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1880

Related subjects Years

Centuries: 18th century - 19th century - 20th century
Decades: 1850s  1860s  1870s  - 1880s -   1890s   1700s   1910s
Years: 1877 1878 1879 - 1880 - 1881 1882 1883

Year 1880 (MDCCCLXXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar).

Events of 1880

January - March

  • February 2 - The first electric streetlight is installed in Wabash, Indiana.

April - June

July - September

  • July 1 - First performance of O Canada, the song that would become the national anthem of Canada.
  • July 16 - Dr. Emily Howard Stowe is the first woman licensed to practise medicine in Canada.
  • July 22 - The British recognize Abdur Rahman Khan as Emir of Afghanistan.
  • August 30 - First complete railroad trip made from Houston to New Orleans on the Texas and New Orleans Railroad.
  • September 5 - First successful test of an electric Tram in the world takes place in St. Petersburg, Russia.
  • September 16 - "Black Bart" ( Charles Bolles) robs the stage from Roseburg, Oregon to Yreka, California. This took place in Jackson County, Oregon. It is the farthest north Bart is known to have robbed.

October - December

  • October - Terrible winter storm in North America, the " Blizzard of 1880".
  • October 6 - The University of Southern California opens its doors to 53 students and 10 faculty.
  • October 15 - Mexican soldiers kill Victorio, one of the greatest Apache military strategists.
  • October 28 - The first stone was laid for the Clarkson Memorial in Wisbech.
  • November - James Garfield defeats Winfield S. Hancock in the U.S. presidential election.
  • November 4 - The first cash register was patented by James and John Ritty of Dayton, Ohio.
  • November 11 - Australian bushranger and bank robber Ned Kelly is hanged in Melbourne.
  • November 22 - Vaudeville actress Lillian Russell makes her debut at Tony Pastor's Theatre in New York City.
  • December 20 - Action at Bronkhorstspruit, the first major action of the First Boer War.
  • December 30 - The Transvaal becomes a republic and Paul Kruger becomes its first president.

Undated

  • Discovery of piezoelectricity by Pierre Curie and Jacques Curie.
  • Completion of Cologne cathedral.
  • Founding of Science by Thomas Edison.
  • Cocaine isolated.
  • Capuchin catacombs of Palermo are officially closed (there will be some burials afterwards).
  • Department of Scientific Temperance Instruction of the Women's Christian Temperance Union established.

Ongoing

  • Aceh War (1873-1704)
  • War of the Pacific (1879-1884)

Births

1880 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 1880
MDCCCLXXX
Ab urbe condita 2633
Armenian calendar 1329
ԹՎ ՌՅԻԹ
Bahá'í calendar 36 – 37
Berber calendar 2830
Buddhist calendar 2424
Burmese calendar 1242
Chinese calendar 4516/4576-11-20
( 己卯年十一月二十日)
— to —
4517/4577-12-1
( 庚辰年十二月初一日)
Coptic calendar 1596 – 1597
Ethiopian calendar 1872 – 1873
Hebrew calendar 5640 – 5641
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1935 – 1936
 - Shaka Samvat 1802 – 1803
 - Kali Yuga 4981 – 4982
Holocene calendar 11880
Iranian calendar 1258 – 1259
Islamic calendar 1297 – 1298
Japanese calendar Meiji 13
(明治13年)
Korean calendar 4213
Thai solar calendar 2423

January - June

  • January 6 - Tom Mix, American actor (d. 1940)
  • January 17 - Mack Sennett, Canadian director and producer (d. 1960)
  • January 26 - Douglas MacArthur, American general (d. 1964)
  • January 28 - Herbert Strudwick, English cricketer (d. 1970)
  • January 29 - W.C. Fields, American actor (d. 1946)
  • February 5 - Gabriel Voisin, French aviation pioneer (d. 1973)
  • February 8 - Franz Marc, German artist (d. 1916)
  • February 12
    • George Preca, 1st Maltese Saint (d. 1962)
    • John L. Lewis, American labor union leader (d. 1969)
  • February 21 - Waldemar Bonsels, German writer (d. 1952)
  • February 22 - Frigyes Riesz, Hungarian mathematician (d. 1956)
  • March 1 - Giles Lytton Strachey, British writer and biographer (d. 1932)
  • March 4 - Channing Pollock (writer), American playwright and critic (d. 1946)
  • March 10 - Bronco Billy Anderson, American actor (d. 1971)
  • March 11 - Harry H. Laughlin, American eugenicist (d. 1943)
  • March 22 - Kuniaki Koiso, Prime Minister of Japan (d. 1950)
  • March 23 - Heikki Ritavuori, Finnish Minister of Interior (d. 1922)
  • March 30 - Sean O'Casey, Irish writer (d. 1964)
  • April 13 - Charles Christie, Canadian-born film studio owner (d. 1955)
  • April 15 - Max Wertheimer, Father of Gestalt Theory (d. 1943)
  • April 18 - Sam Crawford, Baseball Hall of Famer (d. 1968)
  • May 6 - Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, German painter (d. 1938)
  • May 14 - B.C. Forbes, Scottish-born financial publisher (d. 1954)
  • May 21 - Tudor Arghezi, Romanian writer (d. 1967)
  • May 25
    • Jean Alexandre Barré, French neurologist (d. 1967)
    • Alf Common, English footballer (d. 1946)
  • May 29 - Oswald Spengler, German philosopher (d. 1936)
  • June 3 - Didier Bonvitesse, Belgian painter and sculptor (d. 1945)
  • June 6 - W. T. Cosgrave, Irish politician (d. 1965)
  • June 17 - Carl Van Vechten, American writer and photographer (d. 1964)
  • June 21 - Josiah Stamp, 1st Baron Stamp, British civil servant, industrialist and economist (d. 1941)
  • June 27 - Helen Keller, American spokeswoman for the deaf and blind (d. 1968)

July - December

  • July 5 - Jan Kubelík, Czech violinist (d. 1940)
  • July 21 - Milan Rastislav Štefánik, Slovak General, politician, and astronomer (d. 1919).
  • July 24
    • Ernest Bloch, Swiss-born composer (d. 1959)
    • Kristian Hellström, Swedish athlete (d. 1946)
  • August 6 - Hans Moser, Austrian actor (d. 1964)
  • August 8 - Earle Page, eleventh Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1961)
  • August 10 - Robert L. Thornton, American businessman, philanthropist, and mayor of Dallas, Texas (d. 1964)
  • August 22 - George Herriman, American cartoonist (d. 1944)
  • August 26 - Guillaume Apollinaire, French poet (d. 1918)
  • August 29 - Marie-Louise Meilleur, Canadian Woman, notable for living 117 years (d. 1998)
  • August 30 - Nikolai Astrup, Norwegian painter (d.1928)
  • August 31 - Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands (d. 1962)
  • September 12 - H. L. Mencken, American journalist (d. 1956)
  • September 14
    • Metropolitan Benjamin (Fedchenkov), Orthodox missionary and writer, Exarch of Russian Church in North America (d. 1961)
    • Archie Hahn, American athlete (d. 1955)
  • September 16 - Alfred Noyes, English poet (d. 1958)
  • September 22 - Christabel Pankhurst, English suffragette (d. 1958)
  • September 23 - John Boyd Orr, Scottish physician and biologist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1971)
  • September 24 - Sarah Knauss, American woman, notable for living 119 years (d. 1999)
  • October 23 - Una O'Connor, Irish actress (d. 1959)
  • November 1
    • Grantland Rice, American sportswriter (d. 1954)
    • Alfred Wegener, German scientist and meteoroligist (d. 1930)
  • November 2 - John Foulds, British classical music composer (d. 1939)
  • November 5 - Richard Oswald, Austrian film director (d. 1963)
  • November 6 - Robert Musil, Austrian novelist (d. 1942)
  • November 10 - Jacob Epstein, American-born sculptor (d. 1959)
  • November 25 - Elsie J. Oxenham, British children's novelist (d. 1960)
  • December 1 - Joseph Trumpeldor, Russian Zionist (d. 1920)
  • December 4 - Garfield Wood, American motorboat racer (d. 1971)
  • December 10 - Jessie Aspinall, Australian doctor, first female junior medical resident at the Royal Prince Alfred Hospital (d. 1953)
  • December 11 - Frank Tarrant, Australian cricketer (d. 1951)
  • December 24 - Johnny Gruelle, American cartoonist and children's book author (d. 1938)
  • December 31 - George Marshall, United States Secretary of State, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1959)
  • date unknown
    • William J. Simmons, Founder of the second Ku Klux Klan (d. 1945)
    • Reginald Farrer, English botanist (d. 1920)
    • Li Shutong, Chinese artist and art teacher (d. 1942)

Deaths

January - June

  • January 4
    • Anselm Feuerbach, German painter (b. 1829)
    • Marthe Camille Bachasson, Count of Montalivet, French statesman (b. 1801)
  • January 8 - Joshua A. Norton, self-anointed Emperor Norton I of the United States of America (b. 1811)
  • January 14 - Frederick VIII, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein (b. 1829)
  • January 12 - Ida, Countess von Hahn-Hahn, author (b. 1805)
  • January 20 - Captain Moonlite, Australian bushranger (b. 1842) (hanged)
  • January 31 - Adolphe Granier de Cassagnac, French politician (b. 1806)
  • April 23 - Raden Saleh, Indonesian painter (b. 1807)
  • March 14 - Pagan Min, King of Ava (b. 1811)
  • March 31 - Henryk Wieniawski, Polish composer (b. 1835)
  • May 4 - Edward Clark, Confederate Governor of Texas (b. 1815)
  • May 8 - Gustave Flaubert, French novelist (b. 1821)
  • May 20 - Károly Alexy, Hungarian sculptor (b. 1816)
  • June 8 - Maria Alexandrovna (Marie of Hesse), Empress Consort of Czar Alexander II of Russia (b. 1824)
  • June 28 - Texas Jack Omohundro, American frontier scout, actor, and cowboy (b. 1846)

July - December

  • July 7 - Lydia Maria Child, American novelist and abolitionist (b. 1802)
  • July 17 - Tomasz Chołodecki, Polish political activist (b. 1813)
  • July 21 - Hiram Walden, American politician (b. 1800)
  • August 15 - Adelaide Neilson, English actress (b. 1847)
  • August 17 - Ole Bull, Norwegian violinist (b. 1810)
  • August 24 - Chief Ouray, Native American leader (b. c. 1833)
  • October - Victorio, Apache chief
  • October 4 - Jacques Offenbach, German-born composer (b. 1819)
  • November 11 - Ned Kelly, Australian bush ranger (hanged) (b. c. 1855)
  • November 28 - Aires de Ornelas e Vasconcelos, ( Portuguese) Archbishop of Goa (b. 1837)
  • December 22 - George Eliot, English writer (b. 1819)