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1914

Related subjects Years

Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century
Decades: 1880s  1890s  1700s  - 1910s -   1920s   1930s   1940s
Years: 1911 1912 1913 - 1914 - 1915 1916 1917

Year 1914 (MCMXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar).

January-February

  • 5 January - Ford Motor Company announces an eight-hour workday and a minimum wage of $5 for a day's labor.
  • 9 January - Phi Beta Sigma Fraternity, Inc. founded at Howard University in Washington, D.C.
  • 10 January - Mexican Revolution - Pancho Villa's troops take Ojinaga in the Mexican state of Chihuahua.
  • 13 February - Copyright: In New York City the ASCAP (for American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers) is established to protect the copyrighted musical compositions of its members.
  • 26 February - HMHS Britannic, sister to the RMS Titanic, is launched at Harland & Wolff, Belfast.

March-April

  • 1 March - The Republic of China joins the Universal Postal Union.
  • 7 March - Prince William of Wied arrives in Albania to begin his reign.
  • 10 March - Suffragette Mary Richardson damages Velázquez painting Rokeby Venus in London's National Gallery with a meat chopper.
  • 16 March - Wife of French minister Joseph Caillaux shoots Gaston Calmette, the editor of Le Figaro because he threatened to publish Caillaux's love letters to her during his previous marriage. (She is later acquitted.)
  • 27 March - Belgian surgeon Albert Hustin makes the first successful non-direct blood transfusion, using anticoagulants.
  • 29 March - Katherine Routledge and her husband arrive in Easter Island to make the first true study of it (departs August 1915)
  • 9 April - The Tampico Affair results in the occupation of the Mexican port city of Veracruz for over six months.
  • 11 April - Alpha Rho Chi, a professional architecture fraternity, is founded in the Hotel Sherman in Chicago.
  • 14 April - The city of Irving, Texas is incorporated.
  • 20 April - Colorado coalfield Massacre or Ludlow Massacre. Colorado National guard attacks 1200 tent colony of striking coal miners in Ludlow - 24 people dead.
  • 21 April - 3000 US marines land in Vera Cruz, Mexico.
  • The American Radio Relay League is founded.

May-June

  • 9 May - J.T. Hearne becomes the first bowler to take 3000 first-class wickets.
  • 14 May - Woodrow Wilson signs Mother's Day proclamation.
  • 25 May - The United Kingdom's House of Commons passes Irish Home Rule.
  • 29 May - The ocean liner RMS Empress of Ireland sinks in Gulf of St. Lawrence; 1,012 lives lost.
  • 1 June - Woodrow Wilson's envoy Edward Mandell House meets with Kaiser Wilhelm II.
  • 18 June - Constitutionals take San Luis Potosí - Venustiano Carranza demands Victoriano Huerta's surrender
  • 23 June - Kiel Canal reopened (having been deepened) by the Kaiser; Visit of the British Fleet under Sir G. Warrender: Kaiser inspects the Dreadnought HMS King George V.
  • 28 June - Serb nationalist Gavrilo Princip assassinates Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria and his wife Duchess Sophie
  • 29 June
    • Austria-Hungary: Secretary of the Legation at Belgrade sends despatch to Vienna suggesting Serbian complicity in the crime of Sarajevo. Anti-Serb riots in Sarajevo and throughout Bosnia generally.
    • Chionya Gusyeva attempts and fails to assassinate Grigori Rasputin at his home town in Siberia.
  • 30 June - Great Britain - Addresses in Parliament on the murdered Archduke: Lords Crewe & Lansdowne in House of Lords; Messrs. Asquith & Law in Commons.

July

  • 2 July - Announcement that the German Kaiser will not attend the Archduke's funeral.
  • 4 July - Austria-Hungary: Funeral of the Archduke at Artstetten (50 miles west of Vienna).
  • 5 July - Council at Potsdam.
  • 6 July - The German Kaiser leaves Kiel for a cruise in Northern waters.
  • 7 July - Austria-Hungary: Council of Ministers, including Ministers for Foreign Affairs and War, Chief of General Staff and Naval Commander-in-Chief; Council lasts from 11.30 a.m. to 6.15 p.m.
  • 9 July
    • The House of Lords completed the recasting of the Amendment Bill.
    • Austria-Hungary - Emperor receives report of Austro-Hungarian investigation into the Sarajevo crime. The Times publishes account of Austro-Hungarian press campaign against the Serbians (who are described as "pestilent rats").
  • 10 July - Mr.Hartwig, Russian Minister to Serbia, dies suddenly at Austrian Legation in Belgrade.
  • 11 July - Baseball legend Babe Ruth makes his major league debut with the Red Sox
  • 12 July - Demonstrations in Ulster suggesting civil war.
  • 13 July - Reports of a projected Serbian attack upon the Austro-Hungarian Legation at Belgrade.
  • 14 July - Government of Ireland Amending Bill passed by House of Lords.
  • 15 July
    • Victoriano Huerta resigns and leaves for Colón.
    • Count Tisza makes statement in Hungarian chamber relations with Serbia: " they must be cleared up."
  • 18 July - The Signal Corps of the United States Army is formed, giving definite status to its air service for the first time. British Fleet at Spithead: reviewed by the King.
  • 19 July - Austria-Hungary - Press scare concerning alleged "Greater Serbia" conspiracy. The King summons a Conference to discuss the Home Rule Problem.
  • 27 July - Felix Manalo registers the Iglesia ni Cristo with the Filipino government.
  • 28 July - The Great War begins: Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia.

August

  • 1 August - Marcus Garvey in Jamaica founds Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA).
  • 1 August - Germany declares war on Russia, following Russia's military mobilization in support of Serbia.
  • 2 August
  • 3 August - Germany declares war on Russia's ally France.
  • 4 August - German troops invade neutral Belgium. Britain declares war on Germany. The United States declares neutrality.
  • 5 August - Montenegro declares war on Austria-Hungary.
  • 5 August - The first air raid in history; German zeppelins drop bombs on Liège, killing 9 civilians.
  • 5 August - 16 - The Battle of Liège
  • 8 August - German colonial forces execute Martin-Paul Samba for high treason.
  • 12 August - The Battle of Haelen
  • 15 August
    • The Panama Canal is inaugurated with the passage of the steamship SS Ancon.
    • Venustiano Carranza's troops under general Alvaro Obregon enter Mexico City.
    • Edward Elgar's Sospiri, a moving adagio for strings and harp, first performed in London
  • 16 August- 19 - The Battle of Cer, first Entente victory in World War I
  • 17 August- 2 September - World War I: Battle of Tannenberg.
  • 20 August - World War I German forces occupy Brussels. Pope Pius X dies.
  • 23 August - Japan declares war on Germany.
  • 26 August- 27 - The Battle of Le Cateau.
  • 28 August - The Battle of Heligoland - British cruisers under admiral Beatty sink three German cruisers.
Pope Benedict XV, the new Pope
Pope Benedict XV, the new Pope
  • 29 August- 30 - The Battle of St. Quentin.

September

  • 1 September - St. Petersburg, Russia changes its name to "Petrograd."
  • 2 September - Moronvilliers occupied by the Germans.
  • 3 September
    • Pope Benedict XV (Giacomo della Chiesa) succeeds Pope Pius X as the 258th pope.
    • William, Prince of Albania leaves the country after just six months due to opposition to his rule.
  • 5 September
    • London Agreement: no member of Triple Entente (Britain, France, or Russia) may seek a separate peace with Central Powers.
    • In World War I, First Battle of the Marne begins: Northeast of Paris, the French 6th Army under General Maunoury attacks German forces nearing Paris. Over 2 million fight (500,000 killed/wounded) in the Allied victory.
  • 6 September - French and British counterattack at Marne ends German advance on Paris.
  • 13 September - South African troops open hostilities in German South-West Africa (today Namibia) with an assault on the Ramansdrift police station.
  • 13 September- 28 - The First Battle of the Aisne.
  • 17 September - Andrew Fisher becomes Prime Minister of Australia for the third time.
  • 26 September - The US Federal Trade Commission (FTC) established by the Federal Trade Commission Act.
  • 30 September - Flying Squadron established to promote temperance movement.

October

  • 7 October - Marriage of Rose Fitzgerald to Joseph Patrick Kennedy Sr in Boston.
  • 9 October - World War I: Siege of Antwerp - Antwerp, Belgium falls to German troops.
  • 13 October - Boston Braves beat the Philadelphia Athletics 3-1, to win baseball's World Series.
  • 28 October - World War I: Battle of Penang, Malaya German cruiser Emden sinks Russian cruiser and French destroyer before escaping.
  • 29 October - World War I Ottoman warships shell Russian Black Sea ports: Russia, France, and Britain declare war on 1 November-5.

November

  • 1 November - World War I: Battle of Coronel fought - A Royal Navy squadron commanded by Rear-Admiral Sir Christopher Cradock is met and defeated by the superior German forces led by Vice-Admiral Graf Maximilian von Spee. This is the first British naval defeat of the war.
  • 4 November - Britain and France declare war on Turkey.
  • 5 November - The United Kingdom annexes Cyprus, and together with France declares war on the Ottoman Empire.
  • 7 November - The Japanese seize Jiaozhou Bay in China, the base of the German East Asia Squadron.
  • 9 November - World War I: Battle of Cocos German cruiser Emden sunk by Australian cruiser Sydney.
  • 16 November - A year after being created by passage of the Federal Reserve Act of 1913, the Federal Reserve Bank of the United States officially opens for business.
  • 16 November - World War I: The Battle of Kolubara begins Serbian forces engaged by Austro-Hungarian forces.
  • 23 November - US troops withdraw from Veracruz. Venustiano Carranza's troops take over and Carranza makes the town his headquarters
  • 24 November - Benito Mussolini is expelled from the Italian Socialist Party.
  • 28 November - World War I: Following a war-induced closure in July, the New York Stock Exchange re-opens for bond trading.

December

  • 5 December - The Toronto Argonauts win their first Grey Cup at Varsity Stadium
  • 15 December - Gas explosion at Mitsubishi Hojyo coal mine, Kyūshū, Japan, 687 killed. This accident is the worst coal mine disaster in Japanese history.
  • 19 December - The Battle of Kolubara ends, resulting in decisive Serbian victory over Austria-Hungary.
  • 24 December - World War I: British and German soldiers interrupted World War I to celebrate Christmas, beginning the Christmas truce.

Undated

  • Blaise Diagne of Senegal becomes the first black African representative in the French parliament.
  • The first everyday items made of stainless steel come into public circulation.
  • Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi returns to India from South Africa to spearhead the Indian independence movement.
  • The capital of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region of China is moved from Guilin to Nanning.
  • Port of Orange, Texas dredged for the fabrication of vessels for the United States Navy.
  • The United States Power Squadrons formed.
  • Phi Sigma, a local undergraduate classical club, is founded by a group of students in the Department of Greek at the University of Chicago.
  • Norway gives the vote to most women.

Ongoing

  • World War I (1914-1918).
  • Assyrian Genocide (1914-1922).
  • Mexican Revolution.
  • The Partition of Africa ended (1880-1914).

Births

1914 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 1914
MCMXIV
Ab urbe condita 2667
Armenian calendar 1363
ԹՎ ՌՅԿԳ
Bahá'í calendar 70 – 71
Berber calendar 2864
Buddhist calendar 2458
Burmese calendar 1276
Byzantine calendar 7422 – 7423
Chinese calendar 癸丑年十二月初六日
(4550/4610-12-6)
— to —
甲寅年十一月十五日
(4551/4611-11-15)
Coptic calendar 1630 – 1631
Ethiopian calendar 1706 – 1707
Hebrew calendar 5674 – 5675
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1969 – 1970
 - Shaka Samvat 1836 – 1837
 - Kali Yuga 5015 – 5016
Holocene calendar 11914
Iranian calendar 1292 – 1293
Islamic calendar 1332 – 1333
Japanese calendar Taishō 3
(大正3年)
Korean calendar 4247
Thai solar calendar 2457

January

  • 1 January - Noor Inayat Khan, World War II heroine (d. 1944)
  • 4 January
    • Herman Franks, baseball player
    • Jean-Pierre Vernant, French historian and anthropologist (d. 2007)
  • 5 January - George Reeves, American actor (d. 1959)
  • 6 January - Danny Thomas, American singer, actor, and comedian (d. 1991)
  • 12 January - Albrecht von Goertz, German car designer (d. 2006)
  • 13 January - Ted Willis, British television dramatist and author (d. 1992)
  • 14 January - Harold Russell, Canadian actor (d. 2002)
  • 15 January - Hugh Trevor-Roper, Baron Dacre of Glanton, English historian (d. 2003)
  • 17 January
    • William Stafford, American poet and pacifist (d. 1993)
    • Anacleto Angelini, Italian-born businessman (d. 2007)
  • 18 January - Arno Schmidt, German author (d. 1979)
  • 26 January - Princess Hadice Hayriye Ayshe Dürrühsehvar (d. 2006)
  • 30 January
    • John Ireland, Canadian-born actor (d. 1992)
    • David Wayne, American actor (d. 1995)
  • 31 January - Jersey Joe Walcott, American boxer (d. 1994)

February

  • 1 February - George Nissen, American gymnast and inventor
  • 4 February
    • Alfred Andersch, German writer (d. 1980)
    • Ida Lupino, English actress, director, and writer (d. 1995)
  • 5 February
    • Silvius Magnago, Italian politician
    • William S. Burroughs, American author (d. 1997)
    • Alan Lloyd Hodgkin, British scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1998)
  • 6 February - Thurl Ravenscroft, American voice actor (d. 2005)
  • 9 February - Ernest Tubb, American singer (d. 1984)
  • 11 February - Matt Dennis, American singer (d. 2002)
  • 12 February - Tex Beneke, American musician (d. 2000)
  • 15 February - Kevin McCarthy, American actor
  • 16 February - Jimmy Wakely, American Country-Western singer and actor (d. 1982)
  • 19 February - Jacques Dufilho, French comedian and actor (d. 2005)
  • 20 February - Peter Rogers, British film producer
  • 22 February - Renato Dulbecco, Italian-born virologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • 23 February - Theofiel Middelkamp, Dutch cyclist (d. 2005)
  • 24 February - Zachary Scott, American actor (d. 1965)

March

  • 1 March - Ralph Ellison, American writer (d. 1994)
  • 2 March - Martin Ritt, American director (d. 1990)
  • 4 March
    • Ward Kimball, American cartoonist (d. 2002)
    • Robert R. Wilson, American physicist, sculptor and architect (d. 2000)
  • 6 March - Kiril Kondrashin, Russian conductor (d. 1981)
  • 8 March - Yakov Borisovich Zel'dovich, Russian physicist (d. 1987)
  • 13 March - Edward O'Hare, American pilot (d. 1943)
  • 14 March
    • Bill Owen, English actor (d. 1999)
    • Abdias do Nascimento, Brazilian actor, artist and politician
  • 17 March - Sammy Baugh, American football player
  • 19 March - Jay Berwanger, American football player (d. 2002)
  • 25 March - Norman Borlaug, American agricultural scientist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
  • 26 March - William Westmoreland, U.S. general (d. 2005)
  • 27 March - Budd Schulberg, American screenwriter
  • 28 March - Edmund Muskie, American politician (d. 1996)
  • 30 March - Sonny Boy Williamson, American musician (d. 1948)
  • 31 March - Octavio Paz, Mexican diplomat and writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1998)

April

  • 2 April
    • Alec Guinness, English actor (d. 2000)
    • Hans Wegner, Danish furniture designer (d. 2007)
  • 4 April
    • Marguerite Duras, French author and director (d. 1996)
    • Richard Coogan, American actor
    • Frances Langford, American singer and actress (d. 2005)
  • 8 April
    • Maria Felix, Mexican actress (d. 2002)
    • Claire Martin, Canadian author
  • 9 April - Nouhak Phoumsavanh, President of Laos
  • 11 April - Robert Stanfield, Premier of Nova Scotia (d. 2003)
  • 12 April
    • Armen Alchian, American author and economist
    • Adriaan Blaauw, Dutch astronomer
  • 13 April - Orhan Veli, Turkish poet (d. 1950)
  • 21 April - James Henry Quello, American Federal Communications Commissioner
  • 22 April
    • Jan de Hartog, Dutch writer (d. 2002)
    • Baldev Raj Chopra, Indian film director
  • 25 April - Ross Lockridge, Jr., American writer (d. 1948)
  • 26 April
    • Bernard Malamud, American author (d. 1986)
    • Lilian Rolfe, French-born World War II heroine (d. 1941)
  • 28 April - Michel Mohrt, French author and historian
  • 30 April - Dorival Caymmi, Brazilian songwriter

May

  • 8 May - Romain Gary, Russian-born writer and diplomat (d. 1980)
  • 9 May - Hank Snow, Canadian country musician (d. 1999)
  • 12 May
    • Bertus Aafjes, Dutch poet (d. 1993)
    • Howard K. Smith, American journalist (d. 2002)
  • 13 May
    • Joe Louis, American boxer (d. 1981)
    • Phil Drabble, British author and television personality (d. 2007)
  • 14 May
    • Hideko Maehata, Japanese swimmer (d. 1995)
    • Corneliu Coposu, Romanian politician (d. 1995)
  • 15 May - Leo Beranek, American acoustic scientist
  • 16 May - Edward T. Hall, American anthropologist
  • 18 May - Boris Christoff, Bulgarian opera singer (d. 1993)
  • 19 May
    • Go Seigen, Japanese Go player
    • Max Perutz, Austrian-born molecular biologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry (d. 2002)
    • Alex Shibicky, Canadian hockey player (d. 2005)
  • 22 May
    • Vance Packard, American author (d. 1996)
    • Sun Ra, American musician (d. 1993)
  • 24 May
    • Arthur A. Link, American politician
    • George Tabori, Hungarian writer and director (d. 2007)
  • 26 May - Frankie Manning, American choreographer and dancer
  • 28 May - W. G. G. Duncan Smith, British World War II pilot (d. 1996)

June

  • 11 June - Trammell Crow, American developer
  • 13 June - Freddie Franklin, British ballet dancer and choreographer
  • 15 June
    • Yuri Andropov, Soviet politician (d. 1984)
    • Lena Kennedy, English author (d. 1986)
    • Saul Steinberg, Romanian-born cartoonist (d. 1999)
  • 18 June - E. G. Marshall, American actor (d. 1998)
  • 19 June - Alan Cranston, U.S. Senator (d. 2000)
  • 21 June - William Vickrey, Canadian economist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1996)
  • 24 June - Frances Oldham Kelsey, American Food and Drug Administration reviewer
  • 26 June - Doc Williams, American musician
  • 29 June - Rafael Kubelík, Czech-born conductor (d. 1996)

July

  • 2 July - Frederick Fennell, American conductor (d. 2004)
  • 6 July - Vincent J. McMahon, professional wrestling promoter (d. 1988)
  • 8 July
    • Sarah P. Harkness, American architect
    • Jyoti Basu, Indian politician
  • 10 July
    • Charles Donnelly, Irish poet (d. 1937)
    • Joe Shuster, Canadian-born comic book author (d. 1992)
  • 14 July - George Putnam, American reporter and talk show host
  • 15 July
    • Akhtar Hameed Khan, pioneer of microcredit in developing countries (d. 1999)
    • Hammond Innes, English author (d. 1998)
  • 19 July
    • John Kenneth Macalister, Canadian World War II hero (d. 1944)
    • Marius Russo, baseball player (d. 2005)
  • 20 July - Masa Niemi, Finnish actor (d. 1960)
  • 24 July - Ed Mirvish, Canadian businessman and philanthropist (d. 2007)
  • 25 July - Lionel Van Deerlin, American politician
  • 29 July - Irwin Corey, American actor and comic
  • 30 July - Lord Killanin, Irish president of the International Olympic Committee (d. 1999)

August

  • 2 August - Beatrice Straight, American actress (d. 2001)
  • 9 August
    • Tove Jansson, Finnish author (d. 2001)
    • Ferenc Fricsay, Hungarian conductor (d. 1963)
  • 10 August
    • Jeff Corey, American actor (d. 2002)
    • Ken Annakin, British film director
  • 11 August - Hugh Martin, American composer
  • 15 August - Paul Rand, American graphic designer (d. 1996)
  • 17 August
    • Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Jr., American lawyer and politician (d. 1988)
    • Gabrielle Weidner, Belgian World War II heroine (d. 1945)
  • 26 August - Julio Cortázar, Argentine writer (d. 1984)
  • 27 August - Heidi Kabel, German actress

September

  • 5 September
    • Sor Isolina Ferré, Puerto Rican Catholic nun (d. 2000)
    • Nicanor Parra, Chilean poet
  • 7 September - James Van Allen, American physicist (d. 2006)
  • 10 September - Robert Wise, American film producer (d. 2005)
  • 11 September
    • Sidney Hart, British trade unionist and religious administrator (d. 2005)
    • Pavle Patriarch of Serbia, Head of the Serbian Orthodox Church
  • 12 September
    • Desmond Llewelyn, Welsh actor (d. 1999)
    • Janusz Zurakowski, Polish-born pilot (d. 2004)
  • 13 September - Ralph Rapson, American architect
  • 14 September - Clayton Moore, American actor (d. 1999)
  • 15 September
    • Creighton Williams Abrams, U.S. general (d. 1974)
    • Adolfo Bioy Casares, Argentinian writer (d. 1999)
  • 16 September - Allen Funt, American television show host (d. 1999)
  • 17 September - Thomas J. Bata, Czech-born businessman
  • 18 September - Jack Cardiff, British cinematographer, director, and photographer
  • 20 September - Ken Hechler, American politician
  • 21 September - Bob Lido, American singer and musician (d. 2000)
  • 23 September
    • Omar Ali Saifuddin III, Sultan of Brunei (d. 1986)
    • Bethsabée de Rothschild, English philanthropist and patron of dance (d. 1999)
  • 26 September - Jack LaLanne, American fitness, exercise and nutritional expert

October

  • 1 October - Daniel J. Boorstin, American historian, writer, and Librarian of Congress (d. 2004)
  • 2 October
    • Jack Parsons, American rocket engineer (d. 1952)
    • Bernarr Rainbow, historian of music education, organist, and choir master (d. 1998)
  • 4 October - Jim Cairns, Australian politician (d. 2003)
  • 6 October - Thor Heyerdahl, Norwegian explorer (d. 2002)
  • 10 October - Tommy Fine, baseball player (d. 2005)
  • 14 October
    • Raymond Davis Jr., American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2006)
    • Dick Durrance, American skier (d. 2004)
  • 16 October - Zahir Shah, King of Afghanistan (d. 2007)
  • 17 October - Jerry Siegel, American comic book author (d. 1996)
  • 21 October - Martin Gardner, American writer
  • 25 October - John Berryman, American poet (d. 1972)
  • 27 October - Dylan Thomas, Welsh poet and author (d. 1953)
  • 28 October
    • Jonas Salk, American medical scientist (d. 1995)
    • Richard Laurence Millington Synge, English chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1994)
    • Glenn Robert Davis, U.S. Congressman (d. 1988)

November

  • 1 November - Moshe Teitelbaum, Hassidic rabbi (d. 2006)
  • 2 November - Johnny Vander Meer, baseball player (d. 1997)
  • 5 November - Alton Tobey, American artist (d. 2005)
  • 6 November - Jonathan Harris, American actor (d. 2002)
  • 11 November - Howard Fast, American novelist and television writer (d. 2003)
  • 13 November - Alberto Lattuada, Italian film director (d. 2005)
  • 20 November - Charles Berlitz, American author (d. 2003)
  • 23 November
    • Michael Gough, English actor
    • Roger Avon, Durham actor (d. 1998)
  • 25 November - Joe DiMaggio, baseball player (d. 1999)

December

  • 2 December - Ray Walston, American actor (d. 2001)
  • 10 December - Dorothy Lamour, American actress (d. 1996)
  • 12 December - Patrick O'Brian, British writer (d. 2000)
  • 14 December - Rosalyn Tureck, American pianist and harpsichordist (d. 2003)
  • 15 December - Anatole Abragam, French physicist
  • 19 December - Dietrich Hrabak, German World War II flying ace (d. 1995)
  • 24 December - Herbert Reinecker, German writer (d. 2007)
  • 26 December - Richard Widmark, American actor (d. 2008)
  • 29 December - Billy Tipton, American musician (d. 1989)
  • 30 December - Bert Parks, American singer and actor (d. 1992)

Deaths

January - June

  • 11 January - Carl Jacobsen, Danish brewer and patron of the arts (b. 1842)
  • 18 January - Georges Picquart, French general and politician (b. 1854)
  • 20 January - Federico Degetau, Puerto Rican politician (b. 1862)
  • 24 February - Joshua Chamberlain, American Civil War general (b. 1828)
  • 1 March - Gilbert Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound, 4th Earl of Minto (b. 1845)
  • 6 March - George Washington Vanderbilt II, American businessman (b. 1862)
  • 12 March - George Westinghouse, American entrepreneur (b. 1846)
  • 15 March - Jalaleddin Ali Mir Abolfazl Angha, 39th master of Oveyssi Sufi order (b. 1849)
  • 16 March - Charles Albert Gobat, Swiss politician, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1843)
  • 19 March - Giuseppe Mercalli, Italian volcanologist (b. 1850)
  • 25 March - Frédéric Mistral, French writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1830)
  • 1 April - Rube Waddell, baseball player (b. 1876)
  • 2 April - Paul von Heyse, German writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1830)
  • 7 April - Mohammad Ayyub Khan, Emir of Herat, Emir of Kandahar, Afghan military leader (b. 1855)
  • 19 April - Empress Shōken, empress-consort of the Meiji Emperor (b. 1849)
  • 2 May - John Campbell, 9th Duke of Argyll, husband of Princess Louise of the United Kingdom (b. 1845)
  • 11 June - Adolf Friedrich V, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (b. 1848)
  • 14 June - Adlai E. Stevenson, Vice President of the United States (b. 1835)
  • 21 June - Bertha von Suttner, Austrian writer and pacifist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1843)
  • 28 June

July - December

  • 2 July - Joseph Chamberlain, British politician (b. 1836)
  • 17 July - Luis Uribe, Chilean naval hero (b. 1847)
  • 31 July - Jean Jaurès, French pacifist (assassinated) (b. 1859)
  • 4 August - Hubertine Auclert, French feminist (b. 1848)
  • 6 August - Ellen Louise Wilson, First Lady of the United States (b. 1860)
  • 8 August - Martin-Paul Samba, Cameroonian rebel leader
  • 12 August - John Philip Holland, Irish developer of the submarine (b. 1840)
  • 20 August - Pope Pius X (b. 1835)
  • 30 August - Aleksander Samsonov, Russian general (b. 1859)
  • 3 September - Albéric Magnard, French composer (b. 1865)
  • 8 September - Hans Leybold, German nihilist poet (b. 1892)
  • 26 September - August Macke, German painter (b. 1887)
  • 10 October - King Carol I of Romania (b. 1839)
  • 3 November - Georg Trakl, Austrian poet (b. 1887)
  • 11 November - A. E. J. Collins, British cricketer and soldier (b. 1885)
  • 12 November - Augusto dos Anjos, Brazilian poet (b. 1884)
  • 14 November - Frederick Roberts, 1st Earl Roberts of Kandahar, British field marshal (b. 1832)
  • 21 November - Thaddeus C. Pound, American businessman and politician (b. 1833)
  • 24 December - John Muir, American naturalist (b. 1838)

Nobel prizes

  • Physics - Max von Laue
  • Chemistry- Theodore William Richards
  • Medicine - Robert Bárány
  • Literature - not awarded
  • Peace - not awarded

Fictional

The following are references to year 1914 in fiction:

  • The 2001 animated film Atlantis: The Lost Empire takes place in October 1914.
  • According to The Simpsons, Mr. Burns graduated from Yale in 1914.
  • The Last known CAS Build (1914) was created by Wayne.
  • The 1997 Science Fantasy film The Fifth Element opens in 1914

Other uses

  • 1914 (game)