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1921

Related subjects Years

Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century
Decades: 1890s  1700s  1910s  - 1920s -   1930s   1940s   1950s
Years: 1918 1919 1920 - 1921 - 1922 1923 1924

Year 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full 1921 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar.

Table of Contents


Events of 1921

January

  • 1 January - In American football, the University of California defeated Ohio State 28-1 in the Rose Bowl.
  • 2 January
    • The club Cruzeiro Esporte Clube from Belo Horizonte is founded as Palestra Italia in Brazil
    • The first religious radio broadcast is heard over station ( KDKA AM in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania).
    • The Spanish liner Santa Isabel sinks off Villa Garcia; 244 die.
  • DeYoung Museum in Golden Gate Park San Francisco opens.
  • 20 January - The Royal Navy K-boat K5 sinks in the English Channel with all 56 hands on board.
  • 21 January
    • The Italian Communist Party is founded in Livorno.
    • Suffrage for women is obtained in Sweden.

February

  • 6 February - The Democratic Republic of Georgia is occupied by Bolshevist Russia during the Red Army invasion of Georgia.
  • 27 February - The International Working Union of Socialist Parties is formed in Vienna.
  • 28 February - Russian sailors rebel in Kronstadt.

March

  • 1 March - The city Kiryu, located in Gunma, Japan, is founded.
  • 4 March - Warren G. Harding is inaugurated as the 29th President of the United States.
  • 6 March - The Portuguese Communist Party is founded.
  • 8 March
    • Spanish Premier Eduardo Dato Iradier is assassinated while exiting the parliament building in Madrid.
    • Allied forces occupy Düsseldorf, Rurhort and Duisburg.
  • 13 March - The Russian White Army captures Mongolia from China. Roman Ungern von Sternberg declares himself ruler.
  • 17 March
    • The Red Army crushes the Kronstadt rebellion, and a number of sailors flee to Finland.
    • Marie Stopes opens the first birth control clinic in London, England.
    • The Second Republic of Poland adopts the March Constitution.
  • 18 March - The second Peace of Riga ends the Polish-Soviet war. The permanent border is established between the Polish and Soviet states.
  • 23 March - A plebiscite in Silesia votes for re-annexation to Germany.

April

  • 11 April - The Emirate of Transjordan is created, with Abdullah I as emir.
  • 14 April - In Britain, labour unions for mining, railway and transportation workers call for a strike; the government threatens to call in the army.
  • 16 April - The Communist Party of Czechoslovakia is founded.
  • 20 April - Ferenc Molnár's play Liliom is first produced on Broadway in English. A flop in its native Hungary when first presented there in 1709, the American production is critically acclaimed and becomes a modern classic, filmed more than once, and eclipsed only when Rodgers and Hammerstein adapt it in 1945 into a hit musical, Carousel, which becomes a stage classic in its own right.
  • 24 April - A referendum in Tyrol supports joining to Germany.

May

  • 1 May- 7 May - Riots in Palestine of May, 1921.
  • 2 May- 5 July - Third Silesian Uprising: The Poles in Upper Silesia rise against the Germans.
  • 5 May - Only 13 spectators attend the soccer match between Leicester City and Stockport County, the lowest attendance in The Football League's history.
  • 6 May - General strike begins in Norway.
  • 8 May - Death penalty abolished in Sweden.
  • 14 May - 17 May - Violent anti-European riots occur in Cairo and Alexandria.
  • 19 May - The Emergency Quota Act passes the U.S. Congress, establishing national quotas on immigration.
  • 24 May - Elections are held for the first time for the new Northern Ireland Parliament.
  • 31 May - Tulsa Race Riot: The official death toll is 39, but recent investigations suggest the actual toll may be much higher.


July

  • 1 July
    • The Communist Party of China is officially founded.
    • A coal strike ends in England.
  • 2 July - U.S. President Warren Harding signs a joint congressional resolution declaring an end to America's state of war with Germany, Austria and Hungary.
  • 4 July - A new conservative government is formed in Italy by Ivanoe Bonomi.
  • 11 July
    • The Irish War of Independence comes to an end when a truce is signed between the British Government and Irish forces.
    • The Red Army captures Mongolia from the White Army and establishes the Mongolian People's Republic.
  • 14 July - A Massachusetts jury finds Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti guilty of first degree murder following a widely-publicized trial.
  • 17 July - Republic of Mirdita is proclaimed near Albanian-Serbian border with Yugoslav support.
  • 18 July - The first BCG vaccination against tuberculosis is given.
  • 21 July - Rif War: Spanish troops are dealt a crushing defeat at the Battle of Annual against Abd el-Krim.
  • 22 July - The Irish Truce is declared in Britain.
  • 26 July - US President Warren G. Harding receives Princess Fatima of Afghanistan and Stanley Clifford Weyman.
  • 27 July - Researchers at the University of Toronto led by biochemist Frederick Banting announce the discovery of the hormone insulin.
  • 29 July - Adolf Hitler becomes Führer of the Nazi Party.

August

  • August - The United States formally ends World War I, declaring a peace with Germany.
  • 2 August - Famous opera singer Enrico Caruso dies.
  • 5 August - The first radio baseball game is broadcast; Harold Arlin announces the Pirates-Phillies game from Forbes Field over Westinghouse KDKA, in Pittsburgh.
  • 11 August - 39 degrees Celsius in Breslau - heat wave continues elsewhere in Europe as well.
  • 23 August - King Faisal is crowned in Baghdad.
  • 24 August - Airship ZR 2 explodes during a test flight near Hull, England; 41 are dead.
  • 26 August
  • Rising prices cause major riots in Munich.
  • The assassination of German politician Matthias Erzberger causes the government to declare martial law.

September

  • 1 September - Poplar Strike in London: Nine members of the Poplar borough council are arrested.
  • 7 September - In Atlantic City, New Jersey, the first Miss America Pageant is held.
  • 8 September - Sixteen-year-old Margaret Gorman wins the Atlantic City Pageant's Golden Mermaid trophy; pageant officials later dub her the first Miss America.
  • 12 September - Lotta Svärd is founded in Finland.
  • 21 September - The Oppau explosion occurs at BASF's nitrate factory in Oppau, Germany; 500—600 dead.

October

  • 8 October - The first Sweetest Day is staged in Cleveland, Ohio.
  • 10 October - Teaching at the University of Szeged starts in Hungary.
  • 19 October - A massacre in Lisbon claims the lives of Portuguese Prime Minister António Granjo and other politicians.
  • 21 October - A peace conference between Ireland and the United Kingdom begins in London.
  • 24 October - The Spanish Army defeats the rifkabyls.
  • 29 October
  • Construction of the Link River Dam, a part of the Klamath Reclamation Project, is completed.
  • Centre College's football team, led by quarterback Bo McMillin, defeats Harvard University 6-0 to snap Harvard's five-year winning streak. For decades afterward, this is called "football's upset of the century."

November-December

  • 9 November
    • Riots in Reykjavík injure most of the small police force.
    • Albert Einstein awarded Nobel Prize in Physics for his work with the photoelectric effect
  • 11 November - During an Armistice Day ceremony at Arlington National Cemetery, the Tomb of the Unknowns is dedicated by U.S. President Warren G. Harding.
  • 14 November - The Spanish Communist Party is founded.
  • 7 November - The Partito Nazionale Fascista (PNF), National Fascist Party, comes into existence in Italy.
  • 1 December - Rising prices cause riots in Vienna.
  • 6 December
  • The Anglo-Irish Treaty establishing the Irish Free State, an independent nation incorporating 26 of Ireland's 32 counties, is signed in London. See Ireland/History.
  • Agnes Macphail becomes the first woman to be elected to the Canadian Parliament.
  • 13 December - In the Four Power Treaty on Insular Possessions, Japan, the United States, United Kingdom, and France agree to recognize the status quo in the Pacific.
  • 23 December - Visva-Bharati University is inaugurated.
  • 29 December - William Lyon Mackenzie King becomes Canada's tenth prime minister.

Undated

  • Abkhazia becomes an autonomous republic within the Soviet Union.
  • Beginning of regular radio broadcasting service in Italy.
  • Edward Harper, the 'father of broadcasting' in Ceylon, arrives in Colombo to take up his post as Chief Engineer of the Ceylon Telegraph Department.
  • Invention of the vibraphone in its original form.
  • Tau Epsilon Chi (TEX) Jewish High School Sorority is founded in Atlantic City, NJ.
  • Sauerländer Heimatbund founded in Meschede

Ongoing

Births

1921 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 1921
MCMXXI
Ab urbe condita 2674
Armenian calendar 1370
ԹՎ ՌՅՀ
Bahá'í calendar 77 – 78
Berber calendar 2871
Buddhist calendar 2465
Burmese calendar 1283
Byzantine calendar 7429 – 7430
Chinese calendar 庚申年十一月廿三日
(4557/4617-11-23)
— to —
辛酉年十二月初三日
(4558/4618-12-3)
Coptic calendar 1637 – 1638
Ethiopian calendar 1913 – 1914
Hebrew calendar 5681 – 5682
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1976 – 1977
 - Shaka Samvat 1843 – 1844
 - Kali Yuga 5022 – 5023
Holocene calendar 11921
Iranian calendar 1299 – 1300
Islamic calendar 1339 – 1340
Japanese calendar Taishō 10
(大正10年)
Korean calendar 4254
Thai solar calendar 2464

January-February

  • 5 January
    • Friedrich Dürrenmatt, Swiss writer (d. 1990)
    • Jean, Grand Duke of Luxembourg
  • 9 January
    • William 'Billy Batts' Devino (d. 1970)
    • Lister Sinclair, Canadian broadcaster and playwright (d. 2006)
  • 10 January - Rodger Ward, American race car driver (d. 2004)
  • 14 January - Murray Bookchin, American libertarian socialist (d. 2006)
  • 19 January - Patricia Highsmith, American author (d. 1995)
  • 27 January - Donna Reed, American actress (d. 1986)
  • 31 January
    • Carol Channing, American actress
    • Mario Lanza, American tenor and actor (d. 1959)
  • 4 February
    • Betty Friedan, American feminist (d. 2006)
    • K. R. Narayanan, President of India (d. 2005)
  • 5 February - John Pritchard, English conductor (d. 1989)
  • 7 February - Nexhmije Hoxha, the widow of Enver Hoxha
  • 11 February - Lloyd Bentsen, American politician (d. 2006)
  • 14 February - Hugh Downs, American game show host and journalist
  • 16 February - Vera-Ellen, American actress and dancer (d. 1981)
  • 20 February - Buddy Rogers, American professional wrestler (d. 1992)
  • 22 February - Wayne Booth, American literary critic (d. 2005)
  • 24 February - Abe Vigoda, American actor
  • 25 February - Pierre Laporte, Canadian statesman (assassinated) (d. 1970)
  • 26 February - Betty Hutton, American actress (d. 2007)
  • 28 February - Pierre Clostermann, French World War II pilot (d. 2006)

March-April

  • 1 March
    • Jack Clayton, British film director (d. 1995)
    • Terence Cardinal Cooke, American Catholic archbishop (d. 1983)
    • Richard Wilbur, American poet
  • 2 March - Robert Simpson, English composer (d. 1997)
  • 3 March - Paul Guimard, French writer (d. 2004)
  • 4 March
    • Halim El-Dabh, Egyptian-born U.S. composer, performer, ethnomusicologist and educator
    • Joan Greenwood, British actress and director (d. 1987)
    • Wilson Harris, Guyanese writer
  • 5 March - Elmer Valo, Czech Major League Baseball player (d. 1998)
  • 8 March - Alan Hale, Jr., American actor (d. 1990)
  • 11 March - Frank Harary, American mathematician (d. 2005)
  • 12 March
    • Gianni Agnelli, Italian auto executive (d. 2003)
    • Gordon MacRae, American singer and actor (d. 1986)
  • 13 March
    • Al Jaffee, American cartoonist
    • Cyril Poole, English cricketer (d. 1996)
  • 20 March - Sister Rosetta Tharpe, American singer (d. 1973)
  • 21 March - Arthur Grumiaux, Belgian violinist (d. 1986)
  • 25 March - Simone Signoret, French actress (d. 1985)
  • 28 March - Dirk Bogarde, English actor (d. 1999)
  • 1 April - Beau Jack, American boxer (d. 2000)
  • 8 April - Franco Corelli, Italian opera singer (d. 2003)
  • 10 April - Sheb Wooley, American actor and singer (d. 2003)
  • 14 April - Thomas Schelling, American economist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 15 April - Georgi Beregovoi, Soviet cosmonaut (d. 1995)
  • 16 April - Peter Ustinov, English actor and director (d. 2004)
  • 23 April
  • 21 April - Vivian Dandridge, Actress
    • Warren Spahn, baseball player (d. 2003)
    • Janet Blair, American actress (d. 2007)
  • 25 April - Karel Appel, Dutch painter (d. 2006)

May-June

  • 2 May - Satyajit Ray, Indian filmmaker (d. 1992)
  • 5 May - Arthur Leonard Schawlow, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1999)
  • 6 May - Erich Fried, Austrian author (d. 1988)
  • 9 May
    • Sophie Scholl, resistance fighter in Nazi Germany (d. 1943)
    • Mona Van Duyn, American poet (d. 2004)
  • 11 May - Hildegard Hamm-Brücher, German politician
  • 12 May
    • Joseph Beuys, German artist (d. 1986)
    • Farley Mowat, Canadian writer and naturalist
  • 16 May - Harry Carey, Jr., American actor
  • 17 May - Dennis Brain, English French horn player (d. 1957)
  • 18 May - Sir Michael Epstein, British medical researcher
  • 19 May - Karel van het Reve, Dutch writer (d. 1999)
  • 20 May
    • Wolfgang Borchert, German writer (d. 1947)
    • Hal Newhouser, baseball player (d. 1998)
  • 21 May
    • Prabhat Ranjan Sarkar, Indian philosopher author of socio-economical theory "Progressive Utilization Theory" (d. 1990)
    • Andrei Sakharov, Russian physicist and activist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (declined) (d. 1989)
  • 23 May
    • James Blish, American science fiction author (d. 1975)
    • Humphrey Lyttelton, British jazz musician and radio personality (d. 2008)
  • 25 May
    • Jack Steinberger, German-born physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
    • James C. Quayle, American newspaper publisher (d. 2000)
  • 26 May - Stan Mortensen, English footballer (d. 1991)
  • 28 May - Heinz G. Konsalik, German author (d. 1999)
  • 1 June - Nelson Riddle, American bandleader (d. 1985)
  • 3 June - Forbes Carlile, Australian athlete
  • 8 June - Alexis Smith, Canadian actress (d. 1993)
  • 10 June - Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh
  • 12 June - Christopher Derrick, British writer (d. 2007)
  • 15 June - Errol Garner, American jazz musician (d. 1977)
  • 21 June- Jane Russell , American actress (d. 1921)
  • 22 June - Ralph K. Hofer, American fighter pilot (d. 1942)
  • 25 June - Celia Franca, Canadian ballet dancer (d. 2007)
  • 26 June - Violette Szabo, French World War II heroine (d. 1945)
  • 28 June - P. V. Narasimha Rao, Prime Minister of India (d. 2004)

July-August

  • 4 July
    • Gerard Debreu, French economist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2004)
    • Tibor Varga, Hungarian violinist and conductor (d. 2003)
  • 6 July - Nancy Davis Reagan, wife of U.S President Ronald Reagan
  • 10 July
    • Harvey Ball, American designer (d. 2001)
    • Eunice Kennedy Shriver, member of the Kennedy family
  • 11 July - Ilse Werner, German actress (d. 2005)
  • 13 July - Friedrich Peter, Austrian poltitician (d. 2005)
  • 14 July
    • Leon Garfield, English children's author (d. 1996)
    • Geoffrey Wilkinson, English chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1996)
  • 15 July - Robert Bruce Merrifield, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2006)
  • 17 July
    • František Zvarík, Slovakian actor
    • Hannah Szenes, Hungarian World War II heroine (d. 1944)
  • 18 July
    • John Glenn, American astronaut
    • Aaron T. Beck, American psychiatrist
  • 19 July - Rosalyn Sussman Yalow, American physicist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • 22 July - William Roth, U.S. Senator (d. 2003)
  • 30 July - Grant Johannesen, American concert pianist (d. 2005)
  • 3 August - Richard Adler, American Broadway composer
  • 4 August - Maurice Richard, Canadian hockey player (d. 2000)
  • 8 August - John Herbert Chapman, Canadian physicist (d. 1979)
  • 9 August - J. James Exon Governor of Nebraska and U.S. Senator (d. 2005)
  • 13 August - Barney Liddell, American musician, The Lawrence Welk Show (d. 2003)
  • 18 August - Zdzislaw Zygulski, Jr., Polish art historian
  • 19 August - Gene Roddenberry, American television producer (d. 1991)
  • 23 August - Kenneth Arrow, American economist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 25 August
    • Monty Hall, Canadian actor and game show host
    • Brian Moore, Northern Irish-born writer (d. 1999)
  • 27 August - Georg Alexander, Duke of Mecklenburg, head of the House of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (d. 1996)

September-October

  • 3 September - Thurston Dart, English harpsichordist and conductor (d. 1971)
  • 8 September - Harry Secombe, Welsh entertainer (d. 2001)
  • 12 September - Stanislaw Lem, Polish science fiction writer (d. 2006)
  • 13 September - Sergey Nepobedimiy, Soviet rocket weaponry designer
  • 14 September - Dario Vittori, Argentinean actor (d. 2001)
  • 15 September - Norma Macmillan, voice actress (d. 2001)
  • 24 September - Jim McKay, American sportscaster (d. 2008)
  • 30 September - Deborah Kerr, Scottish actress (d. 2007)
  • 2 October - Robert Runcie, Archbishop of Canterbury (d. 2000)
  • 5 October - Bill Willis, American football player
  • 7 October - Tommy Farrell, American supporting actor and comedian (d. 2004)
  • 8 October - Abraham Sarmiento, Filipino Supreme Court jurist
  • 13 October - Yves Montand, French singer and actor (d. 1991)
  • 17 October - Maria Gorokhovskaya, Soviet gymnast (d. 2001)
  • 18 October - Jesse Helms, U.S. Senator from North Carolina
  • 19 October - Gunnar Nordahl, Swedish footballer (d. 1995)
  • 21 October - Malcolm Arnold, music composer (d. 2006)
  • 22 October - Georges Brassens, French singer-songwriter (d. 1981)
  • 25 October - King Michael of Romania
  • 26 October - Frances Scott Fitzgerald, Daughter of F. Scott Fitzgerald and Zelda Sayre. (d. 1986)

November-December

  • 3 November - Charles Bronson, American actor (d. 2003)
  • 5 November - Princess Fawzia of Egypt
  • 6 November - James Jones, American writer (d. 1977)
  • 11 November - Ron Greenwood, English football manager (d. 2006)
  • 14 November - Brian Keith, American actor (d. 1997)
  • 17 November - Albert Bertelsen, Danish artist
  • 22 November - Rodney Dangerfield, American actor and comedian (d. 2004)
  • 23 November - Fred Buscaglione, Italian singer and actor (d. 1960)
  • 27 November - Alexander Dubcek, Slovak politician and First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia (d. 1992)
  • 29 November - Jackie Stallone, American astrologer and mother of Sylvester Stallone
  • 3 December - Phyllis Curtin, American soprano
  • 6 December - Otto Graham, American football player (d. 2003)
  • 26 December - Blaže Koneski, Macedonian poet and linguist
  • 26 December - Steve Allen, American actor, composer, comedian, and author (d. 2000)

Deaths

January - June

  • 1 January - Theobald von Bethmann Hollweg, Chancellor of Germany (b. 1856)
  • 8 February
    • Peter Kropotkin, Russian anarchist (b. 1842)
    • George Formby (Senior), English entertainer (b. 1876)
  • 26 February - Carl Menger, Austrian economist (b. 1840)
  • 27 February - Schofield Haigh, English cricketer (b. 1871)
  • 1 March - King Nicholas I of Montenegro (b. 1841)
  • 17 April - Manuel Dimech, Maltese philosopher and social reformer (b. 1860)
  • 21 April - Tom O'Brien, 19th century major league baseball player (b. 1860)
  • 27 April - Arthur Mold, English cricketer (b. 1863)
  • 5 May - Alfred Hermann Fried, Austrian writer and pacifist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1864)
  • 19 May - Edward Douglass White, 9th Chief Justice of the United States (b. 1845)
  • 5 June - Georges Feydeau, French playwright (b. 1862)
  • 28 June - Gjorche Petrov, Macedonian and Bulgarian revolutionary
  • 29 June - Otto Seeck, German classical historian (b. 1850)

July - December

  • 2 August - Enrico Caruso, Italian tenor (b. 1873)
  • 19 August - Georges Darien, French writer (b. 1862)
  • 2 September - Henry Austin Dobson, English poet (b. 1840)
  • 7 September - Alfred William Rich, English watercolour painter (b. 1856)
  • 11 September - Subramanya Bharathy, Tamil poet (b. 1882)
  • 27 September - Engelbert Humperdinck, German composer (b. 1854)
  • 25 October - Bat Masterson, American gunfighter (b. 1853)
  • 4 November - Hara Takashi, 19th Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1856)
  • 20 November - Christina Nilsson, Swedish operatic soprano (b. 1843)
  • 27 November - Douglas Colin Cameron, Canadian politician (b. 1854)
  • 28 November - `Abdu'l-Bahá, Persian religious leader (b. 1844)
  • 10 December - George Ashlin, Irish architect (b. 1837)
  • 16 December - Camille Saint-Saëns, French composer (b. 1835)
  • 31 December - Boies Penrose, U.S. Senator from Pennsylvania (b. 1860)

Nobel prizes

  • Physics - Albert Einstein
  • Chemistry - Frederick Soddy
  • Medicine - not awarded
  • Literature - Anatole France
  • Peace - Karl Hjalmar Branting, Christian Lous Lange