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1935

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Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century
Decades: 1700s  1910s  1920s  - 1930s -   1940s   1950s   1960s
Years: 1932 1933 1934 - 1935 - 1936 1937 1938

Year 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar.

Events of 1935

January

  • January - Haile Selassie I of Ethiopia creates a military school at Holeta.
  • 1 January - Italian colonies of Tripoli and Cyrenaica are joined together as Libya.
  • 2 January - The trial of Bruno Richard Hauptmann, accused of the kidnapping and murder of Charles Lindbergh, Jr., begins in Flemington, New Jersey. On February 13, Hauptmann is convicted and sentenced to death.
  • 4 January - Dry Tortugas National Park is established.
  • 7 January - Italian premier Benito Mussolini and French foreign minister Pierre Laval conclude agreement in which each power undertakes not to oppose the other's colonial claims.
  • 11 January - Amelia Earhart becomes the first person to fly solo from Hawaii to California.
Jan.11: Amelia Earhart flies from Hawaii.
Jan.11 Amelia Earhart flies from Hawaii.
  • 13 January - A plebiscite in Saarland shows that 90.3% of those voting wish to join Nazi Germany.
  • 16 January - FBI kills Barker gang, including Ma Barker, in a shootout.
  • 19 January - Coopers Inc. sells the world's first briefs.
  • 28 January - Iceland becomes the first country to legalize abortion on medical grounds.

February

  • 15 February - The discovery and clinical development of Prontosil, the first broadly effective antibacterial drug, is published in a series of articles in Germany's pre-eminent medical journal, Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift, by Gerhard Domagk.
  • 22 February - Airplanes are banned from flying over the White House.

March

  • March - Anastasios Papoulas leads a coup against the Greek government; however, the attempt fails and he is later captured and executed for treason.
  • 2 March - King Prajadhipok (Rama VII) of Siam abdicates the throne. He is succeeded by his 9-year-old-nephew Ananda Mahidol (Rama VIII).
  • 2 March - Porky Pig makes his debut in Looney Tunes's I Haven't Got a Hat.
  • 16 March - Adolf Hitler announces German rearmament in violation of the Versailles Treaty.
  • 19 March - Riot breaks out in Harlem, NYC after a rumor which claims that police killed a shoplifter in the S. H. Kress & Co. department store circulates.
  • 21 March - Persia is renamed Iran.

April

Dust storm approaching Spearman, Texas.
Dust storm approaching Spearman, Texas.
  • 14 April - Dust Bowl: The great dust storm, made famous by Woody Guthrie in his "dust bowl ballads". The hardest hit areas were in Eastern New Mexico and Colorado, and western Oklahoma.
  • 16 April - Fibber McGee and Molly debuts on NBC Radio.
  • 17 April - Sun Myung Moon claims to have a revelation from Jesus telling him to complete his mission from almost 2000 years ago.
  • 29 April - The first edition of the Vuelta a España was raced and went on to become one the three Grand Tours of road bicycle racing.

May

  • 6 May - New Deal: Executive Order 7034 creates the Works Progress Administration (WPA).
  • 14 May - Northamptonshire gains (over Somerset at Taunton by 48 runs) what proved to be their last victory for 99 matches, easily a record in the County Championship. Their next Championship win was not until 29 May 1939.
  • 19 May - T. E. Lawrence dies in a motorcycle accident.
  • 24 May - The first nighttime Major League Baseball game is played between the Cincinnati Reds and Philadelphia Phillies at Crosley Field in Cincinnati, Ohio.
  • 25 May - Babe Ruth hits his 714th home run.
  • 27 May - In the case of Schechter Poultry Corp. v. United States, aka the "Sick Chicken Case", U.S. Supreme Court declares the National Industrial Recovery Act unconstitutional.
  • 31 May - 7.1 magnitude Earthquake destroys Quetta in modern-day Pakistan: 40,000 dead.

June

  • 9 June - He-Umezu Agreement China's Kuomintang government concedes Japanese military control of north-eastern China.
  • 10 June - Alcoholics Anonymous is founded in Akron, OH by William G. Wilson and Dr. Robert Smith.
  • 12 June - Senator Huey Long of Louisiana makes the longest speech on Senate record. The speech took 15½ hours and contained 150,000 words.
  • 13 June - James J. Braddock defeats Max Baer at Madison Square Garden Bowl to win boxing heavyweight championship of the world.
  • 16 June - Deportivo Saprissa was founded by Roberto Fernández in his shoe store in el barrio Los Angeles in San Jose, Costa Rica.
  • 18 June - Anglo-German Naval Agreement Britain agrees to a German navy equal to 35% of her own naval tonnage.

July

  • 5 July
    • Oliveira Salazar becomes de facto dictator of fascist Portugal.
    • The National Labor Relations Act becomes law in the United States.
  • 6 July - Tenzin Gyatso the 14th Dali Lama is born.
  • 16 July - The world's first parking meters are installed in Oklahoma City.
  • 24 July
    • The world's first children's railway is opened in Tbilisi, USSR.
    • The dust bowl heat wave reaches its peak, sending temperatures in Chicago, Illinois to a record-high 109°F (44°C).
  • 27 July - Federal Writers' Project is established in the United States.
  • June or July - The Giant neotropical toad is introduced to northern Queensland, Australia to counter sugar cane beetles.
  • 30 July - First Penguin paperback books are published.

August

  • 5 August - Leo Burnett advertising agency opens in Chicago, Illinois
  • 14 August - United States President Franklin Roosevelt signs Social Security Act into law.
  • 15 August - Humorist Will Rogers and aviator Wiley Post are killed when Post's plane crashes shortly after takeoff near Barrow, Alaska.

September

  • 2 September - Labor Day Hurricane of 1935: The strongest hurricane ever to strike the United States landfalls in the Upper Florida Keys as a Category 5 storm with 185 mph winds, killing 423.
  • 8 September - Carl Weiss kills Huey Long, US Senator from Louisiana. He was nicknamed "Kingfish", in the Louisiana capitol building in Baton Rouge.
  • 13 September - Howard Hughes, flying the Hughes H-1 Racer, set the airspeed record of 352 mph (566 km/h).
  • 15 September - Nuremberg Laws go into effect in Germany.
  • 24 September - Earl Bascom and his brother Weldon Bascom produced the first night rodeo held outdoors under electric lights at Columbia, Mississippi
  • 30 September - U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt dedicates Hoover Dam

October

October 22 page from a Soviet revolutionary calendar with six-day weeks.
October 22 page from a Soviet revolutionary calendar with six-day weeks.
  • 2 October- 3 - Italian army invades Ethiopia under General de Bono (replaced 11 November by Pietro Badoglio)
  • 10 October - A tornado destroyed the 160 metre tall wooden radio tower in Langenberg, Germany. As a result of this catastrophe wooden radio towers are phased out.
  • 12 October - Luciano Pavarotti is born in Modena, Italy.

November

  • 5 November - Parker Brothers releases the board game Monopoly.
  • 8 November - A dozen labor leaders come together to announce the creation of the Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO), an organization charged with pushing the cause for industrial unionism.
  • 14 November In General Election in Britain, Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin returned to office at the head of a National Government led by the Conservative Party with a large but reduced majority.
  • 22 November - The China Clipper takes off from Alameda, California in an attempt to deliver the first airmail cargo across the Pacific Ocean (the aircraft later reached its destination, Manila, and delivered over 110,000 pieces of mail).
  • 30 November - The 1935 British-made film Scrooge, the first all-talking film version of Charles Dickens classic, opens in the U.S. after its British release. Seymour Hicks plays Scrooge, a role he has played onstage hundreds of times. The film is criticized by some for not showing all of the ghosts physically, and quickly fades into obscurity. Widespread interest in it does not surface until the film is shown on television in the 1980s, in very shabby-looking prints. It is eventually restored on DVD, but the criticisms of it remain.

December

  • 9 December - American newspaper editor Walter Liggett is killed in a gangland murder plot.
  • 18 December - Samuel Hoare resigns as British foreign secretary; replaced by Anthony Eden. The socialist party of Sri Lanka, the Lanka Sama Samaja Party founded.
  • 27 December - Mao Zedong issues the Wayaopao Manifesto: On Tactics Against Japanese Imperialism, calling for a National United Front against Japanese Invasion.
  • 28 December - Pravda publishes a letter from Pavel Postyshev, who revives New Year tree tradition in the Soviet Union.

Undated

  • Mary McLeod Bethune founds the National Council of Negro Women.

Births

1935 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 1935
MCMXXXV
Ab urbe condita 2688
Armenian calendar 1384
ԹՎ ՌՅՁԴ
Bahá'í calendar 91 – 92
Berber calendar 2885
Buddhist calendar 2479
Burmese calendar 1297
Byzantine calendar 7443 – 7444
Chinese calendar 甲戌年十一月廿六日
(4571/4631-11-26)
— to —
乙亥年十二月初六日
(4572/4632-12-6)
Coptic calendar 1651 – 1652
Ethiopian calendar 1927 – 1928
Hebrew calendar 5695 – 5696
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1990 – 1991
 - Shaka Samvat 1857 – 1858
 - Kali Yuga 5036 – 5037
Holocene calendar 11935
Iranian calendar 1313 – 1314
Islamic calendar 1353 – 1354
Japanese calendar Shōwa 10
(昭和10年)
Korean calendar 4268
Thai solar calendar 2478

January-February

  • 4 January - Floyd Patterson, American boxer (d. 2006)
  • 7 January
    • Valeri Kubasov, cosmonaut
    • Kenny Davern, American jazz clarinetist
  • 8 January - Elvis Presley, American singer and guitarist (d. 1977)
  • 9 January
    • Earl G. Graves, Sr. African-American Publisher
    • Bob Denver, American actor (d. 2005)
  • 10 January
    • Ronnie Hawkins, American musician
    • Sherrill Milnes, American baritone
  • 12 January - Kreskin, mentalist
  • 14 January - Lucille Wheeler, Canadian skier
  • 16 January
    • A.J. Foyt, American race car driver
    • Udo Lattek, German football coach
  • 17 January - Ruth Ann Minner, Governor of Delaware
  • 18 January - Jon Stallworthy, English poet
  • 30 January - Richard Brautigan, American writer (d. 1984)
  • 31 January - Kenzaburo Oe, Japanese writer, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 4 February - Martti Talvela, Finnish bass (d. 1989)
  • 11 February
    • Gerry Goffin, American songwriter
    • Gene Vincent, American guitarist and vocalist (d. 1971)
  • 14 February - Rob McConnell, Canadian jazz musician
  • 16 February - Sonny Bono, American singer, actor, and politician (d. 1998)
  • 17 February - Christina Pickles, British actress
  • 25 February - Sally Jessy Raphaël, American talk show host
  • 27 February - Mirella Freni, Italian soprano

March-April

  • 1 March
    • Robert Conrad, American actor
    • Judith Rossner, American writer (d. 2005)
  • 4 March - Bent Larsen, Danish chess player
  • 6 March - Ron Delany, Irish runner
  • 15 March
    • Jimmy Swaggart, American televangelist
    • Judd Hirsch, American actor
  • 18 March - Ole Barndorff-Nielsen, Danish mathematician
  • 22 March - M. Emmet Walsh, American actor
  • 24 March - Peter Bichsel, Swiss writer
  • 26 March - Mahmoud Abbas, President of the Palestine National Authority
  • 27 March
    • Abelardo Castillo, Argentine writer
    • Julian Glover, English actor
  • 31 March
    • Richard Chamberlain, American actor
    • Herb Alpert, American trumpeter
  • 18 April - Paul A. Rothchild, American record producer (d. 1995)
  • 19 April - Dudley Moore, British actor (d. 2002)
  • 21 April
    • Charles Grodin, American actor and journalist
    • Thomas Kean, former Governor of New Jersey and 9/11 Commission Chairman
  • 22 April - Paul Chambers, American jazz musician
  • 23 April - Bunky Green, American jazz musician
  • 25 April - April Ashley, English model

May-June

  • 2 May - Lance LeGault, American actor
  • 7 May - Isobel Warren, Canadian author
  • 11 May - Francisco Umbral, Spanish journalist, novelist, biographer and essayist (d. 2007)
  • 12 May - Felipe Alou, Dominican Major League Baseball manager
  • 17 May
    • Ryke Geerd Hamer, German cancer researcher
    • Dennis Potter, English writer (d. 1994)
  • 20 May - Marinella, Greek singer
  • 24 May - Joan Micklin Silver, American director
  • 25 May - Cookie Gilchrist, American football player
  • 27 May - Lee Meriwether, American beauty queen and actress
  • 2 June
    • Carol Shields, American-born writer (d. 2003)
    • Roger Brierley, English actor (d. 2005)
  • 18 June - John Spencer, British snooker player (d. 2006)
  • 19 June - Derren Nesbitt, British actor
  • 21 June - Françoise Sagan, French writer (d. 2004)
  • 24 June - Ron Kramer, former National Football League tight end
  • 27 June - Ramon Zamora, Filipino martial arts actor (d. 2007)
  • 28 June - John Inman, British comedian (d. 2007)

July-August

  • 6 July - Tenzin Gyatso, 14th Dalai Lama, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
  • 8 July - Vitali Sevastyanov, cosmonaut
  • 9 July - Wim Duisenberg, Dutch economist and politician (d. 2005)
  • 9 July - Slinger Francisco, Grenadian singer
  • 11 July - Oliver Napier, Northern Irish politician
  • 13 July - Jack Kemp, American football player and U.S. Vice Presidential candidate
  • 15 July - William G. Stewart, British television producer and presenter
  • 17 July
    • Peter Schickele, American composer and comedian
    • Donald Sutherland, Canadian actor
  • 18 July - Jayendra Saraswathi, Hindu religious leader
  • 27 July - Billy McCullough, Northern Irish footballer
  • 28 July - Simon Dee, British television presenter
  • 29 July - Peter Schreier, German tenor
  • 1 August - Mohinder Pratap Chand, Famous Urdu Poet, Advocate of Urdu Language (b. 1935)
  • 3 August - Georgi Shonin, cosmonaut (d. 1997)
  • 13 August - Rod Hull, British entertainer (d. 1999)
  • 15 August
    • Jim Dale, English actor, singer and songwriter
    • Lionel Taylor, American football player
  • 18 August - Rafer Johnson, American athlete
  • 19 August - Bobby Richardson, baseball player
  • 20 August - Ron Paul, Influential American congressman, doctor and two-time Presidential candidate
  • 22 August - E. Annie Proulx, American author
  • 26 August - Geraldine Ferraro, U.S. Congresswoman and Vice Presidential candidate
  • 30 August - John Phillips, American singer (d. 2001)
  • 31 August
    • Eldridge Cleaver, American activist (d. 1998)
    • Frank Robinson, baseball player

September-October

  • 1 September - Seiji Ozawa, Japanese conductor
  • 2 September - D. Wayne Lukas, American horse trainer
  • 11 September
    • Gherman Titov, cosmonaut (d. 2000)
    • Arvo Pärt, Estonian composer
  • 14 September - Fujio Akatsuka, Japanese cartoonist (d. 2008)
  • 16 September
    • Carl Andre, American artist
    • Bob Kiley, American public transit planner
  • 17 September
    • Ken Kesey, American author (d. 2001)
    • Serge Klarsfeld, Romanian Nazi hunter
  • 21 September - Benjamin Abalos, Former COMELEC Chairman
  • 25 September - Adrien Douady, French mathematician (d. 2006)
  • 29 September - Jerry Lee Lewis, American musician
  • 30 September
    • Z. Z. Hill, American musician
    • Johnny Mathis, American singer
  • 1 October - Julie Andrews, English singer and actress
  • 3 October - Sinikka Kurkinen, Finnish painter
  • 6 October
    • Bruno Sammartino, Italian professional wrestler
    • Charito Solis, Filipino actress (d. 1998)
  • 9 October- Prince Edward, Duke of Kent
  • 12 October - Luciano Pavarotti, Italian tenor (d. 2007)
  • 14 October - La Monte Young, American composer
  • 15 October
    • Bobby Joe Morrow, American athlete
    • Willie O'Ree, Canadian hockey player
  • 18 October - Peter Boyle, American actor (d. 2006)
  • 20 October - Jerry Orbach, American actor (d. 2004)
  • 21 October - Derek Bell, Irish musician (d. 2002)
  • 22 October - Ann Rule, American true-crime writer
  • 29 October - Takahata Isao, Japanese animated film director
  • 30 October
    • Robert Caro, American biographer
    • Agota Kristof, Hungarian writer
  • 31 October - Ronald Graham, American mathematician

November-December

  • 1 November - Edward Said, Palestinian-born literary critic (d. 2003)
  • 8 November - Alain Delon, French actor
  • 9 November - Bob Gibson, baseball player
  • 10 November - Igor Dmitrievich Novikov, Russian astrophysicist
  • 12 November - William Tallon, Servant to the Queen Mother (d. 2007)
  • 13 November - George Carey, Archbishop of Canterbury
  • 14 November - King Hussein of Jordan (d. 1999)
  • 17 November - Toni Sailer, Austrian skier
  • 21 November - Fairuz, Lebanese singer
  • 23 November - Vladislav Volkov, cosmonaut
  • 27 November - Pat Fordice, First Lady of Mississippi from 1992 until 2000 (d. 2007)
  • 1 December - Woody Allen, American film director
  • 5 December - Calvin Trillin, American writer
  • 8 December - Dharmendra, Indian actor
  • 11 December
    • Ron Carey, American actor (d. 2007)
    • Pranab Mukherjee, Indian politician
  • 13 December - Ken Hall, American football player, known as the “Sugar Land Express”
  • 14 December
    • Lee Remick, American actress (d. 1991)
    • Anthony Wilden, British author and social theorist, noted translator of Jaques Lacan
  • 17 December - Cal Ripken, Sr., baseball player and manager (d. 1999)
  • 19 December - Bobby Timmons, American jazz pianist (d. 1974)
  • 23 December - Paul Hornung, American football player
  • 30 December
    • Omar Bongo, President of Gabon
    • Sandy Koufax, baseball player


Uknown Dates

  • Félicien Kabuga, Rwandan businessman, accused of bankrolling and participating in the Rwandan Genocide.
  • Daniel L. Norris, Canadian, former Commissioner of the Northwest Territories, heart failure. (d. 2008)
  • Tom Murphy, Irish playwright.

Deaths

January - March

  • January - Józef Białynia Chołodecki, Polish historian (b. 1852)
  • 28 January - Mikhail Ippolitov-Ivanov, Russian composer (b. 1859)
  • 6 March - Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr., U.S. Supreme Court Justice (b. 1841)
  • 16 March - John James Richard Macleod, Scottish-born physician and physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1876)
  • 22 March - Aleksander Moisiu, Albanian actor (b. 1879)

April - June

  • 5 April - Basil Champneys, architect (b. 1842)
  • 6 April - Edwin Arlington Robinson, American poet (b. 1869)
  • 14 April - Emmy Noether, German mathematician (b. 1882)
  • 18 April - Panait Istrati, Romanian writer (b. 1884)
  • 12 May - Józef Piłsudski, Polish politician (b. 1867)
  • 17 May - Paul Dukas, French composer (b. 1865)
  • 19 May - T. E. Lawrence, English soldier (Lawrence of Arabia) (b. 1888)
  • 19 May - Charles Martin Loeffler, American composer (b. 1861)
  • 21 May - Jane Addams, American social worker, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1860)
  • 29 May - Josef Suk, Czech composer and violinist (b. 1874)
  • 29 June - Hayashi Fubo, Japanese novelist (b. 1700)

July - September

  • 3 July - André Citroën, French automobile pioneer (b. 1878)
  • 12 July - Alfred Dreyfus, French military officer (b. 1859)
  • 17 July - George William Russell, Irish nationalist, poet and artist (b. 1867)
  • 17 July - James Moore, winner of the first ever cycle race (b. 1849)
  • 12 August - Friedrich Schottky, German mathematician (b. 1851)
  • 15 August - Wiley Post, American pilot (plane crash) (b. 1898)
  • 15 August - Will Rogers, American humorist and actor (plane crash) (b. 1879)
  • 21 August - John Hartley, English tennis player, double winner of Wimbledon (b. 1849)
  • 29 August - Queen Astrid of Belgium (b. 1705)
  • 30 August - Henri Barbusse, French novelist and journalist (b. 1873)
  • 10 September - Huey Long, American politician (b. 1893)
  • 28 September - W.K. Dickson, Scottish inventor (b. 1860)

October - December

  • 20 October - Arthur Henderson, Scottish politician, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1863)
  • 22 October - Tommy Tucker, 19th century baseball pioneer (b. 1863)
  • 2 November - Jock Cameron, South African cricketer (b. 1705)
  • 28 November - Erich von Hornbostel, Austrian musicologist (b. 1877)
  • 2 December - James Henry Breasted, American Egyptologist (b. 1865)
  • 3 December - Princess Victoria of the United Kingdom, daughter of King Edward VII (b. 1868)
  • 4 December
    • Johan Halvorsen, Norwegian composer (b. 1864)
    • Charles Robert Richet, French physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1850)
  • 13 December - Victor Grignard, French chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1871)
  • 14 December - Stanley G. Weinbaum, American science-fiction author (b. 1702)
  • 17 December - Juan Vicente Gómez, Venezuelan military dictator (b. 1857)
  • 20 December - Martin O'Meara, Australian soldier (b. 1882)
  • 21 December - Kurt Tucholsky, German journalist and satirist (b. 1890)


Nobel prizes

  • Physics - James Chadwick.
  • Chemistry - Frédéric Joliot, Irène Joliot-Curie ("in recognition of their synthesis of new radioactive elements").
  • Physiology or Medicine - Hans Spemann.
  • Literature - not awarded.
  • Peace - Carl von Ossietzky.

Ship events

  • List of ship launches in 1935
  • List of ship commissionings in 1935

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