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1927

Related subjects Years

Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century
Decades: 1890s  1700s  1910s  - 1920s -   1930s   1940s   1950s
Years: 1924 1925 1926 - 1927 - 1928 1929 1930

Year 1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar.

Events of 1927

January

Image:Telephone-modele-W48.jpg
7 January: First transatlantic call.
  • 1 January - Cristero War erupts in Mexico when pro-Church rebels attack the government, which had banned the Catholic faith.
  • 7 January - First transatlantic telephone call is made New York City to London.
  • 9 January - Military rebellion crushed in Lisbon.
  • 15 January - Teddy Wakelam gives the first sports commentary on BBC Radio.
  • 19 January - Britain sends troops to China.
  • 30 January - Right-wing veterans and the Republican Schutzbund clash in Schattendorf, Burgenland, Austria. One man and a child are killed by gunshots. (See: 15 July).

February

  • 12 February - First British troops land in Shanghai.
  • 14 February - Earthquake in Yugoslavia - 700 dead.
  • 19 February - General strike in Shanghai in protest of the presence of the British troops.
  • 23 February - The U.S. Federal Radio Commission (later renamed the Federal Communications Commission) begins to regulate the use of radio frequencies.

March

  • 4 March - A diamond rush in South Africa includes trained athletes that have been hired by major companies to stake claims.
  • 7 March - At least 2,925 killed, Richer Scale 7.6 magnitude earthquake at Toyooka and Mineyama erea, western Honshu, Japan.
  • 10 March - Albania mobilizes in case of an attack of Yugoslavia.
  • 11 March
    • In New York City, the Roxy Theatre is opened by Samuel Roxy Rothafel.
    • First armoured car robbery, committed by the Flatheads gang.
  • 13 March - Fritz Lang's culturally influential Metropolis (film) debuts.

April

  • 1 April - First female police officers in Dresden.
  • 5 April - In Britain, Trade Disputes Act forbids strikes of support.
  • 7 April - Bell Telephone Co. transmits an image of Commerce Secretary Hoover which becomes the first successful long distance demonstration of television.
  • 12 April
    • The Royal and Parliamentary Titles Act 1927 renames the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland to the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. The change acknowledges that the Irish Free State is no longer part of the Kingdom.
    • Kuomintang troops kill number of communist-supporting workers in Shanghai. The incident was called the April 12 Incident, or Shanghai Massacre. The 1st United Front between the Nationalists and Communist ended, and the Civil War lasting until 1949 began.
  • 18 April - Nanking government of China, Kuomintang.
  • 21 April - Banking crisis in Japan.
  • 22 April - 5 May - The Great Mississippi Flood affects 700,000 people in the greatest national disaster in US history.
  • 27 April - Carabineros de Chile (Chilean national police force and gendarmery) are created.
  • 30 April - Cardiff City wins the FA Cup after beating Arsenal 1-0 at Wembley Stadium.

May

  • May - Philo Farnsworth transmits first experimental electronic television pictures.
  • 7 May - Civil war ends in Nicaragua.
  • 9 May - The Australian Parliament first convenes in Canberra.
  • 11 May - The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, the "Academy" in "Academy Awards," is founded.
  • 12 May - British police raids the office of Soviet trade delegation.
  • 13 May - George V proclaims the change of his title from King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland to King of Great Britain and Ireland.
  • 14 May - Cap Arcona's launching, Blohm & Voss shipyard, in Hamburg. In the U.S., University of Chicago's local collegiate organization, Phi Sigma, becomes incorporated under the laws of the State of Illinois as Eta Sigma Phi, the National Honorary Classical Fraternity.
  • 17 May - Army aviation pioneer, Major Harold Geiger, died in the crash of his Airco DH.4 de Havilland plane at Olmstead Field, Pennsylvania
  • 18 May - Bombings result in 45 deaths, mostly children, in the Bath School disaster in Bath Township, Michigan.
  • 20 May - Saudi Arabia becomes independent of the United Kingdom ( Treaty of Jedda).
  • 20 May- 21 - First solo non-stop Trans-Atlantic flight from New York to Paris by Charles Lindbergh.
  • 22 May - An 8.6 magnitude earthquake in Xining, China kills 200,000.
  • 23 May - The first demonstration of television before a live audience. Nearly 600 members of the American Institute of Electrical Engineers and the Institute of Radio Engineers view the demonstration at the Bell Telephone Building in New York.
  • 24 May - Britain severs diplomatic relations with Soviet Union because of revelations of espionage and underground agitation.
20 May: Solo flight NYC to Paris.
20 May: Solo flight NYC to Paris.

June

  • 4 June - Yugoslavia severs diplomatic relations with Albania.
  • 7 June - Peter Voikov, Soviet ambassador to Warsaw, assassinated.
  • 9 June - Soviet Union executes 20 British for alleged espionage.
  • 13 June
    • Leon Daudet, leader of French monarchists, is arrested in France.
    • A ticker-tape parade is held for aviator Charles Lindbergh down 5th Avenue in New York City.

July

  • 10 July - Kevin O'Higgins, vice president of the Irish Free State, assassinated in Dublin.
  • 11 July - An earthquake strikes Palestine, killing around 300. The effects are especially severe in Nablus, but damage and fatalities are also reported in many areas of Palestine and Trans-Jordan such as Amman, Salt and Lydda.
  • 15 July - 85 protesters and 5 policemen are dead after left-wing protesters and the Austrian police clash in Vienna. More than 600 people are injured. See Massacre of July 15, 1927.
  • 22 July - Italian football club A.S. Roma founded.
  • 24 July - The Menin Gate war memorial is unveiled at Ypres.

August

  • 1 August - Formation of the Communist Chinese People's Liberation Army during the Nanchang Uprising.
  • 7 August - Peace Bridge opens between Fort Erie, Ontario and Buffalo, New York.
  • 22 August - In Hyde Park, London, 200 people demonstrate against the sentence of Sacco and Vanzetti.
  • 23 August - Sacco and Vanzetti are executed.
  • 24 August- 25 - Hurricane hits Atlantic shore of Canada causing massive damage - at least 56 dead.
  • 26 August-Paul R. Redfern leaves Brunswick, Ga flying his Stinson Detroiter "Port of Brunswick" to attempt a solo non-stop flight to Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. He later crashes in the Venezuela jungle, the crash site never located.

September

  • 7 September - The University of Minas Gerais is founded in Brazil.
  • 14 September - An underwater earthquake in Japan kills over 100 people.
  • 18 September - The Columbia Phonographic Broadcasting System (later known as CBS) is formed and goes on air with 47  radio stations.
  • 27 September - 79 are killed and 550 are injured in East St. Louis Tornado. 2nd costliest and at least 24th deadliest tornado in U.S. history.

October

  • 6 October - The Jazz Singer opens and becomes a huge success, marking the end of the silent film era.
  • 8 October - Murderer's Row New York Yankees complete 4 game sweep of Pittsburgh Pirates.
  • 9 October - Mexican government crushes a rebellion in Vera Cruz.
  • 27 October - At least 314 killed, Italian steamer ship Principessa Mafalda capsized off Porto Seguro, Brazil.
  • 27 October - Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands opens Meuse-Waal Canal in Nijmegen.
  • 27 October - At 5:50 a.m. a ground fault gave way, causing the mine and part of the town of Worthington to collapse into a large chasm located in Ontario, Canada. Nobody was injured in the incident, however, the area was evacuated the night before after a mine foreman noticed abnormal rock shifts in the mine.
  • 28 October - Pan American Airways first flight took off from Key West to Havana.

November

  • 4 November - Frank Heath and his horse Gypsy Queen return to Washington, D.C., having completed a two-year journey of 11,356 miles to all 48 states.
  • 10 November - Unexplained explosions in Canton, Ohio.
  • 12 November
  • 14 November - The Pittsburgh Gasometer Explosion: three Equitable Gas storage tanks in the North Side of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania explode, killing 26 people and causing damage estimated between contemporary totals of $4 million and $5 million.
  • 24 November - Total solar eclipse over Northern England and Wales.

December

  • 2 December - Following 19 years of Ford Model T production, the Ford Motor Company unveils the Ford Model A as its new automobile.
  • 12 December - 1600 people hospitalized in London when they had hurt themselves on the icy streets.
  • 15 December - Marion Parker, 12, is kidnapped in Los Angeles. Her dismembered body is found on 19 December prompting the largest manhunt to date on the West Coast for her killer, William Edward Hickman, who is arrested on 22 December in Oregon.
  • 17 December - U.S. submarine S-4 is accidentally rammed and sunk by United States Coast Guard destroyer John Paulding off Provincetown, Massachusetts killing everyone aboard after several unsuccessful attempts to raise sub.
  • 27 December - Kern and Hammerstein's musical play Show Boat, based on Edna Ferber's novel, opens on Broadway and goes on to become the first great classic of the American musical theatre.
  • 30 December - First Japanese metro line, the Ginza Line in Tokyo, opens.

Undated

  • The British Broadcasting Corporation is granted a Royal Charter of Incorporation.
  • The Columbia Phonographic Broadcasting System (later known as CBS) is formed.
  • Harold Stephen Black invents the feedback amplifier.
  • Voluntary Committee of Lawyers founded to bring about repeal of prohibition of alcohol in United States.
  • World population reaches 2 billion.
  • In Britain, 1000 people a week die from influenza epidemic.

Births

1927 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 1927
MCMXXVII
Ab urbe condita 2680
Armenian calendar 1376
ԹՎ ՌՅՀԶ
Bahá'í calendar 83 – 84
Berber calendar 2877
Buddhist calendar 2471
Burmese calendar 1289
Byzantine calendar 7435 – 7436
Chinese calendar 丙寅年十一月廿八日
(4563/4623-11-28)
— to —
丁卯年十二月初八日
(4564/4624-12-8)
Coptic calendar 1643 – 1644
Ethiopian calendar 1919 – 1920
Hebrew calendar 5687 – 5688
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1982 – 1983
 - Shaka Samvat 1849 – 1850
 - Kali Yuga 5028 – 5029
Holocene calendar 11927
Iranian calendar 1305 – 1306
Islamic calendar 1345 – 1346
Japanese calendar Shōwa 2
(昭和2年)
Korean calendar 4260
Thai solar calendar 2470

January-February

  • 1 January
    • Pat Heywood, Scottish actress
    • Vernon L. Smith, American economist, Nobel Prize laureate
    • Doak Walker, American football player (d. 1998)
  • 5 January - Satguru Sivaya Subramuniyaswami, American-born Hindu guru who spearheaded a global Hindu renaissance and founder of Kauai's Hindu Monastery (d. 2001)
  • 10 January
    • Gisele MacKenzie, Canadian-born singer (d. 2003)
    • Johnnie Ray, American singer (d. 1990)
    • Otto Stich, member of the Swiss Federal Council
  • 13 January
    • Brock Adams, American politician (d. 2004)
    • Sydney Brenner, British biologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • 17 January - Eartha Kitt, American actress and singer
  • 24 January - Lasse Pöysti, Finnish writer and playwright
  • 25 January - Antonio Carlos Jobim, Brazilian composer (d. 1994)
  • 26 January - José Azcona del Hoyo, President of Honduras (d. 2005)
  • 28 January - Hiroshi Teshigahara, Japanese director
  • 29 January
    • Edward Abbey, American environmentalist (d. 1989)
    • Lewis Urry, Canadian inventor (d. 2004)
  • 30 January - Olof Palme, Prime Minister of Sweden (d. 1986)
  • 2 February - Stan Getz, American musician (d. 1991)
  • 3 February
    • Val Doonican, Irish singer and entertainer
    • Blas Ople, Filipino politician (d. 2003)
  • 7 February
    • Juliette Greco, French singer and actress
    • Vladimir Kuts, Russian runner (d. 1975)
  • 10 February - Leontyne Price, American soprano
  • 14 February - Lois Maxwell, British actress (d. 2007)
  • 15 February - Harvey Korman, American actor and comedian (d. 2008)
  • 16 February - June Brown, British actress
  • 20 February
    • Roy Cohn, American lawyer and anti-Communist (d. 1986)
    • Sidney Poitier, American actor
  • 21 February
    • Erma Bombeck, American writer and humorist (d. 1996)
    • Hubert de Givenchy, French fashion designer
  • 23 February - Régine Crespin, French operatic soprano (d. 2007)
  • 24 February - Mark Lane, American conspiracy theorist
  • 26 February - Tom Kennedy, American game show host
  • 27 February - Lynn Cartwright, American actress (d. 2004)

March-April

  • 1 March
    • Harry Belafonte, American musician and actor
    • Robert Bork, American law professor
  • 3 March - Pierre Aubert, member of the Swiss Federal Council
  • 4 March
    • Philip Batt, 29th Governor of the U.S. state of Idaho
    • Thayer David, American actor (d. 1978)
    • Robert Orben, American magician
    • Dick Savitt, American tennis player
  • 6 March
    • Gabriel García Márquez, Colombian author
    • Gordon Cooper, American astronaut (d. 2004)
    • Wes Montgomery, American musician (d. 1968)
    • William J. Bell, American soap creator (d. 2005)
  • 11 March - Ron Todd, British trade union leader (d. 2005)
  • 13 March
    • Robert Denning, American interior designer (d. 2005)
    • Raúl Alfonsín, Argentine politician
  • 16 March
    • Vladimir Komarov, Russian cosmonaut (d. 1967)
    • Daniel Patrick Moynihan, U.S. Senator from New York (d. 2003)
  • 18 March - George Plimpton, American writer and actor (d. 2003)
  • 20 March - John Joubert, South African-born British composer
  • 21 March - Hans-Dietrich Genscher, German politician
  • 24 March - Martin Walser, German author
  • 25 March - Bill Barilko, Canadian hockey player
  • 27 March - Mstislav Rostropovich, Russian cellist and conductor (d. 2007)
  • 29 March - John Robert Vane, British pharmacologist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2004)
  • 30 March - Peter Marshall, American game-show host
  • 31 March
    • César Chávez, American labor activist (d. 1993)
    • William Daniels, American actor
  • 2 April
    • Ferenc Puskás, Hungarian footballer (d. 2006)
    • Kenneth Tynan, English theatre critic (d. 1980)
  • 6 April - Gerry Mulligan, American musician (d. 1996)
  • 10 April - Marshall Warren Nirenberg, American scientist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 14 April - Alan MacDiarmid, New Zealand chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 15 April - Robert Mills, American physicist (d. 1999)
  • 16 April
  • 20 April
    • Phil Hill, American race car driver (d. 2008)
    • Karl Alexander Müller, Swiss physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 27 April - Coretta Scott King, American civil rights leader (d. 2006)

May-June

  • 9 May - Manfred Eigen, German biophysicist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry
  • 11 May
    • Mort Sahl, Canadian-born comedian, political commentator
    • Gene Savoy, American author, explorer, scholar and cleric (d. 2007)
  • 13 May - Herbert Ross, American film director
  • 20 May - Bud Grant, Canadian and American football coach
  • 22 May - George Andrew Olah, Hungarian-born chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 25 May - Robert Ludlum, American author (d. 2001)
  • 27 May - Ralph Carmichael, American composer and arranger
  • 30 May - Clint Walker, American actor
  • 3 June - Boots Randolph, American saxophone player (d . 2007)
  • 8 June - Jerry Stiller, American comedian and actor
  • 12 June - Al Fairweather, Scottish jazz musician (d. 1993)
  • 21 June - Carl Stokes, American politician (d. 1996)
  • 23 June - Bob Fosse, American choreographer and director (d. 1987)
  • 24 June - Martin Lewis Perl, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 27 June - Bob Keeshan, American actor (d. 2004)
  • 28 June - Frank Sherwood Rowland, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate

July-August

  • 4 July
    • Gina Lollobrigida, Italian actress
    • Neil Simon, American Playwright
  • 6 July
    • Alan Freeman, Australian-born broadcaster and disc jockey (d. 2006)
    • Janet Leigh, American actress (d. 2004)
  • 10 July - David Norman Dinkins, Mayor of New York City from 1989 through 1993
  • 18 July - Kurt Masur, Silesian-born conductor
  • 30 July - Victor Wong, American actor (d. 2001)
  • 4 August - Jess Thomas, American tenor (d. 1993)
  • 7 August - Carl Switzer, American actor (d. 1959)
  • 8 August - Johnny Temple, baseball player (d. 1994)
  • 12 August - Porter Wagoner, American singer (d. 2007)
  • 18 August - Rosalynn Carter, wife of U.S President Jimmy Carter
  • 23 August - Dick Bruna, Dutch illustrator
  • 24 August - Harry Markowitz, American economist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 25 August - Albert Uderzo, French cartoonist
  • 26 August - Althea Gibson, American tennis player (d. 2003)

September-October

  • 3 September - Br. John Hamman S.M. (d. 2000, close-up magician, inventor, Marianist brother
  • 11 September
    • Vernon Corea, Sri Lankan broadcaster
    • G. David Schine, American businessman (d. 1996)
  • 16 September - Peter Falk, American actor
  • 22 September - Gordon Astall, English footballer
  • 25 September - Sir Colin Davis, English conductor
  • 27 September
    • Steve Stavro, Canadian businessman and sports team owner (d. 2006)
    • W. S. Merwin, American poet
  • 1 October - Tom Bosley, American actor
  • 8 October - César Milstein, Argentine scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 2002)
  • 14 October - Roger Moore, English actor
  • 16 October - Günter Grass, German writer, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 18 October - George C. Scott, American actor (d. 1999)
  • 31 October - Lee Grant, American actress

November-December

  • 2 November - Steve Ditko, influential comic book writer and artist, co-creator of Spider-Man
  • 8 November - Patti Page, American singer
  • 10 November - Sabah (singer), Lebanese singer and actress
  • 14 November - McLean Stevenson. American actor (d. 1996)
  • 15 November - Gregor Mackenzie, Labour Party (UK) politician (d. 1992)
  • 18 November - Hank Ballard, American musician (d. 2003)
  • 21 November - Georgia Frontiere, co-owner of the St. Louis Rams (d. 2008)
  • 23 November - Guy Davenport, American author, artist, and scholar (d. 2005)
  • 24 November
    • Ahmadou Kourouma, Ivorian writer (d. 2003)
    • Alfredo Kraus, Spanish tenor (d. 1999)
  • 27 November - Vin Scully, baseball broadcaster
  • 28 November - Chuck Mitchell, American actor (d. 1992)
  • 3 December - Andy Williams, American singer
  • 5 December
    • HMK Bhumibol Adulyadej, King of Thailand
    • W.D. Amaradeva, Sri Lanka Maestro
  • 7 December - Helen Watts, Welsh contralto
  • 8 December - Vladimir Shatalov, cosmonaut
  • 9 December - Pierre Henry, French composer
  • 12 December - Robert Noyce, Intel cofounder (d. 1990)
  • 13 December - James Wright, American poet (d. 1980)
  • 18 December - Roméo LeBlanc, 25th Governor General of Canada
  • 24 December - Mary Higgins Clark, famous American novelist
  • 25 December - Nellie Fox, baseball player (d. 1975)
  • 26 December
    • Alan King, American comedian (d. 2004)
    • Denis Quilley, British actor (d. 2003)
  • 29 December - Andy Stanfield, American athlete (d. 1985)

Deaths

January - June

  • 19 January - Empress Carlota of Mexico (b. 1840)
  • 19 February - Robert Fuchs, Austrian composer (b. 1847)
  • 4 March - Ira Remsen, American chemist, discoverer of saccharin (b. 1846)
  • 14 March - Jānis Čakste, Latvian politician, first president of Latvian Republic (b. 1859)
  • 23 March - Paul César Helleu, French artist (b. 1859)
  • 27 March - Joe Start, baseball player (b. 1842)
  • 2 May - Ernest Starling, British physiologist (b. 1866)
  • 1 June
    • Lizzie Borden, American accused murderer (b. 1860)
    • J. B. Bury, Irish historian (b. 1861)
  • 9 June - Victoria Woodhull, American feminist (b. 1838)
  • 11 June - William Attewell, English cricketer (b. 1861)
  • 14 June - Jerome K. Jerome, English writer (b. 1859)

July - December

  • 5 July - Albrecht Kossel, German physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1853)
  • 24 July - Ryūnosuke Akutagawa, Japanese poet and writer (b. 1892)
  • 23 August
    • Nicola Sacco, Italian anarchist (executed) (b. 1891)
    • Bartolomeo Vanzetti, Italian anarchist (executed) (b. 1888)
  • 5 September - Wayne Wheeler, American temperance movement leader (b. 1868)
  • 14 September
    • Isadora Duncan, American dancer (b. 1877)
    • Hugo Ball, German poet, founder of Dada (b. 1886)
  • 19 September - Michael Peter Ancher, Danish painter (b. 1849)
  • 29 September - Willem Einthoven, Dutch inventor, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1860)
  • 2 October - Svante Arrhenius, Swedish chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1859)
  • 10 October - Gustave Whitehead, German-born aviation pioneer (b. 1874)
  • 22 October - Borisav "Bora" Stanković, Serbian writer (b. 1876)

Nobel prizes

  • Physics - Arthur Holly Compton, Charles Thomson Rees Wilson
  • Chemistry - Heinrich Otto Wieland
  • Physiology or Medicine - Julius Wagner-Jauregg
  • Literature - Henri Bergson
  • Peace - Ferdinand Buisson, Ludwig Quidde