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1882

Related subjects Years

Centuries: 18th century - 19th century - 20th century
Decades: 1850s  1860s  1870s  - 1880s -   1890s   1700s   1910s
Years: 1879 1880 1881 - 1882 - 1883 1884 1885

Year 1882 (MDCCCLXXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar).

Events

January - March

  • January 2 - John D. Rockefeller unites his oil holdings into the Standard Oil trust.
  • February 2 - The Knights of Columbus are formed in New Haven, Connecticut.
  • February 3 - P. T. Barnum purchases the elephant Jumbo.
  • February 14 - Llanelli Conservative Association is founder of
  • March 2 - Roderick Maclean fails to assassinate Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom.
  • March 20 - British gunboats enter Monrovia, with Arthur Havelock demanding that Liberia cede disputed territory to the British colony of Sierra Leone.
  • March 22 - Polygamy is made a felony by the Edmunds Act as passed by U.S. Congress.
  • March 24 - Robert Koch announces the discovery of the bacterium responsible for tuberculosis ( Mycobacterium tuberculosis).
  • March 28 - Republican Jules Ferry makes primary education in France free, non-clerical (laique) and obligatory.
  • March 29 - The Knights of Columbus are established.
  • March - Mirza Ghulam Ahmad of Qadian claims to be the 'Reformer of Islam or Majaddid' of the Muslim 14th century.

April - June

  • April 3 - Old West outlaw Jesse James is shot in the back and killed by Robert Ford.
  • April 19 - British naturalist Charles Darwin, the originator of the concept of natural selection, dies at his home, Down House in Kent, England, aged 73.
  • May 2 - Charles Stewart Parnell is released.
  • May 6
    • "Invincibles", militant Irish republicans kill Lord Frederick Cavendish, chief secretary for Ireland and permanent undersecretary T.H. Burke in Phoenix Park, Dublin;
    • Chinese Exclusion Act - the first important law which restricted immigration into the USA.
  • May 20 - Triple Alliance between Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy.
  • June 6
    • A cyclone in the Arabian Sea causes flooding in Bombay harbour, leaving about 100,000 dead.
    • The Shewan forces of Menelik defeat the Gojjame army in the Battle of Embabo.
  • June 11 - Urabi Revolt, Egypt. Popular revolt in Egypt against the Khedive and European influence in that country.
  • June 30 - Assassin Charles Guiteau is hanged.

July - September

  • July 11 - British troops occupy Alexandria and the Suez Canal.
  • July 26 - Boers establish the republic of Stellaland in southern Africa.
  • July 31 - Foundation of the Hebrew Moshava of Rishon Le-Zion
  • August 3 - The US Congress passed the 1882 Immigration Act.
  • August 5 - Standard Oil of New Jersey is established.
  • August 20 - Piotr Ilyitch Tchaikovsky's " 1812 Overture" debuts in Moscow.
  • September 5 - The first United States Labor Day parade is held in New York City.
  • September 13 - British troops occupy Cairo, Egypt becomes British protectorate in the 1882 Anglo-Egyptian War.

October - December

  • October 5 - The Society for Ethical Culture of Chicago - (currently the Ethical Humanist Society of Chicago) founded by Felix Adler.
  • October 7 - Glentoran F.C. played their very first game of Association Football against Mountavon at Ormeau Park, Belfast
  • October 14 - University of the Punjab is founded in present day Pakistan.
  • October 16 - The Nickel Plate Railroad opens for business.
  • November 16 - Royal Navy HMS Flirt destroys Abari village in Niger.
  • December 6 - Last transit of the planet Venus until 2004.
  • December - Zichron Yaakov founded in Northern Israel.

Undated

  • Nikola Tesla conceives rotating magnetic field principle and uses it to invent the alternating current generator/motor.
  • First International Polar Year, an international scientific program.
  • Ferdinand von Lindemann publishes his proof of the transcendentality of pi.
  • Married Women's Property Act 1882 in Britain enables women to buy, own and sell property and to keep their own earnings.
  • Zulu king Cetshwayo returns to South Africa.
  • Peace treaty is signed between Paraguay and Uruguay.
  • The British Chartered Institute of Patent Agents is founded (now called Chartered Institute of Patent Attorneys).
  • Personal Liberty League is established to oppose temperance movement in United States.
  • Carolyn Merrick is elected president of the Woman's Christian Temperance Union.
  • St Andrew's Ambulance Association is established in Glasgow, Scotland.
  • St. John Ambulance is established in Canada
  • Waterloo Rugby Club is founded.
  • Tottenham Hotspur F.C. is founded (as Hotspur F.C.)
  • Albion Rovers F.C. were founded with the amalgamation of two Coatbridge clubs Albion and Rovers.
  • Redruth Mining School is founded
  • Queens Park Rangers F.C. is founded.
  • Creation of Thames Ditton Lawn Tennis Club.
  • Burnley F.C. are founded.

Births

1882 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 1882
MDCCCLXXXII
Ab urbe condita 2635
Armenian calendar 1331
ԹՎ ՌՅԼԱ
Bahá'í calendar 38 – 39
Berber calendar 2832
Buddhist calendar 2426
Burmese calendar 1244
Chinese calendar 4518/4578-11-12
( 辛巳年十一月十二日)
— to —
4519/4579-11-22
( 壬午年十一月廿二日)
Coptic calendar 1598 – 1599
Ethiopian calendar 1874 – 1875
Hebrew calendar 5642 – 5643
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1937 – 1938
 - Shaka Samvat 1804 – 1805
 - Kali Yuga 4983 – 4984
Holocene calendar 11882
Iranian calendar 1260 – 1261
Islamic calendar 1299 – 1300
Japanese calendar Meiji 15
(明治15年)
Korean calendar 4215
Thai solar calendar 2425

January - June

  • January 6
  • January 17 - Noah Beery, American actor (d. 1946)
  • January 18 - A. A. Milne, British author (d. 1956)
  • January 25 - Virginia Woolf, English writer (d. 1941)
  • January 30 - Franklin Delano Roosevelt, 32nd President of the United States (d. 1945)
  • February 1 - Louis Stephen St. Laurent, twelfth Prime Minister of Canada (d. 1973)
  • February 2 - James Joyce, Irish author (d. 1941)
  • February 4 - E. J. Pratt, Canadian poet born Newfoundland (d. 1964)
  • February 15 - John Barrymore, American actor (d. 1942)
  • February 22 - Eric Gill, British sculptor and writer (d. 1940)
  • February 26 - Husband E. Kimmel, American admiral (d. 1968)
  • February 28 - Geraldine Farrar, American soprano (d. 1967)
  • March 6 - F. Burrall Hoffman, American architect {d. 1980)
  • March 14 - Waclaw Sierpinski, Polish mathematician (d. 1969)
  • March 15 - Jim Lightbody, American runner (d. 1953)
  • March 18 - Gian Francesco Malipiero, Italian composer (d. 1973)
  • March 23 - Emmy Noether, German mathematician (d. 1935)
  • March 26 - Hermann Obrecht, Swiss Federal Councilor (d. 1940)
  • March 30 - Melanie Klein, Viennese Child Psychoanalyst (d. 1960)
  • April 4 - Kurt von Schleicher, Chancellor of Germany (d. 1934)
  • April 17 - Artur Schnabel, Polish pianist (d. 1951)
  • April 18
    • Isabel J. Cox, wife of Canadian prime minister Arthur Meighen (d. 1985)
    • Leopold Stokowski, English conductor (d. 1977)
    • Monteiro Lobato, Brazilian writer (d. 1948)
  • April 19 - Getúlio Vargas, president of Brazil (d. 1954)
  • April 21 - Percy Williams Bridgman, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1961)
  • April 29 - H.N. Werkman, Dutch artist and printer (d. 1945)
  • May 6 - Crown Prince Wilhelm of Germany, heir of Kaiser Wilhelm II (d. 1951)
  • May 9
    • Henry J. Kaiser, American industrialist (d. 1967)
    • George Barker, American painter (d. 1965)
  • May 13 - Georges Braque, French painter (d. 1963)
  • May 19 - Mohammed Mossadegh, Iranian prime minister (d. 1967)
  • May 20 - Sigrid Undset, Norwegian writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1949)
  • May 30 - Wyndham Halswelle, British runner (d. 1915)
  • June 9 - Bobby Kerr, Canadian sprinter (d. 1963)
  • June 15 - Ion Antonescu, Romanian prime minister and dictator (d. 1946)
  • June 17

July - December

  • July 8 - Percy Aldridge Grainger, Australian Composer (d. 1962)
  • July 22 - Edward Hopper, American painter (d. 1967)
  • July 25 - George S. Rentz, United States Navy Chaplain and Navy Cross winner (d. 1942)
  • August 14 - Gisela Richter, English art historian (d. 1972)
  • August 17 - Samuel Goldwyn, Hollywood movie mogul (d. 1974)
  • August 25 - Seán T. O'Kelly, second President of Ireland (d. 1966)
  • August 26 - James Franck, German-born physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1964)
  • September- Ma Rainey, blues singer (d. 1939)
  • September 13 - Ramón Grau, Cuban president (d. 1969)
  • September 19 - Christopher Stone, first disc jockey in the United Kingdom (d. 1965)
  • October 3 - A. Y. Jackson, Canadian painter (d. 1974)
  • October 5 - Robert Goddard, American rocket scientist (d. 1945)
  • October 6 - Karol Szymanowski, Polish composer (d. 1937)
  • October 14 - Éamon de Valera, Taoiseach and third President of Ireland (d. 1975)
  • October 14 - Charlie Parker, English cricketer (d. 1959)
  • October 20 - Béla Lugosi, Hungarian born actor (d. 1956)
  • October 25 - Florence Easton, English opera soprano (d. 1955)
  • November 11 - King Gustav VI Adolf of Sweden (d. 1973)
  • November 15 - Felix Frankfurter, Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court (d. 1965)
  • December 9 - Joaquín Turina, Spanish composer (d. 1949)
  • December 11
    • Subramanya Bharathy, Tamil Indian poet (d. 1921)
    • Max Born, German physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1970)
  • December 16
    • Zoltán Kodály, Hungarian composer (d. 1967)
    • Jack Hobbs, English cricketer (d. 1963)
  • December 31 - Martin O'Meara, Australian soldier (d. 1935)

Deaths

January - June

  • January 7 - Ignacy Lukasiewicz, Polish pharmacist and inventor of the first method of distilling kerosene from seep oil, creator of first oil lamp (b. 1822)
  • January 13 - Juraj Dobrila, Croatian bishop (b. 1812)
  • February 6 - J. J. McCarthy, Irish architect (b. 1817)
  • March 9 - Giovanni Lanza, politician (b. 1810)
  • March 24 - Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, American author (b. 1807)
  • April 3 - Jesse James, American Western outlaw (b. 1847)
  • April 10 - Dante Gabriel Rossetti, English poet and painter (b. 1828)
  • April 17 - George Jennings Sanitary engineer (b. 1801
  • April 19 - Charles Darwin, British naturalist (b. 1809)
  • April 27 - Ralph Waldo Emerson, American philosopher and writer (b. 1803)
  • June 2 - Giuseppe Garibaldi, Italian patriot (b. 1807)
  • June 3 - Christian Wilberg, German painter (b. 1839)
  • June 25
    • François Jouffroy, French sculptor (b. 1806)
    • Mikhail Skobelev, Russian general (b. 1843)

July - December

  • July 4 - Joseph Brackett, Shaker religious leader and composer (b. 1797)
  • July 16 - Mary Todd Lincoln, First Lady of the United States (b. 1818)
  • July 20 - Fanny Parnell, poet and founder of the Ladies' Land League (b. 1848)
  • September 8 - Joseph Liouville, French mathematician (b. 1809)
  • November 7 - Julius Hübner, painter (b. 1806)
  • November 14 - Billy Claiborne, gunfighter (b. 1860)
  • December 3 - Archibald Campbell Tait, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1811)
  • December 6
    • Alfred Escher, Swiss politician, railroad entrepreneur (b. 1819)
    • Louis Blanc, French politician and historian (b. 1811)
  • December 18 - Henry James Sr., American theologian (b. 1811)
  • December 21 - Francesco Hayez, painter (b. 1791)
  • December 31 - Léon Gambetta, French statesman (b. 1838)