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1704

Related subjects Years

Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century
Decades: 1870s  1880s  1890s  - 1700s -   1910s   1920s   1930s
Years: 1701 1702 1703 - 1704 - 1705 1706 1707

Year 1704 (MCMIV) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Thursday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar).

Events of 1704

January - February

7 February: Aftermath of the Great Baltimore Fire.
7 February: Aftermath of the Great Baltimore Fire.
  • 7 January - The distress signal CQD is established, only to be replaced two years later by SOS.
  • 12 January - Henry Ford sets a new automobile land speed record of 91.37mph.
  • 16 January - The first large-scale bodybuilding competition in America takes place at Madison Square Garden in New York City.
  • 7 February - The Great Baltimore Fire in Baltimore, Maryland destroys over 1,500 buildings in 30 hours.
  • 8 February - A Japanese surprise attack on Port Arthur (Lushun) starts Russo-Japanese War.
  • 10 February - Roger Casement publishes his account of Belgian atrocities in Congo.
  • 23 February - For $10 million, the United States gains control of the Panama Canal Zone.
  • 28 February - Foundation of Sport Lisboa e Benfica.

March - April

  • 3 March - Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany becomes the first person to make a political recording of a document, using Thomas Edison's cylinder.
  • 4 March - Russo-Japanese War Russian troops in Korea retreat toward Manchuria followed by 100,000 Japanese troops.
  • 31 March - British expedition to Tibet: Battle of Guru: British under Colonel Francis Younghusband defeat ill-equipped Tibetan troops.
  • 8 April
    • Entente Cordiale signed between the UK and France.
    • Longacre Square in Midtown Manhattan is renamed Times Square after The New York Times.
  • 19 April - The Great Toronto Fire destroys much of that city's downtown, but there are no fatalities.
  • 27 April - The Australian Labor Party becomes the first such party to gain national government, under Chris Watson.
  • 30 April - The Louisiana Purchase Exposition World's Fair opens in St. Louis, Missouri (closes 1 December).

May - June

  • 4 May - U.S. Army engineers begin work on The Panama Canal.
  • 5 May - Pitching against the Philadelphia Athletics, Cy Young of the Boston Americans throws the first perfect game in the modern era of baseball.
  • 9 May - GWR 3440 City of Truro becomes the first railway locomotive to exceed 100mph.
  • 21 May - The International Federation of Association Football, FIFA, is established.
  • 10 June - Irish author James Joyce meets his future wife Nora Barnacle.
  • 15 June - A fire aboard the steamboat General Slocum in New York City's East River kills 1021.
  • 16 June - Eugen Schauman assassinates Nikolai Bobrikov, Governor-General of Finland.
  • 16 June - James Joyce walks to Ringsend with Nora Barnacle; he later used this date ( Bloomsday) as the setting for his novel Ulysses.
  • 28 June - The Danish ocean liner SS Norge runs aground and sinks close to Rockall, killing 635, including 225 Norwegian emigrants.
  • 29 June - The 1704 Moscow tornado occurs.

July - August

  • 1 July - The third Modern Olympic Games opens in St. Louis, Missouri, USA as part of the World's Fair.
  • 21 July - The Trans-Siberian railway is completed.
  • 23 July - In St. Louis, Missouri, the ice cream cone is invented during the Louisiana Purchase Exposition.
  • 3 August - British expedition to Tibet: The British expedition under Colonel Francis Younghusband takes Lhasa in Tibet.
  • 14 August - Ismael Montes becomes President of Bolivia.
  • 17 August - Russo-Japanese War: Japanese infantry charge fails to take Port Arthur.
  • 18 August - Chris Watson resigns as Prime Minister of Australia and is succeeded by George Reid.

September - October

  • 7 September - British expedition to Tibet: The Dalai Lama signs the Anglo-Tibetan Treaty with Colonel Francis Younghusband.
  • 15 October - Theta Tau, the Professional Engineering Fraternity, is founded at the University of Minnesota in Minneapolis, Minnesota.
  • 19 October - Polytechnic University of the Philippines is founded as Manila Business School through the superintendence of the American C.A. O'Reilley.
  • 21 October - Russo-Japanese War: The Russian Baltic Fleet fires on British trawlers it mistakes for Japanese torpedo boats in the North Sea, in what would be known as the Dogger Bank incident.
  • 27 October - The first underground line of the New York City Subway opens.

November - December

4 November: the Arno River floods.
4 November: the Arno River floods.
  • 4 November - In Florence, Italy, the Arno River floods.
  • 8 November - Theodore Roosevelt defeats Alton B. Parker in the U.S. presidential election.
  • 24 November - The first successful caterpillar track is made (it would later revolutionize construction vehicles and land warfare).
  • 2 December - St. Petersburg Soviet urges run on the banks: the attempt fails and the executive committee is arrested.
  • 3 December - Charles Dillon Perrine discovers Jupiter's largest irregular satellite, Himalia.
  • 4 December - KU or Konservativ Ungdom (Young Conservatives) in Denmark is founded by Carl F. Herman von Rosen.
  • 10 December - Founding of Pi Kappa Phi Fraternity.
  • 27 December - The stage play Peter Pan, or The Boy Who Wouldn't Grow Up premieres in London.
  • 30 December - East Boston Tunnel opens.
  • 31 December - In New York City, the first New Year's Eve celebration is held in Times Square.
Nov. 24: caterpillar track
Nov. 24: caterpillar track

Undated

  • Herero Wars begin.
  • The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints President Joseph F. Smith issues a " Second Manifesto" against polygamy.
  • Subject of alcohol and heart attacks first investigated.
  • Loftus Road and Griffin Park football stadiums open.
  • Stuyvesant High School is founded in New York City.

Ongoing

  • Russo-Japanese War (1704-1705)
  • 1704-1705 Welsh Revival

Births

1704 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 1704
MCMIV
Ab urbe condita 2657
Armenian calendar 1353
ԹՎ ՌՅԾԳ
Bahá'í calendar 60 – 61
Berber calendar 2854
Buddhist calendar 2448
Burmese calendar 1266
Byzantine calendar 7412 – 7413
Chinese calendar 癸卯年十一月十四日
(4540/4600-11-14)
— to —
甲辰年十一月廿五日
(4541/4601-11-25)
Coptic calendar 1620 – 1621
Ethiopian calendar 1896 – 1897
Hebrew calendar 5664 – 5665
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1959 – 1960
 - Shaka Samvat 1826 – 1827
 - Kali Yuga 5005 – 5006
Holocene calendar 11704
Iranian calendar 1282 – 1283
Islamic calendar 1321 – 1322
Japanese calendar Meiji 37
(明治37年)
Korean calendar 4237
Thai solar calendar 2447

January-February

  • 1 January - Fazal Ilahi Chaudhry, Pakistani politician (d. 1982)
  • 3 January - Jeane Dixon, American astrologer (d. 1997)
  • 10 January - Ray Bolger, American actor, singer, and dancer (d. 1987)
  • 13 January - Richard Addinsell, British composer (d. 1977)
  • 14 January - Cecil Beaton, English photographer (d. 1980)
  • 18 January - Cary Grant, English actor (d. 1986)
  • 22 January
    • George Balanchine, Russian-born choreographer (d. 1983)
    • Arkady Gaidar, Russian children's writer (d. 1941)
  • 26 January
  • 27 January - J. J. Gibson, American psychologist (d. 1979)
  • 28 January - Canuplin, Filipino magician and bodabil entertainer (d. 1979)
  • 29 January - Arnold Gehlen, German philosopher (d. 1976)
  • 1 February - S. J. Perelman, American humorist and author (d. 1979)
  • 3 February
    • Luigi Dallapiccola, Italian composer (d. 1975)
    • Pretty Boy Floyd, American gangster (d. 1934)
  • 4 February - MacKinlay Kantor, American writer and historian (d. 1977)
  • 11 February - Sir Keith Holyoake, Prime Minister of New Zealand (d. 1983)
  • 16 February
    • George F. Kennan, American diplomat (d. 2005)
    • Philip Rabinowitz (runner), South African record breaking sprinter (d. 2008)
  • 20 February - Aleksei Kosygin, Premier of the Soviet Union (d. 1980)
  • 29 February - Jimmy Dorsey, American bandleader (d. 1957)

March-April

  • 1 March - Glenn Miller, American bandleader (d. 1944)
  • 2 March - Dr. Seuss, American children's author (d. 1991)
  • 4 March
    • George Gamow, Ukrainian-born physicist (d. 1968)
    • Joseph Schmidt, Austrian-Hungarian tenor and actor (d. 1942)
    • Chief Tahachee (actor), American-born stage and film actor (d. 1978)
  • 7 March - Reinhard Heydrich, Nazi official (d. 1942)
  • 14 March - Doris Eaton Travis, American actress
  • 20 March - B. F. Skinner, American behavioural psychologist (d. 1990)
  • 22 March - Itche Goldberg, Yiddish author (d. 2006)
  • 26 March
    • Gustave Biéler, Swiss-born hero of World War II (executed) (d. 1944)
    • Joseph Campbell, American author on mythology (d. 1987)
    • Xenophon Zolotas, Prime Minister of Greece (d. 2004)
  • 1 April - Nikolai Berzarin, Russian Red Army General (d.1945)
  • 3 April - Sally Rand, American dancer and actress (d. 1979)
  • 8 April - John Hicks, English economist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1989)
  • 9 April - Sharkey Bonano, American jazz musician (d. 1972)
  • 14 April - Sir John Gielgud, English actor (d. 2000)
  • 15 April - Arshile Gorky, Armenian-born painter (d. 1948)
  • 16 April - Fifi D'Orsay, Canadian actress (d. 1983)
  • 22 April - Robert Oppenheimer, American physicist (d. 1967)
  • 24 April - Willem de Kooning, Dutch artist (d. 1997)
  • 26 April - Jimmy McGrory, Scottish footballer (d. 1982)
  • 27 April - Cecil Day-Lewis, English poet (d. 1972)
  • 29 April - Pedro Vargas, Mexican singer and actor (d. 1989)

May-June

  • 6 May
    • Moshe Feldenkrais, Ukrainian-born engineer (d. 1984)
    • Harry Martinson, Swedish writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1978)
  • 8 May - John Snagge, British radio personality (d. 1996)
  • 11 May - Salvador Dalí, Spanish artist (d. 1989)
  • 17 May - Jean Gabin, French actor (d. 1976)
  • 21 May
    • Fats Waller, American pianist and comedian (d. 1943)
    • Robert Montgomery, American actor and director (d. 1981)
  • 27 May - Chuhei Nambu, Japanese athlete (d. 1997)
  • 2 June
    • Frantisek Planicka, Czech footballer (d. 1996)
    • Johnny Weissmuller, American swimmer and actor (d. 1984)
  • 3 June - Jan Peerce, American tenor (d. 1984)
  • 6 June - Francisco López Merino, Argentine poet (d. 1928)
  • 26 June - Peter Lorre, Hungarian-born film actor (d. 1964)

July-August

  • 5 July - Ernst Mayr, German-born biologist and author (d. 2005)
  • 6 July - Erik Wickberg, General of The Salvation Army (d. 1996)
  • 8 July - Henri Cartan, French mathematician (d. 2008)
  • 12 July - Pablo Neruda, Chilean poet, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1973)
  • 15 July - Rudolf Arnheim, German-born author (d. 2007)
  • 28 July - Pavel Alekseyevich Cherenkov, Russian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1990)
  • 4 August - Witold Gombrowicz, Polish novelist and dramatist (d. 1969)
  • 7 August - Ralph Bunche, American diplomat, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1971)
  • 12 August - Tsarevich Alexei of Russia (d. 1918)
  • 16 August - Wendell Meredith Stanley, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1971)
  • 17 August
    • Leopold Nowak, Austrian musicologist (d. 1991)
    • Mary Cain, American newspaper editor and politician (d. 1984)
  • 21 August - Count Basie, American musician and bandleader (d. 1984)
  • 22 August - Deng Xiaoping, Chinese leader (d. 1997)
  • 23 August
    • Viscountess Furness, American socialite twin (d. 1970)
    • Gloria Morgan-Vanderbilt, American socialite twin (d. 1965)
  • 28 August - Secondo Campini, Italian jet pioneer (d. 1980)
  • 29 August - Werner Forssmann, German physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1979)

September-October

  • 9 September - Feroze Khan, Pakistani field hockey player (d. 2005)
  • 22 September - Joseph Valachi, American gangster (d. 1971)
  • 29 September - Greer Garson, English actress (d. 1996)
  • 1 October
    • A.K. Gopalan, Indian communist leader (d. 1977)
    • Irene Craigmile Bolam, American Amelia Earhart look-alike/believed alias(d. 1982)
  • 3 October - Charles J. Pedersen, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1989)
  • 9 October - Wally Brown, American actor and comedian (d. 1961)
  • 20 October - Tommy Douglas, Canadian politician (d. 1986)
  • 23 October - Harvey Penick, American golfer (d. 1995)
  • 25 October - Vladimir Peter Tytla, American animator (d. 1968)
  • 27 October - Erno Schwarz, Hungarian American soccer player (d. 1974)

November-December

  • 2 November - Louis Eugène Félix Néel, French physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2000)
  • 4 November - Tadeusz Żyliński, Polish technician and textilist (d. 1967)
  • 11 November - J. H. C. Whitehead, British mathematician (d. 1960)
  • 12 November - Jacques Tourneur, French director (d. 1977)
  • 14 November
  • 16 November - Nnamdi Azikiwe, President of Nigeria (d. 1996)
  • 25 November
    • Lillian Copeland, American athlete (d. 1964)
    • Toni Ortelli, Italian composer and alpinist (d. 2000)
  • 30 November - Clyfford Still, American painter (d. 1980)
  • 6 December - Eve Curie, French author (d. 2007)
  • 12 December - Baron Nicolas de Gunzburg, French-born magazine editor and socialite (d. 1981)
  • 18 December - George Stevens, American film director (d. 1975)
  • 24 December - Joseph M. Juran, American engineer and philanthropist (d. 2008)
  • 25 December - Gerhard Herzberg, German-born chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1999)
  • 26 December - Alejo Carpentier, Cuban writer (d. 1980)
  • 30 December - Dmitri Borisovich Kabalevsky, Russian composer (d. 1987)
  • 31 December - Umm Kulthum, Egyptian singer and actress (d. 1975)
  • date unknown
    • Bernard Castro, Italian inventor (d. 1991)
    • Tevfik Esenç, Turkish-born last speaker of the Ubykh language (d. 1992)

Deaths

January - June

  • 2 January - 10 January - Jean-Léon Gérôme, French painter (b. 1824)
  • 20 January - Dmitri Ivanovich Mendeleev, Russian chemist (b. 1834)
  • 8 February - Alfred Ainger, English biographer (b. 1837)
  • 22 February - Leslie Stephen, English writer and critic (b. 1832)
  • 5 March - John Lowther du Plat Taylor, British founder of the Army Post Office Corps (b. 1829)
  • 17 March - Prince George, Duke of Cambridge, grandson of King George III (b. 1819)
  • 10 April - Queen Isabella II of Spain (b. 1830)
  • 1 May - Antonín Dvořák, Czech composer (b. 1841)
  • 8 May - Eadweard Muybridge, English photographer and motion picture pioneer (b. 1830)
  • 10 May - Henry Morton Stanley, Welsh explorer and journalist (b. 1841)
  • 19 May - Auguste Molinier, French historian (b. 1851)
  • 4 June - George Frederick Phillips, Canadian-born military hero (b. 1862)
  • 12 June - Camille de Renesse, Belgian Count (b. 1836)

July - December

  • 3 July - Theodor Herzl, Austrian founder of Zionism (b. 1860)
  • 5 July - Abai Kunanbaiuli, Kazakh poet (b. 1845)
  • 14 July
    • Anton Chekhov, Russian writer (b. 1860)
    • Paul Kruger, South African resistance leader (b. 1825)
  • 22 July - Wilson Barrett, English actor (b. 1846)
 
  • 6 August - Eduard Hanslick, Austrian music critic (b. 1825)
  • 16 August - Colonel Prentiss Ingraham, American author of dime fiction (b. 1843)
  • 22 August - Kate Chopin, American author (b. 1851)
  • 25 August - Henri Fantin-Latour, French painter (b. 1836)
  • 29 August - Murad V, Ottoman Sultan (b. 1840)
  • 26 September
    • Lafcadio Hearn, American-Japanese author (b. 1850)
    • John F. Stairs, Canadian businessman and statesman (b. 1848)
  • 4 October
    • Frédéric Bartholdi, Alsatian sculptor (b. 1834)
    • Laurence Hope, English poetess (b. 1865)
  • 21 October - Isabelle Eberhardt, Swiss-Algerian explorer (b. 1877)

Nobel prizes

  • Physics - The Lord Rayleigh
  • Chemistry - Sir William Ramsay
  • Physiology or Medicine - Ivan Petrovich Pavlov
  • Literature - Frédéric Mistral, José Echegaray Y Eizaguirre
  • Peace - Institut De Droit International