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1930

Related subjects Years

Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century
Decades: 1700s  1910s  1920s  - 1930s -   1940s   1950s   1960s
Years: 1927 1928 1929 - 1930 - 1931 1932 1933

Year 1930 (MCMXXX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display 1930 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar.

Events of 1930

January

  • 6 January - The first diesel-engine automobile trip is completed ( Indianapolis, Indiana, to New York City).
  • 6 January - The first literary character licensing agreement is signed by A. A. Milne granting Stephen Slesinger US and Canadian Merchandising rights to the Winnie-the-Pooh works.
  • 13 January - The Mickey Mouse comic strip makes its first appearance.
  • 26 January - The Indian National Congress declares 26 January as Independence Day or as the day for Poorna Swaraj (Complete Independence).
  • 30 January - radiosonde is launched in Pavlovsk, USSR
  • 31 January - The 3M company markets Scotch Tape.

February

  • 18 February
    • While studying photographs taken in January, Clyde Tombaugh discovers Pluto, a heavenly body considered a planet until 2006, when the term Planet was officially defined. Pluto is now considered a Dwarf Planet.
    • Elm Farm Ollie becomes the first cow to fly in an airplane and also the first cow to be milked in an airplane.

March

  • 2 March - Mahatma Gandhi informs British viceroy of India that civil disobedience would begin nine days later
  • 5 March - Danish painter Einar Wegener goes through a sexual reassignment surgery and takes the name Lili Elbe
  • 6 March - first frozen foods of Clarence Birdseye go on sale in Springfield, Massachusetts, USA
  • 8 March - Former United States President and current Chief Justice William Howard Taft dies in Washington, D.C.
  • 12 March - Mahatma Gandhi sets off to a 200-mile protest march towards the sea with 78 followers to protest the British monopoly on salt - more will join them during the Salt March that ends on 5 April
  • 28 March - Constantinople and Angora change their names to Istanbul and Ankara.
  • 29 March - Heinrich Brüning is appointed German Reichskanzler.
  • 31 March - The Motion Pictures Production Code is instituted, imposing strict guidelines on the treatment of sex, crime, religion and violence in motion pictures for the next forty years

April

  • 4 April - The Communist Party of Panama is founded.
  • 5 April - In an act of civil disobedience, Mahatma Gandhi breaks British law after marching to the sea and making salt.
  • 6 April - Hostess Twinkies are invented.
  • 17 April - Neoprene invented.
  • 18 April
    • Chittagong Rebellion begins in India.
    • The BBC Radio Service from London, somewhat infamously, reports on this day that "There is no news".
  • 21 April
    • Fire in Ohio Penitentiary near Columbus kills 320.
    • The Turkestan-Siberia Railway is completed.
  • 22 April - The United Kingdom, Japan and the United States sign the London Naval Treaty regulating submarine warfare and limiting shipbuilding.
  • 28 April - The first night game in organized baseball history takes place in Independence, Kansas.

May

  • 4 May/ 5 May - Mahatma Gandhi is arrested again. Robert Le Blanc is born in Montreal.
  • 6 May - The Great Salmas Earthquake in Iran; 7.3 on the Richter Scale and killed 4,000 people.
  • 10 May - National Pan-Hellenic Council is founded.
  • 15 May - Aboard a Boeing tri-motor, Ellen Church becomes the first airline stewardess (the flight was from Oakland, California to Chicago, Illinois).
  • 16 May - Rafael Leónidas Trujillo is elected president of the Dominican Republic.
  • 17 May - French Prime Minister André Tardieu decides to withdraw the remaining French troops from the Rhineland. They depart by 30 June.
  • 20 May - Sergei Eisenstein arrives in New York City.
  • 24 May - Amy Johnson lands in Darwin, Australia becoming the first woman to fly solo from England to Australia (she left on 5 May for the 11,000 mile flight).
  • 30 May - Sergei Eisenstein arrives in Hollywood to work for Paramount Pictures; they part ways by October.
  • 30 May - William "Red" Hill Sr. made his famous five hour journey down the Niagara lower rapids.

June

  • 9 June - Chicago Tribune journalist Jake Lingle is shot in Chicago, Illinois, USA. Newspapers promise $55,000 reward for information. Lingle is later found to have had contacts with organized crime.
  • 17 June - U.S. President Herbert Hoover signs the Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act into law.
  • 21 June - One-year conscription comes into force in France.

July

  • 5 July - The Seventh Lambeth Conference of Anglican Christian bishops opens. This conference approved the use of artificial birth control in limited circumstances, marking a controversial turning point in Christian views on contraception.
  • 7 July
  • 13 July - The first Football World Cup starts: Lucien Laurent scores the first goal, for France against Mexico.
  • 26 July - Charles Creighton and James Hargis of Missouri begin their return journey to Los Angeles - driving 11 555 km using only a reverse gear; the trip lasts the next 42 days.
  • 28 July - Richard Bennett defeats William Lyon Mackenzie King in federal elections and becomes the Prime Minister of Canada.
  • 30 July
    • Uruguay beat Argentina 4-2 in the first soccer World Cup Final.
    • W2XBS station, New York, is put in charge of NBC broadcast engineers.
  • 31 July - The radio drama The Shadow airs for the first time.

August

  • 7 August - Richard Bennett becomes Canada's eleventh prime minister.
  • 9 August - Betty Boop premiers in the animated film Dizzy Dishes.
  • 12 August - Turkish troops move into Persia to fight Kurdish insurgents.
  • 27 August - Military junta takes over in Peru.

September

  • 6 September - José Félix Uriburu carries out a successful military coup, overthrowing Hipólito Yrigoyen, President of Argentina.
  • 8 September - 3M begins marketing Scotch transparent tape.
  • 12 September - Cricket player Wilfred Rhodes end his 1,110-game first-class career by taking 5 for 95 for H.D.G. Leveson Gower's XI against the Australians.
  • 14 September - National socialists win 107 seats in German parliament - 18.3% of all the votes makes them second largest party.
  • 20 September - Formation of the Eastern Catholic Rite: Syro-Malankara Catholic Church

October

  • 5 October - British Airship R101 crashed in France en-route to India on its maiden voyage.
  • 24 October - Brazil - Revolution of 1930 by Getúlio Dornelles Vargas.

November

  • 2 November - Haile Selassie is crowned emperor of Ethiopia.
  • 25 November - An earthquake in the Izu Peninsula of Japan kills 223 people and destroys 650 buildings.

December

  • December - Turkish women given the right to vote.
  • 2 December - Great Depression: US President Herbert Hoover goes before Congress and asks for a US$150 million public works program to help generate jobs and stimulate the economy.
  • 7 December - W1XAV in Boston, Massachusetts broadcasts video from the CBS radio orchestra program, The Fox Trappers. The broadcast also includes the first television commercial in the United States, an advertisement for I.J. Fox Furriers, who sponsored the radio show.
  • 19 December - Merapi volcano erupts - 1300 dead.
  • 24 December - In London, Harry Grindell Matthews demonstrates his device to project pictures to the clouds.
  • 28 December - Mohandas Gandhi leaves for Britain for negotiations.
  • 29 December - Sir Muhammad Iqbal's presidential address in Allahabad introduces the Two-Nation Theory and outlines a vision for the creation of Pakistan.

Undated

  • British White Paper demands restrictions on Jewish immigration into Palestine.
  • The Federal Bureau of Narcotics replaces the Narcotics Division of the Prohibition Unit.
  • Jake paralysis outbreak occurs in United States.
  • Bernhard Schmidt invents the Schmidt camera.
  • San Zenon A massive hurricane in the Caribbean almost demolishes the city of Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic.
  • W9XAP in Chicago, Illinois, broadcasts the U.S. senatorial election returns, which was the first time a senatorial race, with non-stop vote tallies, was ever televised.
  • Sudbury, Ontario, Canada was incorporated as a city in 1930.
  • The last Giant Aye-aye dies, and the species becomes extinct.
  • Europeans are 38% of world population.

Births

1930 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 1930
MCMXXX
Ab urbe condita 2683
Armenian calendar 1379
ԹՎ ՌՅՀԹ
Bahá'í calendar 86 – 87
Berber calendar 2880
Buddhist calendar 2474
Burmese calendar 1292
Byzantine calendar 7438 – 7439
Chinese calendar 己巳年十二月初二日
(4566/4626-12-2)
— to —
庚午年十一月十二日
(4567/4627-11-12)
Coptic calendar 1646 – 1647
Ethiopian calendar 1922 – 1923
Hebrew calendar 5690 – 5691
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1985 – 1986
 - Shaka Samvat 1852 – 1853
 - Kali Yuga 5031 – 5032
Holocene calendar 11930
Iranian calendar 1308 – 1309
Islamic calendar 1348 – 1349
Japanese calendar Shōwa 5
(昭和5年)
Korean calendar 4263
Thai solar calendar 2473

January-February

  • 2 January - Julius LaRosa, American singer
  • 2 January - Robert Loggia, American actor
  • 4 January - Sorrell Booke, American actor (d. 1994)
  • 6 January
    • Professor Toru Tanaka, Asian-American actor (d. 2000)
    • Vic Tayback, American actor (d. 1990)
  • 10 January - Roy E. Disney, American film and television executive
  • 12 January - Jennifer Johnston, Irish writer
  • 19 January - Tippi Hedren, American actress
  • 20 January - Buzz Aldrin, American pilot and astronaut, second person to set foot on the Moon
  • 23 January - Derek Walcott, West Indian writer, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 24 January - Rita Lakin, American author
  • 26 January - John Straffen, British serial killer
  • 27 January - Bobby Bland, American singer
  • 30 January - Gene Hackman, American actor
  • 10 February - Robert Wagner, American actor
  • 22 February
    • Marni Nixon, American singer and actress
    • James McGarrell, American painter
  • 27 February
    • Joanne Woodward, American actress
    • Peter Stone, American writer (d. 2003)
  • 28 February - Leon Neil Cooper, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate

March-April

  • 2 March - Tom Wolfe, American author and novelist
  • 3 March - Heiner Geißler, German politician
  • 6 March
    • Allison Hayes, American actress (d. 1977)
    • Lorin Maazel, French-born conductor
  • 7 March - Antony Armstrong-Jones, Lord Snowdon
  • 10 March - Claude Bolling, French jazz pianist and composer
  • 13 March - Liz Anderson, American country music singer-songwriter
  • 15 March - Zhores Ivanovich Alferov, Russian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 17 March - James Irwin, astronaut (d. 1991)
  • 19 March - Ornette Coleman, American musician
  • 20 March - Willie Thrower, American football player
  • 22 March
    • Pat Robertson, American televangelist
    • Stephen Sondheim, American composer and lyricist
  • 24 March
    • David Dacko, first President of the Central African Republic (d. 2003)
    • Steve McQueen, American actor, film director, and producer (d. 1980)
  • 25 March - John Keel, American author
  • 26 March - Sandra Day O'Connor, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (1981-2006)
  • 27 March - David Janssen, American actor (d. 1980)
  • 28 March - Jerome Isaac Friedman, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 30 March
    • John Astin, American actor
    • Rolf Harris, Australian-born entertainer
    • Peter Marshall, American game show host
  • 3 April
    • Lawton Chiles, U.S. Senator and Governor of Florida (d. 1998)
    • Helmut Kohl, Chancellor of Germany
  • 8 April - Carlos Hugo of Bourbon-Parma, Duke of Parma
  • 10 April - Spede Pasanen, Finnish television personality (d. 2001)
  • 11 April - Anton LaVey, American religious leader (d. 1997)
  • 12 April - Michał Życzkowski, Polish technician (d. 2006)
  • 15 April - Vigdís Finnbogadóttir, President of Iceland
  • 16 April - Herbie Mann, American jazz flutist (d. 2003)
  • 19 April - Dick Sargent, American actor and gay activist (d. 1994)
  • 21 April - Silvana Mangano, Italian actress (d. 1989)
  • 24 April - Richard Donner, American film director and producer
  • 25 April - Paul Mazursky, American director and writer
  • 28 April - Carolyn Jones, American actress (d. 1983)
  • 29 April - Jean Rochefort, French actor

May-June

  • 3 May - Bob Havens, American musician
  • 4 May - Roberta Peters, American soprano
  • 8 May - Heather Harper, Irish soprano
  • 9 May - Joan Sims, English actress (d. 2001)
  • 10 May - Pat Summerall, American football player and broadcaster
  • 11 May - Bud Ekins, American stuntman (d. 2007)
  • 15 May - Jasper Johns, American painter
  • 19 May - Lorraine Hansberry, American playwright (d. 1965)
  • 21 May - Malcolm Fraser, 22nd Prime Minister of Australia
  • 22 May
    • John Barth, American writer
    • Harvey Milk, American politician and civil rights activist (d. 1978)
  • 31 May - Clint Eastwood, American actor, director, and producer
  • 2 June - Charles Conrad, astronaut (d. 1999)
  • 5 June - Connie Hines, American actress
  • 8 June - Robert Aumann, German-born mathematician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Economics
  • 9 June - Monique Serf, French musician (d. 1997)
  • 11 June - Charles B. Rangel, American politician
  • 12 June - Jim Nabors, American actor, musician, and comedian
  • 17 June - Brian Statham, English cricketer (d. 2000)
  • 19 June - Gena Rowlands, American actress
  • 22 June - Yuri Artyukhin, cosmonaut (d. 1998)
  • 24 June - William B. Ziff, Jr., American publishing executive (d. 2006)
  • 27 June - Ross Perot, American billionaire and politician

July-August

  • 2 July - Carlos Menem, President of Argentina
  • 3 July - Carlos Kleiber, Austrian conductor (d. 2004)
  • 4 July
    • Frunzik Mkrtchyan, Armenian actor
    • George Steinbrenner, baseball team owner
  • 9 July - Buddy Bregman, American musical arranger
  • 11 July - Harold Bloom, American literary critic
  • 15 July - Jacques Derrida, Algerian-born French literary critic (d. 2004)
  • 25 July
    • Maureen Forrester, Canadian contralto
    • Murray Chapple, New Zealand cricketer (d. 1985)
  • 28 July - Jean Roba, Belgian comics author (d. 2006)
  • 1 August - Pierre Bourdieu, French sociologist
  • 5 August - Neil Armstrong, astronaut, first person to set foot on the Moon
  • 6 August - Abbey Lincoln, American singer
  • 12 August - George Soros, Hungarian-born businessman
  • 13 August - Don Ho, Hawaiian singer (d. 2007)
  • 17 August - Ted Hughes, English poet (d. 1998)
  • 21 August - Princess Margaret, Countess of Snowdon (d. 2002)
  • 25 August - Sean Connery, Scottish actor
  • 27 August - Gholamreza Takhti, The most famous wrestler in Iranian history (d. 1968)
  • 30 August - Warren Buffett, American investor

September-October

  • 3 September - Cherry Wilder, New Zealand author (d. 2002)
  • 9 September - Frank Lucas, Drug Lord (American Gangster)
  • 7 September
    • King Baudouin I of Belgium (d. 1993)
    • Sonny Rollins, American Jazz Saxophonist
  • 11 September - Cathryn Damon, American actress (d. 1987)
  • 13 September - Bola Ige, Nigerian politician (d. 2001)
  • 16 September - Anne Francis, American actress
  • 23 September
    • Ray Charles, American singer and musician (d. 2004)
    • Colin Blakely, English actor (d. 1987)
  • 24 September - Angelo Muscat, Maltese actor (d. 1977)
  • 25 September - Shel Silverstein, American author, poet, and humorist (d. 1999)
  • 26 September
    • Philip Bosco, American actor
    • Fritz Wunderlich, German tenor (d. 1966)
  • 1 October
    • Richard Harris, Irish actor (d. 2002)
    • Philippe Noiret, French actor (d. 2006)
  • 5 October
    • Anne Haddy, Australian actress (d. 1999)
    • Pavel Popovich, cosmonaut
    • Reinhard Selten, German economist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 6 October - Hafez al-Assad, President of Syria (d. 2000)
  • 8 October - Tōru Takemitsu, Japanese composer (d. 1996)
  • 10 October
    • Yves Chauvin, French chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
    • Harold Pinter, English playwright, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 11 October - Sam Johnson, American politician
  • 14 October - Schafik Handal, Salvadoran politician (d. 2006)
  • 17 October
    • Robert Atkins, American nutritionist (d. 2003)
    • Jimmy Breslin, American newspaper columnist and author
  • 28 October - Bernie Ecclestone, English auto racing tycoon
  • 29 October
    • Puck Brouwer, Dutch athlete (d. 2006)
    • Natalie Sleeth, American composer (d. 1992)
  • 30 October
    • Clifford Brown, American jazz trumpeter (d. 1956)
    • Timothy Findley, Canadian author (d. 2002)
  • 31 October - Michael Collins, astronaut, second person to fly around the Moon solo, Command Module pilot on Apollo 11, the first human lunar landing

November-December

  • 3 November - D. James Kennedy, American evangelist (d. 2007)
  • 4 November - Doris Roberts, American actress
  • 14 November
    • Shirley Crabtree, British professional wrestler (d. 1997)
    • Edward White, astronaut (d. 1967)
  • 15 November - J.G. Ballard, English writer
  • 16 November - Chinua Achebe, Nigerian writer
  • 24 November - Bob Friend, baseball player
  • 25 November - Clarke Scholes, American freestyle swimmer
  • 1 December - Joachim Hoffmann, German historian (d. 2002)
  • 2 December - Gary Becker, American economist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 4 December - Jim Hall, jazz guitarist
  • 6 December - Daniel Lisulo, Prime Minister of Zambia (d. 2000)
  • 8 December - Stan Richards, Former Emmerdale actor (d. 2005)
  • 11 December
    • Jean-Louis Trintignant, French actor
    • Jim Williams, American antique dealer and preservationist
  • 15 December - Edna O'Brien, Irish writer
  • 21 December
    • Adebayo Adedeji, Nigerian UN official
    • Kalevi Sorsa, prime minister of Finland (d. 2004)
  • 27 December - Wilfrid Sheed, English-born American writer
  • 31 December - Odetta, American singer
  • date unknown - Barney Glaser, American sociologist

Deaths

January - March

  • 14 February - Sir Thomas MacKenzie, New Zealand Prime Minister and High Commissioner (b. 1854)
  • 21 February - Ahmad Shah Qajar, Shah of Persia (b. 1898)
  • 23 February - Horst Wessel, Nazi ideologue and composer (b. 1707)
  • 2 March - D. H. Lawrence, English writer (b. 1885)
  • 6 March - Alfred von Tirpitz, German politician and admiral (b. 1848)
  • 8 March - William Howard Taft, 27th President of the United States, Chief Justice of the United States (b. 1857)
  • 12 March - William George Barker, Canadian pilot
  • 19 March - Arthur James Balfour, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1848)
  • 24 March - Eugeen Van Mieghem, Belgian painter (b. 1875)

April - June

  • 2 April - Empress Zawditu of Ethiopia (b. 1876)
  • 21 April - Robert Bridges, English poet (b. 1844)
  • 14 April - Vladimir Mayakovsky, Russian poet (b. 1893)
  • 22 April - Jeppe Aakjær, Danish poet and novelist (b. 1866)
  • 13 May - Fridtjof Nansen, Norwegian explorer, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1861)
  • 25 May - Randall Thomas Davidson, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1848)
  • 5 June - Pascin, Bulgarian painter (b. 1885)

July - September

  • 7 July - Arthur Conan Doyle, British author (b. 1859)
  • 8 July - Sir Joseph Ward, 17th Prime Minister of New Zealand (b. 1856)
  • 28 July - Allvar Gullstrand, Swedish ophthalmologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1862)
  • 30 July - Joan Gamper, Swiss-born businessman and founder of FC Barcelona (b. 1877)
  • 15 August - Florian Cajori, Swiss-born historian of mathematics (b. 1859)
  • 26 August - Lon Chaney, Sr., American actor (b. 1883)
  • 29 August - William Archibald Spooner, British scholar and Anglican priest (b. 1844)
 
  • 24 September - William A. MacCorkle, Governor of West Virginia (b. 1857)

October - December

  • 26 October - Harry Payne Whitney, American businessman and horse breeder (b. 1872)
  • 4 November - Buddy Bolden, American musician (b. 1877)
  • 5 November - Christiaan Eijkman, Dutch physician and pathologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1858)
  • 9 December
    • Andrew "Rube" Foster, Negro League baseball player
    • Laura Muntz Lyall, Canadian painter (b. 1860)
  • 12 December - Nikolai Pokrovsky, Russian politician and the last foreign minister of the Russian Empire (b. 1865)
  • 13 December - Fritz Pregl, Austrian chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1869)

Nobel prizes

  • Physics - Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman
  • Chemistry - Hans Fischer
  • Physiology or Medicine - Karl Landsteiner
  • Literature - Sinclair Lewis
  • Peace - Archbishop Lars Olof Nathan Söderblom