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1970

Related subjects Years

Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century
Decades: 1940s  1950s  1960s  - 1970s -   1980s   1990s   2000s
Years: 1967 1968 1969 - 1970 - 1971 1972 1973

Year 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday

Events of 1970

January

  • January 1 - The Unix epoch occurs at 00:00:00 UTC
  • January 2 - The last studio performance of The Beatles
  • January 5 - The first episode of All My Children is broadcast on the ABC television network.
  • January 5 - At least 15,621 killed, Richer Scale 7.7 magunitude of Yunnan earthquake at China.
  • January 11 - The Kansas City Chiefs beat the heavily-favored Minnesota Vikings 23-7 in Super Bowl IV.
  • January 12 - Biafra capitulates, ending the Nigerian civil war.
  • January 14 - Diana Ross & The Supremes perform their farewell live concert together at the Frontier Hotel in Las Vegas, and Ross's replacement, Jean Terrell, is introduced onstage at the end of the last show.
  • January 15 - After a 32-month fight for independence from Nigeria, Biafran forces under Philip Effiong formally surrender to General Yakubu Gowon.
  • January 20 - The Greater London Council announces its plans for the Thames Barrier at Woolwich to prevent flooding. The barrier opened in 1981.
  • January 21 - Five lifeboatmen are killed when the Fraserburgh lifeboat Duchess of Kent capsizes during a rescue off Kinnaird's Head, Aberdeenshire.
Jan. 20: Thames Barrier is planned.
Jan. 20: Thames Barrier is planned.

February

  • February 1 - A train collision near Buenos Aires, Argentina, at least 236 killed.
  • February 2 - British philosopher and logician Bertrand Russell dies.
  • February 10 - An avalanche at Val d'Isère, France kills 39 tourists.
  • February 11 - Osumi, Japan's first satellite, is launched on a Lamba-4 rocket.
  • February 13 - Black Sabbath's debut album, Black Sabbath (album) released; often regarded as the first true heavy metal album.
  • February 14 - Iconic live album " The Who: Live at Leeds" recorded.
February 11: Osumi (satellite) launched
February 11: Osumi (satellite) launched
  • February 17 - Author David Irving is ordered to pay £40,000 libel damages to Capt. John Broome over his book "The Destruction of Convoy PQ17".
  • February 21 - Construction begins on the Bogazici Bridge crossing the Bosphorus in Istanbul.
  • February 22 - Guyana becomes a Republic within the Commonwealth of Nations.

March

  • March 1 - Rhodesia severs its last tie with the United Kingdom, declaring itself a racially-segregated republic.
  • March 5 - The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty goes into effect, after ratification by 43 nations.
  • March 6 - A bomb being constructed by members of the Weathermen and meant to be planted at a military dance in New Jersey, explodes, killing 3 members of the organization.
  • March 12 - Teenagers in the United Kingdom vote for the first time, in a by-election in Bridgwater.
  • March 15 - The Expo '70 World's Fair opens in Suita, Osaka, Japan.
  • March 16 - The complete New English Bible is published.
  • March 17 - My Lai massacre: The United States Army charges 14 officers with suppressing information related to the incident.
  • March 18 - General Lon Nol ousts Prince Norodom Sihanouk of Cambodia.
  • March 18 - United States Postal Service workers in New York City go on strike; the strike spreads to the state of California and the cities of Akron, Ohio, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Chicago, Boston, and Denver, Colorado; 210,000 out of 750,000 U.S. postal employees walk out. President Nixon assigns military units to New York City post offices. The strike lasts 2 weeks.
  • March 21 - The first Earth Day proclamation is issued by San Francisco Mayor Joseph Alioto.
  • March 21 - "All Kinds of Everything" sung by Dana (music and text by Derry Lindsay and Jackie Smith) wins Eurovision Song Contest 1970 for Ireland.
  • March 25 - The Concorde makes its first supersonic flight (700 mph/1127 km/h).
  • March 31 - NASA's Explorer 1, the first American satellite and Explorer program spacecraft, reenters Earth's atmosphere after 12 years in orbit.
  • March 31 - Japan Airlines Flight 351, carrying 131 passengers and 7 crews from Tokyo to Fukuoka, is hijacked by Japanese Red Army members. All passengers are eventually freed.
March 15: Expo '70 opens in Japan.
March 15: Expo '70 opens in Japan.

April

  • April 1 - President Richard Nixon signs the Public Health Cigarette Smoking Act into law, banning cigarette television advertisements in the United States, starting on January 1, 1971.
  • April 1 - American Motors Corporation introduces the Gremlin.
  • April 8 - A huge gas explosion at a subway construction site in Osaka, Japan kills 79 and injures over 400.
  • April 10 - Paul McCartney announces that the Beatles have disbanded, while at the same press conference, announcing the release of his new solo album.
  • April 11 - 74 people, mostly young boys, die as an avalanche buries a tuberculosis sanatorium in the French Alps.
  • April 11 - Apollo program: Apollo 13 ( Jim Lovell, Fred Haise, Jack Swigert) is launched toward the Moon. On April 13, an oxygen tank in the spacecraft explodes, forcing the crew to abort the mission and return in 4 days.
April 1: New car: AMC Gremlin.
April 1: New car: AMC Gremlin.
  • April 16 - Rev. Ian Paisley won a by-election to the House of Commons of Northern Ireland.
  • April 16 - The National Westminster Bank begins trading in the United Kingdom.
  • April 17 - Safe return & splashdown of Apollo 13 ( Apollo program).
  • April 21 - The Hutt River Province Principality secedes from Australia.
  • April 22 - The first Earth Day is celebrated in the U.S.
  • April 24 - China's first satellite ( Dong Fang Hong 1) is launched to orbit using a Long March-1 Rocket (CZ-1).
  • April 29 - The U.S. invades Cambodia to hunt out the Viet Cong; massive antiwar protests occur in the U.S.
April 17: Apollo 13 crew after splashdown.
April 17: Apollo 13 crew after splashdown.

May

  • May 1 - Demonstrations against the trial of the New Haven Nine, Bobby Seale, and Ericka Huggins draw 12,000. President Richard Nixon orders US forces to cross into neutral Cambodia, threatening to widen the Vietnam War, sparking nation wide riots and leading to the Kent State Shootings.
  • May 4 - Kent State shootings: Four students at Kent State University in Ohio are killed and nine wounded by Ohio State National Guardsmen at a protest against the incursion into Cambodia.
  • May 6 - Arms Crisis in the Republic of Ireland: Charles Haughey and Neil Blaney are dismissed as members of the Irish Government, due to accusations of their involvement in a plot to import arms for use by the Provisional IRA in Northern Ireland.
  • May 6 - Feyenoord wins the European Cup after a 2-1 win over Celtic.
  • May 8 - Unionized construction workers attack about 1,000 students and others protesting the Kent State shootings near the intersection of Wall Street and Broad Street and at New York City Hall, leading to the Hard Hat riot.
  • May 8 - The Beatles release their 12th and final album Let It Be
  • May 9 - In Washington, D.C., 100,000 people demonstrate against the Vietnam War.
  • May 11 - Lubbock Tornado: An F5 tornado hits downtown Lubbock, Texas, the first to hit a downtown district of a major city since Topeka, Kansas in 1966 (28 are killed).
  • May 14 - Ulrike Meinhof helps Andreas Baader escape.
  • May 14 - In the second day of violent demonstrations at Jackson State University in Jackson, Mississippi, state law enforcement officers fire into the demonstrators, killing 2 and injuring 12.
  • May 17 - Thor Heyerdahl sets sail from Morocco on the papyrus boat Ra II, to sail the Atlantic Ocean.
  • May 23 - A fire occurs in the Britannia Bridge over the Menai Straits in north Wales, contributing to its partial destruction and amounting to approximately £1,000,000 worth of fire damage.
  • May 24 - The scientific drilling of the Kola Superdeep Borehole begins in the USSR.
  • May 26 - The Soviet Tupolev Tu-144 becomes the first commercial transport to exceed Mach 2.
  • May 27 - A British expedition climbs the south face of Annapurna I.
  • May 31 - The 1970 Ancash earthquake causes a landslide that buries the town of Yungay, Peru; more than 47,000 people are killed.
  • May 31 - The 1970 FIFA World Cup is inaugurated in Mexico.

June

  • June 1 - Soyuz 9, a two man spacecraft, is launched in the Soviet Union.
  • June 2 - Norway announces that it has rich oil deposits off its North Sea coast.
  • June 4 - Tonga gains independence from the United Kingdom.
  • June 8 - A coup in Argentina brings a new junta of service chiefs; on June 18, Roberto M. Levingston becomes President.
  • June 10 - U.S. President Richard Nixon signs a measure lowering the voting age to 18.
  • June 11 - The United States gets its first female generals: Anna Mae Hays and Elizabeth P. Hoisington.
  • June 18 - United Kingdom general election, 1970: the Conservative Party wins and Edward Heath becomes Prime Minister.
  • June 21 - Brazil defeats Italy 4-1 to win the 1970 FIFA World Cup.
  • June 22 - The English rock band Led Zeppelin performs in Iceland, with the visit inspiring them to write the Immigrant Song.
  • June 24 - The United States Senate repeals the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution.
  • June 25 - The Greater London Council's Policy and Resources committee endorses the " Fleet Line" and the extension of the Piccadilly Line to Heathrow Airport.
  • June 28 - U.S. ground troops withdraw from Cambodia.

July

  • July 1 - Colorado State College changes its name to University of Northern Colorado.
  • July 4 - A chartered Dan-Air De Havilland Comet crashes into the mountains north of Barcelona; at least 112 are killed.
  • July 4 - Bob Hope and other entertainers gather in Washington, D.C. for Honour America Day, a nonpartisan holiday event.
  • July 11 - The first tunnel under the Pyrenees links the Basque towns of Aranoutes and Biesma.
  • July 16 - Three Rivers Stadium in Pittsburgh opens.
  • July 21 - The Aswan High Dam in Egypt is completed.
  • July 23 - Said bin Taimur, Sultan of Muscat and Oman, is deposed in a palace coup by his son, Qaboos.
  • July 23 - Two CS gas canisters are thrown into the chamber of the British House of Commons.
  • July 30 - Damages totalling £485,528 are awarded to 28 Thalidomide victims.
  • July 31 - NBC anchor Chet Huntley retires from full-time broadcasting.

August

  • August 7 - Harold Haley, Marin County Superior Court Judge, is taken hostage and murdered, in an effort to free George Jackson from police custody.
  • August 17 - August 18 - The U.S. sinks 418 containers of nerve gas into the Gulf Stream near the Bahamas.
  • August 17 - Venera program: Venera 7 is launched. It will later becomes the first spacecraft to successfully transmit data from another planet.
  • August 26 - The Women's Strike For Equality takes place down Fifth Avenue in New York City.
  • August 26- August 30 - The Isle of Wight Festival 1970 takes place on East Afton Farm off the coast of England. Some 600,000 people attend the largest rock festival of all time. Artists include Jimi Hendrix, The Who, The Doors, Chicago, Richie Havens, John Sebastian, Joan Baez, Ten Years After, Emerson, Lake & Palmer and Jethro Tull.
  • August 29 - Ruben Salazar shot during rally in East L.A.

September

  • September 1 - An assassination attempt against King Hussein of Jordan precipitates the Black September crisis.
  • September 4 - Salaheddin Ali Nader Shah Angha receives the official leadership of the Oveyssi Sufi order and receives the "Robe of Faghr" by Shah Maghsoud Sadegh Angha.
  • September 3- September 6 - Israeli forces fight Palestinian guerillas in southern Lebanon.
  • September 5 - Vietnam War: Operation Jefferson Glenn begins - The United States 101st Airborne Division and the South Vietnamese 1st Infantry Division initiate a new operation in Thua Thien Province (the operation ends in October 1971).
  • September 6 - The Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine hijacks 4 passenger aircraft from Pan Am, TWA and Swissair on flights to New York from Brussels, Frankfurt and Zürich.
  • September 7 - An anti-war rally is held at Valley Forge, Pennsylvania, attended by John Kerry, Jane Fonda and Donald Sutherland.
  • September 7 - Fighting breaks out between Arab guerillas and government forces in Amman, Jordan.
  • September 8- September 10 - Jordanian government and Palestinian guerillas make truces they keep breaking.
  • September 9 - Guinea recognizes East Germany.
  • September 9 - Elvis Presley begins his first concert tour since 1958 in Phoenix, Arizona at the Veterans Memorial Coliseum.
  • September 10 - Cambodian government forces break the siege of Kompong Tho after 3 months.
  • September 11 - The Ford Pinto is introduced.
  • September 13 - The first New York City Marathon begins.
  • September 15 - King Hussein of Jordan forms a military government with Muhammad Daoud as the prime minister.
  • September 19 - Kostas Georgakis sets himself ablaze in Genoa, Italy as a protest against the Greek military junta of 1967-1974.
  • September 20 - Syrian armored forces cross the Jordanian border.
  • September 20 - Luna 16 lands on the Moon and lifts off the next day with samples. It lands on Earth September 24.
  • September 21 - Palestinian armored forces reinforce Palestinian guerillas in Irbidi, Jordan.
  • September 22 - Tunku Abdul Rahman resigns as prime minister of Malaysia, and is succeeded by his deputy Tun Abdul Razak.
  • September 26 - The Laguna Fire starts in San Diego County, burning 175,425 acres (710 km²).
  • September 27 - Richard Nixon begins a tour of Europe, visiting Italy, Yugoslavia, Spain, the United Kingdom and Ireland.
  • September 28 - Gamal Abdal Nasser dies; Vice President Anwar Sadat is named temporary president of Egypt.
  • September 29 - The U.S. Congress gives President Richard Nixon authority to sell arms to Israel.
  • September 29 - In Berlin, Baader-Meinhof Gang members rob 3 banks, with loot totaling over DM200,000.

October

  • October 2 - The Wichita State University football team's "Gold" plane crashes in Colorado, killing most of the players. They were on their way (along with administrators and fans) to a game with Utah State University.
  • October 3 - In Lebanon, the government of Prime Minister Rashid Karami resigns.
  • October 4 - In Bolivia, Army Commander General Rogelio Miranda and a group of officers rebel and demand the resignation of President Alfredo Ovando Candía, who fires him.
  • October 5 - U.S. President Richard Nixon's European tour ends.
  • October 5 - The Front de Liberation du Quebec (FLQ) kidnaps James Cross in Montreal and demands release of all its imprisoned members. The next day the Canadian government announces it won't meet the demand, beginning Quebec's October Crisis.
  • October 5 - The Public Broadcasting Service begins broadcasting.
  • October 6 - Bolivian President Alfredo Ovando Candía resigns; General Rogelio Miranda takes over but resigns soon after.
  • October 6 - French President Georges Pompidou visits the Soviet Union.
  • October 7 - General Juan José Torres becomes the new President of Bolivia.
  • October 8 - The U.S. Foreign Office announces that renewal of arms sales to Pakistan.
  • October 8 - Soviet author Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn is awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature.
  • October 8 - Vietnam War: In Paris, a Communist delegation rejects U.S. President Richard Nixon's October 7 peace proposal as "a maneuver to deceive world opinion."
  • October 9 - The Khmer Republic is proclaimed in Cambodia.
  • October 10 - Fiji becomes independent.
  • October 10 - October Crisis: In Montreal, Quebec, a national crisis hits Canada when Quebec Vice-Premier and Minister of Labour Pierre Laporte becomes the second statesman kidnapped by members of the FLQ terrorist group.
  • October 11 - Eleven French soldiers are killed in a shootout with rebels in Chad.
  • October 12 - Vietnam War: U.S. President Richard Nixon announces that the United States will withdraw 40,000 more troops before Christmas.
  • October 13 - Canada and the People's Republic of China establish diplomatic relations.
  • October 13 - Saeb Salam forms a government in Lebanon.
  • October 14 - A Chinese nuclear test is conducted in Lop Nor.
  • October 15 - In Egypt, a referendum supports Anwar Sadat 90.04%.
  • October 15 - A section of the new West Gate Bridge in Melbourne collapses into the river below, killing 35 construction workers.
  • October 15 - The Baltimore Orioles defeat the Cincinnati Reds in Games 5 of the World Series, 9-3, to win the series 4 games to 1 for their 2nd World Championship.
  • October 16 - October Crisis: The Canadian government declares a state of emergency and outlaws the Quebec Liberation Front.
  • October 17 - October Crisis: Pierre Laporte is found killed in south Montreal.
  • October 17 - A cholera epidemic breaks out in Istanbul.
  • October 17 - Anwar Sadat officially becomes President of Egypt.
  • October 20 - The Soviet Union launches the Zond 8 lunar probe.
  • October 20 - Egyptian president Anwar Sadat names Mahmoud Fawzi as his prime minister.
  • October 21 - A U.S. Air Force plane makes an emergency landing near Leninakan, Soviet Union. The Soviets release the American officers, including 2 generals, November 10.
  • October 22 - Chilean army commander Rene Schneider is shot in Santiago; the government declares a state of emergency. Schneider dies October 25.
  • October 24 - Salvador Allende is elected President of Chile.
  • October 25 - The wreck of Confederate submarine Hunley is found off Charleston, South Carolina, by pioneer underwater archaeologist, Dr. E. Lee Spence, then just 22 years old. Hunley was the first submarine in history to sink a ship in warfare.
  • October 26 - Garry Trudeau's comic strip Doonesbury debuts in approximately two dozen newspapers in the United States.
  • October 28 - In Jordan, the government of Ahmed Toukan resigns; the next prime minister is Wasfi Al-Tal.
  • October 28 - A cholera outbreak in eastern Slovakia causes Hungary to close its border with Czechoslovakia.
  • October 28 - Gary Gabelich drives the rocket-powered Blue Flame to an official world land speed record of 622.287 mph (1,001.452863 km/h) on the dry lake bed of the Bonneville Salt Flats in Utah. The record, the first above 1,000 km/h, stands for nearly 13 years.
  • October 30 - In Vietnam, the worst monsoon to hit the area in 6 years causes large floods, kills 293, leaves 200,000 homeless and virtually halts the Vietnam War.

November

  • November 1 - Fire destroys the Le Cinq Sept dance hall in St. Laurent Du Pont, France; 144 dead.
  • November 3 - Democrats sweep the U.S. Congressional midterm elections; Ronald Reagan is reelected governor of California; Jimmy Carter is elected governor of Georgia.
  • November 4 - Vietnam War: Vietnamization - The United States turns control of the air base in the Mekong Delta to South Vietnam.
  • November 4 - Social workers in Los Angeles, California take custody of Genie, a girl who had been kept in solitary confinement since her birth.
  • November 5 - Vietnam War: The United States Military Assistance Command in Vietnam reports the lowest weekly American soldier death toll in 5 years (24 soldiers died that week, which was the fifth consecutive week the death toll was below 50; 431 were reported wounded that week, however).
  • November 8 - Egypt, Libya and Sudan announce their intentions to form a federation.
  • November 9 - The Soviet Union launches Luna 17.
  • November 9 - Vietnam War: The Supreme Court of the United States votes 6-3 not to hear a case by the state of Massachusetts, about the constitutionality of a state law granting Massachusetts residents the right to refuse military service in an undeclared war.
  • November 10 - Vietnam War: Vietnamization - For the first time in 5 years, an entire week ends with no reports of United States combat fatalities in Southeast Asia.
  • November 12 - Soviet author Andrei Amalrik is sentenced to 3 years for 'anti-Soviet' writings.
  • November 13 - Hafez al-Assad comes to power in Syria, following a military coup.
  • November 13 - 1970 Bhola cyclone: A 120-mph tropical cyclone hits the densely populated Ganges Delta region of East Pakistan (now Bangladesh), killing an estimated 500,000 people (considered the 20th century's worst cyclone disaster).
  • November 14 - A fatal airplane accident in Wayne County, West Virginia, Southern Airlines Flight 932, claims the lives of all 75 onboard, including 37 players and 5 coaches from the Marshall University football team.
  • November 17 - Vietnam War: Lieutenant William Calley goes on trial for the My Lai massacre.
  • November 17 - Luna program: The Soviet Union lands Lunokhod 1 on Mare Imbrium (Sea of Rains) on the Moon. This is the first roving remote-controlled robot to land on another world, and is released by the orbiting Luna 17 spacecraft.
  • November 18 - U.S. President Richard Nixon asks the U.S. Congress for US$155 million in supplemental aid for the Cambodian government (US$85 million is for military assistance to prevent the overthrow of the government of Premier Lon Nol by the Khmer Rouge and North Vietnam).
  • November 18 - The United Nations Security Council demands that no government recognize Rhodesia.
  • November 19 - European Economic Community prime ministers meet in Munich.
  • November 21 - Syrian Prime Minister Hafez al-Assad forms a new government but retains the post of defense minister.
  • November 21 - In Ethiopia, the Eritrean Liberation Front kills an Ethiopian general.
  • November 21 - Vietnam War: Operation Ivory Coast - A joint Air Force and Army team raids the Son Tay prison camp in an attempt to free American POWs thought to be held there (no Americans are killed, but the prisoners have already moved to another camp; all U.S. POWs are moved to a handful of central prison complexes as a result of this raid).
  • November 22 - Guinean president Sekou Toure accuses Portugal of an attack when hundreds of mercenaries land near the capital Conakry.
  • November 23- November 24 - The Guinean army repels the landing attempts.
  • November 23 - Rodgers and Hammerstein's Oklahoma! makes its network TV debut, when CBS telecasts the 1955 film version as a three-hour Thanksgiving special.
  • November 25- November 29 - A UN delegation arrives to investigate the Guinea situation.
  • November 25 - In Tokyo, author and Tatenokai militia leader Yukio Mishima and his followers take over the headquarters of the Japan Self-Defense Forces. When Mishima's speech fails to sway public opinion towards his right-wing political beliefs, he commits seppuku.
  • November 30 - Formation of British Caledonian Airways Ltd. (BCal).

December

  • December 1 - The Italian House of Representatives accepts the new divorce law.
  • December 1 - Ethiopia recognizes the People's Republic of China.
  • December 1 - The Basque ETA kidnaps West German Eugen Beihl in San Sebastián.
  • December 1 - Luis Echeverría becomes president of Mexico.
  • December 2 - The United States Environmental Protection Agency begins operations.
  • December 3 - October Crisis: In Montreal, Quebec, kidnapped British Trade Commissioner James Cross is released by the Front de Libération du Québec terrorist group after being held hostage for 60 days. Police negotiate his release and in return the Government of Canada grants 5 terrorists from the FLQ's Chenier Cell their request for safe passage to Cuba.
  • December 3 - Burgos Trial: In Burgos, Spain, a trial begins of 16 Basques terrorism suspects.
  • December 4 - The Spanish government declares a 3-month martial law in the Basque county of Guipuzco, due to strikes and demonstrations.
  • December 4 - The U.N. announces that Portuguese navy and army units were responsible for the attempted invasion of Guinea.
  • December 5 - The Asian and Australian tour of Pope Paul VI ends.
  • December 7 - Giovanni Enrico Bucher, the Swiss ambassador to Brazil, is kidnapped in Rio de Janeiro; kidnappers demand the release of 70 political prisoners.
  • December 7 - The U.N. General Assembly supports the isolation of South Africa due to its apartheid policies.
  • December 7 - During his visit to the Polish capital, German Chancellor Willy Brandt goes down on his knees in front of a monument to the victims of the Warsaw Ghetto.
  • December 12 - A landslide in western Colombia leaves 200 dead.
  • December 13 - The government of Poland announces increases in the price of food. Riots and looting lead to a bloody confrontation between the rioters and the government on December 15, and martial law December 17-22. December 23 the government will freeze the food prices for two years.
  • December 15 - The USSR's Venera 7 becomes the first spacecraft to land successfully on Venus and transmit data back to Earth.
  • December 15 - South Korean ferry Namyong Ho capsized off Korean Strait, 308 killed.
  • December 16 - The Ethiopian government declares a state of emergency in the county of Eritrea, due to the activities of the Eritrean Liberation Front.
  • December 20 - General Secretary of the Polish Communist Party, Władysław Gomułka, resigns; Edward Gierek replaces him.
  • December 20 - An Egyptian delegation leaves for Moscow to ask for economic and military aid.
  • December 22 - The Libyan Revolutionary Council declares that it will nationalize all foreign banks in the country.
  • December 22 - Franz Stangl, the ex-commander of Treblinka, is sentenced to life imprisonment.
  • December 23 - The Bolivian government releases Regis Debray.
  • December 23 - The North Tower of the World Trade Centre is topped out at 1,368 feet, making it the tallest building in the world.
  • December 25 - The ETA releases Eugen Beihl.
  • December 27 - India's president declares new elections.
  • December 28 - Burgos Trial: Three Basques are sentenced to death (3 twice), others sentenced for 12-62 years, and 1 is released.
  • December 28 - The suspected killers of Pierre Laporte, Jacques & Paul Rose and Francis Sunard, are arrested near Montreal.
  • December 30 - In Viscaya, Spain, Basque county, 15,000 go on strike to protest the Burgos trial death sentences.
  • December 30 - Francisco Franco commutes the death sentences of the Burgos Trial defendants to 30 years in prison.
  • December 31 - Paul McCartney sues in Great Britain to dissolve the Beatles's legal partnership.


World population

World population
1970 1965 1975
World 3,692,492,000 3,334,874,000 357,618,000 4,068,109,000 1
Africa 357,283,000 313,744,000 43,539,000 408,160,000 50,877,000
Asia 2,143,118,000 1,899,424,000 243,694,000 2,397,512,000 254,394,000
Europe 655,855,000 634,026,000 21,829,000 675,542,000 19,687,000
Latin-America 284,856,000 250,452,000 34,404,000 321,906,000 37,050,000
North America 231,937,000 219,570,000 12,367,000 243,425,000 11,488,000
Oceania 19,443,000 17,657,000 1,786,000 21,564,000 2,121,000

Deaths

January-March

  • January 4 - Jean-Etienne Valluy, French general (b. 1899)
  • January 5 - Max Born, German physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1882)
  • January 10 - Pavel Belyayev, cosmonaut (b. 1925)
  • January 18 - David O. McKay, ninth president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (b. 1873)
  • January 25 - Jane Bathori, French mezzo-soprano (b. 1877)
  • January 25 - Eiji Tsuburaya, Japanese film director and special effects designer, creator of Godzilla and Ultraman (b. 1701)
  • January 27 - Rita Angus, New Zealand painter (b. 1708)
  • January 29 - Basil Liddell Hart, British military historian (b. 1895)
  • January 29 - Thelma Morgan, American socialite (b. 1704)
  • January 31 - Slim Harpo, American singer (b. 1924)
  • February 2 - Bertrand Russell, English logician and philosopher, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Literature (b. 1872)
  • February 2 - Lawrence Gray, American actor (b. 1898)
  • February 5 - Rudy York, baseball player (b. 1913)
  • February 14 - Herbert Strudwick, English cricketer (b. 1880)
  • February 16 - Francis Peyton Rous, American pathologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1879)
  • February 17 - Shmuel Yosef Agnon, Israeli writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1888)
  • February 17 - Alfred Newman, American film composer (b. 1701)
  • February 20 - Sophie Treadwell, American playwright and journalist (b. 1885)
  • February 25 - Mark Rothko, Latvian-born painter (b. 1703)
  • March 11 - Erle Stanley Gardner, American author (b. 1889)
  • March 11 - Lucille Hegamin, American singer and entertainer (b. 1894)
  • March 16 - Tammi Terrell, American singer (b. 1945)
  • March 23 - Del Lord, Canadian film director (b. 1894)
  • March 30 - Heinrich Brüning, Chancellor of Germany (b. 1885)

April-June

  • April 5 - Alfred Henry Sturtevant, American geneticist (b. 1891)
  • April 6 - Maurice Stokes, American basketball player (b. 1933)
  • April 25 - Anita Louise, American actress (b. 1915)
  • April 26 - Gypsy Rose Lee, American actress (b. 1911)
  • April 30 - Inger Stevens, Swedish-born actress (b. 1934)
  • May 1 - Ralph Hartley, American inventor (b. 1888)
  • May 1 - Yi, Eun, Crown Prince of Korea (b. 1897)
  • May 9 - Andrew Watson Myles, Canadian politician (b. 1884)
  • May 9 - Walter Reuther, American labor union leader (b. 1707)
  • May 14 - Billie Burke, American actress (b. 1885)
  • May 12 - Nelly Sachs, German writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1891)
  • May 21 - E. L. Grant Watson, Australian scientist and writer (b. 1885)
  • May 29 - John Gunther, American writer (b. 1701)
  • May 29 - Eva Hesse, German-born American sculptor (b. 1936)
  • May 31 - Terry Sawchuk, Canadian hockey player (b. 1929)
  • June 1 - George Watkins, owner of rookie MLB batting average record (b. 1700)
  • June 7 - E. M. Forster, English writer (b. 1879)
  • June 8 - Abraham Maslow, American psychologist (b. 1708)
  • June 11 - William 'Billy Batts' Devino, mobster (b. 1921)
  • June 16 - Brian Piccolo, American football star (b. 1943)
  • June 21 - Sukarno, President of Indonesia (b. 1701)
  • June 27 - Daniel Kinsey, American hurdler (b. 1702)

July-September

  • July 10 - Bjarni Benediktsson, Icelandic foreign and later prime minister (b. 1708)
  • July 19 - Egon Eiermann, German architect (b. 1704)
  • July 21 - Bob Kalsu, American football player (b. 1945)
  • July 22 - Fritz Kortner, Austrian-born director (b. 1892)
  • July 24 - Peter de Noronha, Indian businessman (b. 1897)
  • July 27 - António de Oliveira Salazar, Prime Minister of Portugal (de facto dictator) (b. 1889)
  • July 29 - John Barbirolli, English conductor (b. 1899)
  • July 29 - George Szell, Hungarian conductor (b. 1897)
  • August 1 - Frances Farmer, American actress (b. 1913)
  • August 1 - Otto Heinrich Warburg, German physician and physiologist, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine laureate (b. 1883)
  • August 18 - Soledad Miranda, Spanish actress (b. 1943)
  • August 19 - Paweł Jasienica, Polish historian (b. 1709)
  • September 1 - Francois Mauriac, French writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1885)
  • September 2 - Marie Pierre Koenig, French general and politician (b. 1898)
  • September 3 - Vince Lombardi, American football coach (b. 1913)
  • September 5 - Jesse Pennington, English footballer (b. 1883)
  • September 5 - Jochen Rindt, Austrian race car driver (b. 1942)
  • September 11 - Ernst May, German architect (b. 1886)
  • September 18 - Jimi Hendrix, American musician (b. 1942)
  • September 25 - Erich Maria Remarque, German author (b. 1898)
  • September 28 - Gamal Abdal Nasser, first President of Egypt (b. 1918)
  • September 28 - John Dos Passos, American novelist (b. 1896)
  • September 29 - Edward Everett Horton, American actor (b. 1895)

October-December

  • October 4 - Janis Joplin, American singer (b. 1943)
  • October 17 - Pierre Laporte, Canadian statesman (assassinated) (b. 1921)
  • October 21 - John T. Scopes, American Scopes Monkey Trial defendant (b. 1700)
  • October 24 - Richard Hofstadter, American historian (b. 1916)
  • November 7 - Eddie Peabody, American musician (b. 1702)
  • November 9 - Charles de Gaulle, President of France (b. 1890)
  • November 14 - Louis Rich, American Entrepreneur (b. 1896)
  • November 23 - Yusof bin Ishak, first President of Singapore (b. 1910)
  • December 12 - Doris Blackburn, Australian politician (b. 1889)
  • date unknown - Paul Celan, Romanian-born German-language poet (body found on May 1) (b. 1920)

Nobel prizes

  • Physics - Hannes Alfvén, Louis Eugène Félix Néel
  • Chemistry - Luis Federico Leloir
  • Medicine - Sir Bernard Katz, Ulf von Euler, Julius Axelrod
  • Literature - Aleksandr Isaevich Solzhenitsyn
  • Peace - Norman E. Borlaug
  • Economics - Paul Samuelson

Fields Medalists

  • Alan Baker, Heisuke Hironaka, Sergei Petrovich Novikov, John Griggs Thompson