli Kopp.
  • University of Bombay established.
  • The Mughal Empire is finally destroyed by the British Empire.
  • The city walls of Vienna are demolished, allowing the construction of the Ringstraße.
  • William Daniel, American politician proposes Local Option for prohibition.

Ongoing events

  • Second Opium War (1856- 1860)
  • Anglo-Persian War (1856-1857)
  • Taiping Rebellion (1851-1864)

Births

1857 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 1857
MDCCCLVII
Ab urbe condita 2610
Armenian calendar 1306
ԹՎ ՌՅԶ
Bahá'í calendar 13 – 14
Berber calendar 2807
Buddhist calendar 2401
Burmese calendar 1219
Chinese calendar 4493/4553-12-6
( 丙辰年十二月初六日)
— to —
4494/4554-11-16
( 丁巳年十一月十六日)
Coptic calendar 1573 – 1574
Ethiopian calendar 1849 – 1850
Hebrew calendar 5617 – 5618
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1912 – 1913
 - Shaka Samvat 1779 – 1780
 - Kali Yuga 4958 – 4959
Holocene calendar 11857
Iranian calendar 1235 – 1236
Islamic calendar 1273 – 1274
Japanese calendar Ansei 4
(安政4年)
Korean calendar 4170
Thai solar calendar 2400

January - June

  • January 4 - Émile Courtet, French caricaturist and animator (d. 1938)
  • January 26 - the 12th Dalai Lama (d. 1875)
  • January 31 - George Jackson Churchward, GWR Chief mechanical engineer (d. 1933)
  • February 13 - Almanzo James Wilder, Husband of author Laura Ingalls Wilder (d. October 23, 1949)
  • February 22 - Lord Robert Baden-Powell, English founder of the Scouting movement (d. 1941)
  • February 22 - Heinrich Hertz, German physicist (d. 1894)
  • March 7 - Julius Wagner-Jauregg, Austrian neuroscientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1940)
  • March 8 - Ruggiero Leoncavallo, Italian composer (d. 1919)
  • March 27 - Karl Pearson, statistician (d. 1936)
  • March 30 - Leon Charles Thevenin, French telegraph engineer (d. 1926)
  • April 5 - Alexander of Battenberg, first Prince of Bulgaria (d. 1893)
  • May 7 - William A. MacCorkle, Governor of West Virginia (d. 1930)
  • May 13 - Ronald Ross, English physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1932)
  • May 15 - Williamina Fleming, Scottish astronomer (d. 1911)
  • May 19 - John Jacob Abel, American pharmacologist (d. 1938)
  • May 31 - Pope Pius XI (d. 1939)
  • June 2
    • Edward Elgar, English composer (d. 1934)
    • Karl Adolph Gjellerup, Danish writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1919)

July - December

  • July 22 - Shams-ul-haq Azeemabadi, Islamic Scholar(d. 1911)
  • July 23 - Carl Meinhof, German linguist (d. 1944)
  • July 24 - Henrik Pontoppidan, Danish writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1943)
  • July 28 - Ballington Booth, Salvation Army Officer and co-founder of Volunteers of America (d. 1940)
  • July 30 - Thorstein Veblen, Norwegian economist (d. 1929)
  • August 14 - Max Wagenknecht, German composer (d. 1922)
  • September 5 - Konstantin Tsiolkovsky, Russian scientist and inventor (d. 1935)
  • September 8 - Georg Michaelis, Chancellor of Germany (d. 1936)
  • September 13
    • Michał Drzymała, Polish peasant and revolutionary (d. 1937)
    • Milton S. Hershey, American chocolate manufacturer (d. 1945)
  • September 15 - William Howard Taft, 27th President of the United States (d. 1930)
  • October 24 - Ned Williamson, American baseball player (d. 1894)
  • November 5 - Ida Tarbell, American journalist (d. 1944)
  • November 17 - George Marchant, English-born inventor, manufacturer, and philanthropist (d. 1941)
  • November 26 - Ferdinand de Saussure, Swiss linguist (d. 1913)
  • November 27 - Charles Scott Sherrington, English physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1952)
  • November 28 - King Alfonso XII of Spain (d. 1885)
  • December 3 - Joseph Conrad, Polish-British novelist (d. 1924)
  • date unknown
    • Joseph Tabrar, British songwriter (d. 1931)
    • Lucy Bacon, Californian Impressionist Painter (d. 1932)
    • Shibli Nomani, Indian Muslim scholar. (d. 1914)
    • Zübeyde Hanım, Mother of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk. (d. 1923)

Deaths

  • February 10 - David Thompson, British-Canadian explorer (b. 1770)
  • February 15 - Mikhail Glinka, Russian composer (b. 1804)
  • February 16 - Elisha Kent Kane, American explorer of Arctic regions (b. 1820)
  • March 11 - Manuel José Quintana, poet (b. 1772)
  • March 26 - Thomas Peters, Dutch supercentenarian (b. 1745)
  • May 2 - Alfred de Musset, French poet (b. 1810)
  • May 11 - Eugène François Vidocq, French criminal and private detective (b. 1775)
  • May 13 - Parley P. Pratt, early Mormon church leader, murdered (b. 1807)
  • May 23 - Augustin Louis Cauchy, French mathematician (b. 1789)
  • June 30 - Alcide d'Orbigny, naturalist (b. 1802)
  • July 4 - Henry Montgomery Lawrence, soldier and statesman (b. 1806)
  • July 15 - Carl Czerny, Austrian composer (b. 1791)
  • July 19 - Stefano Franscini, member of the Swiss Federal Council (b. 1796)
  • July 29 - Charles Lucien Bonaparte, French naturalist and ornithologist (b. 1803)
  • August 3 - Eugène Sue, French novelist (b. 1804)
  • September 3 - John McLoughlin, Canadian trapper (b. 1784)
  • September 5 - Auguste Comte, French philosopher (b. 1798).
  • November 12 - Maximilian Spinola, entomologist (b. 1780)
  • November 26 - Joseph von Eichendorff, German poet (b. 1788)
  • December 3 - Christian Daniel Rauch, German sculptor (b. 1777)
  • December 15 - Sir George Cayley, English aviation pioneer (b. 1773)