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1926

Related subjects Years

Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century
Decades: 1890s  1700s  1910s  - 1920s -   1930s   1940s   1950s
Years: 1923 1924 1925 - 1926 - 1927 1928 1929

Year 1926 (MCMXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar.

Events of 1926

January-February

  • 1 January
    • Ireland's first regular radio service, 2RN (later Radio Éireann), begins broadcasting.
    • Turkey switches to the Gregorian calendar after reforms set by Kemal Atatürk.
  • 8 January - Abdul-Aziz ibn Saud is crowned King of Hejaz.
  • 12 January - Freeman Gosden and Charles Correll premiere their radio program Sam 'n' Henry, in which the two white performers portrayed two black characters from Harlem looking to strike it rich in the big city. It was a precursor to Gosden and Correll's more popular later program, Amos 'n' Andy.
  • 16 January - BBC radio play about worker's revolution causes a panic in London
  • 26 January - John Logie Baird demonstrates a mechanical television system.
  • 29 January - Eugene O'Neill's The Great God Brown opens at the Greenwich Theatre
  • 31 January - British and Belgian troops leave Cologne.
  • 9 February - Flooding in London suburbs
  • 12 February - Irish minister for Justice, Kevin O'Higgins, appoints the Committee on Evil Literature

March-April

16 March: Goddard with rocket in 1926.
16 March: Goddard with rocket in 1926.
  • 6 March - The Shakespeare Memorial Theatre in Stratford-upon-Avon is destroyed by fire.
  • 16 March - Robert Goddard launches the first liquid-fueled rocket, at Auburn, Massachusetts
  • 23 March - Eamon de Valera organizes Fianna Fáil.
  • 7 April - Failed assassination attempt against Mussolini
  • 12 April - By a vote of 45 to 41, the United States Senate unseats Iowa Senator Smith W. Brookhart and seats Daniel F. Steck, after Brookhart had already served for over one year.
  • 16 April - Train crash in San José, Costa Rica - 178 dead
  • 25 April - Reza Khan is crowned Shah of Iran under the name " Pahlevi."
  • 30 April - Bessie Coleman is killed after falling 2,000 feet from an airplane.

May-June

  • 1 May - Coal miner's strike begins in Britain
  • 3 May - The General Strike begins in support of the coal strike
  • 9 May
    • Martial law in Britain because of the general strike
    • French navy bombards Damascus because of Druze riots
    • Admiral Richard E. Byrd and Floyd Bennett claim to have flown over the North Pole (later discovery of his diary seems to indicate that this did not happen).
  • 10 May - Talks between government and strikers begins in UK
  • 10 May - planes piloted by Major Harold Geiger and Horace Meek Hickam, students at the Air Corps Tactical School, collided in mid-air at Langley Field, Virginia. Hickam parachuted to safety.
  • 12 May - 14 May - Military coup (the May Coup) by Józef Piłsudski succeeds in Poland
  • 12 May
  • 18 May - Evangelist Aimee Semple McPherson disappears while visiting a Venice, California beach.
  • 23 May - First Lebanese constitution is established.
  • 26 May - Rifkabyl rebels surrender in Morocco
  • 28 May - 1926 coup d'état commanded by Manuel Gomes da Costa in Portugal that installed the Ditadura Nacional (National Dictatorship) that would be followed by António de Oliveira Salazar's Estado Novo.
  • 4 June - Ignacy Moscicki becomes president of Poland
  • 29 June - Arthur Meighen returns to office as Prime Minister of Canada.

July-August

  • 1 July - Kuomingtang begins a campaign in the northern China for unification
  • 3 July - Caudron C.61 aircraft operated by Compagnie Internationale de Navigation Aérienne crashes in Czechoslovakia
  • 9 July - New military coup in Portugal, now by general Antonio Carmona
  • 12 July - Lightning strike destroys an ammunition depot in Dover, New Jersey
  • 15 July - BEST buses make its début in Bombay.
  • 23 July - Fox Film buys the patents of the Movietone sound system for recording sound onto film.
  • 1 August - Failed assassination attempt against Jon Lee in Barcelona
  • 6 August
    • Gertrude Ederle becomes the first woman to swim the English Channel from France to England
    • In New York, the Warner Brothers' Vitaphone system premieres with the movie Don Juan starring John Barrymore.
  • 18 August
    • British miners' union begins negotiations with the government
    • A weather map is televised for the first time, sent from NAA Arlington to the Weather Bureau Office in Washington, D.C.
  • 22 August - In Greece, Georgios Kondylis ousts Theodoros Pangalos
  • 25 August - Pavlos Kountouriotis announces that dictatorship is finished in Greece and becomes a president

September-October

  • 1 September - Lebanon under the French Mandate gets its first constitution therefore becoming a republic. Charles Debbas is elected president.
  • 11 September
    • Spain leaves the League of Nations
    • Aloha Tower is officially dedicated at Honolulu Harbour in the Territory of Hawai'i
  • 18 September - Great Miami Hurricane: A strong hurricane devastates Miami, Florida, leaving over 100 dead and caused several hundred million dollars in damage; equal to nearly $100 billion dollars today.
  • 20 September - Twelve cars full of gangsters open fire at the Hawthorne Inn, headquarters of Al Capone in Chicago. Only one of Capone's men is wounded
  • 25 September
    • League of Nations Slavery Convention abolishes all types of slavery.
    • William Lyon Mackenzie King returns to office as Prime Minister of Canada.
  • 26 September - Gene Tunney defeats Jack Dempsey and becomes heavyweight champion of the world.
  • 2 October - Józef Piłsudski becomes prime minister of Poland
  • 12 October - British miners agree to end their strike
  • 20 October - Hurricane kills 650 in Cuba
  • 23 October - Decree in Italy bans women from holding public office
  • 23 October - The Fazal Mosque is built, this was one of the first mosques built in London
  • 31 October - Magician Harry Houdini dies of gangrene and peritonitis that developed after his appendix ruptured.

November-December

  • 10 November - In San Francisco, California, a necrophiliac serial killer named Earle Nelson (dubbed "Gorilla Man") kills and then rapes his 9th victim, a boardinghouse landlady named Mrs. William Edmonds.
  • 10 November - Michinomiya Hirohito is crowned the 124th Emperor of Japan
  • 11 November - U.S. Route 66 was established.
  • 15 November - The NBC radio network opens with 24 stations (it was formed by Westinghouse, General Electric and RCA).
  • 24 November
    • The village of Rocquebillier in French Riviera is almost destroyed in a massive hail.
    • Sri Aurobindo retires, leaving the Mother to run the Sri Aurobindo Ashram in Pondicherry, India.
  • 25 November - Death penalty re-established in Italy.
  • 26 November - Arrest of all Italian Communist deputies.
  • 27 November
    • Vesuvius erupts.
    • In Williamsburg, Virginia, the restoration of Colonial Williamsburg begins.
  • 2 December - British prime minister Stanley Baldwin ends the martial law that had been declared due to general strike
  • 8 December - Agatha Christie disappears from her home in Surrey; on 14 December she is found in Harrogate hotel
  • 17 December - Democratically elected government is overthrown during the 1926 Lithuanian coup d'état‎; Antanas Smetona assumes the power in Lithuania.
  • 18 December - Turkey converted to Gregorian calendar making 'tomorrow' 1 January 1926
  • 25 December - In Japanese History, end of the Taishō era and beginning of the Shōwa era and the period of Japanese expansionism

Undated

  • Widows pensions introduced in NSW
  • Earl W. Bascom, rodeo cowboy and artist, designs and makes rodeo's first high-cut rodeo chaps at Stirling, Alberta Canada
  • The short-lived Western Australian Secession League is founded.
  • International African Institute is founded.
  • Raymond Pearl publishes landmark book, Alcohol and Longevity.
  • Selman Waksman publishes Enzymes
  • The Pike School of Andover, Massachusetts is founded.

Births

1926 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 1926
MCMXXVI
Ab urbe condita 2679
Armenian calendar 1375
ԹՎ ՌՅՀԵ
Bahá'í calendar 82 – 83
Berber calendar 2876
Buddhist calendar 2470
Burmese calendar 1288
Byzantine calendar 7434 – 7435
Chinese calendar 乙丑年十一月十七日
(4562/4622-11-17)
— to —
丙寅年十一月廿七日
(4563/4623-11-27)
Coptic calendar 1642 – 1643
Ethiopian calendar 1918 – 1919
Hebrew calendar 5686 – 5687
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1981 – 1982
 - Shaka Samvat 1848 – 1849
 - Kali Yuga 5027 – 5028
Holocene calendar 11926
Iranian calendar 1304 – 1305
Islamic calendar 1344 – 1345
Japanese calendar Taishō 15 Shōwa 1
(昭和元年)
Korean calendar 4259
Thai solar calendar 2469

January-February

  • 2 January – Harold Bradley, American session guitarist on country music records.
  • 3 January - George Martin, English producer of The Beatles
  • 5 January - William De Witt Snodgrass, American poet
  • 6 January
  • Kim Daejung, President of South Korea, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
  • Mickey Hargitay, Hungarian actor and bodybuilder (d. 2006)
  • 8 January
    • Evelyn Lear, American soprano
    • Hanae Mori, Japanese fashion designer
    • Soupy Sales, American comedian
  • 11 January - Lev Demin, cosmonaut (d. 1998)
  • 12 January - Ray Price, American singer
  • 14 January
    • Maria Schell, Austrian actress (d. 2005)
    • Tom Tryon, American actor and novelist (d. 1991)
  • 15 January - Florence Buchsbaum, theatre director and musician (d. 1996)
  • 17 January - Moira Shearer, Scottish actress and dancer (d. 2006)
  • 19 January - Fritz Weaver, American actor
  • 20 January
    • Patricia Neal, American actress
    • David Tudor, American pianist and composer (d. 1996)
  • 21 January - Steve Reeves, American actor (d. 2000)
  • 26 January - Franco Evangelisti, Italian composer (d. 1980)
  • 27 January
    • Fritz Spiegl, Austrian journalist (d. 2003)
    • Ingrid Thulin, Swedish actress (d. 2004)
  • 29 January - Abdus Salam, Pakistani physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1996)
  • 2 February - Valéry Giscard d'Estaing, President of France
    • Elaine Stritch, Broadway/Film Actress.
  • 6 February - Haskell Wexler, American cinematographer
  • 7 February - Konstantin Feoktistov, cosmonaut
  • 8 February
    • Neal Cassady, American writer (d. 1968)
    • Audrey Meadows, American actress (d. 1996)
  • 10 February - Danny Blanchflower, Northern Irish footballer and football manager (d. 1993)
  • 11 February
    • Paul Bocuse, French chef
    • Alexander Gibson, British conductor and founder of the Scottish Opera
    • Leslie Nielsen, Canadian actor
  • 16 February
    • John Schlesinger, British film director (d. 2003)
    • Margot Frank, sister of Anne Frank (d. 1945)
  • 20 February
    • Richard Matheson, American author
    • Bob Richards, American track and field athlete
  • 22 February - Kenneth Williams, English actor (d. 1988)
  • 27 February - David H. Hubel, Canadian neuroscientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • 28 February - Svetlana Alliluyeva, Russian author

March-April

  • 1 March - Pete Rozelle, American commissioner of the National Football League (d. 1996)
  • 2 March - Murray Rothbard, American economist (d. 1995)
  • 3 March - James Merrill, American poet (d. 1995)
  • 4 March
    • Richard DeVos, American billionaire, co-founder of Amway
    • James J. Eagan, former Mayor of Florissant, Missouri (d. 2000)
    • Fran Warren, American popular singer
  • 6 March
    • Alan Greenspan, American economist and former Chairman of the Federal Reserve
    • Andrzej Wajda, Polish film director
  • 8 March - Sultan Salahuddin (d. 2001)
  • 13 March - Carlos Roberto Reina, President of Honduras (d. 2003)
  • 15 March - Norm Van Brocklin, American football player (d. 1983)
  • 16 March
    • Jerry Lewis, American comedian
    • Charles Goodell, American politician (d. 1987)
  • 17 March - Siegfried Lenz, German writer
  • 18 March - Peter Graves, American actor
  • 24 March - Dario Fo, Italian author, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 26 March - László Papp, Hungarian boxer (d. 2003)
  • 30 March - Ingvar Kamprad, Swedish businessman
  • 31 March - John Fowles, English writer (d. 2005)
  • 1 April
    • Charles Bressler, American tenor
    • Anne McCaffrey, American author
  • 2 April - Jack Brabham, Australian race car driver
  • 3 April - Gus Grissom, astronaut (d. 1967)
  • 6 April
    • Sergio Franchi, Italian tenor and actor (d. 1990)
    • Gil Kane, Latvian-born cartoonist (d. 2000)
    • Ian Paisley, Northern Irish politician
  • 9 April - Hugh Hefner, American magazine editor
  • 12 April - Khozh-Akhmed Bersanov, Chechen ethnographer
  • 14 April - Frank Daniel, Czech-born writer, producer, director, teacher (d. 1996)
  • 17 April - Gerry McNeil, Canadian hockey player (d. 2004)
  • 21 April - Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom
  • 21 April - Arthur Rowley, English footballer (d. 2002)
  • 22 April - James Stirling, Scottish architect (d. 1992)
  • 24 April - Thorbjörn Fälldin, Prime Minister of Sweden
  • 25 April - Gertrude Fröhlich-Sandner, Austrian politician (d. 2008)
  • 26 April
    • Michael Mathias Prechtl, German illustrator (d. 2003)
    • David Coleman, British TV sports broadcaster
  • 28 April - Harper Lee, American author
  • 30 April
    • Cloris Leachman, American actress
    • Edmund Cooper, British author & poet (d. 1982)

May-June

  • 5 May - Ann B. Davis, American actress
  • 8 May
    • Don Rickles, American comedian and actor
    • David Attenborough, British broadcaster, naturalist and producer
  • 10 May - Tichi Wilkerson Kassel, American film personality and publisher of The Hollywood Reporter (d. 2004)
  • 15 May
    • Peter Shaffer, English playwright
    • Anthony Shaffer, English novelist and playwright (d. 2001)
  • 18 May - Dirch Passer, Danish actor (d. 1980)
  • 20 May - John Lucarotti, TV writer (d. 1994)
  • 25 May - Bill Sharman, American basketball player and coach
  • 26 May - Miles Davis, American musician (d. 1991)
  • 1 June
    • Andy Griffith, American actor
    • Marilyn Monroe, American actress (d. 1962)
  • 3 June
  • 6 June - Klaus Tennstedt, German conductor (d. 1998)
  • 11 June - Frank Plicka, Czech-born photographer
  • 13 June - Paul Lynde, American comedian (d. 1982)
  • 15 June - Shigeru Kayano, Japanese Ainu activist (d. 2006)
  • 16 June - William F. Roemer, Jr., United States FBI agent (d. 1996)
  • 21 June - Conrad Hall, Tahitian-born cinematographer (d. 2003)
  • 25 June - Ingeborg Bachmann, Austrian writer (d. 1973)
  • 28 June - Mel Brooks, American entertainer
  • 29 June - Jaber Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah, Emir of Kuwait (d. 2006)
  • 30 June - Paul Berg, American chemist, Noble Prize laureate

July-August

  • 1 July
    • Robert Fogel, American economist, Nobel Prize laureate
    • Carl Hahn, German automotive executive, chairman of Volkswagen from 1982 to 1993
    • Hans Werner Henze, German composer
  • 4 July
    • Alfredo Di Stéfano, Argentine-born footballer
    • Mary Stuart, American soap actress (d. 2002)
  • 8 July - Elisabeth Kübler-Ross, Swiss-born psychiatrist (d. 2004)
  • 9 July - Ben Roy Mottelson, American-born physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 10 July - Fred Gwynne, American actor and author (d. 1993)
  • 13 July - Andrew Maher, American actor
  • 15 July - Leopoldo Galtieri, Argentine dictator (d. 2003)
  • 16 July
    • Stanley Clements, American actor (d. 1981)
    • Irwin Rose, American biologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry
  • 18 July - Robert Sloman, writer (d. 2005)
  • 28 July - Walt Brown, American Presidential candidate
  • 30 July - Sir Patrick Russell QC, PC, British High Court Judge
  • 3 August
    • Tony Bennett, American singer
    • Anthony Sampson, British journalist and biographer (d. 2004)
  • 11 August - Aaron Klug, Lithuanian-born chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 12 August - Wallace Markfield, American writer (d. 2002)
  • 13 August - Fidel Castro, Cuban revolutionary and politician
  • 14 August
    • Alice Ghostley, American actress (d. 2007)
    • René Goscinny, French comic book writer (d. 1977)
  • 19 August - Arthur Rock, American venture capitalist
  • 23 August - Felipe de Ortego y Gasca, Chicano literary historian
  • 27 August - Pat Coombs, British actress (d. 2002)

September-October

  • 3 September - Uttam Kumar (Arun Kumar Chatterjee), the legendary Bengali Actor, is born in Kolkata (d. 1980).
  • 6 September
    • Maurice Prather, American photographer (d. 2001)
    • Claus von Amsberg, Prince of the Netherlands and husband of Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands (d. 2002)
  • 7 September - Don Messick, American voice actor (d. 1997)
  • 14 September - Dick Dale, American singer and musician
  • 15 September - Jean-Pierre Serre, French mathematician
  • 16 September - John Knowles, American author (d. 2001)
  • 21 September
    • Donald A. Glaser, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
    • Noor Jehan, Pakistani singer and actress (d. 2000)
  • 23 September - John Coltrane, American jazz saxophonist (d. 1967)
  • 26 September - Masatoshi Koshiba, Japanese physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 7 October - Czesław Ryll-Nardzewski, Polish mathematician
  • 9 October - Ruth Ellis, British murderess (d. 1955)
  • 15 October
    • Michel Foucault, French philosopher (d. 1984)
    • Karl Richter, German conductor (d. 1981)
  • 17 October - Beverly Garland, American actress and hotel founder
  • 18 October - Chuck Berry, American musician
  • 22 October - Gloria Carter Spann, sister of former President Jimmy Carter (d. 1990)
  • 25 October - Galina Vishnevskaya, Russian soprano
  • 28 October - Bowie Kuhn, American Commissioner of Baseball (d. 2007)
  • 29 October - Jon Vickers, Canadian tenor
  • 30 October - Lois Wyse, American advertising executive, author and columnist (d. 2007)
  • 31 October - Jimmy Savile, English DJ and television presenter

November-December

  • 2 November - Tsung-Dao Lee, Chinese physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 3 November - Valdas Adamkus, President of Lithuania
  • 6 November - Frank Carson, Northern Irish comedian
  • 7 November - Dame Joan Sutherland, Australian soprano
  • 19 November - Jeane Kirkpatrick, American ambassador (d. 2006)
  • 20 November
    • Andrzej W. Schally, Polish-born endocrinologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
    • John Gardner, English spy novelist (d. 2007)
  • 23 November
    • Sathya Sai Baba, Indian guru
    • R. L. Burnside, American musician (d. 2005)
  • 25 November - Poul Anderson, American author (d. 2001)
  • 26 November - Peter van Pels, German-Dutch love interest of Anne Frank (d. 1945)
  • 30 November - Richard Crenna, American actor (d. 2003)
  • 1 December - Robert Symonds, American actor (d. 2007)
  • 9 December - Henry Way Kendall, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1999)
  • 13 December - George Rhoden, Jamaican athlete
  • 16 December - James McCracken, American tenor (d. 1988)
  • 17 December - Allan V. Cox, American geologist (d. 1987)
  • 17 December - Bill Keightley, "Mr. Wildcat". equipment manager for the University of Kentucky men's basketball team from 1962- 2008 (d. 2008)
  • 20 December
    • Sir Geoffrey Howe, British politician
    • David Levine, U.S. caricaturist
  • 21 December - Joe Paterno, American football coach and philanthropist
  • 23 December - Robert Bly, American poet
  • 31 December
    • Billy Snedden, Australian politician (d. 1987)

Deaths

January - June

  • 21 January - Camillo Golgi, Italian physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1843)
  • 28 January - Kato Takaaki, 24th Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1860)
  • 30 January - Barbara La Marr, American film actress (b. 1896)
  • 21 February - Heike Kamerlingh Onnes, Dutch physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1853)
  • 24 February - John Jacob Bausch, German-American optician who co-founded Bausch & Lomb (b. 1830)
  • 5 March - Clément Ader, French engineer and inventor, airplane pioneer (b. 1841)
  • 26 March - Konstantin Fehrenbach, Chancellor of Germany (b. 1852)
  • 24 April - Sunjong of Korea (b. 1874)
  • 30 April - Bessie Coleman, American pilot (b. 1892)
  • 16 May - Mehmed VI, last Ottoman Sultan (b. 1861)
  • 26 May - Simon Petlyura, Ukrainian independence fighter (b. 1879)
  • 10 June - Antoni Gaudí, Catalan architect (b. 1852)
  • 14 June - Mary Cassatt, American artist (b. 1844)

July - December

  • 12 July - Gertrude Bell, English archaeologist, writer, spy, and administrator known as the "Uncrowned Queen of Iraq" (b. 1868)
  • 26 July - Robert Todd Lincoln, American statesman and businessman (b. 1843)
  • 14 August - John H. Moffitt, American politician (b. 1843)
  • 22 August - Charles W. Eliot, President of Harvard University (b. 1834)
  • 23 August - Rudolph Valentino, Italian actor (b. 1895)
  • 15 September - Rudolf Christoph Eucken, German writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1846)
  • 21 September - Leon Charles Thevenin, French telegraph engineer (b. 1857)
  • 25 September - Herbert Booth, the third son of William and Catherine Booth (b. 1862)
  • 20 October - Eugene V. Debs, American labor and political leader (b. 1855)
  • 31 October - Harry Houdini, Hungarian-born magician (b. 1874)
  • 31 October - Charles Vance Millar, Canadian businessman (b. 1853)
  • 4 December - Ivana Kobilca, Slovenian painter (b. 1861)
  • 5 December - Claude Monet, French painter (b. 1840)
  • 17 December - Lars Magnus Ericsson, Swedish inventor and founder of Ericsson (b. 1846)
  • 25 December - Emperor Taishō, 123rd Emperor of Japan (b. 1879)
  • 29 December - Rainer Maria Rilke, Austrian poet (b. 1875)

Nobel prizes

  • Physics - Jean Baptiste Perrin
  • Chemistry - Theodor Svedberg
  • Physiology or Medicine - Johannes Andreas Grib Fibiger
  • Literature - Grazia Deledda
  • Peace - Aristide Briand, Gustav Stresemann