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1943

Related subjects World War II; Years

Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century
Decades: 1910s  1920s  1930s  - 1940s -   1950s   1960s   1970s
Years: 1940 1941 1942 - 1943 - 1944 1945 1946

Year 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1943 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar.

Events of 1943

(Below, many events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.)

January

  • 4 January - End of term for Culbert Olson, 29th Governor of California. He is succeeded by Earl Warren.
  • 11 January
  • 12 January - Dutch journalist and writer Jan Campert, dies in Neuengamme concentration camp
  • 13 January - Helmut Schenk is the first person to use an ejection seat from an aircraft
  • 14 January - Franklin D. Roosevelt becomes the first President of the United States to travel by airplane while in office (Miami, Florida to Morocco to meet with Winston Churchill to discuss World War II).
  • 15 January
    • WWII Japanese are driven off Guadalcanal.
    • The world's largest office building, The Pentagon, is dedicated in Arlington, Virginia.
  • 18 January
    • WWII Soviet officials announce they have broken the Wehrmacht's siege of Leningrad.
    • Beginning of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising.
  • 23 January
    • WWII British forces capture Tripoli from the Italians.
    • Duke Ellington plays at New York City's Carnegie Hall for the first time.
      • Critic and commentator Alexander Woollcott suffers an eventually fatal heart attack during a regular broadcast of the CBS Radio roundtable program "People's Platform".
  • 27 January - WWII: 50 bombers mount the first all American air raid against Germany ( Wilhelmshaven was the target).
  • 29 January - German police arrest alleged necrophiliac Bruno Ludke

February

Soviet T34 tanks during the Battle of Kursk.
Soviet T34 tanks during the Battle of Kursk.
  • 2 February - WWII: In Russia, the Battle of Stalingrad comes to an end with the surrender of the German 6th Army.
  • 3 February - WWII:
    • The death of the Four Chaplains when their ship was struck by a torpedo
  • 7 February - WWII: In the United States, it is announced that shoe rationing will go into effect in two days.
  • 8 February - WWII: Battle of Guadalcanal - United States forces defeat Japanese troops.
  • 10 February - 3 March - Mohandas Gandhi keeps a hunger strike to protest his imprisonment
  • 11 February - General Eisenhower is selected to command the allied armies in Europe.
  • 14 February - WWII:
    • Rostov-na-Donu, Russia is liberated.
    • Battle of the Kasserine Pass - German General Erwin Rommel and his Afrika Korps launch an offensive against Allied defenses in Tunisia; it is the United States' first major battle defeat of the war.
  • 16 February - WWII Soviet Union reconquers Kharkov, but is later driven out in the Third Battle of Kharkov
  • 18 February
    • In a speech at the Berlin Sportpalast German Propagandaminister (Propaganda Minister) Joseph Goebbels declare a " Total War" against the allies
    • The Nazis arrest the members of the White Rose movement.
  • 20 February
    • American movie studio executives agree to allow the Office of War Information to censor movies.
    • The Mexican volcano Parícutin is born in a farmer's cornfield.
  • 22 February - Members of White Rose are executed in Nazi Germany.
  • 23 February - A fire breaks out at St Joseph's Orphanage , Co Cavan , Ireland , killing 36 people (35 of whom were children)
  • 27 February - The Smith Mine #3 in Bearcreek, Montana, United States explodes, killing 74 men.
  • 28 February - Operation Gunnerside, 6 Norwegians led by Joachim Ronneberg successfully attack the heavy water plant Vemork.

March

  • 1 March - Heinz Guderian becomes the Inspector-General of the Armoured Troops for the German Army.
  • 2 March - WWII: Battle of the Bismarck Sea - United States and Australian forces sink Japanese convoy ships.
  • 3 March - 173 people are killed in a crush while trying to enter an air-raid shelter at Bethnal Green tube station in London.
  • 4 March - 15th Academy Awards ceremony
  • 8 March - WWII: American forces are attacked by Japanese troops on Hill 700 in Bougainville in a battle that will last five days.
  • 13 March
  • 17 March - Éamon de Valera makes the speech " The Ireland That We Dreamed Of", commonly called the "comely maidens" speech
  • 19 March - Frank Nitti suicides
  • 22 March - WWII: The entire population of Khatyn in Belarus is burnt alive by the German occupation forces.
  • 23 March- the drug in Vicodin and Lortab is made in Germany.
  • 26 March - WWII: Battle of Komandorski Islands - In the Aleutian Islands the battle begins when United States Navy forces intercept Japanese attempting to reinforce a garrison at Kiska.
  • 28 March - In Italy a ship full of weapons and ammunitions explode in the port of Naples, over 600 dead
  • 31 March - Rodgers and Hammerstein's Oklahoma! opens on Broadway, heralds a new era in "integrated" stage musicals, becomes an instantaneous stage classic, and goes on to be Broadway's longest-running musical up to that time (1948).

April

  • 3 April - Shipwrecked steward Poon Lim is rescued by Brazilian fishermen after he has been adrift for 130 days
  • 13 April - WWII: Radio Berlin announces the discovery by Wehrmacht of mass graves of Poles killed by Soviets in the Katyn massacre.
  • 19 April - Albert Hofmann self administers the drug LSD for the first time in history, and records the details of his trip.
  • 19 April - A BOAC scheduled passenger flight, a DC-3 with registration: G-AGBB, (formerly KLM PH-ALI, Ibis), enroute between Lisbon and Bristol, is attacked over the Bay of Biscay by German fighters. They manage to escape and land in England. Other attacks on the same aircraft and on the same scheduled route: November 15 1942 and June 1 1943 (fatal).
  • 21 April - Worst Bombing of Aberdeen in WW2.
  • 22 April - Albert Hofmann writes his first report about the hallucinogenic properties of LSD, which he first synthesized in 1938.
  • 25 April - Easter occurs on the latest possible date. Last time 1886 next time 2038.
  • 27 April - The U.S. Federal Writers' Project is shuttered.

May

  • 9 May- 12 - Japanese troops carry out the Changjiao massacre in Changjiao, Hunan, China.
  • 11 May - WWII American troops invade Attu in the Aleutian Islands in an attempt to expel occupying Japanese forces.
  • 12 May - Trident Conference begins in Washington, D.C. with Franklin D. Roosevelt and Winston Churchill taking part.
  • 13 May - WWII German Afrika Korps and Italian troops in North Africa surrender to Allied forces.
  • 14 May - Sinking of the Australian Hospital Ship Centaur off the coast of Queensland, by a Japanese submarine.
  • 15 May - Comintern is dissolved.
  • 16 May - WWII: The Dambuster Raids by RAF 617 Sqdn on German dams.
  • 16 May - Holocaust: The Warsaw Ghetto Uprising ends.
  • 17 May - WWII:
    • Surviving RAF Dam Busters return.
    • The United States Army contracts with the University of Pennsylvania's Moore School to develop the ENIAC.
    • The Memphis Belle Becomes the first airplane in the 8th Air Force to complete a 25-mission tour of duty.
  • 19 May - Winston Churchill addresses a joint session of the U.S. Congress.
  • 24 May - Holocaust: Josef Mengele becomes Chief Medical Officer in Auschwitz.
  • 29 May - Norman Rockwell's illustration of " Rosie the Riveter" first appears on the cover of the Saturday Evening Post.
  • 31 May - Rioting between military personnel and Mexican American youths erupts in East Los Angeles and is dubbed the " Zoot Suit Riots".
  • 31 May - Helmut Kapp has been killed in Jędrzejów

June

  • 1 June - British Overseas Airways Corporation Flight 777, a DC-3 with registration: G-AGBB, (formerly KLM PH-ALI, Ibis), on a scheduled passenger flight, is shot down over the Bay of Biscay by German Junkers Ju 88s, all 17 persons aboard perish, including the actor Leslie Howard. There is speculation that the downing was an attempt to kill British Prime Minister Winston Churchill as the Germans may have had wrong information he was aboard. Previous (for the occupants more fortunate) attacks on the same aircraft and on the same scheduled route happened on November 15 1942 and April 19 1943.
  • 4 June - Military Coup d'état in Argentina ousts Ramón Castillo.
  • 13 June - The Looney Tunes animated short Porky Pig's Feat, is released to theaters in the U.S.
  • 22 June - U.S. Army 45th Infantry Division land in North Africa prior to training at Arzew, French Morocco while serving in World War II.

July

  • 5 July - WWII:
    • Battle of Kursk - The largest tank battle in history begins.
    • An Allied invasion fleet sails to Sicily.
  • 6 July - WWII Americans and Japanese fight the Battle of Kula Gulf off Kolombangara.
  • 10 July - WWII: The Allied invasion of Sicily marks the beginning allied invasion of Axis-controlled Europe with landings on the island of Sicily, off mainland Italy by the U.S. Army 45th Infantry Division.
  • 11 July - United States Army forces assault the village of Piano Lupo, just outside of Gela, Sicily.
  • 12 July - WWII: the Wehrmacht and the Red Army fight the Battle of Prokhorovka.
  • 13 July - WWII: the invasion of Sicily begins with British landings at Augusta on the island's eastern side and American landings to the south.
  • 19 July - WWII Rome is bombed by the Allies for the first time in the war.
  • 24 July - WWII: Operation Gomorrah begins British and Canadian aeroplanes bomb Hamburg by night, those of the Americans by day. By the end of the operation in November, 9,000 tons of explosives will have killed more than 30,000 people and destroyed 280,000 buildings.
  • 25 July - *In Italy the Gran Consiglio del Fascismo retires its consent to Mussolini; Mussolini is arrested and the power is given to Maresciallo d'Italia Gen. Pietro Badoglio.
  • 28 July - WWII: Operation Gomorrah - The British bomb Hamburg causing a firestorm that kills 42,000 German civilians.

August

  • 1 August - Operation Tidal Wave: 177 B-24 Liberator bombers from the U.S. Army Air Force bomb oil refineries at Ploieşti, Romania.
  • 3 August - WWII John F. Kennedy's PT-109 is rammed by a destroyer, the Battle of Vella Gulf will be more successful.
  • 4 August - WWII: USS Intrepid (CV-11) is launched
  • 5 August - WWII John F. Kennedy and crew are found by coastwatcher scouts Solomon Islanders Biuku Gasa and Eroni Kumana with their dugout canoe.
  • 6 August - WWII Americans defeat a Japanese convoy at the Battle of Vella Gulf off Kolombangara as the U.S. Army drives the Japanese out of Munda airfield on New Georgia.
  • 13 August - WWII Rome is declared an open city.
  • 14 August - Quadrant Conference begins in Quebec City. Canadian Prime Minister MacKenzie King meets with Winston Churchill and Franklin D. Roosevelt.
  • 17 August - WWII: The US 7th Army under General George S. Patton arrive in Messina, Sicily followed several hours later by the British 8th Army under Field Marshal Bernard L. Montgomery, thus completing the Allied conquest of Sicily.
  • 23 August - The Battle of Kursk ends with a serious strategic defeat for the German forces.
  • 24 August - WWII Germany - Heinrich Himmler is named Reichminister of the Interior.
  • 26 August - WWII: Lord Louis Mountbatten is named Supreme Allied Commander for Southeast Asia.
  • 28 August - WWII Bulgaria - King Boris III dies under peculiar circumstances. His six-year-old son, Simeon II, ascends to the throne.
  • 29 August - WWII: Germany dissolves the Danish government after it refuses to deal with a wave of strikes and disturbances to the satisfaction of the German authorities. (See: Occupation of Denmark)

September

  • 3 September - WWII: Mainland Italy is invaded by Allied forces under Bernard L. Montgomery, for the first time in the war.
  • 5 September - WWII: The 503rd Parachute Regiment under American General Douglas MacArthur lands and occupies Nadzab, just east of the port city of Lae in northeastern Papua New Guinea.
  • 7 September - A fire at the Gulf Hotel in Houston, Texas, kills 55 people.
  • 8 September - WWII:
    • United States General Dwight D. Eisenhower publicly announces the surrender of Italy to the Allies and the USAAF bombed the German General Headquarter for the Mediterranean zone Frascati bombing raid September 8, 1943.
    • Julius Fucik is executed by Nazis.
  • 8 September - First classes commence at Grace University.
  • 12 September - WWII: German paratroopers rescue Mussolini from imprisonment, in "Operation Oak".
  • 16 September - WWII: Salerno Mutiny
  • 17 September - WWII: The Villefranche-de-Rouergue uprising takes place.
  • 23 September - WWII: Republic of Salò is founded.
  • 27 September - WWII: First of the four days of Naples uprising.

October

  • 1 October - WWII American forces enter liberated Naples.
  • 6 October - WWII Americans and Japanese fight the naval Battle of Vella Lavella.
  • 7 October - WWII: Naples post office explosion
  • 10 October - The Order of Bogdan Khmelnitsky instituted in the USSR.
  • 13 October - WWII: The new government of Italy sides with the Allies and declares war on Germany.
  • 18 October - Chiang Kai-shek takes the oath of office as president of China.
  • 21 October - Lucie Aubrac and others in her French Resistance cell liberate Raymond Aubrac from Gestapo imprisonment
  • 22 October - WWII RAF delivers a highly destructive airstrike on the German industrial and population centre of Kassel
  • 30 October - The Merrie Melodies short, Falling Hare, the only short with Bugs getting out-smarted is released.

November

  • 1 November - WWII: In Operation Goodtime, United States Marines land on Bougainville in the Solomon Islands.
  • 2 November - WWII:
    • In the early morning hours, American and Japanese ships fight the inconclusive Battle of Empress Augusta Bay off Bougainville.
    • British troops, in Italy, reach the Garigliano River.
  • 14 November - Leonard Bernstein, substituting at the last minute for ailing principal conductor Bruno Walter, directs the New York Philharmonic in its regular Sunday afternoon broadcast concert over CBS Radio. The event receives front page coverage in the New York Times the following day.
  • 15 November - Porajmos German SS leader Heinrich Himmler orders that Gypsies and "part-Gypsies" were to be put "on the same level as Jews and placed in concentration camps."
  • 16 November - WWII:
    • After flying from Britain, 160 American bombers strike a hydro-electric power facility and heavy water factory in German-controlled Vemork, Norway.
    • Japanese submarine sinks surfaced USA submarine USS Corvina near Truk
  • 18 November - WWII: 440 Royal Air Force planes bomb Berlin causing only light damage and killing 131. The RAF lost nine aircraft and 53 aviators.
  • 20 November - WWII: Battle of Tarawa begins - United States Marines land on Tawara and Makin atolls in the Gilbert Islands and take heavy fire from Japanese shore guns.
  • 22 November
  • 23 November - The Deutsche Opernhaus on Bismarckstraße in the Berlin neighbourhood of Charlottenburg was destroyed. It was rebuilt in 1961 and called the Deutsche Oper Berlin.
  • 25 November - WWII Americans and Japanese fight the naval Battle of Cape St. George between Buka and New Ireland.
  • 28 November - WWII: Tehran Conference - US President Franklin D. Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Soviet Leader Joseph Stalin meet in Tehran to discuss war strategy (on 30 November they established an agreement concerning a planned June 1944 invasion of Europe codenamed Operation Overlord).
  • 29 November - Second session of AVNOJ, the Anti-fascist council of national liberation of Yugoslavia, is held in Jajce, Bosnia and Herzegovina, determining the post-war ordering of the country.

December

  • 2 December - A Luftwaffe bombing raid on the harbour of Bari, Italy, sinks an American ship with a mustard gas stockpile. Numerous fatalities (though the exact death toll is unresolved as the bombing raid itself caused hundreds of deaths too).
  • 3 December - Edward R. Murrow delivers his classic "Orchestrated Hell" broadcast over CBS Radio describing a Royal Air Force nighttime bombing raid on Berlin.
  • 4 December
  • 20 December - Military coup in Bolivia
  • 24 December - WWII: US General Dwight D. Eisenhower becomes the Supreme Allied Commander in Europe.
  • 30 December - Subhash Chandra Bose sets up a pro-Japanese Indian government at Port Blair, India.

Undated

  • Development of the Colossus computer by British to break German encryption (see History of computing hardware).
  • Mondragón cooperative begins in Basque Country in Spain
  • Arana Hall, Otago founded.
  • Jacques-Yves Cousteau co-invents, with Emile Gagnan, the first commercially successful open circuit type of scuba diving equipment, the aqua-lung..
  • Publication of Martin Noth's groundbreaking Uberlieferungsgeschischtliche Studien: Die sammelnden und bearbeitenden Geschichtswerke im Alten Testament [Schriften der Konigsberger Gelehrten Gesellschaft: Geisteswissenschaftliche Klasse; 18,2 (trans: "Writings of the Konigsberger Scholarly Society:Spiritual Scientific Class No. 18.2")]: ( Halle ["Halle an der Saale"]: M. Niemeyer, 1943)

Ongoing

Births

1943 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 1943
MCMXLIII
Ab urbe condita 2696
Armenian calendar 1392
ԹՎ ՌՅՂԲ
Bahá'í calendar 99 – 100
Berber calendar 2893
Buddhist calendar 2487
Burmese calendar 1305
Byzantine calendar 7451 – 7452
Chinese calendar 壬午年十一月廿五日
(4579/4639-11-25)
— to —
癸未年十二月初五日
(4580/4640-12-5)
Coptic calendar 1659 – 1660
Ethiopian calendar 1935 – 1936
Hebrew calendar 5703 – 5704
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1998 – 1999
 - Shaka Samvat 1865 – 1866
 - Kali Yuga 5044 – 5045
Holocene calendar 11943
Iranian calendar 1321 – 1322
Islamic calendar 1361 – 1363
Japanese calendar Shōwa 18
(昭和18年)
Korean calendar 4276
Thai solar calendar 2486

January-February

  • 1 January - Don Novello, American actor
  • 2 January - Barış Manço, Turkish singer and television personality (d. 1999)
  • 4 January - Doris Kearns Goodwin, American writer
  • 6 January - Terry Venables, English football manager
  • 7 January - Sadako Sasaki, Japanese atomic bomb sickness victim (d. 1955)
  • 9 January - Freddie Starr, English comedian and singer
  • 10 January - Jim Croce, American singer (d. 1973)
  • 11 January - Jim Hightower, American radio host and author
  • 13 January - Richard Moll, American actor
  • 16 January - Brian Ferneyhough, British composer
  • 18 January - Kay Granger, American politician
  • 19 January
    • Janis Joplin, American singer (d. 1970)
    • Princess Margriet of the Netherlands
  • 20 January - Mel Hague, English singer and author
  • 24 January - Sharon Tate, American actress and murder victim (d. 1969)
  • 25 January - Tobe Hooper, American film director
  • 26 January - César Gutiérrez, Venezuelan Major League Baseball player (d. 2005)
  • 29 January - Tony Blackburn, British radio disc jockey
  • 30 January - Marty Balin, American musician
  • 2 February - Erkan Genis, Turkish artist
  • 3 February - Blythe Danner, American actress
  • 4 February - Alberto João Jardim, Portuguese politician
  • 5 February
    • Nolan Bushnell, American video game pioneer
    • Michael Mann, American film director, writer, and producer
    • Craig Morton, American football player
  • 6 February - Fabian, American singer
  • 7 February - Gareth Hunt, English actor
  • 9 February
    • Joe Pesci, American actor
    • Joseph E. Stiglitz, American economist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 14 February - Maceo Parker, American musician ( P-Funk)
  • 18 February - Graeme Garden, Scottish writer, comedian, and actor
  • 19 February
    • Tim Hunt, British biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
    • Homer Hickam, American author and retired NASA engineer
  • 20 February - Mike Leigh, British film director
  • 21 February - David Geffen, American record executive and film producer
  • 23 February - Fred Biletnikoff, American football player and coach
  • 24 February - Hristo Prodanov, Bulgarian mountaineer
  • 25 February - George Harrison, British musician (The Beatles) (d. 2001)
  • 26 February - Bill Duke, American actor and director
  • 27 February
    • Morten Lauridsen, American composer
    • Graham Bowers, British musician, artist and engineer

March-April

  • March - John Leeson, British actor
  • 1 March
    • Richard H. Price, American physicist
    • Gil Amelio, American entrepreneur
  • 2 March
    • Peter Straub, American author
    • Zygfryd Blaut, Polish footballer
  • 3 March - Trond Mohn, Norwegian billionaire
  • 4 March
    • Lucio Dalla, Italian singer and songwriter
    • Zoltan Jeney, Hungarian composer
  • 8 March - Lynn Redgrave, English actress
  • 9 March
    • Bobby Fischer, American chess player (d. 2008)
    • Charles Gibson, American television journalist
    • Colin Murdock, American voice actor
  • 15 March - David Cronenberg, Canadian film director
  • 16 March
    • Helen Armstrong, American violinist
    • Kim Mu-saeng, South Korean actor (d. 2005)
  • 18 March - Kevin Dobson, American actor
  • 19 March
    • Mario J. Molina, Mexican chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
    • Mario Monti, Italian member of the European Commission
  • 20 March
    • Gerard Malanga, American poet and photographer
    • Naima Neidre, Estonian graphic artist
  • 21 March
    • Ellen Cannon Reed, American witch and author, (d. 2003)
    • Vivian Stanshall, English comedian, writer, artist, broadcaster, and musician (d. 1995)
    • István Gyulai, Hungarian sports official (d. 2006)
  • 22 March
    • Bruno Ganz, Swiss actor
    • Keith Relf, British musician ( The Yardbirds) (d. 1976)
  • 25 March - Royston MaldoomOBE, British choreographer (1943)
  • 26 March - Bob Woodward, American journalist
  • 29 March
  • 31 March - Christopher Walken, American actor
  • 2 April - Frank Feather, British-born international business futurist and author
  • 5 April - Max Gail, American actor
  • 7 April - Mick Abrahams, British rock guitarist
  • 8 April - Miller Farr, American football player
  • 10 April - Andrzej Badeński, Polish athlete
  • 20 April - John Eliot Gardiner, English conductor
  • 22 April - Louise Glück, American poet and 12th US Poet Laureate
  • 23 April
    • Hervé Villechaize, French-born actor (d. 1993)
    • Dominik Duka, Czech Roman Catholic bishop and theologian
    • Frans Koppelaar, Dutch painter
  • 25 April - James G. Mitchell, Canadian computer scientist
  • 28 April - John O. Creighton, astronaut

May-June

  • 5 May - Michael Palin, British comedian
  • 7 May - Terry Allen, American country music singer
  • 8 May
    • Paul Samwell-Smith, British musician ( The Yardbirds)
    • Toni Tennille, American singer
  • 10 May - Richard (Dick) Darman, American federal government official and businessman
  • 14 May
    • Jack Bruce, British musician and songwriter
    • Ólafur Ragnar Grímsson, President of Iceland
  • 17 May - Tuanku Syed Sirajuddin, King of Malaysia
  • 22 May - Betty Williams, Irish politician, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
  • 25 May - Jessi Colter, American singer and composer
  • 26 May - Erica Terpstra, Dutch swimmer, politician and president of the Dutch Olympic Committee
  • 27 May - Bruce Weitz, American actor
  • 30 May - James Chaney, American civil rights worker (d. 1964)
  • 31 May
    • Joe Namath, American football player
    • Sharon Gless, American actress
  • 2 June - Ilayaraaja, Indian composer
  • 3 June - John Burgess, Australian game show host and actor
  • 4 June - Joyce Meyer, Christian author and speaker
  • 6 June - Richard Smalley, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 7 June- Nikki Giovanni, American poet
  • 8 June - Colin Baker, British actor
  • 14 June - Jim Sensenbrenner, American politician
  • 15 June
    • Johnny Hallyday, French singer and actor
    • Poul Nyrup Rasmussen, Prime Minister of Denmark
  • 16 June - Joan Van Ark, American actress
  • 17 June
    • Newt Gingrich, American politician
    • Barry Manilow, American musician
  • 21 June - Marika Green French-Swedish actress
  • 23 June - James Levine, American conductor
  • 26 June
    • John Beasley, American actor
    • Klaus von Klitzing, German physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 27 June - Rico Petrocelli, baseball player
  • 29 June
    • Maureen O'Brien, British actress
    • Soon-Tek Oh, Japanese actor

July-August

  • 1 July - Jeff Wayne, musician
  • 3 July
    • Judith Durham, Australian singer
    • Kurtwood Smith, American actor
  • 4 July
    • Konrad "Conny" Bauer, German trombonist
    • Geraldo Rivera, American reporter and talk show host
  • 5 July - Curt Blefary, baseball player (d. 2001)
  • 7 July - Joel Siegel, American film critic (d. 2007)
  • 10 July - Arthur Ashe, American tennis player (d. 1993)
  • 12 July - Christine McVie, British musician ( Fleetwood Mac)
  • 15 July - Jocelyn Bell Burnell, Irish astrophysicist
  • 16 July - Reinaldo Arenas, Cuban writer (d. 1990)
  • 20 July - Wendy Richard, British actress
  • 21 July - Edward Herrmann, American actor
  • 23 July
    • Dr. Randall Forsberg, American nuclear freeze advocate (d. 2007)
    • Bob Hilton, American game show host and announcer
  • 25 July - Jim McCarty, British musician ( The Yardbirds)
  • 26 July - Mick Jagger, English singer (Rolling Stones)
  • 28 July - Rick Wright, English keyboardist (Pink Floyd)
  • 31 July - Sab Shimono, American actor
  • 2 August
    • Patrick Adiarte, American actor and dancer
    • Kathy Lennon, American singer ( The Lennon Sisters)
  • 4 August - Bjørn Wirkola, Norwegian ski jumper
  • 5 August - Nelson Briles, baseball player (d. 2005)
  • 6 August - Jim Hardin, former Baltimore Orioles, New York Yankees and Atlanta Braves pitcher (d. 1991)
  • 7 August - Dino Valente, American musician (d. 1994)
  • 11 August
    • Abigail Folger, American heiress and murder victim (d. 1969)
    • Pervez Musharraf, Pakistani general and leader
  • 14 August - Jimmy Johnson, American football coach and television analyst
  • 17 August - Robert De Niro, American actor
  • 18 August - Gianni Rivera, Italian footballer
  • 20 August - Sylvester McCoy, British actor
  • 24 August - John Cipollina, American musician (d. 1989)
  • 28 August - Lou Piniella, baseball player and manager
  • 30 August - Jean-Claude Killy, French skier
  • 31 August - Leonid Ivashov, Russian general

September-October

  • 1 September - Don Stroud, American actor
  • 5 September - Dulce Saguisag, Filipino politician and former DSWD Secretary. (d. 2007)
  • 6 September
    • Richard J. Roberts, English biochemist and molecular biologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
    • Roger Waters, English musician (Pink Floyd)
  • 9 September - Art LaFleur, American actor
  • 10 September - Daniel Truhitte, American actor
  • 11 September
    • Gilbert Proesch, Italian-born artist ( Gilbert and George)
    • Raymond Villeneuve, Canadian terrorist
  • 14 September - Irwin Goodman, Finnish singer (d. 1991)
  • 19 September - Joe Morgan, Hall of Fame baseball player
  • 22 September - Toni Basil, American musician and video artist
  • 28 September - J. T. Walsh, American actor (d. 1998)
  • 29 September - Lech Wałęsa, President of Poland, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
  • 30 September - Johann Deisenhofer, German biochemist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 30 September - Ian Ogilvy, English actor
  • October - Judy Graubart, American actress
  • 2 October - Franklin Rosemont, American poet
  • 6 October - Michael Durrell, American actor
  • 8 October - Chevy Chase, American comedian and actor
  • 14 October - Lois Hamilton, American model, actress, and artist (d. 1999)
  • 16 October - Paul Rose, Canadian terrorist
  • 18 October - Birthe Rønn Hornbech, Danish politician
  • 31 October - Paul Frampton, English physicist

November-December

  • 1 November - John McEnery, English actor
  • 4 November - Chuck Scarborough American News Anchor on NBC
  • 5 November
    • Friedman Paul Erhardt, German American pioneering television chef (d. 2007)
    • Sam Shepard, American playwright and actor
  • 7 November
    • Michael Byrne, English actor
    • Joni Mitchell, Canadian musician
    • Michael Spence, American economist, Nobel Prize laureate
    • Stephen Greenblatt, American literary critic
  • 11 November - Doug Frost, Australian swimming coach
  • 12 November - Wallace Shawn, American actor
  • 13 November - Jay Sigel, American golfer
  • 14 November - Peter Norton, American software engineer and businessman
  • 19 November - Aurelio Monteagudo, Cuban Major League Baseball player (d. 1990)
  • 20 November - Mie Hama, Japanese actress
  • 21 November - Larry Mahan, American rodeo cowboy
  • 26 November - Marilynne Robinson, American writer
  • 2 December - Wayne Allard U.S Senator from Colorado - Senior Senator
  • 5 December - Eva Joly, Norwegian-born French magistrate
  • 8 December - James Douglas "Jim" Morrison, American musician (d. 1971)
  • 11 December - John Kerry, American politician
  • 12 December - Grover Washington, Jr., American saxophonist (d. 1999)
  • 13 December - Ferguson Jenkins, baseball player
  • 14 December - Mike Gorman, American sports announcer ( Boston Celtics)
  • 15 December - Lucien den Arend, sculptor
  • 17 December - Ron Geesin, British musician and songwriter (Pink Floyd)
  • 18 December - Keith Richards, English guitarist and songwriter (The Rolling Stones)
  • 19 December - Ross M. Lence, American political scientist (d. 2006)
  • 23 December - Harry Shearer, American actor and writer
  • 24 December - Tarja Halonen, President of Finland
  • 27 December - Peter Sinfield, British lyricist and producer
  • 28 December - Richard Whiteley, English television presenter (d. 2005)
  • 31 December
    • John Denver, American musician (d. 1997)
    • Ben Kingsley, British actor

Unknown dates

  • Dulce Saguisag, Filipino former secretary (d. 2007)

Deaths

January-June

  • 5 January - George Washington Carver, American botanist (b. 1864)
  • 7 January - Nikola Tesla, Croatian-born American scientist (b. 1856)
  • 8 January - Richard Hillary, Battle of Britain Spitfire pilot, author of The Last Enemy (b. 1919)
  • 15 January - Eric Knight, Author of Lassie
  • February - Bess Houdini, wife of Harry Houdini
  • 4 February - Frank Calder, the first NHL President (b. 1877)
  • 26 February - Theodor Eicke, Nazi official (b. 1892)
  • 28 March - Sergei Rachmaninoff, Russian composer (b. 1873)
  • 18 April - Isoroku Yamamoto, Japanese admiral (b. 1884)
  • 1 June - Leslie Howard, British actor (b. 1893)
  • 2 June – Nile Kinnick, American athlete and Heisman Trophy winner (b. 1918)
  • 4 June - Kermit Roosevelt, American explorer and author (b. 1889)

July-December

  • 4 July - Wladyslaw Sikorski, Polish politician (b. 1881)
  • 21 July - Charlie Paddock, American athlete (b. 1700)
  • 12 August - Bobby Peel, English cricketer (b. 1857)
  • 14 August - Joe Kelley, baseball player (b. 1871)
  • 21 August - Henrik Pontoppidan, Danish writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1857)
  • 28 August - King Boris III of Bulgaria (b. 1894)
  • 6 September - Reginald McKenna, British Chancellor of the Exchequer 1915–1916 (born 1863)
  • 1 September - Charles Atangana, Cameroonian chief
  • 24 September - John Stone Stone, American physicist and inventor (b. 1869)
  • 5 October - Leon Roppolo, American musician (b. 1702)
  • 9 October - Pieter Zeeman, Dutch physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1865)
  • 19 October - Camille Claudel, French sculptor (b. 1864)
  • 7 November - Dwight Frye, American actor (b. 1899)
  • 22 November - Lorenz Hart, American lyricist (b. 1885)
  • 1 December - Damrong Rajanubhab, Thai prince and historian (b. 1862)
  • 14 December - John Harvey Kellogg, American doctor (b. 1852)
  • 15 December - Fats Waller, American jazz pianist (b. 1704)
  • 22 December - Beatrix Potter, British children's author and illustrator (b. 1866)

Nobel prizes

  • Physics - Otto Stern
  • Chemistry - George de Hevesy
  • Physiology or Medicine - Carl Peter Henrik Dam, Edward Adelbert Doisy, Gerhard Domagk
  • Literature - not awarded
  • Peace - not awarded

Ship events

  • List of ship launches in 1943
  • List of ship commissionings in 1943
  • List of ship decommissionings in 1943
  • List of shipwrecks in 1943