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1887

Related subjects Years

Centuries: 18th century - 19th century - 20th century
Decades: 1850s  1860s  1870s  - 1880s -   1890s   1700s   1910s
Years: 1884 1885 1886 - 1887 - 1888 1889 1890

Year 1887 (MDCCCLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar).

Events of 1887

January - March

Jan.6: Menelik II
Jan.6: Menelik II
  • January 6 - `Abd-allah II of Harar opens the Battle of Chelenqo with an attack on the camp of the Shewan army of Negus Menelik II early in the morning; prepared for the assault, the Negus orders a counter-attack which routs the enemy, resulting in the capture of Harar a few days later.
  • January 11 - Louis Pasteur's anti-rabies treatment is defended in the French Academy of Medicine by Dr. Joseph Grancher.
  • January 20 - The United States Senate allows the Navy to lease Pearl Harbour as a naval base.
  • January 21
    • The Amateur Athletic Union (AAU) is formed.
    • Brisbane receives a daily rainfall of 465 millimetres - a record for any Australian capital city.
March 3: Helen Keller and Sullivan.
March 3 Helen Keller and Sullivan.
  • January 24 - Battle of Dogali: Abyssinian troops defeat Italians.
  • January 28 - In a snowstorm at Fort Keogh, Montana, USA, the largest snowflakes on record are reported. They are 15 inches (38cm) wide and 8 inches (20cm) thick.
  • February 2 - In Punxsutawney, Pennsylvania, the first Groundhog Day is observed.
  • February 5 - The Giuseppe Verdi opera Otello premieres at La Scala.
  • February 8 - Dawes Act or General Allotment Act was made.
  • February 23 - The French Riviera is hit by a large earthquake, killing around 2,000 along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea.
  • February 26 - At the SCG, George Lohmann becomes the first bowler to take eight wickets in a Test innings.
  • March 3 - Anne Sullivan begins teaching Helen Keller.
March 4: Daimler
March 4: Daimler
  • March 4 - Gottlieb Daimler unveils his first automobile.
  • March 7 - North Carolina State University is established as North Carolina College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts.
  • March 13 - Chester Greenwood patents earmuffs.
  • March 19 - Henry Cogswell College established by Henry D. Cogswell.



April - June

June 23:  Banff National Park.
June 23: Banff National Park.
  • April 4 - Argonia, Kansas elects Susanna M. Salter as the first female mayor in the United States.
  • May 3 - Earthquake in Sonora, Mexico.
  • May 9 - Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show opens in London.
  • May 14 - The cornerstone was laid for building new Stanford University, in northern California (opened in 1891).
  • June 8 - Herman Hollerith receives a patent for his punch card calculator.
  • June 18 - The Reinsurance Treaty is closed between Germany and Russia.
  • June 21 - Britain celebrates a Golden Jubilee, marking the 50th year of Queen Victoria's reign.
  • June 23 - The Rocky Mountains Park Act becomes law in Canada, creating that nation's first national park, Banff National Park.
  • June 28 - Minot, North Dakota is incorporated as a city.


July 26: Esperanto
July 26 Esperanto

July - September

  • July 12 - Odense Boldklub, Danish footballteam was founded as Odense Cricketclub.
  • July 26 - L. L. Zamenhof publishes "Dr. Esperanto's International Tongue".
  • July 27 - Giuseppe Peano marries Carola Crosio.
  • August - U.S. National Institutes of Health is founded at the Marine Hospital, Staten Island, NY, as the Laboratory of Hygiene.
  • August 13 - Hibernian FC defeat Preston North End to become undisputed champions of the World through the dominance of these two teams in their respective countries.
  • September 5 - Theatre Royal, Exeter, England burns down, 186 people killed.

October - December

November: Michelson-Morley.
November: Michelson-Morley.
  • October 1 - British Empire takes over Balochistan.
  • November - Results of the Michelson-Morley experiment are published, indicating that the speed of light is independent of motion.
  • November 3 - Associação Académica de Coimbra, students' union of the University of Coimbra in Portugal, was founded.
  • November 10
    • Louis Lingg, sentenced to be hanged for his alleged role in the Haymarket Riot bomb, kills himself by dynamite
    • In London, police and left-wing demonstrators clash. One dead. One of the participants is George Bernard Shaw.
  • November 11 - August Spies, Albert Parsons, Adolph Fischer, George Engel, Michael Schwab, and Samuel Fielden hanged for inciting riot and murder in the Haymarket Riot of May 4, 1886.
  • November 13 - Bloody Sunday, Police clash with pro-Irish independence protesters.
  • December 25 - Glenfiddich single malt Scotch whisky first ran from the stills of Glenfiddich Distillery. The whisky is still produced today by William Grant & Sons.

Undated

Yellow River flood kills 900,000 people living along its banks.
Yellow River flood kills 900,000 people living along its banks.
Heinrich Hertz.
Heinrich Hertz.
  • Teachers College, later part of Columbia University, is founded.
  • Thomas Stevens is 1st man to bicycle around the world.
  • Gramophone is patented by Emile Berliner.
  • The New Gate is built in Jerusalem.
  • Comptometer patented by Dorr Eugene Felt.
  • The first All-Ireland Hurling and Football Finals are held.
  • Japan annexes Iwo Jima.
  • Zululand becomes a British colony.
  • Yellow river floods in China: 900,000 dead.
  • Construction of Spandau Prison in Berlin is completed.
  • Heinrich Hertz discovers electromagnetism.
  • US congress passes the Interstate Commerce Act.
  • Adolf Eugen Fick invents the contact lens, made of a type of brown glass.
  • A. G. Edwards founded by General Albert Gallatin Edwards

Births

1887 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 1887
MDCCCLXXXVII
Ab urbe condita 2640
Armenian calendar 1336
ԹՎ ՌՅԼԶ
Bahá'í calendar 43 – 44
Berber calendar 2837
Buddhist calendar 2431
Burmese calendar 1249
Chinese calendar 4523/4583-12-8
( 丙戌年十二月初八日)
— to —
4524/4584-11-17
( 丁亥年十一月十七日)
Coptic calendar 1603 – 1604
Ethiopian calendar 1879 – 1880
Hebrew calendar 5647 – 5648
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1942 – 1943
 - Shaka Samvat 1809 – 1810
 - Kali Yuga 4988 – 4989
Holocene calendar 11887
Iranian calendar 1265 – 1266
Islamic calendar 1304 – 1305
Japanese calendar Meiji 20
(明治20年)
Korean calendar 4220
Thai solar calendar 2430

January - June

  • January 1 - Wilhelm Canaris, head of German military intelligence in World War II (d. 1945)
  • January 3 - August Macke, German painter (d. 1914)
  • January 10 - Robinson Jeffers, American poet (d. 1962)
  • January 19 - Alexander Woollcott, American intellectual (d. 1943)
  • January 21 - Maude Davis, Oldest Person in the World (d. 2002)
  • January 22 - Helen Hoyt, American poet (d. 1972)
  • January 23 - Dorothy Payne Whitney, American-born philanthropist and social activist (d. 1968)
  • January 28 - Arthur Rubinstein, Polish-born pianist and conductor (d. 1982)
  • February 1 - Charles Nordhoff, English-born author (d. 1947)
  • February 2 - Pat Sullivan, Australian director and producer of animated films (d. 1933)
  • February 3 - Georg Trakl, Austrian poet (d. 1914)
  • February 4 - Sheila Kaye-Smith, English writer (d. 1955)
  • February 6 - Josef Frings, Archbishop of Cologne (d. 1978)
  • February 10 - John Franklin Enders, American scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1985)
  • February 11
    • Ernst Hanfstängl, German-born pianist and U.S. politician (d. 1975)
    • John van Melle, Dutch-born writer (d. 1953)
  • February 17 - Leevi Madetoja, Finnish composer (d. 1947)
  • February 20 - Vincent Massey, Governor-General of Canada (d. 1967)
  • February 26
    • Grover Cleveland Alexander, baseball player (d. 1950)
    • William Frawley, American actor (d. 1966)
  • March 4 - Violet MacMillan, American Broadway theatre actress (d. 1953)
  • March 5 - Heitor Villa-Lobos, Brazilian composer (d. 1959)
  • March 9 - Phil Mead, English cricketer (d. 1958)
  • March 14 - Sylvia Beach, American publisher in Paris (d. 1952)
  • March 14 - Charles Reisner, American silent actor and film director (d. 1962)
  • March 22 - Chico Marx, American comedian and actor (d. 1961)
  • March 23 - Juan Gris, Spanish-born painter and graphic artist (d. 1927)
  • March 23 - Prince Felix Yussupov, Russian assassin of Rasputin (d. 1967)
  • March 24 - Fatty Arbuckle, American actor (d. 1933)
  • April 10 - Bernardo Houssay, Argentine physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1971)
  • April 15 - Mike Brady, American golfer (d. 1972)
  • May 2 - Eddie Collins, baseball player (d. 1951)
  • May 5 - Geoffrey Fisher, Archbishop of Canterbury (d. 1972)
  • May 10 - Mir Ghotbeddin Mohammad Angha, 40th master of Oveyssi Sufi order (d. 1962)
  • May 11 - Paul Wittgenstein, Austrian-born pianist (d. 1951)
  • May 25 - Pio of Pietrelcina, Italian saint (d. 1968)
  • May 26 - Paul Lukas, Hungarian-born actor (d. 1971)
  • May 31 - Saint-John Perse, French diplomat and writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1975)
  • June 2 - Orrick Johns, American poet and playwright (d. 1946)
  • June 22 - Julian Huxley, British biologist (d. 1975)
  • June 25 - George Abbott, American playwright (d. 1995)

July - December

  • July 7 - Marc Chagall, Russian-born painter (d. 1985)
  • July 16 - Shoeless Joe Jackson, baseball player (d. 1951)
  • July 18 - Vidkun Quisling, Norwegian politician and traitor (d. 1945)
  • July 22 - Gustav Hertz, German physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1975)
  • July 28 - Marcel Duchamp, French-born artist (d. 1968)
  • July 29 - Sigmund Romberg, Hungarian-born composer (d. 1951)
  • August 3 - Rupert Brooke, British war poet (d. 1915)
  • August 12 - Erwin Schrödinger, Austrian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1961)
  • August 13 - Julius Freed, American inventor and banker (d. 1952)
  • August 15 - Edna Ferber, American novelist (d. 1968)
  • August 17
    • Emperor Karl I of Austria (d. 1922)
    • Marcus Garvey, American publisher, entrepreneur, and Pan Africanist (d. 1940)
  • August 24 - Harry Hooper, baseball player (d. 1974)
  • September 1 - Blaise Cendrars, Swiss writer (d. 1961)
  • September 3 - Frank Christian, American jazz musician (d. 1973)
  • September 13
    • Lavoslav Ružička, Croatian chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1976)
    • Kamato Hongo, last verified living person born in 1887. (d. 2003)
  • September 16 - Nadia Boulanger, French composer and composition teacher (d. 1979)
  • September 26 - Edwin Keppel Bennett, British writer (d. 1958)
  • September 28 - Avery Brundage, American sports official (d. 1975)
  • October 1 - Violet Jessop, RMS Titanic survivor (d. 1971)
  • October 5 - René Cassin, French judge, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1976)
  • October 6 - Le Corbusier, Swiss architect (d. 1965)
  • October 8 - Huntley Gordon, Canadian-born actor (d. 1956)
  • October 22 - John Reed, American journalist (d. 1920)
  • October 31 - Chiang Kai-shek, 1st ~ 5th President of the Republic of China (d. 1975)
  • November 1 - L. S. Lowry, English painter (d.1976)
  • November 6 - Walter Johnson, baseball player (d. 1946)
  • November 10 - Arnold Zweig, German writer (d. 1968)
  • November 15 - Georgia O'Keeffe, American Woman Painter (d.1986)
  • November 17 - Bernard Montgomery, World War II British commander (d. 1976)
  • November 19 - James B. Sumner, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1955)
  • November 23 - Boris Karloff, English actor (d. 1967)
  • December 12 - Kurt Atterberg, Swedish composer (d. 1974)
  • December 13 - Alvin Cullum York, American war hero during World War I (d. 1964)
  • December 22 - Srinivasa Aaiyangar Ramanujan, Indian mathematician (d. 1920)
  • date unknown - Pauline Sabin, American activist for repeal of prohibition in U.S. (d. 1955)

Deaths

January - June

  • February 26 - Anandi Gopal Joshi, first Indian woman doctor (b. 1865)
  • February 27 - Alexander Borodin, Russian composer (b. 1833)
  • March 8 - Henry Ward Beecher, American clergyman and reformer (b. 1813)
  • March 24 - Ivan Kramskoi, painter (b. 1837)
  • March 28 - Ditlev Gothard Monrad, Danish politician (b. 1811)
  • April 23 - John Ceiriog Hughes, Welsh poet (b. 1832)
  • May 8 - Aleksandr Ulyanov, Russian revolutionary, brother of V. I. Lenin (b. 1866)
  • May 14 - Lysander Spooner, American philosopher and abolitionist (b. 1808)
  • June 10 - Richard Lindon, Inventor of the Rugby Ball, the India-rubber inflatable bladder and the Brass Hand Pump for the same (b. 1816)

July - December

  • July 8 - John Wright Oakes, Landscape painter (b. 1820)
  • July 17 - Dorothea Dix, American social activist (b. 1802)
  • July 25 - John Taylor, American religious leader (b. 1808)
  • August 8 - Alexander William Doniphan, American lawyer and soldier (b. 1808)
  • August 19 - Alvan Clark, telescope manufacturer (b. 1804)
  • August 20 - Jules Laforgue, French poet (b. 1860)
  • October 17 - Gustav Kirchhoff, German physicist (b. 1824)
  • October 21 - Bernard Jauréguiberry, admiral (b. 1815)
  • November 2 - Jenny Lind, Swedish soprano (b. 1820)
  • November 8 - Doc Holliday, American gambler and gunfighter (b. 1851)
  • November 19 - Emma Lazarus, American poet (b. 1859)
  • November 28 - Gustav Fechner, experimental psychologist (b. 1801)
  • December 5 - Eliza Roxcy Snow, American poet (b. 1804)