Explore Techsciencenews Encyclopedia Alphabetically

 
Techsciencenews Home 

 

Art | Business Studies | Citizenship | Countries | Design and Technology | Everyday life | Geography | History | Information Technology | Inventions Timeline | Language and Literature | Mathematics | Music | People | Portals | Religion | Science | Subjects Index

1879

Related subjects Years

Centuries: 18th century - 19th century - 20th century
Decades: 1840s  1850s  1860s  - 1870s -   1880s   1890s   1700s
Years: 1876 1877 1878 - 1879 - 1880 1881 1882

Year 1879 (MDCCCLXXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar).

Events of 1879

January - March

  • January 1 - The Specie Resumption Act takes effect. The Greenback is valued the same as Gold for the first time since the Civil War.
  • January - The current constitution of The State of California, US was ratified.
  • January 2 - Fred Spofforth claims the first Hat-trick in test cricket.
  • January 11 - Anglo-Zulu War begins.
  • January 22 - Zulu troops massacre British troops at the Battle of Isandlwana. At Rorke's Drift, outnumbered British soldiers drive the attackers away after hours of fighting.
  • February 12 - At New York City's Madison Square Garden the first artificial ice rink in North America opens.
  • February 14 - At Antofagasta, Chile: Chilean troops disembark in this port, then Bolivian. This is the beginning of the War of the Pacific between Chile and the joint forces of Peru and Bolivia.
  • February 15 - Women's rights: American President Rutherford B. Hayes signs a bill allowing female attorneys to argue cases before the Supreme Court of the United States.
  • February 22 - In Utica, New York, Frank Woolworth opens the first of many of 5 and 10-cent Woolworth stores.
  • February 27 - The discovery of saccharin is announced.
  • March 3 - The United States Geological Survey is created
  • March 12 - Anglo-Zulu War: A British force over one-hundred strong is ambushed and destroyed by Zulu forces.
  • March 13 - Marriage of The Duke of Connaught and Strathearn, third son of Queen Victoria, to Princess Louise Marguerite of Prussia.
  • March 28 - Anglo-Zulu War British forces suffer a defeat at the Battle of Hlobane.
  • March 29 - Anglo-Zulu War: Battle of Kambula British forces defeat 20,000 Zulus.

April - June

  • April 3
    • The Anti Revolutionary Party is formed in the Netherlands by Abraham Kuyper. It is the first political party formed advocating Christian Democracy; in opposition to the secularism of Dutch society, which was following a course in the militant secularism of the French Revolution.
    • Anglo-Zulu War British forces successfully lift the two-month Siege of Eshowe.
  • April 4 - Sofia becomes the official capital of the Third Bulgarian State.
  • April 21 ( San Jacinto Day) - Texas governor Oran M. Roberts authorized the establishment of Sam Houston Normal Institute (today known as Sam Houston State University).
  • April 24 - Swedish explorer Adolf Erik Nordenskiöld arrives in Stockholm with the S/S Vega, concluding the world's first circumnavigation of Eurasia.
  • May 14 - The first group of 463 Indian indentured labourers arrive in Fiji abroad the Leonidas.
  • May 26 - Russia and the United Kingdom sign the Treaty of Gandamak establishing an Afghan state.
  • May 30 - New York City's Gilmores Garden is renamed Madison Square Garden by William Henry Vanderbilt and is opened to the public at 26th Street and Madison Avenue.
  • June 1 - Napoléon Eugène, Prince Imperial (Napoléon IV), great-nephew of Napoléon Bonaparte, Bonapartist Pretender to the throne, died in Africa during the Anglo-Zulu War
  • June 14 - Sidney Faithorn Green, an Anglican priest in the Church of England, is tried and convicted for using Ritualist practices

July - September

  • July 4 - Anglo-Zulu War: The Anglo-Zulu War effectively ends at the Battle of Ulundi.
  • July 19 - Doc Holliday kills for the first time after a man shoots-up Holliday's New Mexico saloon.
  • August 21 - Virgin Mary, along with St. Joseph and St. John the Evangelist appeared in Knock to local people.

October - December

  • October 7 - Dual Alliance formed by Germany and Austria-Hungary
  • October 21 - Using a filament of carbonized thread, Thomas Edison tests the first practical electric light bulb (it lasted 13½ hours before burning out).
  • December 28 - The central part of the Tay Rail Bridge in Dundee, Scotland collapses as a train passed over it, killing 75.
  • December 30 - The Pirates of Penzance is first performed ( Paignton, Devon, England).
  • December 31 - Thomas Edison demonstrates incandescent lighting to the public for the first time ( Menlo Park, New Jersey).

Undated

  • Simmons College of Kentucky, a historically black school, is founded.
  • Hall effect discovered by Dr. Edwin Hall.
  • Somerville College, Oxford, is founded.
  • Stefan-Boltzmann law discovered by Jožef Stefan.
  • Ferdinand Cheval begins to build his Palais Idéal in France.
  • The Archaeological Institute of America (AIA) was formed.
  • Fulham F.C. was founded
  • Wilhelm Wundt establishes the first psychology research laboratory at the University of Leipzig.
  • While living in Italy, Henrik Ibsen publishes his masterpiece, A Doll’s House.

Literature

The following are references to 1879 in literature:

  • November - Occult Date of the Archangel Michael overcoming the Dragon

Births

1879 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 1879
MDCCCLXXIX
Ab urbe condita 2632
Armenian calendar 1328
ԹՎ ՌՅԻԸ
Bahá'í calendar 35 – 36
Berber calendar 2829
Buddhist calendar 2423
Burmese calendar 1241
Chinese calendar 4515/4575-12-9
( 戊寅年十二月初九日)
— to —
4516/4576-11-19
( 己卯年十一月十九日)
Coptic calendar 1595 – 1596
Ethiopian calendar 1871 – 1872
Hebrew calendar 5639 – 5640
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1934 – 1935
 - Shaka Samvat 1801 – 1802
 - Kali Yuga 4980 – 4981
Holocene calendar 11879
Iranian calendar 1257 – 1258
Islamic calendar 1296 – 1297
Japanese calendar Meiji 12
(明治12年)
Korean calendar 4212
Thai solar calendar 2422

January - June

  • January 1 - E. M. Forster, English writer (d. 1970)
  • January 3 - Grace Coolidge, First Lady of the United States (d. 1957)
  • January 10 - Bobby Walker, Hearts and Scotland Footballer, Record Cap Holder for 25 years(d. 1930)
  • January 12 - Ray Harroun, American race car driver (d. 1968)
  • January 13 - Melvin Jones, American founder of Lions Clubs International (d. 1961)
  • January 20 - Ruth St. Denis, dancer (d. 1968)
  • January 28 - Francis Picabia, French painter and poet (d. 1953)
  • February 22 - J. N. Brønsted, Danish chemist (d. 1947)
  • February 26 - Frank Bridge, English composer (d. 1941)
  • March 8 - Otto Hahn, German chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1968)
  • March 14 - Albert Einstein, German-born physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1955)
  • March 26 - Othmar Ammann, Swiss-born engineer (d. 1965)
  • March 27 - Edward Steichen, Luxembourgeois-born painter/photographer (d. 1973)
  • March 30 - Coen de Koning, Dutch speed skater (d. 1954)
  • April 16 - Gala Galaction, Romanian writer (d. 1961)
  • April 20 - Paul Poiret, French couturier (d. 1944)
  • April 26 - Owen Willans Richardson, British physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1959)
  • April 29 - Sir Thomas Beecham, English conductor (d. 1961)
  • May 6 - Bedřich Hrozny´, Czech orientalist and linguist (d. 1952)
  • May 17 - Simon Petlyura, Ukrainian independence fighter (d. 1926)
  • May 19
    • Nancy Astor, Viscountess Astor, American-born politician (d. 1964)
    • Viscount Waldorf Astor, British businessman and politician (d. 1952)
  • May 22 - Alla Nazimova, Ukrainian-born stage and film actress (d. 1945)
  • May 23 - Dezső Lauber, Hungarian sportsman (d. 1966)
  • May 25 - Max Aitken, 1st Baron Beaverbrook, Canadian-born statesman and newspaper publisher (d. 1964)
  • June 3 - Raymond Pearl, American biologist (d. 1940)
  • June 10 - Rafael Erich, Prime minister of Finland (d. 1946)

July - December

  • July 1 - Léon Jouhaux, French labor leader, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1954)
  • July 5 - Wanda Landowska, Polish harpsichordist (d. 1959)
  • July 22 - Janusz Korczak ( Henryk Goldszmit), Polish-Jewish children's author, pediatrician, and child pedagogist (possibly born in 1878) (d. 1942)
  • August 8 - Emiliano Zapata, Mexican revolutionary (d. 1919)
  • August 13 - John Ireland, English composer (d. 1962)
  • August 15 - Ethel Barrymore, stage & film actress (d. 1959)
  • August 21 - Claude Grahame White, British aviation pioneer, (d. 1959)
  • August 31 - Emperor Taishō, 123rd Emperor of Japan (d. 1926)
  • September 2 - An Jung-geun, assassin of the Japanese politician Ito Hirobumi (d. 1910)
  • September 6 - Joseph Wirth, Chancellor of Germany (d. 1956)
  • September 14 - Margaret Sanger, American birth control advocate (d. 1966)
  • September 15 - Joseph Lyons, the Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1939)
  • September 20 - Victor Sjöström, Swedish film actor and director (d. 1960)
  • September 25 - Lope K. Santos, Filipino writer, Father of Philippine National Language and Grammar, (d. 1963)
  • October 2 - Wallace Stevens, American poet (d. 1955)
  • October 3 - Warner Oland, Swedish-born actor (d. 1938)
  • October 5 - Francis Peyton Rous, American pathologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1970)
  • October 9 - Max von Laue, German physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1960)
  • October 21 - Joseph Canteloube, French composer and singer (d. 1957)
  • October 29 - Franz von Papen, Chancellor of Germany (d. 1969)
  • November 4 - Will Rogers, American humorist (d. 1935)
  • November 7 - Leon Trotsky, Russian revolutionary (d. 1940)
  • November 10
    • Vachel Lindsay, American poet (d. 1931)
    • Patrick Pearse, Irish patriot (d. 1916)
  • December 12 - Laura Hope Crews, stage & film actress (aunt PittyPat), (d. 1942)
  • November 26 - Charles W. Goddard, playwright and screenwriter (d. 1951)
  • December 4 - Nagai Kafu, Japanese writer (d. 1959)
  • December 10 - Jouett Shouse, American politician (d. 1968)
  • December 18 - Paul Klee, Swiss artist (d. 1940)
  • December 28 - Billy Mitchell, U.S. general and military aviation pioneer (d. 1936)
  • December 29 - Florence Mary Taylor, Australia's first female architect (d. 1969)
  • date unknown
    • Joseph Campbell, Northern Irish poet and lyricist (d. 1944)
    • Robert Wilson Lynd, Northern Irish essayist and writer (d. 1949)
    • Francis "Frank" Mcgee, ice hockey superstar (d. 1916, Battle of the Somme)

Deaths

January - June

  • January 8 - Baldomero Espartero, Prince of Vergara (b. 1793)
  • February 11 - Honoré Daumier, French caricaturist and painter (b. 1808)
  • February 23 - Albrecht Graf von Roon, Prime Minister of Prussia (b. 1803)
  • February 25 - Charles Peace, British criminal (executed) (b. 1832)
  • March 1 - Joachim Heer, Swiss politician (b. 1825)
  • March 2 - John Eberhard Faber, pencil manufacturer (b. 1822)
  • March 27
    • Hércules Florence, Brazilian photographer (b. 1804)
    • Prince Waldemar of Prussia (b. 1868)
  • March 30 - Thomas Couture, French painter and teacher (b. 1815)
  • April 30 - Sarah Josepha Hale, American author (b. 1788)
  • June 1 - Napoleon Eugene, Prince Imperial, son of French Emperor Napoleon III (b. 1856)

July - December

  • July 19 - Louis Favre, engineer
  • August 11 - George Willison Adams, Ohio abolitionist (b.1799)
  • August 30 - John Bell Hood, America Confederate general (b. 1831)
  • September 30 - Francis Gillette, politician (b. 1807)
  • November 5 - James Clerk Maxwell, Scottish physicist (b. 1831)
  • December 2 - Ferdinand Lindheimer, German-born botanist (b. 1801)
  • December 7 - Jón Sigurðsson, campaigner for Icelandic independence (b. 1811)