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1931

Related subjects Years

Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century
Decades: 1700s  1910s  1920s  - 1930s -   1940s   1950s   1960s
Years: 1928 1929 1930 - 1931 - 1932 1933 1934

Year 1931 (MCMXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1931 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar.

Events of 1931

January-February

  • 2 January - South Dakota native Ernest Lawrence invents the cyclotron, used to accelerate particles to study nuclear physics
  • 4 January - Elly Beinhorn begins her flight to Africa.
  • 6 January - Thomas Edison submits his last patent application.
  • 22 January - Sir Isaac Isaacs sworn in as the first Australian-born Governor-General of Australia.
  • 25 January - Mohandas Gandhi released again.
  • 27 January - Pierre Laval forms a government in France.
25 January: Gandhi freed.
25 January: Gandhi freed.
  • 3 February - Hawke's Bay earthquake - much of the New Zealand city of Napier is destroyed in an earthquake measuring 7.9 on the Richter scale.
  • 10 February - New Delhi becomes the capital of India.
  • 12 February - Radio Vaticana first broadcast.
  • 14 February - The original film version of Dracula with Bela Lugosi is released.
  • 16 February - Pehr Evind Svinhufvud elected president of Finland.
  • 20 February - California gets the go-ahead by the U.S. Congress to build the San Francisco – Oakland Bay Bridge.
  • 21 February - Peruvian revolutionaries hijack a Ford Trimotor aeroplane and demand that the pilot drop propaganda leaflets over Lima.


10 February: New Delhi became capital.
10 February New Delhi became capital.
21 February: Ford Trimotor hijacked.
21 February: Ford Trimotor hijacked.

March-April

  • 1 March - USS Arizona placed back in full commission after a refit.
  • 3 March - The Star-Spangled Banner is adopted as the United States National anthem.
  • 4 March - British viceroy of India and Mohandas Gandhi negotiate.
  • 7 March - New House of Representatives opened in Helsinki, Finland.
  • 11 March - Ready for Labour and Defence of the USSR programme, abbreviated as GTO, is introduced in the Soviet Union.
  • 17 March - Nevada legalizes gambling.
  • 23 March - Revolt for Independent India leaders Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev are hanged by the British Government.
  • 25 March - The Scottsboro Boys are arrested in Alabama and charged with rape.
  • 27 March - British writer Arnold Bennett dies in Paris when he drinks local water to prove it is safe to drink - but is poisoned.
  • 31 March - An earthquake destroys Managua, Nicaragua killing 2000 people.


  • 6 April - Portuguese government declares martial law in Madeira and in the Azores because of an attempted military takeover in Funchal.
  • 9 April - Execution of Argentinian anarchist Severino Digiovanni.
  • 14 April - 2nd Spanish Republic proclaimed in Spain.
  • 15 April - The Castellemmarese War ends with the assassination of Joe "The Boss" Masseria, briefly leaving Salvatore Maranzano as capo di tutti i capi, "boss of all bosses" and undisputed ruler of the American mafia. Maranzano is himself assassinated less than 6 months later, leading to the establishment of the Five Families.
  • 18 April - An incorporation of Cheverly, Maryland is made.
  • 22 April - Austria, Britain, Denmark, Germany, Italy, Sweden and USA recognize the Spanish Republic.

May-June

1 May: Empire State Building is completed.
1 May: Empire State Building is completed.
  • 1 May - Construction of the Empire State Building is completed in New York City.
  • 4 May - Kemal Atatürk re-elected president of Turkey.
  • 13 May - Paul Doumer elected president of France.
  • 12 June - Charlie Parker equals J.T. Hearne's record for the earliest date to reach 100 wickets.
  • 14 June - Overloaded pleasure craft Saint-Philibert, carrying trippers home to Nantes from Île de Noirmoutier, sinks at the mouth of the river Loire in France - over 450 drown
  • 23 June - Wiley Post and Harold Gatty take off from Roosevelt Field, Long Island in an attempt to accomplish the first round-the-world flight in a single-engine plane.

July-August

  • July - John Haven Emerson of Cambridge, Massachusetts perfects the Emerson iron lung just in time for the growing polio epidemic
  • 1 July - Official opening of Milan Central Station
  • 16 July - Emperor Haile Selassie of Ethiopia signs the first constitution of Ethiopia
  • Huang He floods kill between 850,000 and 4,000,000 people - the most deadly historic natural disaster.
  • 24 August - Labour Government of Ramsay MacDonald resigns in Britain - replaced by National Government of people drawn from all parties also under MacDonald.
  • 31 August - Yangtze River floods - 23 million made homeless

September-October

  • 5 September - John Thomson, soccer player, dies in an accident during a Celtic - Rangers match
  • 10 September - The worst hurricane in Belize history kills an estimated 1,500 people.
  • 15 September - The Invergordon Mutiny: Strikes in Royal Navy due to decreased salaries
  • 18 September - Mukden Incident. Later used by Japan to occupy Manchuria.
  • 18 September - Geli Raubal is found shot dead in Hitler's apartment
  • October - The Caltech Department of Physics Faculty and graduate students meet with Albert Einstein as a guest.
  • 18 October - Thomas Edison dies at his home in West Orange, New Jersey.

November-December

  • 6 November - Indian spiritual leader Meher Baba arrives in America for the first time.
  • 7 November - Chinese Soviet Republic proclaimed by Mao Zedong.
  • 8 November
    • French police launch a large scale raid against Corsican bandits.
    • Panama Canal is closed for couple of weeks due to damage caused by a number of earthquakes.
  • 10 December - Niceto Alcalá-Zamora elected president of Spanish republic.
  • 11 December - The British Parliament enacts the Statute of Westminster, which establishes a status of legislative equality between the self-governing dominions of the Commonwealth of Australia, the Dominion of Canada, the Irish Free State, Newfoundland, the Dominion of New Zealand, and the Union of South Africa.
  • 12 December - Eta Chapter of Kappa Delta Phi was founded at The University of Maine at Machias
  • 13 December - Wakatsuki Reijiro resigned as Prime Minister of Japan.
  • 26 December - Phi Iota Alpha, the oldest existing Latino fraternity is founded.

Undated

  • Deuterium discovered by Harold Clayton Urey.
  • Ust-Abakanskoye becomes Abakan.
  • National Committee for Modification of the Volstead Act formed to work for repeal of prohibition in United States.
  • The Persistence of Memory is put on display for the first time in Paris at the Galerie Pierre Colle.

Ongoing

  • Rise of the NAZI party.

Births

1931 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 1931
MCMXXXI
Ab urbe condita 2684
Armenian calendar 1380
ԹՎ ՌՅՁ
Bahá'í calendar 87 – 88
Berber calendar 2881
Buddhist calendar 2475
Burmese calendar 1293
Byzantine calendar 7439 – 7440
Chinese calendar 庚午年十一月十三日
(4567/4627-11-13)
— to —
辛未年十一月廿三日
(4568/4628-11-23)
Coptic calendar 1647 – 1648
Ethiopian calendar 1923 – 1924
Hebrew calendar 5691 – 5692
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1986 – 1987
 - Shaka Samvat 1853 – 1854
 - Kali Yuga 5032 – 5033
Holocene calendar 11931
Iranian calendar 1309 – 1310
Islamic calendar 1349 – 1350
Japanese calendar Shōwa 6
(昭和6年)
Korean calendar 4264
Thai solar calendar 2474

January-February

  • 5 January
    • Alvin Ailey, American choreographer (d. 1989)
    • Alfred Brendel, Austrian pianist
    • Robert Duvall, American actor and director
  • 6 January - E. L. Doctorow, American author
  • 8 January - Bill Graham, German concert promoter (d. 1991)
  • 10 January - Peter Barnes, English playwright and screenwriter (d. 2004)
  • 12 January - Roland Alphonso, Jamaican musician (d. 1998)
  • 13 January - Charles Nelson Reilly, American actor (d. 2007)
  • 14 January - Caterina Valente, French singer and actress
  • 16 January - Johannes Rau, President of Germany (d. 2006)
  • 17 January - James Earl Jones, American actor
  • 19 January - Robert MacNeil, Canadian journalist
  • 20 January - David Lee, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 22 January - Sam Cooke, American singer (d. 1964)
  • 26 January - Alfred Lynch, English actor (d. 2003)
  • 27 January - Mordecai Richler, Canadian author (d. 2001)
  • 30 January - Allan W. Eckert, American historian, naturalist, and author
  • 31 January - Ernie Banks, baseball player
  • 1 February - Boris Yeltsin, President of Russia (d. 2007)
  • 2 February
    • Dries van Agt, Dutch politician
    • Les Dawson, British comedian (d. 1993)
  • 6 February - Rip Torn, American actor and director
  • 8 February - James Dean, American actor (d. 1955)
  • 9 February - Thomas Bernhard, Dutch author (d. 1989)
  • 11 February - Larry Merchant, American author and boxing commentator
  • 13 February - Geoff Edwards, American actor and game show host
  • 16 February
    • George E. Sangmeister, American politician (d. 2007)
    • Ken Takakura, Japanese actor
  • 18 February - Johnny Hart, American cartoonist (d. 2007)
  • 18 February - Toni Morrison, American writer, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 18 February - Bob St. Clair, American football player
  • 24 February - Brian Close, British cricketer
  • 25 February - Eric Edgar Cooke, Western Australian Murderer (d. 1964)
  • 26 February - Ally McLeod, Scottish football manager
  • 28 February - Dean Smith, American basketball coach

March-April

  • 2 March
  • 4 March
    • Wally Bruner, American journalist and television host (d. 1997)
    • William Henry Keeler, American Roman Catholic Archbishop and Cardinal
    • Alice Rivlin, American economist
  • 8 March - Neil Postman, American media theorist and cultural critic
  • 11 March - Rupert Murdoch, Australian-born publisher
  • 22 March
    • Burton Richter, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
    • William Shatner, Canadian actor
  • 26 March - Leonard Nimoy, American actor and director
  • 29 March
    • Aleksei Gubarev, cosmonaut
    • Norman Tebbit, British politician
  • 1 April -
    • Rolf Hochhuth, German writer
    • Ita Ever, Estonian actress
  • 6 April - Suchitra Sen (Roma Dasgupta), the legendary Bengali Actress, is born in Pabna (now in Bangladesh).
  • 11 April - Johnny Sheffield, American actor
  • 27 April - Igor Oistrakh, Ukrainian violinist
  • 29 April
    • Frank Auerbach, German-born painter
    • Lonnie Donegan, Scottish musician (d. 2002)

May-June

  • 6 May - Willie Mays, baseball player
  • 7 May - Teresa Brewer, American pop and jazz singer (d. 2007)
  • 13 May
    • Jim Jones, American cult leader (d. 1978)
    • Jiri Petr, Czech university president
  • 14 May - Alvin Lucier, American composer
  • 15 May
    • Joseph A. Califano, Jr., Chairman of the National Centre on Addiction and Substance Abuse
    • Ken Venturi, American golfer
  • 16 May - Natwar Singh, Indian politician
  • 18 May - Robert Morse, American actor
  • 19 May - Eric Tappy, Swiss tenor
  • 20 May - Ken Boyer, baseball player (d. 1982)
  • 25 May - Georgi Grechko, cosmonaut
  • 30 May - Fr. John O'Brien, Irish priest and musician (d. 2008)
  • 31 May
    • John Robert Schrieffer, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
    • Shirley Verrett, American mezzo-soprano
  • 3 June - Lindy Remigino, American athlete
  • 7 June - Malcolm Morley, English-born painter
  • 9 June - Jackie Mason, American comedian
  • June 9 - Joe Santos, American actor
  • 13 June - Moysés Baumstein, Brazilian Holographer and artist
  • 14 June - Ross Higgins, Australian actor
  • 27 June - Martinus J. G. Veltman, Dutch physicist, Nobel Prize laureate

July-August

  • 1 July - Leslie Caron, French actress'
  • 4 July - Stephen Boyd, Irish actor (d. 1977)
  • 5 July - Ismail Mahomed South African and Namibian Chief Justice (d. 2000)
  • 6 July - Della Reese, American singer and actress
  • 10 July - Alice Munro, Canadian writer
  • 23 July - Te Atairangi Kaahu, Māori Queen (d. 2006)
  • 26 July - Fred Foster, American songwriter and record producer
  • 27 July - Jerry Van Dyke, American comedian and actor
  • 7 August - Charles E. "Charlie" Rice, Legal Scholar and Author
  • 12 August - William Goldman, American author
  • 15 August - Joe Feeney, American singer (d. 2008)
  • 15 August - Florian ZaBach, American musician and TV personality (d. 2006)
  • 18 August - Bramwell Tillsley, General of The Salvation Army
  • 19 August - Willie Shoemaker, American jockey (d. 2003)
  • 23 August - Hamilton O. Smith, American microbiologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • 25 August - Hal Fishman, Los Angeles based local news anchor. (d. 2007)
  • 25 August - Regis Philbin, American television personality
  • 28 August - John Shirley-Quirk, English bass-baritone
  • 30 August - Jack Swigert, American astronaut (d. 1982)
  • 31 August - Jean Béliveau, Canadian hockey player

September-October

  • 8 September - Jack Rosenthal, English playwright (d. 2004)
  • 12 September - George Jones, American singer and songwriter, king of country music
  • 17 September - Anne Bancroft, American actress (d. 2005)
  • 21 September - Larry Hagman, American actor
  • 22 September
    • Fay Weldon, British author
    • George Younger, 4th Viscount Younger of Leckie, British politician (d. 2003)
  • 23 September - Gerald Stairs Merrithew, Canadian educator and statesman (d. 2004)
  • 29 September
    • James Watson Cronin, American nuclear physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
    • Anita Ekberg, Swedish actress
  • 30 September
    • Angie Dickinson, American actress
    • Wesley L. Fox, U.S. Marine Corps officer
  • 6 October - Riccardo Giacconi, Italian-born physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 7 October
  • 13 October - Eddie Mathews, baseball player (d. 2001)
  • 15 October - Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam, President of India
  • 16 October
    • James Chace, American historian (d. 2004)
    • Charles Colson, American Watergate conspirator
    • Rosa Rosal, Filipino actress and humanitarian
  • 17 October - Ernst Hinterberger, Austrian writer
  • 19 October - John le Carré, English novelist
  • 20 October - Mickey Mantle, baseball player (d. 1995)
  • 23 October
    • Jim Bunning, baseball player and U.S. Senator
    • Diana Dors, English actress (d. 1984)
  • 25 October - Jimmy McIlroy, Irish footballer and football manager
  • 31 October - Dan Rather, American television news reporter

November-December

  • 3 November - Michael Fu Tieshan, Chinese bishop (d. 2007)
  • 5 November - Ike Turner, American singer and songwriter (d. 2007)
  • 15 November - Mwai Kibaki, third President of Kenya
  • 21 November
    • Malcolm Williamson, Australian composer (d. 2003)
    • Revaz Dogonadze, Georgian physicist (d. 1985)
  • 23 November - Dervla Murphy, Irish author
  • 26 November - Adolfo Pérez Esquivel, Argentine activist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
  • 28 November - Hope Lange, American actress (d. 2003)
  • 1 December
    • Jimmy Lyons, American musician (d. 1986)
    • Jim Nesbitt, singer
  • 2 December
    • Edwin Meese, American attorney general
    • Nigel Calder, British science writer
  • 11 December - Rita Moreno, Academy award-winning Puerto Rican actress
  • 12 December - Lionel Blair, British actor, choreographer, tap dancer, headmaster and TV presenter
  • 23 December - Ronnie Schell, American actor
  • 24 December - Mauricio Kagel, Argentine composer
  • 30 December - Skeeter Davis, American singer (d. 2004)
  • 31 December - Bob Shaw, Irish writer (d. 1996)

Deaths

January - June

  • 11 January - James Milton Carroll, Baptist pastor, historian, and author (b. 1852)
  • 14 January - Hardy Richardson, baseball player (b. 1855)
  • 22 January - Alma Rubens, American actress (b. 1897)
  • 23 January - Anna Pavlova, Russian ballerina (b. 1881)
  • 11 February - Charles Algernon Parsons, British inventor (b. 1854)
  • 16 February - Wilhelm von Gloeden, German photographer (b. 1856)
  • 23 February - Dame Nellie Melba, Australian soprano (b. 1861)
  • 26 February - Otto Wallach, German chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1847)
  • 5 March - Arthur Tooth, Anglican clergyman (b. 1839)
  • 7 March - Akseli Gallén-Kallela, Finnish painter (b. 1865)
  • 11 March - F.W. Murnau, German director (b. 1888)
  • 20 March - Hermann Müller, Chancellor of Germany (b. 1876)
  • 21 March - Bhagat Singh, Indian revolutionary (b. 1708)
  • 27 March - Arnold Bennett, novelist (b. 1867)
  • 31 March - Knute Rockne, American football coach (b. 1888)
  • 8 April - Erik Axel Karlfeldt, Swedish writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1864)
  • 10 April - Khalil Gibran, Lebanese poet and painter (b. 1883)
  • 30 April - Sammy Woods, English cricketer (b. 1867)
  • 9 May - Albert Abraham Michelson, German-born physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1852)
  • 14 May - David Belasco, American writer (b. 1853)

July - December

  • 4 July - Buddie Petit, American jazz musician
  • 12 July - Nathan Söderblom, Swedish archbishop, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1866)
  • 6 August - Bix Beiderbecke, American jazz trumpeter (b. 1703)
  • 26 August - Hamaguchi Osachi, 27th Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1870)
  • 27 August
    • Frank Harris, Irish author and editor (b. 1856)
    • Francis Marion Smith, American businessman (b. 1846)
  • 5 September - John Thomson, Scottish footballer (b. 1709)
  • 13 October - Ernst Didring, Swedish writer (b. 1868)
  • 18 October - Thomas Edison, American inventor (b. 1847)
  • 11 November - Shibusawa Eiichi, Japanese industrialist (b. 1840)
  • 2 December - Vincent d'Indy, French composer (b. 1851)
  • 5 December - Vachel Lindsay, American poet (b. 1879)
  • date unknown - Joseph Tabrar, British songwriter (b. 1857)

Nobel prizes

  • Physics - not awarded
  • Chemistry - Carl Bosch, Friedrich Bergius
  • Physiology or Medicine - Otto Heinrich Warburg
  • Literature - Erik Axel Karlfeldt
  • Peace - Jane Addams, Nicholas Murray Butler

Ship events

  • List of ship launches in 1931
  • List of ship commissionings in 1931
  • List of ship decommissionings in 1931
  • List of shipwrecks in 1931

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