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1925

Related subjects Years

Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century
Decades: 1890s  1700s  1910s  - 1920s -   1930s   1940s   1950s
Years: 1922 1923 1924 - 1925 - 1926 1927 1928
Paris Montmartre in 1925
Paris Montmartre in 1925

Year 1925 (MCMXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar.

Events of 1925

January-February

  • 3 January - Benito Mussolini (Il Duce) announces he is taking dictatorial powers over Italy.
  • 5 January - Nellie Tayloe Ross becomes the first female governor in the United States.
  • 27 January– 1 February - The 1925 serum run to Nome, or the "Great Race of Mercy", relays diphtheria antitoxin by dog sled across the U.S. territory of Alaska to combat an epidemic.


  • 21 February - The New Yorker magazine publishes its first issue.
  • 25 February - Art Gillham records for Columbia Records the first Western Electric masters to be commercially released.

March-April

  • 4 March - Calvin Coolidge becomes the first President of the United States to have his inauguration broadcasted on radio.
  • 6 March - Pionerskaya Pravda, one of the oldest children's newspapers in Europe, is founded
  • 13 March - Scopes Trial: A law in Tennessee prohibits the teaching of evolution.
  • 15 March - Phi Lambda Chi fraternity was founded, with their original name "The Aztecs" on the campus of Arkansas State Teacher's College in Conway, Arkansas, now known as the University of Central Arkansas.
  • 18 March - The Tri-State Tornado rampages through Missouri, Illinois, and Indiana and kills 695 people and injures 2027. It hits the towns Murphysboro, Illinois; Gorham, Illinois; Ellington, Missouri; and Griffin, Indiana
  • 21 March - Tennessee Governor Austin Peay signs the Butler Act, prohibiting the teaching of evolution in the state's public schools.
  • 31 March - WOWO radio station in Ft. Wayne, Indiana begins broadcasting.
  • 1 April - Frank Heath and his horse Gypsy Queen leave Washington, D.C. to begin a two-year journey to visit all 48 states.
  • 10 April - F. Scott Fitzgerald publishes The Great Gatsby
  • 16 April - The Communist St Nedelya Church assault claims the lives of 150 and injures 500 in the Bulgarian capital Sofia.

May

  • 5 May - Scopes Trial: Dayton, Tennessee, biology teacher John Scopes is arrested for teaching Charles Darwin's Theory of Evolution.
  • 5 May - General Election Law was passed in Japan.
  • 8 May - Tom Lee rescues 32 people from the M.E. Norman, a sinking steamboat.
  • 25 May - Scopes Trial: John T. Scopes is indicted for teaching Darwin's theory of evolution.
  • 25 May - The National Forensics League is founded.
  • 29 May - Last communication from the British explorer Percy Fawcett, a telegram to his wife, before he disappears in the Amazon.

June

  • 1 June - Percy and Florence Arrowsmith are married. This couple, who celebrated their 80th wedding anniversary June 1, 2005 (Percy aged 105, and wife Florence 100), are acknowledged by the Guinness Book of Records as record-holders for the longest marriage for a living couple and the greatest aggregate age of a married couple.
  • 6 June - The Chrysler Corporation is founded by Walter Percy Chrysler.
  • 13 June - Charles Francis Jenkins achieves the first synchronized transmission of pictures and sound, using 48 lines, and a mechanical system. A 10-minute film of a miniature windmill in motion is sent across 5 miles from Anacostia to Washington, DC. The images were viewed by representatives of the National Bureau of Standards, the U.S. Navy, the Commerce Department, and others. Jenkins called this "the first public demonstration of radiovision".
  • 14 June - Turkish football club Göztepe is founded.
  • 29 June - Santa Barbara Earthquake of 1925: a 6.3 earthquake destroys downtown Santa Barbara, California.

July-October

  • 10 July
    • Scopes Trial: In Dayton, Tennessee, the so-called "Monkey Trial" begins with John T. Scopes, a young high school science teacher, accused of teaching evolution in violation of a Tennessee state law.
    • Meher Baba begins his 44 year silence.
  • 18 July - Adolf Hitler publishes his personal manifesto Mein Kampf.
  • 21 July - Scopes Trial: In Dayton, Tennessee, high school biology teacher John T. Scopes is found guilty of teaching evolution in class and fined $100.
  • 25 July - Telegraph Agency of the Soviet Union (TASS) is established.
  • 14 August - The original Hetch Hetchy Moccasin Powerhouse is completed and goes on line.
  • 25 August - French evacuation of the Ruhr region of Germany.
  • 3 September - US dirigible Shenandoah breaks up en route to Scottfield, St. Louis - 14 crewmen dead.
  • 9 September- Warren Harding High School opens in Bridgeport, CT
  • October - Major money forgery and fraud of Alves Reis exposed in Portugal.
  • 30 October - John Logie Baird creates Britain's first television transmitter.

November-December

  • 6 November - Secret agent Sidney Reilly executed by the OGPU, the secret police of the Soviet Union.
  • 24 November - Hussar of the Dead was released in Santiago de Chile.
  • 26 November - Prajadhipok (Rama VII) crowned as King of Siam.
  • 28 November - Country-variety show Grand Ole Opry makes its radio debut on station WSM (it would later become the longest-running live music show).
  • 16 December - Alpha Phi Omega, a national service fraternity, founded at Lafayette College.
  • 16 December - Colombo Radio launches in Ceylon; the station is subsequently known as Radio Ceylon.
  • 26 December - The Great Sphinx of Giza is unearthed after restoration.

Undated

  • Queensland, an Australian state, introduces a 44-hour working week.
  • New York City becomes the largest city in the world, taking the lead from London.
  • Thompson submachine gun sells for $175 in the 1925 Sears, Roebuck and Company mail order catalog.
  • Vladimir Zworykin takes out the first patent for colour television.
  • Introduction of London's first Double-decker buses.
  • The Royal Tweed Bridge in Berwick-upon-Tweed, England, is completed.
  • The National Football League adds five teams: New York Giants, Detroit Panthers, Providence Steam Roller, a new Canton Bulldogs team, and Pottsville Maroons
  • The Shueisha Publishing Company is founded.
  • Scotch Tape is invented.
  • Brisbane City Council, (Brisbane, Australia), is created from the amalgamation of 20 smaller cities, towns and shires.

Births

1925 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 1925
MCMXXV
Ab urbe condita 2678
Armenian calendar 1374
ԹՎ ՌՅՀԴ
Bahá'í calendar 81 – 82
Berber calendar 2875
Buddhist calendar 2469
Burmese calendar 1287
Byzantine calendar 7433 – 7434
Chinese calendar 甲子年十二月初七日
(4561/4621-12-7)
— to —
乙丑年十一月十六日
(4562/4622-11-16)
Coptic calendar 1641 – 1642
Ethiopian calendar 1917 – 1918
Hebrew calendar 5685 – 5686
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1980 – 1981
 - Shaka Samvat 1847 – 1848
 - Kali Yuga 5026 – 5027
Holocene calendar 11925
Iranian calendar 1303 – 1304
Islamic calendar 1343 – 1344
Japanese calendar Taishō 14
(大正14年)
Korean calendar 4258
Thai solar calendar 2468

January

  • 2 January - Larry Harmon, American entertainer and TV producer, Bozo the Clown (d. 2008)
  • 6 January - John De Lorean, American car maker (d. 2005)
  • 7 January - Gerald Durrell, British naturalist, zookeeper, author, and television presenter (d. 1995)
  • 8 January - Helmuth Hubener, Youth political activist against the Hitler regime (d. 1942)
  • 11 January - Grant Tinker, American television executive
  • 14 January - Yukio Mishima, Japanese writer (d. 1970)
  • 25 January - Gilles Deleuze, French philosopher (d. 1995)
  • 26 January - Paul Newman, American actor
  • 30 January - Dorothy Malone, American actress

February-March

  • 3 February - Leon Schlumpf, Swiss Federal Councillor
  • 8 February - Jack Lemmon, American actor and film director (d. 2001)
  • 11 February - Kim Stanley, American actress (d. 2001)
  • 17 February
    • Ron Goodwin, English composer and conductor (d. 2003)
    • Hal Holbrook, American actor
  • 18 February - George Kennedy, American actor
  • 20 February - Robert Altman, American film director (d. 2006)
  • 21 February - Sam Peckinpah, American director (d. 1984)
  • 25 February - Shehu Shagari, President of Nigeria
  • 27 February - Samuel Dash, American Congressional counsel (d. 2004)
  • 4 March - Paul Mauriat, French musician (d. 2006)
  • 12 March - Leo Esaki, Japanese physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 16 March - Luis E. Miramontes, Mexican chemist (d. 2004)
  • 23 March - David Watkin, British cinematographer
  • 25 March - Flannery O'Connor, American writer (d. 1964)
  • 26 March - Pierre Boulez, French composer

April-May

  • 4 April - Fariza Magomadova, Chechen teacher
  • 14 April
    • Gene Ammons, American jazz saxophonist (d. 1974)
    • Rod Steiger, American actor (d. 2002)
  • 20 April - Ernie Stautner, German-born American football player (d. 2006)
  • 22 April - George Cole, British actor
  • 24 April - Eugen Weber, Romanian-born historian
  • 25 April - Kay E. Kuter, American actor (d. 2003)
  • 2 May - Yogi Berra, baseball player
  • 4 May - Maurice R. Greenberg, American businessman
  • 5 May - Charles Chaplin Jr., American actor (d. 1968)
  • 19 May - Pol Pot, Cambodian Khmer Rouge leader (d. 1998)
  • 19 May - Malcolm X, American civil rights activist (d. 1965)
  • 22 May - James King, American tenor (d. 2005)
  • 23 May - Joshua Lederberg, American molecular biologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • 25 May - Jeanne Crain, American actress (d. 2003)
  • 28 May - Pavel Štěpán, Czech pianist (d. 1998)

June-July

  • 1 June - Dilia Díaz Cisneros, Venezuelan teacher
  • 3 June - Tony Curtis, American actor
  • 8 June - Barbara Bush, First Lady of the United States
  • 11 June - William Styron, American writer (d. 2006)
  • 14 June - Pierre Salinger, White House Press Secretary (d. 2004)
  • 21 June - Maureen Stapleton, American actress (d. 2006)
  • 1 July - Farley Granger, American actor
  • 2 July - Medgar Evers , African american civil rights activist
  • 6 July
    • Merv Griffin, American game show developer and host (d. 2007)
    • Bill Haley, American musician ( Bill Haley & His Comets) (d. 1981)
  • 10 July - Mahathir bin Mohamad, fourth Prime Minister of Malaysia
  • 12 July - Roger Bonham Smith, Former chairman and CEO of General Motors (d. 2007)
  • 28 July - Baruch S. Blumberg, American scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • 29 July - Mikis Theodorakis, Greek composer
  • 30 July - Alexander Trocchi, Scottish writer (d. 1984)

August

  • 3 August - Dom Um Romão, Brazilian jazz drummer
  • 7 August - M. S. Swaminathan, Indian scientist
  • 8 August - Alija Izetbegović, President of Bosnia-Herzegovina (d. 2003)
  • 9 August - David A. Huffman, American computer scientist (d. 1999)
  • 11 August - Mike Douglas, American entertainer (d. 2006)
  • 12 August
    • Norris McWhirter (d. 2004) and his twin brother,
    • Ross McWhirter (d. 1975), Scottish co-founders of the Guinness Book of Records
  • 15 August
    • Oscar Peterson (d. 2007, Canadian jazz pianist
    • Bill Pinkney, American performer and singer (b. 2007)
  • 16 August
    • Kirke Mechem, American composer (b. 1925)
  • 21 August - Maurice Pialat, French actor and director (d. 2003)
  • 22 August - Honour Blackman, English actress
  • 25 August - Thea Astley, Australian writer (d. 2004)
  • 26 August - Jack Hirshleifer, American economist (d. 2005)
  • 27 August - Nat Lofthouse, English footballer
  • 28 August - Donald O'Connor, American actor, singer, and dancer (d. 2003)
  • 30 August - Laurent de Brunhoff, French writer and illustrator

September

  • 3 September - Shoista Mullojonova, Shashmakom singer
  • 7 September - Laura Ashley, Welsh designer (d. 1985)
  • 8 September - Peter Sellers, English comedian and actor (d. 1980)
  • 10 September - Boris Alexandrovich Tchaikovsky, Russian composer (d. 1996)
  • 16 September
    • Charles Haughey, sixth Taoiseach (head of government of the Republic of Ireland) (d. 2006)
    • B. B. King, American guitarist
  • 23 September - Denis Twitchett, Cambridge scholar, and Chinese historian (d. 2006)
  • 24 September - Autar Singh Paintal, Indian medical scientist (d. 2004)
  • 25 September - Paul B. MacCready, Jr., American aeronautical engineer (d. 2007)
  • 28 September -
    • Arnold Stang, American actor
    • Cromwell Everson, South African composer

October

  • 11 October - Elmore Leonard, American novelist
  • 13 October -
  • 16 October - Angela Lansbury, English actress
  • 20 October
    • Art Buchwald, American humorist and columnist (d. 2007)
    • Gene Wood, American game show announcer (d. 2004)
  • 23 October - Johnny Carson, American comedian and television host (d. 2005)
  • 24 October
    • Luciano Berio, Italian composer (d. 2003)
    • Al Feldstein, American artist and comic book creator
  • 27 October - Albert Medwin, American inventor
  • 31 October - John Pople, English chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2004)

November-December

  • 10 November - Richard Burton, Welsh actor (d. 1984)
  • 11 November - Jonathan Winters, American actor and comedian
  • 18 November - Gene Mauch, baseball manager (d. 2005)
  • 20 November - Robert Kennedy, American politician and Attorney General of the United States (d. 1968)
  • 24 November
    • William F. Buckley, Jr., American journalist, author, and commentator (d. 2008)
    • Simon van der Meer, Dutch physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 26 November - Eugene Istomin, American pianist (d. 2003)
  • 27 November - John Maddox, Welsh science writer
  • 30 November - William H. Gates, Sr., American attorney, father of Bill Gates
  • 1 December - Martin Rodbell, American scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1998)
  • 8 December - Sammy Davis Jr., American singer, dancer, musician, and actor (d. 1990)
  • 11 December - Paul Greengard, American neuroscientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • 12 December - Vladimir Shainsky, Soviet and Russian composer
  • 13 December - Dick Van Dyke, American actor, singer, dancer and comedian
  • 14 December - Gloria Malgarini, American actress
  • 19 December - Robert B. Sherman, American songwriter
  • 29 December - Pete Dye, American golf course architect
  • date unknown - Godrej Sidhwa, Pakistani theologist.

Deaths

January - February

  • 4 January - Nellie Cashman, Irish-born actress (b. 1845)
  • 8 January - George Bellows, American artist (b. 1882)
  • 14 January - Camille Decoppet, Swiss Federal Councilor (b. 1852)
  • 31 January - George Washington Cable, American writer (b. 1844)
  • 2 February - Jaap Eden, Dutch speed skater (b. 1873)
  • 3 February - Oliver Heaviside, English mathematician (b. 1850)
  • 4 February - Robert Koldewey, German architect and archaeologist (b. 1855)
  • 10 February - Aristide Bruant, French singer and nightclub owner (b. 1851)
  • 18 February - James Lane Allen, American writer (b. 1849)
  • 24 February - Hjalmar Branting, Prime Minister of Sweden, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1860)
  • 25 February - Louis Feuillade, French silent film director (b. 1873)
  • 28 February - Friedrich Ebert, Chancellor of Germany (b. 1871)

March-April

  • 2 March - Luigj Gurakuqi, Albanian freedom fighter (assassinated) (b. 1879)
  • 4 March
    • Moritz Moszkowski, Polish composer (b. 1854)
    • John Montgomery Ward, baseball player (b. 1860)
  • 7 March - Georgy Evgenyevich Lvov, Prime Minister of Russia (b. 1861)
  • 12 March - Sun Yat-sen, Chinese revolutionary (b. 1866)
  • 14 March - Walter Camp, American football coach (b. 1859)
  • 20 March - George Nathaniel Curzon, 1st Marquess Curzon of Kedleston, Viceroy of India (b. 1859)
  • 25 March - Tikhon of Moscow, Patriarch of the Russian Orthodox Church (b. 1865)
  • 28 March - Henry Rawlinson, 1st Baron Rawlinson, British general (b. 1864)
  • 6 April - Alexandra Kitchin, British model for Lewis Carroll (b. 1864)
  • 14 April - John Singer Sargent, American artist (b. 1856)
  • 15 April - Fritz Haarmann, German serial killer (b. 1879)
  • 19 April - John Walter Smith, American politician (b. 1845)
  • 22 April - André Caplet, French composer and conductor (b. 1878)

May-June

  • 2 May
    • Johann Palisa, Austrian astronomer (b. 1848)
    • Antun Branko Simic, Croatian poet (b. 1898)
  • 10 May - William Massey, Prime Minister of New Zealand (b.1856)
  • 12 May
    • Amy Lowell, American poet (b. 1874)
    • Charles Mangin, French general (b. 1866)
  • 14 May - H. Rider Haggard, English writer (b. 1856)
  • 20 May - Elias M. Ammons, Governor of Colorado (b. 1860)
  • 22 May - John French, 1st Earl of Ypres, British World War I field marshal (b. 1852)
  • 31 May - John Palm, Curacao born composer (b. 1885)
  • 1 June - Thomas R. Marshall, Vice President of the United States (b. 1854)
  • 2 June - James Ellsworth, American mine owner and banker (b. 1849)
  • 16 June - Emmett Hardy, American jazz cornetist (b. 1703)
  • 18 June - Robert M. La Follette, Sr., American politician (b. 1855)
  • 22 June - Felix Klein, German mathematician (b. 1849)
  • 29 June - Christian Michelsen, Prime Minister of Norway (b. 1857)

July - December

  • 1 July - Erik Satie, French composer (b. 1866)
  • 7 July - Clarence Hudson White American photographer (b.. 1871)
  • 14 July - Pancho Villa, Filipino world boxing champion (b. 1701)
  • 26 July
    • Antonio Ascari, Italian race car driver (b. 1888)
    • William Jennings Bryan, American lawyer and politician (b. 1860)
    • Gottlob Frege, German mathematician and philosopher (b. 1848)
  • 17 August - Ioan Slavici, Romanian writer (b. 1848)
  • 25 August - Franz Graf Conrad von Hötzendorf, Austrian field marshal (b. 1852)
  • 7 September - René Viviani, Prime Minister of France (b. 1863)
  • 16 September - Alexander Alexandrovich Friedman, Russian mathematician (b. 1888)
  • 29 September - Léon Bourgeois, French statesman, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1851)
  • 7 October - Christy Mathewson, baseball player (b. 1880)
  • 31 October
    • Mikhail Frunze, Russian Bolshevik leader (b. 1885)
    • Max Linder, French silent film actor (b. 1883)
  • 20 November - Alexandra of Denmark, queen of Edward VII of the United Kingdom (b. 1844)
  • 25 November - King Vajiravudh of Siam (b. 1880)
  • 5 December - Wladyslaw Reymont, Polish writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1867)
  • 9 December - Pablo Iglesias, co-founder of the Spanish Socialist Workers Party (b. 1850)
  • 15 December - Battling Siki, Senegalese boxer (b. 1897)
  • 19 December - Jose Ignacio Quinton, Puerto Rican composer and pianist (b. 1881)
  • 21 December - Jules Méline, Prime Minister of France (b. 1838)
  • 22 December - Alice Heine, American wife of Albert I of Monaco (b. 1858)
  • 25 December - Karl Abraham, German psychoanalyst (b. 1877)
  • 28 December - Sergei Aleksandrovich Yesenin, Russian lyrical poet (b. 1895)

Nobel prizes

  • Physics - James Franck and Gustav Ludwig Hertz
  • Chemistry - Richard Adolf Zsigmondy
  • Physiology or Medicine - not awarded
  • Literature - George Bernard Shaw
  • Peace - Austen Chamberlain and Charles Gates Dawes

Ship events

  • List of ship launches in 1925

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