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1992

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Years: 1989 1990 1991 - 1992 - 1993 1994 1995

Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar).

Events of 1992

January

  • January 1 - Boutros Boutros-Ghali of Egypt replaces Javier Pérez de Cuéllar of Peru as United Nations Secretary-General.
  • January 1 - George H. W. Bush becomes the first U.S. President to address the Australian Parliament.
  • January 6 - Bosnian Serbs declare their own republic within Bosnia and Herzegovina, in protest of the decision by Bosniaks and Bosnian Croats to seek EC recognition.
  • January 8 - George H. W. Bush is televised falling violently ill at a state dinner in Japan, vomiting into the lap of Prime Minister Kiichi Miyazawa and fainting.
  • January 11 - Singer Paul Simon is the first major artist to tour South Africa after the end of the cultural boycott.
  • January 12 - The second round of Algeria's general elections is cancelled when the first round is favorable to the Islamic Salvation Front.
  • January 15 - The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia begins to break up. Slovenia and Croatia gain independence and international recognition in some Western countries.
  • January 16 - El Salvador officials and rebel leaders sign a pact in Mexico City ending a 12-year civil war that claimed at least 75,000 lives.
  • January 22 - Rebel forces occupy Zaire's national radio station in Kinshasa and broadcast a demand for the government's resignation.
  • January 22 - STS-42: Dr. Roberta Bondar becomes the first Canadian woman in space, aboard Space Shuttle Discovery.
  • January 26 - Boris Yeltsin announces that Russia will stop targeting United States cities with nuclear weapons.
  • January 26 - The Washington Redskins defeat the Buffalo Bills 37-24 in Super Bowl XXVI at the Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome in Minneapolis, Minnesota.

February

  • February 1 - Chief Judicial Magistrate of Bhopal Court declares Warren Anderson, ex-CEO of Union Carbide, a fugitive under Indian law for failing to appear in the Bhopal Disaster case, and orders the Indian government to press for an extradition from United States.
  • February 7 - The Maastricht Treaty is signed, founding the European Union.
  • February 8 - The opening ceremony for the 1992 Winter Olympics were held in Albertville.
  • February 10 - Tom Harkin wins the Iowa Democratic Caucus.
  • February 11 - An F-16 jet crashes into a residential district of Hengelo, the Netherlands; no casualties are reported.
  • February 18 - Iraq disarmament crisis: The Executive Chairman of UNSCOM details Iraq's refusal to abide by UN Security Council disarmament resolutions.
  • February 18 - In New Hampshire, U.S. President George H.W. Bush defeats Pat Buchanan in the Republican primary; Paul Tsongas leads the Democratic candidates.
  • February 20 - The English FA Premier League is officially formed. The first games will be played at the beginning of the new football season on 15 August, and its founder members will be the teams who finish in the top 19 places of this season's Football League First Division and the 3 teams who win promotion from the Second Division.
  • February 21 - The United Nations Security Council approves United Nations Resolution 743 to send a UNPROFOR peacekeeping force to Yugoslavia.
  • February 23 - The closing ceremony of the 1992 Winter Olympics were held in Albertville.
  • February 25- February 26 - Massacre of 613 Azerbaijani civilians in Khojaly.

March

  • March 1 - After a majority of the Bosniak and Bosnian Croat communities vote for Bosnian independence, Serb snipers fire on civilians.
  • March 3 - 263 die in Turkey's worst coal mine disaster near Zonguldak.
  • March 9 - The People's Republic of China ratifies the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.
  • March 10 - On 'Super Tuesday', U.S. President George H.W. Bush and Arkansas Governor Bill Clinton win most of the primaries held.
  • March 12 - Mauritius becomes a republic while remaining a member of the Commonwealth of Nations.
  • March 12 - A tram-car crashes into a crowd of people at the tram-station at Vasaplatsen in Gothenburg, Sweden; 13 are killed and several injured.
  • March 13 - In eastern Turkey, an earthquake registering 6.8 on the Richter scale kills over 500.
  • March 17 - A suicide car-bomb goes off in the Israeli Embassy in Buenos Aires, killing 29 and injuring 242.
  • March 18 - On CNN's Larry King Live, Texas billionaire H. Ross Perot announces that he will run for U.S. President as an independent, if volunteers put him on the ballot in all 50 states.
  • March 18 - Windows 3.1 released.
  • March 30 - The 64th Academy Awards, hosted by Billy Crystal, are held at the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion in Los Angeles, California, with The Silence of the Lambs winning Best Picture.

April

  • April 5 - The Assembly of the Socialist Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina (without the presence of Serbian political delegates) proclaims independence from the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
  • April 9 - United Kingdom general election, 1992: the Conservative Party, led by John Major, is re-elected.
  • April 10 - A Provisional Irish Republican Army bomb explodes in the Baltic Exchange in the City of London; 3 are killed, 91 injured.
  • April 12 - Disneyland Paris officially opens under the name "EuroDisney".
  • April 13 - Roermond, the Netherlands, is rocked by an earthquake along the Peel Fault.
  • April 15 - The National Assembly of Vietnam adopts the 1992 Constitution of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.
  • April 20 - Seville, Spain's 6-month Universal Exhibition, called Seville Expo '92, opens.
  • April 21 - The death of Grand Duke Vladimir Cyrillovich of Russia results in a succession dispute between Nicholas Romanov, Prince of Russia and Vladimir's daughter Maria for the leadership of the Imperial Family of Russia.
  • April 22 - Fuel that has leaked into a sewer explodes in Guadalajara, Mexico; 215 are killed, 1500 injured.
  • April 27 - Betty Boothroyd becomes the first woman elected Speaker of the British House of Commons.
  • April 28 - The two remaining constituent republics of the former Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia - Serbia and Montenegro - form a new state, named the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (after 2003, Serbia and Montenegro), bringing to an end the official union of Serbs, Croats, Slovenes, Montenegrins, Bosnian Muslims and Macedonians that existed from 1918 (with the exception of the period during World War II).

May

  • May 5 - Alabama ratifies a 202-year-old proposed amendment to the United States Constitution making the 27th Amendment law. This amendment bars the U.S. Congress from giving itself a midterm or retroactive pay raise.
  • May 5 - Russian leaders in Crimea declare their separation from Ukraine as a new republic. They withdraw the secession on May 10.
  • May 10 - Sweden wins the Ice Hockey World Championships in Prague.
  • May 15 - The Genoa Expo '92 World's Fair opens in Genoa, Italy.
  • May 16 - STS-49: Space Shuttle Endeavour lands safely after a successful maiden voyage.
  • May 19 - In Massapequa, New York, Amy Fisher shoots Mary Jo Buttafuoco.
  • May 23 - A Mafia bomb kills Italian anti-Mafia judge Giovanni Falcone.
  • May 25 - Jay Leno becomes the new host of NBC's Tonight Show, following the retirement of Johnny Carson.
  • May 25 - In Australia, Lindy Chamberlain receives compensation for wrongful conviction on murder charges.
  • May 26 - Charles Geschke, President of Adobe Systems, is kidnapped from his company parking lot. Kidnappers demand ransom for $650,000 - they are later apprehended.

June

  • June 1 - Kentucky celebrates its bicentennial statehood.
  • June 3 - Four nuclear missiles are launched into the Pacific Ocean.
  • June 8 - The first World Ocean Day is celebrated, coinciding with the Earth Summit held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
  • June 17 - A 'Joint Understanding' agreement on arms reduction is signed by U.S. President George H.W. Bush and Russian President Boris Yeltsin (this is later codified in START II).
  • June 20 - In Estonia, kroon replaces Soviet ruble.
  • June 22 - Two skeletons excavated in Yekaterinburg are identified as Czar Nicholas II and Tsarina Alexandra.
  • June 26 - Denmark beats Germany 2-0 to win the 1992 UEFA European Football Championship at Ullevi Stadium in Gothenburg, Sweden.
  • June 28 - A magnitude 7.3 earthquake strikes Landers, California, followed by a magnitude 6.4 aftershock 8km south-east of Big Bear Lake, California.
  • June 28 - Estonia holds a referendum on its constitution.
  • June 29 - A bodyguard assassinates President Muhammad Boudiaf of Algeria.
  • June 30 - Retired general and Defense Secretary Fidel Ramos is sworn in as the 12th President of the Philippines, having won elections held the previous month.

July

  • July 6- July 29 - Iraq disarmament crisis Iraq refuses a U.N. inspection team access to the Iraqi Ministry of Agriculture. UNSCOM claims that it has reliable information that the site contains archives related to illegal weapons activities. U.N. Inspectors stage a 17-day "sit-in" outside of the building, but leave when their safety is threatened by Iraqi soldiers.
  • July 16 - Arkansas Governor Bill Clinton is nominated for U.S. President and Tennessee Senator Al Gore for Vice President, at the Democratic National Convention in New York City.
  • July 20 - Václav Havel resigns as president of Czechoslovakia.
  • July 25 - August 9 - The 1992 Summer Olympics are held in Barcelona, Spain.

August

  • August 10 - The UK government bans the Ulster Defence Association, a loyalist paramilitary organisation that had been legal for twenty years.
  • August 11 - The largest shopping mall in the US, Minnesota's Mall of America is constructed on 78 acres (316,000 m²).
  • August 20 - Kristiansund's connection to the main land of Norway, Krifast, opens.
  • August 20 - The Republican National Convention in Houston, Texas renominates U.S. President George H.W. Bush and Vice President Dan Quayle. Pat Buchanan, one of Bush's opponents in the primaries, delivers a controversial convention speech, in which he refers to a "religious war" in the country.
  • August 24 - August 28 - Hurricane Andrew hits south Florida and dissipates over the Tennessee valley when it merges with a storm system; 23 are killed.

September

  • September 11 - Hurricane Iniki hits the Hawaiian Islands, Kauai and Oahu.
  • September 12 - STS-47: Dr. Mae Jemison becomes the first African-American woman to travel into space, aboard the Space Shuttle Endeavour.
  • September 15 – Mihkel Mathiesen assumes presidency of the pre-WW II Republic of Estonia in exile, and appoints a new government in pursuit to avoid abolition of the government in exile.
  • September 16 - The Pound Sterling and the Italian Lira are forced out of the European Exchange Rate Mechanism ( Black Wednesday).
  • September 17 - Two Kurdish opposition leaders are assassinated by the Iranian Kazem Darabi and the Lebanese Abbas Rhayel.
  • September 23 - A large Provisional Irish Republican Army bomb destroys the forensic laboratories in Belfast.


October

  • October 1 - Pittsburgh International Airport's new facility is opened in Findlay Township, near Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. The new terminal is built as an expansion for USAir and an upgrade from the older Pittsburgh International Airport facility.
  • October 2 - A riot breaks out in the Carandiru prison system in São Paulo, Brazil, resulting in the Carandiru Massacre.
  • October 4 - The Bijlmerramp disaster: An Israeli plane crashes in Amsterdam, the Netherlands; 43 are killed, many more injured.
  • October 6 - Lennart Meri becomes the first president of re-independent Estonia.
  • October 12 - In Dominican Republic, Pope John Paul II congregates to celebrate the 500th anniversary on the meeting of 2 cultures.
  • October 24 - The Toronto Blue Jays win the World Series in 6 games, becoming the first Canadian team to win.
  • October 25 - Lithuania holds a referendum on its first constitution after declaring independence from the Soviet Union in 1991.
  • October 26 - In Canada, the Charlottetown Accord is defeated in a national referendum.
  • October 31 - Pope John Paul II issues an apology, and lifts the edict of the Inquisition against Galileo Galilei.

November

  • November 3 - U.S. presidential election, 1992 Bill Clinton defeats incumbent U.S. President George H.W. Bush and businessman H. Ross Perot.
  • November 11 - The Church of England votes to allow women to become priests.
  • November 20 - In England, a fire breaks out in the Private Chapel room of Windsor Castle, rages for 15 hours, and seriously damages the northwest side of the building (an investigation found that the fire was ignited after a spotlight came into contact with a curtain over an extended period).
  • November 24 - In the People's Republic of China, a China Southern Airlines domestic flight crashes, killing all 141 people on-board.
  • November 24 - Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom describes this year as an Annus Horribilis (horrible year), due to various scandals damaging the image of the Royal Family, as well as the Windsor Castle fire.
  • November 25 - The Czechoslovakia Federal Assembly votes to split the country into the Czech Republic and Slovakia, starting on January 1, 1993.
  • November 30 - The trial of 14 South Vietnamese accused of murdering 24 North Vietnamese begins in Hong Kong (ends November 29, 1994).

December

  • December 3 - UN Security Council Resolution 794 is unanimously passed, approving a coalition of United Nations peacekeepers led by the United States to form UNITAF, tasked with ensuring humanitarian aid gets distributed and establishing peace in Somalia.
  • December 3 - The Greek oil tanker Aegean Sea, carrying 80,000 tonnes of crude oil, runs aground in a storm while on approach to La Coruña, Spain, and spills much of its cargo.
  • December 4 - U.S. military forces land in Somalia.
  • December 5 - Kent Conrad of North Dakota resigns his seat in the United States Senate and is sworn into the other seat from North Dakota, becoming the only U.S. Senator ever to have held 2 seats on the same day.
  • December 6 - Hindu extremists demolish Babri Masjid (a 16th century mosque) in Ayodhya, India.
  • December 8 - The last blast is fired at the Falu Copper Mine in Falun, Sweden, after a millennium of continuous operation.
  • December 12 - An earthquake hits Flores, Indonesia, leaving 2,500 dead.
  • December 20 - The Folies Bergere music hall in Paris, France closes.
  • December 21 - A Dutch DC-10, flight Martinair MP 495, crashes at Faro Airport (Portugal), killing 56 people.
  • December 29 - Brazil's president Fernando Collor de Mello is found guilty on charges that he stole more than $32 million from the government, preventing him from holding any elected office for eight years.

Undated

  • Deng Xiaoping accelerates market reforms to establish a socialist market economy in the People's Republic of China.
  • Queensland introduces Freedom Of Information Laws.
  • The Council for National Academic Awards, UK is wound up.
  • Amalgamation of the Hospital Chaplains' Fellowship and the National Association of Whole Time Hospital Chaplains to form the College of Health Care Chaplains in the UK.




1992 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 1992
MCMXCII
Ab urbe condita 2745
Armenian calendar 1441
ԹՎ ՌՆԽԱ
Bahá'í calendar 148 – 149
Berber calendar 2942
Buddhist calendar 2536
Burmese calendar 1354
Chinese calendar 4628/4688-11-27
( 辛未年十一月廿七日)
— to —
4629/4689-12-8
( 壬申年十二月初八日)
Coptic calendar 1708 – 1709
Ethiopian calendar 1984 – 1985
Hebrew calendar 5752 – 5753
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 2047 – 2048
 - Shaka Samvat 1914 – 1915
 - Kali Yuga 5093 – 5094
Holocene calendar 11992
Iranian calendar 1370 – 1371
Islamic calendar 1412 – 1413
Japanese calendar Heisei 4
(平成4年)
Korean calendar 4325
Thai solar calendar 2535
Unix time 694224000 – 725846399

Deaths

January-March

  • January 1 - Grace Hopper, American computer scientist (b. 1706)
  • January 3 - Dame Judith Anderson, Australian actress (b. 1897)
  • January 7 - Richard Hunt, Muppet performer (b. 1951)
  • January 9 - Bill Naughton, British playwright (b. 1910)
  • January 17 - Frank Pullen, English buissness person and racehorse owner (b. 1915)
  • January 23 - Freddie Bartholomew, Irish actor (b. 1924)
  • January 26 - José Ferrer, Puerto Rican actor (b. 1912)
  • January 27 - Allan Jones, American actor and singer (b. 1707)
  • January 27 - Sally Mugabe (nee Hayfron), Wife of Robert Mugabe and first lady of Zimbabwe (b. 1933)
  • January 29 - Willie Dixon, American composer and musician (b. 1915)
  • February 2 - Bert Parks, American game show host (b. 1914)
  • February 4 - Lisa Fonssagrives, Swedish model (b. 1911)
  • February 10 - Alex Haley, American author (b. 1921)
  • February 12 - Bep van Klaveren, Dutch boxer (b. 1707)
  • February 20 - Dick York, American actor (b. 1928)
  • March 2 - Sandy Dennis, American actress (b. 1937)
  • March 4 - Art Babbitt, animator ( Mister Magoo, Goofy) (b. 1707)
  • March 9 - Menachem Begin, Prime Minister of Israel, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1913)
  • March 21 - Natalie Sleeth, American composer (b. 1930)
  • March 23 - Friedrich Hayek, Austrian economist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1899)
  • March 29 - Paul Henreid, Austrian-born actor (b. 1708)
  • March 30 - Manolis Andronikos, Greek archaeologist (b. 1919)

April-June

  • April 5 - Suada Dilberovic, Bosnian medical student. First casualty of the Siege of Sarajevo (b. 1968)
  • April 5 - Molly Picon, American actress (b. 1898)
  • April 5 - Sam Walton, founder of Wal-Mart (b. 1918)
  • April 6 - Isaac Asimov, Russian-born author (b. 1920)
  • April 7 - Ace Bailey, Canadian hockey player (b. 1703)
  • April 8 - Daniel Bovet, Swiss-born pharmacologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1707)
  • April 10 - Sam Kinison, American comedian (b. 1953)
  • April 11 - Alejandro Obregón, Colombian painter (b. 1920)
  • April 19 - Benny Hill, British comedian and actor (b. 1924)
  • April 21 - Grand Duke Vladimir Cyrillovitch of Russia (b. 1917)
  • April 23 - Satyajit Ray, Indian filmmaker (b. 1921)
  • April 25 - Yutaka Ozaki, Japanese songwriter (b. 1965)
  • April 27 - Olivier Messiaen, French composer (b. 1708)
  • April 28 - Francis Bacon, Irish-born painter (b. 1709)
  • May 4 - Gregor Mackenzie, Labour Party (UK) politician (b. 1927)
  • May 6 - Marlene Dietrich, German actress (b. 1701)
  • May 12 - Robert Reed, American actor (b. 1932)
  • May 13 - F. E. McWilliam, Northern Irish sculptor (b. 1709)
  • May 14 - Nie Rongzhen, Chinese Communist military leader (b. 1899)
  • May 17 - Lawrence Welk, American musician (b. 1703)
  • May 22 - Tony Accardo, American gangster (b. 1706)
  • May 23 - Giovanni Falcone, Italian judge (b. 1939)
  • June 18 - Mordecai Ardon, Israeli painter (b. 1896)
  • June 18 - Peter Allen, Australian singer, songwriter (b. 1944)
  • June 22 - Chuck Mitchell, American actor (b. 1927)
  • June 25 - Jerome Brown, American football player (b. 1965)

July-September

  • July 13 - Albert Pierrepoint, British Chief Executioner (b. 1705)
  • July 15 - Hammer DeRoburt, first President of Nauru (b. 1922)
  • July 23 - Rosemary Sutcliff, British author (b. 1920)
  • August 4 - Seicho Matsumoto, Japanese writer and journalist (b. 1709)
  • August 12 - John Cage, American composer (b. 1912)
  • August 16 - Mark Heard, American singer (b. 1951)
  • August 18 - John Sturges, American director, The Great Escape, The Magnificent Seven (b. 1911)
  • August 29 - Teddy Turner, comedian (b. 1917)
  • September 2 - Barbara McClintock, American geneticist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1702)


October-December

  • October 5 - Eddie Kendricks, American singer (The Temptations) (b. 1939)
  • October 6 - Denholm Elliott, English actor (b. 1922)
  • October 7 - Tevfik Esenç, last known speaker of Ubykh (b. 1704)
  • October 8 - Willy Brandt, Chancellor of Germany, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1913)
  • October 17 - Herman Johannes, Indonesian professor, scientist and politician (b. 1912)
  • October 19 - Arthur Wint, Jamaican runner (b. 1920)
  • October 22 - Cleavon Little, American actor (b. 1939)
  • October 25 - Roger Miller, American singer (b. 1936)
  • October 27 - David Bohm, American-born physicist, philosopher, and neuropsychologist (b. 1917)
  • November 2 - Hal Roach, American director and producer (b. 1892)
  • November 7 - Alexander Dubček, Slovakian politician (b. 1921)
  • November 22 - Sterling Holloway, American actor (b. 1705)
  • December 6 - Mimi Smith, maternal aunt and guardian of John Lennon (b. 1914)
  • December 12 - Suzanne Lilar, Belgian essayist, novelist and playwright (b. 1701)
  • December 18 - Mark Goodson, American game show producer (b. 1915)
  • December 21 - Stella Adler, American acting teacher (b. 1701)
  • December 21 - Nathan Milstein, Ukrainian-born violinist (b. 1703)
  • December 21 - Albert King, American musician (b. 1923)
  • December 25 - Ted Croker, English former football official (b. 1924)
  • December 25 - Monica Dickens, English author (b. 1915)

Nobel prizes

  • Physics - Georges Charpak
  • Chemistry - Rudolph A. Marcus
  • Medicine - Edmond H. Fischer, Edwin G. Krebs
  • Literature - Derek Walcott
  • Peace - Rigoberta Menchú
  • Economics - Gary Becker

Templeton Prize

  • Kyung-Chik Han