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1936

Related subjects Years

Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century
Decades: 1700s  1910s  1920s  - 1930s -   1940s   1950s   1960s
Years: 1933 1934 1935 - 1936 - 1937 1938 1939

Year 1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar.

Events of 1936

January-February

  • 4 January - England's first ever win over the All Blacks in Rugby Union, in particular the 2 famous tries by "The Prince" HH Alexander Obolensky.
  • 15 January - The first building to be completely covered in glass is completed in Toledo, Ohio, for the Owens-Illinois Glass Company.
  • 16 January - Serial killer Albert Fish executed in Sing Sing
  • 20 January - King George V of the United Kingdom dies. His eldest son succeeds the throne becoming Edward VIII. There will be a gap of twenty two years before the title Prince of Wales is next used.
  • 31 January - The Green Hornet radio show debuts.


  • 4 February - Radium E. becomes the first radioactive element to be made synthetically.
  • 6 February - The IV Olympic Winter Games opens in Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany.
  • 17 February The first superhero to wear a skin-tight costume and mask, The Phantom, makes his first appearance in US newspapers
  • 26 February - The Imperial Way Faction engineers a failed coup against the Japanese government. Some politicians are killed.
  • 29 February - Emperor Hirohito orders the Japanese army to arrest 123 conspirators in Tokyo government offices - 19 of them are executed in July.


March-April

1 March: Hoover Dam is completed.
1 March Hoover Dam is completed.
  • 1 March - Construction of Hoover Dam is completed.
  • 7 March - In violation of the Treaty of Versailles, Nazi Germany reoccupies the Rhineland.
  • 9 March - Pro-democratic militarist Keisuke Okada steps down as Prime Minister of Japan and is replaced by radical militarist Koki Hirota.
  • 17 March- 18, "St. Patrick's Day Flood" - Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, suffers the worst flooding in its history.
  • 3 April - Bruno Richard Hauptmann, convicted of kidnapping and killing Charles Lindbergh III, is executed in New Jersey.
  • 17 April - Czech astronomer Jiří Grygar is born.
  • 5 April - A tornado hits Tupelo, Mississippi killing 216 and injuring over 700. It is the 4th deadliest tornado in U.S. history.
  • 6 April - Two tornadoes strike Gainesville, Georgia. The smaller tornado hit north Gainsville and the stronger tornado hit west side of town. The two paths eventually met but not the tornadoes. 203 die and 1600 are injured in the 5th deadliest tornado in U.S. history.
  • 19 April - The 1936–1939 Arab revolt in Palestine against the British government and opposition to Jewish immigration begins.


May-June

  • 2 May - Peter and the Wolf, a Russian fairy tale of Sergei Prokofiev's composition, debuts at the Nezlobin Theatre in Moscow, Soviet Union.
  • 5 May - Italian forces occupy Addis Ababa.
  • 7 May - Italy annexes Ethiopia.
  • 9 May - Italian East Africa is formed from the Italian territories of Eritrea, Ethiopia, and Italian Somaliland.
  • 12 May - The Santa Fe railroad in the United States inaugurates the all-Pullman Super Chief passenger train between Chicago, Illinois and Los Angeles, California.
  • 14 May - Universal Pictures' new film version of Show Boat, a faithful adaptation of the stage musical, premieres at Radio City Music Hall to ecstatic reviews. It preserves the famous stage performances of Irene Dunne, Charles Winninger, Helen Morgan, Paul Robeson, and Sammy White. It is a box office smash, but withdrawn from circulation in 1942 by MGM, due to their impending Technicolor remake, which does not appear until 1951. After its withrawal from circulation, the 1936 Show Boat will not be widely seen again until 1983, when it makes its debut on cable television.
  • 25 May - The Remington Rand strike of 1936–1937 begins, spawning the notorious "Mohawk Valley formula," a corporate plan for strikebreaking.
  • 27 May
    • The first flight by the Irish airline Aer Lingus takes place.
    • British luxury liner RMS Queen Mary leaves Southampton on her maiden voyage across the Atlantic


  • June - A major heat wave strikes North America; high temperature records are set and thousands die.
  • 7 June
    • The General strike in France is ended by the Matignon Agreements.
    • The Steel Workers Organizing Committee is founded in the United States.
  • 15 June - Army laboratory explodes in Estonia - 60 dead.
  • 19 June - Max Schmeling knocks out Joe Louis in the twelfth round of their heavyweight boxing match at Yankee Stadium in New York City.


  • 30 June - Margaret Mitchell's novel Gone with the Wind is first published.

July-August

  • 11 July - Triborough Bridge in New York City is opened to traffic
  • 13 July to 14 - Peak of July 1936 heat wave. The states of Wisconsin, Michigan, and Indiana all set new state records for high temperature. At Mio, in northern Michigan it soars to 113°F (45°C)
  • 18 July - Spain's civil war begins when nationalist troops under the command of General Francisco Franco rise against the existing republican government.
  • 1 August - 1936 Summer Olympics open in Berlin, Germany, and mark the first live television coverage of a sports event in world history.
  • 3 August - African-American athlete Jesse Owens wins the 100-meter dash at the Berlin Olympics.
  • 14 August - Rainey Bethea is hanged in Owensboro, Kentucky, in the last public execution in the United States, United States men's national basketball team wins the first ever Olympic Basketball tournament in the final game over Canada, 19-8.
  • 19 August - Beginning of the first of the Moscow Trials
  • 30 August - Ernest Nash flees Germany for Rome

September-October

  • 6 September - The last surviving Tasmanian Tiger dies in Hobart Zoo in Tasmania.
  • 11 October - Earl Bascom, rodeo cowboy and artist, designs and builds Mississippi's first permanent rodeo arena at Columbia, Marion County, Mississippi.

November-December

  • 2 November
    • BBC launches world's first regular (then) high definition television service.
    • The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC) begins radio in Canada.
  • 3 November - U.S. presidential election, 1936: Franklin D. Roosevelt is reelected to a second term in a landslide victory over Alf Landon.
  • 12 November - In California, the San Francisco – Oakland Bay Bridge opens to traffic.
  • 20 November - Levee of pond failure by continue massive rain at Mitsubishi Osarizawa mine, Kazuno, northeastern Akita, Japan, killing at least 375.
  • 23 November - The first edition of Life is published.
  • 25 November - Abraham Lincoln Brigade sails from New York City on its way to Spanish Civil War
  • 26 November - The Anti-Comintern Pact is signed by Germany and Japan.
  • 30 November - In London, the Crystal Palace is destroyed in a fire (it had been built for the 1851 Great Exhibition).
  • 3 December - Radio station WQXR is officially founded
  • 5 December - Transcaucasian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic is dissolved and the Armenia, Azerbaija, and Georgia become full Republics of the Soviet Union.
  • 10 December- 11 - King Edward VIII signs an instrument of abdication at Fort Belvedere in the presence of his three brothers, The Duke of York, The Duke of Gloucester and The Duke of Kent.
  • 11 December
    • The British Parliament passes His Majesty's Declaration of Abdication Act 1936 on behalf of the UK, Australia, New Zealand and South Africa.
    • The King performs his last act as sovereign by giving royal assent to the Act.
    • Prince Albert, Duke of York, becomes King, ruling as King George VI
    • The abdicated King Edward VIII, now HRH The Prince Edward, makes a broadcast to the nation explaining his decision to abdicate. He leaves the country for Austria
  • 12 December - Irish Free State passes the External Relations Act to legislate for Edward VIII's abdication in that realm.
  • 12 December - Xi'an Incident: The Generalissimo of the Republic of China, Chiang Kai-shek was kidnapped by Zhang Xueliang.
  • 29 December - The United Auto Workers begins the Flint Sit-Down Strike in Flint, Michigan.

Undated

  • YMCA Youth and Government program founded in Albany, New York.
  • Mordecai Ham begins radio ministry.
  • Stress is first recognised as a medical condition.
  • Cocoa production in Gold Coast - 305,000 tons.

Births

1936 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 1936
MCMXXXVI
Ab urbe condita 2689
Armenian calendar 1385
ԹՎ ՌՅՁԵ
Bahá'í calendar 92 – 93
Berber calendar 2886
Buddhist calendar 2480
Burmese calendar 1298
Byzantine calendar 7444 – 7445
Chinese calendar 乙亥年十二月初七日
(4572/4632-12-7)
— to —
丙子年十一月十八日
(4573/4633-11-18)
Coptic calendar 1652 – 1653
Ethiopian calendar 1928 – 1929
Hebrew calendar 5696 – 5697
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1991 – 1992
 - Shaka Samvat 1858 – 1859
 - Kali Yuga 5037 – 5038
Holocene calendar 11936
Iranian calendar 1314 – 1315
Islamic calendar 1354 – 1355
Japanese calendar Shōwa 11
(昭和11年)
Korean calendar 4269
Thai solar calendar 2479

January-February

  • 2 January - Roger Miller, American singer (d. 1992)
  • 5 January - Florence King, American writer
  • 10 January
    • Stephen Ambrose, American historian (d. 2002)
    • Robert Wilson, American physicist and radio astronomer, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 11 January - Eva Hesse, American artist (d. 1970)
  • 20 January - Lady Frances Roche of Femoy, Princess Diana's mother (d. 2004)
  • 23 January - Jerry Kramer, American football player
  • 27 January - Troy Donahue, American actor (d. 2001)
  • 28 January - Alan Alda, American actor
  • 6 February - Kent Douglas, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 9 February - Stompin' Tom Connors, Canadian country/folk singer
  • 11 February - Burt Reynolds, American actor
  • 14 February - Andrew Prine, American actor
  • 17 February - Jim Brown, American football player
  • 19 February - Sam Myers, American musician and songwriter (d. 2006)
  • 20 February - Larry Hovis, American actor (d. 2003)
  • 20 February - Shigeo Nagashima, Japanese professional baseball player and coach
  • 24 February - Lance Reventlow, English playboy, entrepreneur, and race car driver (d. 1972)
  • 27 February - Roger Mahony, fourth Archbishop of Los Angeles

March-April

  • 4 March - Jim Clark, Scottish race car driver (d. 1968)
  • March 4 - Aribert Reimann, German composer
  • 5 March - Dean Stockwell, American actor
  • 6 March - Marion Barry Jr., Mayor of Washington, DC
  • 7 March - Loren Acton, astronaut
  • 9 March
    • Tom Sestak, American football player (d. 1987)
    • Mickey Gilly, American musician
  • 11 March
    • Ralph Abernathy, American civil rights leader (d. 1990)
    • Antonin Scalia, U.S. Supreme Court Justice
  • 15 March - Howard Greenfield, American songwriter (d. 1986)
  • 19 March - Ursula Andress, Swiss actress
  • 20 March - Lee "Scratch" Perry, Jamaican musician
  • 10 April - John Madden, American football coach and sportscaster
  • 12 April - Charles Napier, American actor
  • 14 April - Kenneth Mars, American actor
  • 21 April - James Dobson, PH.D, Founder of Focus On The Family, child psychologist
  • 22 April - Glen Campbell, American musician
  • 23 April - Roy Orbison, American singer (d. 1988)
  • 24 April - Jill Ireland, English actress (d. 1990)

May-June

  • 2 May - Engelbert Humperdinck, British/American singer
  • 9 May - Albert Finney, English actor
  • 12 May
    • Tom Snyder, American talk show host (d. 2007)
    • Frank Stella, American minimalist painter
  • 14 May
    • Bobby Darin, American singer (d. 1973)
    • Dick Howser, American baseball shortstop/manager (d. 1987)
  • 17 May - Dennis Hopper, American actor and director
  • 23 May - Ingeborg Hallstein, German opera singer
  • 8 June - James Darren, American actor and singer
  • 17 June - Ken Loach, British director
  • 22 June - Kris Kristofferson, American singer, songwriter, and actor
  • 28 June - Chuck Howley, American football player
  • 29 June - Harmon Killebrew, baseball player

July-August

  • 16 July - Buddy Merrill, American musician, The Lawrence Welk Show
  • 23 July - Don Drysdale, baseball player (d. 1993)
  • 1 August
    • Bradford Bishop, fugitive indicted for the murders of his three children, spouse and mother in 1976.
    • Yves Saint-Laurent, Algerian-born French fashion designer (d. 2008)
  • 1 August - Donald Neilson, British serial killer known as the Black Panther, currently serving five life sentences
  • 6 August - Robert Gnaizda, lawyer and social justice advocate
  • 11 August - Andre Dubus, American short-story writer (d. 1999)
  • 18 August - Robert Redford, American actor
  • 21 August - Wilt Chamberlain, American basketball player (d. 1999)
  • 27 August - David Clarke, English retired teacher
  • 29 August - John McCain, U.S. Senator, 2008 Republican Presidential candidate

September-October

  • 7 September - Buddy Holly, American singer (d. 1959)
  • 14 September - Walter Koenig, American actor.
  • 16 September- Ken Forsse, American inventor and producer, creator of Teddy Ruxpin
  • 21 September - Yuriy Luzhkov, mayor of Moscow
  • 24 September - Jim Henson, American puppeteer, filmmaker, and television producer (d. 1990)
  • 29 September - Silvio Berlusconi, Italian politician, entrepreneur, and media proprietor
  • 1 October - Stella Stevens, American actress
  • 5 October - Vaclav Havel, Czech playwriter, writer and politician
  • 11 October - Larry Staverman, American professional basketball player and coach (d. 2007)
  • 19 October - Tony Lo Bianco, American actor
  • 19 October - James Bevel, Civil Rights Movement strategist and organizer
  • 25 October - Masako Nozawa, Japanese voice actress
  • 29 October - Akiko Kojima, Japanese model
  • 31 October - Michael Landon, American actor (d. 1991)

November-December

  • 2 November - Rose Bird, American judge (d. 1999)
  • 4 November - C. K. Williams, American poet
  • 9 November - Teddy Infuhr, American child actor (d. 2007)
  • 17 November - Dahlia Ravikovitch, Israeli poet
  • 20 November - Don DeLillo, American author
  • 23 November - Robert Barnard, British writer, critic and lecturer
  • 5 December - James Lee Burke, American writer
  • 25 December - Princess Alexandra of Kent, daughter of The Duke and Duchess of Kent
  • 29 December - Mary Tyler Moore, American actress

Deaths

January-June

  • 9 January - John Gilbert, American actor (b. 1899)
  • 16 January - Albert Fish, American serial killer (executed) (b. 1870)
  • 18 January - Rudyard Kipling, British writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1865)
  • 20 January - King George V of the United Kingdom (b. 1865)
  • 23 January - John Mills, Jr., "Mills Brothers" basso and guitarist (b. 1911)
  • 3 February - Sophie of Schönburg-Waldenburg, consort of William of Wied, Prince of Albania (b.1885)
  • 4 February - Wilhelm Gustloff, German leader of the Swiss Nazi Party (b. 1895)
  • 8 February - Charles Curtis, 31st Vice President of the United States (b. 1860)
  • 19 February - Billy Mitchell, U.S. general and military aviation pioneer (b. 1879)
  • 26 February - in the " February 26 Incident":
    • Takahashi Korekiyo, 11th Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1854)
    • Saito Makoto, 19th Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1858)
  • 27 February - Ivan Pavlov, Russian psychologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1849)
  • 28 February - Charles Nicolle, French bacteriologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1866)
  • 16 March - Marguerite Durand, French journalist and feminist leader (b. 1864)
  • 21 March - Alexander Glazunov, Russian composer and conductor (b. 1865)
  • 3 April - Bruno Hauptmann, German killer of Charles Lindbergh Jr. (b. 1899)
  • 8 April - Robert Bárány, Austrian physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1876)
  • 18 April - Ottorino Respighi, Italian composer, musicologist, and conductor (b. 1879)
  • 30 April - Alfred Edward Housman, English poet (b. 1859)
  • 8 May - Oswald Spengler, German philosopher (b. 1880)
  • 11 June - Robert E. Howard, American author (suicide) (b. 1706)
  • 14 June - G. K. Chesterton, English author (b. 1874)
  • June 14 - Maxim Gorky, Russian writer (b. 1868)

July-December

  • 21 July - Georg Michaelis, Chancellor of Germany (b. 1857)
  • 2 August - Louis Blériot, French aviation pioneer (b. 1872)
  • 9 August - Lincoln Steffens, American journalist (b. 1866)
  • 15 August - Grazia Deledda, Italian writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1871)
  • 19 August - Federico García Lorca, Spanish writer (b. 1898)
  • 19 September - Vishnu Narayan Bhatkhande, Indian musician (b. 1860)
  • 2 October - Juho Sunila, Prime Minister of Finland (b. 1875)
  • 3 October - John Heisman, American football coach (b. 1869)
  • 8 October - William Henry Stark, American businessman (b. 1851)
  • 25 November - Andrew Harper, Scottish–Australian biblical scholar and teacher (b. 1844)
  • 9 December - Arvid Lindman, Prime Minister of Sweden (b. 1862)
  • 10 December
    • Bobby Abel, English cricketer (b. 1857)
    • Luigi Pirandello, Italian writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1867)

Nobel prizes

  • Physics - Victor F. Hess, Carl D. Anderson ("for his discovery of cosmic radiation" / "for his discovery of the positron").
  • Chemistry - Petrus (Peter) Josephus Wilhelmus Debye ("for his contributions to our knowledge of molecular structure through his investigations on dipole moments and on the diffraction of X-rays and electrons in gases").
  • Physiology or Medicine - Sir Henry Hallett Dale, Otto Loewi ("for their discoveries relating to chemical transmission of nerve impulses").
  • Literature - Eugene Gladstone O'Neill ("for the power, honesty and deep-felt emotions of his dramatic works, which embody an original concept of tragedy").
  • Peace - Carlos Saavedra Lamas (Argentina)

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