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1918

Related subjects Years

Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century
Decades: 1880s  1890s  1700s  - 1910s -   1920s   1930s   1940s
Years: 1915 1916 1917 - 1918 - 1919 1920 1921

Year 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar).

Events of 1918

January

  • 8 January - Woodrow Wilson delivers his Fourteen Points speech.
  • 12 January - Finland enacts "Mosaic Confessors" law granting Finnish Jews civil rights.
  • 25 January - The Ukrainian people declare independence from Bolshevik Russia.
  • 27 January - Breakout of the Finnish Civil War.

February

16 February: The Act of Independence of Lithuania
16 February: The Act of Independence of Lithuania
  • 14 February - Russia switches from the Julian calendar to the Gregorian calendar, date skips from 1 February to February 14.
  • 16 February - The Council of Lithuania adopts the Act of Independence of Lithuania, declaring Lithuania's independence from the Russian Empire.
  • 24 February - After 7 centuries of foreign rule, Estonia declares its independence from the Russian Empire. The country is occupied by Germany the next day. Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia also declare their independence from the Russian Empire but as the Transcaucasian Democratic Federative Republic.

March

  • 1 March - German submarine U 19 sinks HMS Calgarian off Rathlin Island, Northern Ireland.
  • 3 March - World War I: Germany, Austria and Bolshevist Russia sign the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk ending Russia's involvement in the war.
  • 4 March - A soldier at Camp Fuston, Kansas falls sick with the first confirmed case of the Spanish Flu.
  • 5 March - The Soviet Russia moves its national capital from Petrograd to Moscow
  • 6 March - Finnish Air Force founded. The blue swastika is adopted as its symbol as a tribute to the Swedish explorer and aviator Eric von Rosen who donated the first plane. Von Rosen had painted the Buddhist symbol on the plane as his personal lucky insignia.
  • 7 March - World War I Finland forms an alliance with Germany.
  • 12 March – Moscow becomes the capital of Soviet Russia.
  • 19 March - The U.S. Congress establishes time zones and approves daylight saving time (DST went into effect on 31 March).
  • 21 March - World War I: Second Battle of the Somme begins.
  • 23 March
    • The giant German cannon, the so-called Paris Gun begins to shell Paris from 114 km (75 miles) away.
    • In London at the Wood Green Empire, Chung Ling Soo (William E Robinson, US-born magician) dies during his trick where he was supposed to "catch" two separate bullets – one of them perforates his lung. He dies the following morning in hospital.
    • The Social Revolutionary Party declares Belarus independent; Bolshevik armies soon crush them.
  • 25 March - Belarus declares independence.
  • 27 March - Bessarabia votes for becoming a part of Romania.

April

  • 1 April - The Royal Flying Corps and the Royal Naval Air Service are merged to form the Royal Air Force.

May

  • 1 May - German troops enter Don province; they take Rostov 6 May.
  • 2 May - General Motors acquires the Chevrolet Motor Company of Delaware.
  • 11 May - The Mountainous Republic of the Northern Caucasus was officially established.
  • 15 May - The United States Post Office Department (later renamed the United States Postal Service) begins the first regular airmail service in the world (between New York City, Philadelphia and Washington, DC).
  • 16 May - The Sedition Act of 1918 is approved by US Congress.
  • 20 May - The small town of Codell, Kansas was hit for the third year in a row by a tornado in 1918. Coincidentally, all three tornadoes hit on May 20th, 1916, 1917, and 1918 respectively.
  • 26 May - The Transcaucasian Democratic Federative Republic is abolished. Georgia declares its independence as the Democratic Republic of Georgia.
  • 27 May - The Third Battle of the Aisne commenced.
  • 28 May - Armenia and Azerbaijan declare their independence as the Democratic Republic of Armenia and the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic respectively.

June

  • 1 June - World War I: Battle for Belleau Wood begins.
  • 22 June - Suspects in the Chicago Restaurant Poisonings arrested and more than 100 waiters taken into custody for poisoning restaurant customers with a lethal powder called Mickey Finn (drugs).

July

  • 3 July- The Siberian Expedition is launched to extract the Czechoslovak Legion from the Russian civil war.
  • 4 July - Change of emperor of the Ottoman Empire from Mehmed V (Resad) (1709-1918) to Mehmed VI (1918-1922).
  • 9 July - Great train wreck of 1918: In Nashville, Tennessee, an inbound local train collides with an outbound express killing 101.
  • 12 July - At least 621 killed, Japanese Imperial Navy battle ship Kawachi blew up at Shunan, western Honshu, Japan.
  • 13 July - The National Czechoslovak Committee was established.
  • 15 July - World War I: Second Battle of the Marne - The battle begins near the River Marne with a German attack.
  • 17 July - By order of the Bolshevik Party and carried out by Cheka, Emperor Nicholas II of Russia, his immediate family, and retainers were murdered at the Ipatiev House in Ekaterinburg, Russia.
  • 17 July - RMS Carpathia, the rescue ship of the RMS Titanic, is sunk off the coast of Ireland by the Underseeboat 55 with 5 lives lost.

August

  • August - " Spanish Flu" Influenza becomes pandemic; over twenty-five million people die in the following six months (almost twice as many as died during the war).
  • 1 August - British anti-Bolshevik forces occupy Archangel, Russia. 10 August commander is told to help White Russians.
  • 8 August - World War I Battle of Amiens - Canadian troops, backed by Australians, begin a string of almost continuous victories with a push through the German front lines. German General Erich Ludendorff will later call this the "black day of the German army."
  • 30 August
    • Strike of 20,000 London policemen with demands of increased pay and union recognition.
    • Lenin is shot by Fanya Kaplan, but he survives. Moisei Uritsky, the Petrograd head of Cheka is assassinated the same day.

September

  • 11 September - The Boston Red Sox defeat the Chicago Cubs for the 1918 World Series championship, their last World Series win until 2004.
  • 29 September - Bulgaria requests an armistice in World War I.

October

  • 3 October - Kaiser makes Max von Baden German chancellor.
  • 3 October - Abdication of King Ferdinand of Bulgaria in the wake of the collapse of the Bulgarian military position in World War I. He is succeeded by his son, Boris III.
  • 8 October - World War I - In the Argonne Forest in France, US Corporal Alvin C. York almost single-handedly kills 25 German soldiers and captures 132.
  • 11 October - The city of Mayagüez, Puerto Rico and other adjacent towns was nearly destroyed by an 7.5 earthquake and a tsunami.
  • 12 October - The city of Cloquet, Minnesota and nearby areas are destroyed in a fire killing 453, known as the 1918 Cloquet Fire.
  • 15 October - The great spiritual teacher Sri Sai Baba of Shirdi attained his MAHASAMADHI
  • 18 October
    • Washington Declaration proclaimed the independent Czechoslovak Republic.
  • 25 October - The Princess Sophia sinks on Vanderbilt Reef near Juneau, Alaska, 353 people die in the greatest maritime disaster in the Pacific Northwest.
  • 28 October
    • Czechoslovakia declares its independence from Austria-Hungary.
    • New Polish government in Western Galicia (Central Europe)
  • 30 October
    • The Martin Declaration is published, including Slovakia in the formation of Czecho-Slovak state.
    • Mutawakkilite Kingdom of Yemen is conceded independence from the Ottoman Empire by the Armistice of Mudros.
  • 31 October
    • The Hungarian government terminates the personal union with Austria, officially dissolving the Austro-Hungarian empire.
  • October - Mammy Lou becomes the oldest person to ever star in a film, at age 114.

November

  • 1 November
    • Malbone Street Wreck: the worst rapid transit accident in world history occurs under the intersection of Malbone Street and Flatbush Avenue, Brooklyn, New York City, with at least 93 dead.
    • Ruthenia in eastern Czechoslovakia declares brief independence
  • 3 November
    • World War I: Austria-Hungary enters an armistice with the Allies.
    • Poland declares its independence from Russia.
  • 4 November
    • World War I: Austria-Hungary surrenders to Italy.
    • Mutiny in the German fleet at Kiel begin the German Revolution.
  • 6 November - A new Polish government is proclaimed in Lublin.
  • 8 November - German army withdraws its support of the Kaiser
  • 9 November
    • Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany abdicates and chooses to live in exile in the Netherlands.
    • Provisional National Council Minister-President Kurt Eisner declares Bavaria to be a republic.
  • 11 November
    • World War I ends: Germany signs an armistice agreement with the Allies in a railroad car outside of Compiègne in France. It becomes official on the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month.
    • Poland regains independence after 123 years of partitions. Józef Piłsudski is appointed Commander-in-Chief.
    • Emperor Charles I of Austria gives up his absolute power but does not abdicate.
  • 12 November - Austria becomes a republic.
  • 14 November
  • 16 November
    • Hungary declares independence from Austria
    • Hungarian People's Republic declared
  • 18 November - Latvia declares its independence from Russia.
  • 22 November
    • Spartacist League founds German Communist Party
    • Belgian royal family returns to Brussels after the war
  • 26 November - the Podgorica Assembly voted for "union of the people", declaring a joining into the Kingdom of Serbia
  • 28 November - Estonian Freedom War: Bolshevist Russia invades Estonia, beginning of the war. A socialist republic is established in Narva the next day.
  • 30 November - Ernest Ansermet conducts the first concert by the Orchestre de la Suisse Romande.

December

  • 1 December
    • Iceland becomes a self-governing kingdom, yet remains in personal union with the king of Denmark who also becomes king of the Kingdom of Iceland.
    • New voting laws in Sweden: votes no longer dependent on taxable assets; one person, one vote.
    • Proclamation of Union of Alba Iulia. Following the 27 March incorporation of Bessarabia and Bucovina, Transylvania unites with Romania.
    • The Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (later known as the Kingdom of Yugoslavia) is proclaimed.
  • 4 December - US President Woodrow Wilson sails for the Paris Peace Conference, becoming the first US president to travel to Europe while in office.
  • 20 December - Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk returned to the Czechoslovak Republic.
  • 27 December - Beginning of Great Poland Uprising, the Poles in Greater Poland (or Grand Duchy of Poznań) rise against the Germans.
  • 28 December - Constance Markiewicz becomes the first woman elected to the British House of Commons.
  • 31 December – A British-brokered ceasefire ends two weeks of Armeno-Georgian fighting.

Undated

  • Habsburg Empire ceases to exist.
  • Grand Duchy of Baden ceases to exist.
  • British occupy Palestine
  • Native American Church is formally founded.
  • Association Against the Prohibition Amendment founded to promote repeal of prohibition in U.S.
  • United Business Media founded in London (as United Newspapers Ltd.)
  • The last captive Carolina Parakeet dies at Cincinnati Zoo - the last breed of parrot native to North America.

Ongoing

  • Finnish Civil War between the Reds and the Whites, from January - April.
  • Katla erupts in Iceland, from 12 October - 4 November.

Births

1918 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 1918
MCMXVIII
Ab urbe condita 2671
Armenian calendar 1367
ԹՎ ՌՅԿԷ
Bahá'í calendar 74 – 75
Berber calendar 2868
Buddhist calendar 2462
Burmese calendar 1280
Byzantine calendar 7426 – 7427
Chinese calendar 丁巳年十一月十九日
(4554/4614-11-19)
— to —
戊午年十一月廿九日
(4555/4615-11-29)
Coptic calendar 1634 – 1635
Ethiopian calendar 1910 – 1911
Hebrew calendar 5678 – 5679
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1973 – 1974
 - Shaka Samvat 1840 – 1841
 - Kali Yuga 5019 – 5020
Holocene calendar 11918
Iranian calendar 1296 – 1297
Islamic calendar 1336 – 1337
Japanese calendar Taishō 7
(大正7年)
Korean calendar 4251
Thai solar calendar 2461

January - February

  • 1 January - Patrick Anthony Porteous, Scottish recipient of the Victoria Cross (d. 2000)
  • 10 January - Arthur Chung, President of Guyana (d. 2008)
  • 15 January - Gamal Abdal Nasser, 2nd President of Egypt (d. 1970)
  • 16 January
    • Nel Benschop, Dutch poet (d. 2005)
    • Stirling Silliphant, American writer and producer (d. 1996)
  • 19 January - John H. Johnson, American publisher (d. 2005)
  • 20 January - Juan García Esquivel, Mexican bandleader (d. 2002)
  • 21 January
    • Richard D. Winters, U.S. Army officer
    • Chichay, Filipino actress (d. 1993)
  • 23 January - Gertrude B. Elion, American scientist recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1999)
  • 24 January - Oral Roberts, American neo-Pentecostal televangelist
  • 25 January - Ernie Harwell, American baseball sportscaster
  • 26 January
    • Nicolae Ceauşescu, Romanian dictator (d. 1989)
    • Philip José Farmer, American writer
  • 27 January
    • Skitch Henderson, English-born musician and bandleader (d. 2005)
    • Elmore James, American musician (d. 1963)
  • 29 January - John Forsythe, American actor
  • 1 February - Muriel Spark, Scottish author (d. 2006)
  • 2 February - Hella Haasse, Dutch writer
  • 3 February
    • Helen Stephens, American runner (d. 1994)
    • Joey Bishop, American entertainer, member of the Rat Pack (d. 2007)
  • 4 February
    • Ida Lupino, English actress, screenwriter, director/producer (d. 1995)
    • Janet Waldo, American Actress & Voice Artist, (voice of Judy Jetson on The Jetsons)
  • 6 February - Lothar-Günther Buchheim, German author (d. 2007)
  • 7 February - Markey Robinson, Irish painter (d. 1999)
  • 8 February - Fred Blassie, American professional wrestler (d. 2003)
  • 12 February - Julian Schwinger, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1994)
  • 15 February - Allan Arbus, Dr. Sidney Freedman on M*A*S*H
  • 16 February - Patty Andrews, American singer ( The Andrews Sisters)
  • 17 February - William Bronk, American poet (d. 1999)
  • 20 February - Ben Klassen, founder of the Creativity racist sect. (d. 1993)
  • 22 February
    • Don Pardo, Saturday Night Live announcer
    • Robert Pershing Wadlow, American tallest man record-holder (d. 1940)
    • Charlie Finley, Owner of the Oakland A's 1960-80 (d. 1996)
  • 25 February
    • Barney Ewell, American athlete (d. 1996)
    • Bobby Riggs, American tennis player (d. 1995)
  • 26 February - Theodore Sturgeon, American writer (d. 1985)

March - April

Image of President Woodrow Wilson created by 21,000 soldiers at Camp Sherman, Chillicothe, Ohio
Image of President Woodrow Wilson created by 21,000 soldiers at Camp Sherman, Chillicothe, Ohio
  • 1 March
    • Roger Delgado, British actor (d. 1973)
    • João Goulart, President of Brazil (d. 1976)
  • 3 March
    • Arthur Kornberg, American biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 2007)
    • Fritz Thiedemann, German equestrian (d. 2000)
  • 4 March - Margaret Osborne duPont, former American female tennis player
  • 5 March - James Tobin, American economist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2002)
  • 9 March
    • George Lincoln Rockwell, American Nazi leader (d. 1967)
    • Mickey Spillane, American writer (d. 2006)
  • 11 March - Jack Coe, American evangelist (d. 1956)
  • 12 March - Elaine de Kooning, American artist (d. 1989)
  • 15 March - William McIntyre, Canadian Puisne Justice
  • 16 March - Frederick Reines, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1998)
  • 17 March - Mercedes McCambridge, American actress (d. 2004)
  • 18 March - Bob Broeg, American sports writer (d. 2005)
  • 20 March - Jack Barry, American television game show host and producer (d. 1984)
  • 22 March - Cheddi Jagan, President of Guyana (d. 1997)
  • 23 March - Émile Derlin Zinsou, President of Benin
  • 25 March - Howard Cosell, American attorney, lecturer, and sports journalist (d. 1995)
  • 29 March
    • Pearl Bailey, American singer and actress (d. 1990)
    • Sam Walton, founder of Wal-Mart (d. 1992)
  • 30 March - Joseph Allen (Jr.), American actor (d. 1962)
  • 8 April - Betty Ford, First Lady of the United States
  • 9 April - Jørn Utzon, Danish architect
  • 16 April - Spike Milligan, Irish comedian (d. 2002)
  • 17 April - William Holden, American actor (d. 1981)
  • 18 April - Clifton Hillegass, American author, founder of CliffsNotes (d. 2001)
  • 20 April - Kai Siegbahn, Swedish physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2007)
  • 22 April - Mickey Vernon, baseball player
  • 22 April - William Jay Smith, American poet
  • 26 April - Fanny Blankers-Koen, Dutch athlete (d. 2004)

May - June

  • 1 May - Jack Paar, American television show host (d. 2004)
  • 3 May - Benjamin C. Thompson, American architect (d. 2002)
  • 9 May
    • Mike Wallace, American journalist
    • Orville L. Freeman, American politician (d. 2003)
  • 11 May - Richard Feynman, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1988)
  • 12 May - Julius Rosenberg, American-born Soviet spy (d. 1953)
  • 15 May -
    • Eddy Arnold, American country music singer (d. 2008)
    • Joseph Wiseman, Canadian actor
  • 16 May - Wilf Mannion, English footballer (d. 2000)
  • 17 May - Birgit Nilsson, Swedish soprano (d. 2005)
  • 19 May - Abraham Pais, Dutch-born American physicist (d. 2000)
  • 20 May - Edward B. Lewis, American geneticist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 2004)
  • 23 May - Frank Mancuso, major league baseball player and politician (d. 2007)
  • 27 May - Yasuhiro Nakasone, Prime Minister of Japan, 1982-87
  • 30 May (towards) - Károly Doncsecz, Slovenian potter, Master of folk art (d. 2002)
  • 4 June - Johnny Klein, American drummer (d. 1997)
  • 6 June - Edwin G. Krebs, American biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • 8 June - Robert Preston, American Actor in The Music Man (d. 1987)
  • 18 June
    • Jerome Karle, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
    • Franco Modigliani, Italian-born economist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2003)

July - August

  • 4 July
    • Ann Landers, American advice columnist (d. 2002)
    • Abigail Van Buren, American advice columnist and twin sister to Ann Landers
    • Taufa'ahau Tupou IV, King of Tonga (d. 2006)
  • 5 July - George Rochberg, American composer (d. 2005)
  • 6 July - Sebastian Cabot, American Actor (d. 1977)
  • 9 July - Jarl Wahlström, Salvation Army General (d. 1999)
  • 13 July - Alberto Ascari, Italian race car driver (d. 1955)
  • 14 July - Ingmar Bergman, Swedish film director (d. 2007)
  • 15 July - Bertram N. Brockhouse, Canadian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2003)
  • 16 July - Bayani Casimiro, Filipino dancer and actor (d. 1989)
  • 17 July - Carlos Manuel Arana Osorio, President of Guatemala (d. 2003)
  • 18 July - Nelson Mandela, President of South Africa, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
  • 24 July - Ruggiero Ricci, Italian-born violinist
  • 25 July - Jane Frank, American artist (d. 1986)
  • 27 July - Leonard Rose, American cellist (d. 1984)
  • 29 July - Edwin O'Connor, American novelist and Pulitzer Prize for Fiction winner (d. 1968)
  • 31 July - Paul D. Boyer, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 3 August - Sidney Gottlieb, American Central Intelligence Agency official (d. 1999)
  • 5 August - Betty Oliphant, co-founder of National Ballet of Canada (d. 2004)
  • 8 August - Brian Stonehouse, English painter and World War II spy (d. 1998)
  • 13 August - Frederick Sanger, English biochemist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 25 August - Leonard Bernstein, American composer and conductor (d. 1990)
  • 26 August - Hutton Gibson, Mel Gibson's father; a writer on religion
  • 30 August - Ted Williams, American baseball player (d. 2002)

September - October

  • 3 September - Helen Wagner, American actress/Soap opera star
  • 4 September - Paul Harvey, American radio broadcaster
  • 8 September - Derek Harold Richard Barton, British chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1998)
  • 13 September - Rosemary Kennedy, sister of President of the United States John F. Kennedy (d. 2005)
  • 17 September - Chaim Herzog, 6th President of Israel 1983–93 (d. 1997)
  • 19 September - Robert S. Strauss, Democratic National Committee Chairman, Jimmy Carter's Presidential Campaign Chairman.
  • 21 September - John Gofman, American Manhattan Project scientist and advocate (d. 2007)
  • 22 September - Henryk Szeryng, Polish-born violinist (d. 1988)
  • 27 September - Martin Ryle, English radio astronomer, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physics (d. 1984)
  • 4 October - Kenichi Fukui, Japanese chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1998)
  • 8 October - Jens Christian Skou, Danish chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 9 October - E. Howard Hunt, Coordinated Watergate break-in (d. 2007)
  • 17 October - Rita Hayworth, American actress (d. 1987)
  • 18 October - Constantine Mitsotakis, former Greek Prime Minister
  • 19 October - Louis Althusser, French philosopher (d. 1990)
  • 23 October - Augusta Dabney, American actress (d. 2008)
  • 27 October
    • Mihkel Mathiesen, Estonian statesman (d. 2003)
    • Teresa Wright, American actress (d. 2005)
  • 31 October - Ian Stevenson, American parapsychologist (d. 2007)

November - December

  • 3 November
    • Bob Feller, baseball player
    • Elizabeth P. Hoisington, American Brigadier General (d. 2007)
    • Russell B. Long, U.S. Senator from Louisiana (d. 2003)
    • Dean Riesner, film and television screenwriter (d. 2002)
  • 4 November - Art Carney, American actor (d. 2003)
  • 7 November - Billy Graham, American Evangelist, Spiritual Adviser to Multiple U.S. Presidents
  • 9 November - Spiro Agnew, American Vice President (d. 1996)
  • 10 November - Ernst Otto Fischer, German chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 13 November - Jack Elam, American actor (d. 2003)
  • 29 November - Madeleine L'Engle, American author (d. 2007)
  • 30 November - Efrem Zimbalist, Jr, American Actor ~ Voice Reading the Audio Bible
  • 8 December - Gérard Souzay, French baritone (d. 2004)
  • 9 December - Jerome Beatty, Jr., author of children's literature (d. 2002)
  • 11 December - Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, Russian writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2008)
  • 12 December - Joe Williams, American jazz singer (d. 1999)
  • 15 December - Jeff Chandler, American actor (d. 1961)
  • 21 December
    • Donald Regan, American Treasury Secretary and White House Chief of Staff (d. 2003)
    • Kurt Waldheim, President of Austria and Secretary-General of the United Nations (d. 2007)
  • 23 December
    • José Greco, Italian-born flamenco dancer (d. 2001)
    • Helmut Schmidt Head of State ~ Chancellor of Germany 1974-82
  • 25 December - Anwar Sadat, President of Egypt, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1981)

Deaths

January - June

  • 6 January - Georg Cantor, German mathematician (b. 1845)
  • 8 January - Ellis H. Roberts, American politician (b. 1827)
  • 9 January - Émile Reynaud, French science teacher and maker of the first animated films (b. 1844)
  • 28 January - John McCrae, Canadian soldier and poet (b. 1872)
  • 5 February - Leonard Monteagle Barlow, British World War I pilot (b.1898)
  • 6 February - Gustav Klimt, Austrian painter (b. 1862)
  • 10 February - Ernesto Teodoro Moneta, Italian pacifist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1833)
  • 23 February - Adolf Friedrich VI, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (b. 1882)
  • 10 March - Jim McCormick, baseball player (b. 1856)
  • 13 March - César Cui, Lithuanian composer (b. 1835)
  • 23 March - T. P. Cameron Wilson, poet and novelist (killed in action) (b. 1888)
  • 25 March - Claude Debussy, French composer (b. 1862)
  • 27 March - Henry Adams, American historian (b. 1838)
  • 5 April - George Tupou II, king of Tonga (b. 1874)
  • 20 April - Karl Ferdinand Braun, German phyicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1850)
  • 22 April - Manfred von Richthofen, "Red Baron", German World War I pilot (b, 1892)
  • 28 April - Gavrilo Princip, assassin of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria (b. 1894)
  • 14 May - James Gordon Bennett, Jr., American newspaper publisher (b. 1841)
  • 19 May - Raoul Lufbery, American World War I pilot (b. 1885)
  • 30 May - Georgi Plekhanov, Russian revolutionary and Marxist theoretician (b. 1856)
  • 1 June - Roderic Dallas, Australian air ace (killed in action) (b. 1891)
  • 10 June - Arrigo Boito, Italian poet and composer (b. 1842)

July - December

  • 3 July - Sultan Mehmed V of the Ottoman Empire (b. 1844)
  • 9 July - James McCudden, British World War I pilot, VC recipient (b. 1895)
  • 16 July ( N.S.) - Tsar Nicholas II of Russia (b. 1868). and his family:
    • Tsarina Alexandra of Russia (b. 1872)
    • Grand Duchess Olga Nikolaevna of Russia (b. 1895)
    • Grand Duchess Tatiana Nikolaevna of Russia (b. 1897)
    • Grand Duchess Maria Nikolaevna of Russia (b. 1899)
    • Grand Duchess Anastasia Nikolaevna of Russia (b. 1701)
    • Tsarevich Alexei of Russia (b. 1704)
  • 20 July - Francis Lupo, American World War I soldier(killed in combat) (b. 1895)
  • 22 July - Indra Lal Roy, Indian World War I pilot (killed in combat) (b. 1898)
  • 26 July - Edward Mannock, Irish World War I pilot (Killed in combat) (b.1887)
  • 29 July - Ernest William Christmas, Australian painter (b. 1863)
  • 31 July - George McElroy, British World War I pilot (Killed in combat) (b.1893)
  • 1 August - John Riley Banister, American law officer, cowboy, and Texas Ranger (b. 1854)
  • 10 August - Jean Brillant, Canadian VC recipient (killed in action) (b. 1890)
  • 18 August - Henry Norwest, Canadian World War I sniper (b. 1884)
  • 12 September - George Reid, fourth Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1845)
  • 28 September - Georg Simmel, German sociologist and philosopher (b. 1858)
  • 28 September - Freddie Stowers, American soldier (b. 1896)
  • 5 October - Roland Garros, French pilot (shot down) (b. 1888)
  • 11 October - Wallace Lloyd Algie, Canadian VC recipient (killed in action) (b. 1891)
  • 15 October - Sai Baba of Shirdi, Indian guru and fakir (b. circa 1838)
  • 22 October - Myrtle Gonzalez, American stage and screen actress (b. 1891)
  • 2 November - Hugh Cairns (VC) Canadian Victoria Cross Recipient From Saskatoon, SK
  • 4 November - Wilfred Owen, English poet (killed in action) (b. 1893)
  • 9 November - Guillaume Apollinaire, French poet (b. 1880)
  • 19 November - Joseph Fielding Smith, sixth president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (b. 1838)
  • 11 December - Ivan Cankar, Slovenian writer (b. 1876)
  • 28 December - Olavo Bilac, Brazilian poet (b. 1865)

Nobel prizes