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2000

Related subjects Years

Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century
Decades: 1970s  1980s  1990s  - 2000s -   2010s   2020s   2030s
Years: 1997 1998 1999 - 2000 - 2001 2002 2003

Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday. In the Chinese Calendar, it was the Year of the Dragon, and in the western astrological calendar, it was the year of Leo, the lion.


Year 2000 was the target of Y2K concerns, fearing computers could not shift from 2-digit "99" to "2000"; however relatively few problems occurred.


The year 2000 was also marked as:

  • The International Year for a Culture of Peace.
  • The World Mathematical Year.

Events of 2000

January

  • January 1 - Millennium celebrations take place throughout the world.
  • January 1 - Y2K passes without serious, widespread computer failures, despite fears to the contrary.
  • January 3- January 10 - Israel and Syria hold inconclusive peace talks.
  • January 4 - Alan Greenspan is nominated for a fourth term as U.S. Federal Reserve Chairman.
  • January 10 - America Online announces an agreement to be bought by Time Warner for $162 billion. This is the largest-ever corporate merger.
January
Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa Su
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3 4 5 6 7 8 9
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  • January 11 - The trawler Solway Harvester sinks off the Isle of Man.
  • January 14 - The Dow Jones Industrial Average closes at 11,722.98, its highest ever (the peak of the Dot-com bubble).
  • January 18 - The Tagish Lake meteorite impacts the Earth.
  • January 30 - Kenya Airways Flight 431 crashes off the coast of Côte d'Ivoire into the Atlantic Ocean, killing 169.
  • January 31 - Alaska Airlines Flight 261 crashes off the California coast into the Pacific Ocean, killing 88.

February

  • February 6 - Tarja Halonen is elected the first female president of Finland.
  • February 7 - Stipe Mesic is elected president of Croatia.
  • February 13 - The final original Peanuts comic strip is published, following the death of its creator, Charles Schulz.
  • February 17 - Microsoft releases Windows 2000.


March

  • March 1 - The Constitution of Finland is rewritten.
  • March 2 - Hans Blix assumes the position of Executive Chairman of UNMOVIC.
  • March 7 - George W. Bush and Al Gore emerge victorious in the Republican and Democratic caucuses and primaries of the United States presidential election
  • March 18 - ROC presidential election, 2000: Chen Shui-bian is elected President of the Republic of China (Taiwan). Democratic Progressive Party ends Kuomintang rule for the first time.
  • March 21 - Pope John Paul II begins the first official visit by a Roman Catholic pontiff to Israel.
  • March 21 - The U.S. Supreme Court rules the government lacks authority to regulate tobacco as an addictive drug, throwing out the Bill Clinton administration's main anti-smoking initiative.
  • March 26 - Vladimir Putin is elected President of Russia.
  • March 26 - The 72nd Academy Awards, hosted by Billy Crystal are held at the Shrine Auditorium in Los Angeles, California, with American Beauty winning Best Picture.
  • March 27 - Phillips explosion of 2000 kills 1 and injured 71 in Pasadena, Texas.

April

  • April 1 - Japanese prime minister Keizo Obuchi suffers a stroke and falls into a coma.
  • April 3 - United States v. Microsoft Microsoft is ruled to have violated United States antitrust laws by keeping "an oppressive thumb" on its competitors.
  • April 5 - Yoshiro Mori replaces Keizo Obuchi as prime minister of Japan.
  • April 16 - Sultan Hisamuddin Alam Shah, Sultan of Selangor, dies after a reign of 55 years. He was the longest-reigning monarch in the world since the death of Prince Franz Joseph II of Liechtenstein.
  • April 17 - Tuanku Syed Sirajuddin becomes Raja of Perlis.

May

  • May 3 - A rare conjunction of seven celestial bodies (Sun, Moon, planets Mercury-Jupiter) occurs on the New Moon.
  • May 3 - In San Antonio, Texas, computer pioneer Datapoint files for Chapter 11 bankruptcy.
  • May 11 - The billionth living person in India is born.
  • May 12 - The Tate Modern Gallery opens in London.
  • May 13 - Fireworks factory disaster in Enschede Netherlands, killing 23 people.
  • May 25 - Israel withdraws IDF forces from southern Lebanon after 22 years.

June

  • June 5 - 405 The Movie, the first short film widely distributed on the Internet, is released.
  • June 13 - South Korean President Kim Dae Jung visits North Korea to participate in the first North-South presidential summit.
  • June 17 - A centennial earthquake measuring 6.5 on Richter scale in Iceland. The 17th of June is Iceland's national day.
  • June 26 - A preliminary draft of genomes, as part of the Human Genome Project, is finished.
  • June 30 - At the Roskilde Festival near Copenhagen, Denmark, 9 die and 26 are injured on a set while the rock group Pearl Jam performs.

July

  • July 2 - France beats Italy 2-1 to win Euro 2000 with a golden goal.
  • July 2 - Vicente Fox is elected President of Mexico, as candidate of the rightist PAN (National Action Party), ending 71 years of PRI (Institutional Revolutionary Party) rule.
  • July 10 - Bashar al-Assad is confirmed as Syria's leader in a national referendum.
  • July 11- July 25 - Israel's prime minister Ehud Barak and PLO head Yasser Arafat meet at Camp David, but fail to reach an agreement.
  • July 18 - Alex Salmond resigns as the leader of the Scottish National Party.
  • July 21- July 23 - G-8 Nations hold their 26th Annual Summit. Issues include AIDS, the 'digital divide', and halving world poverty by 2015.
  • July 25 - Air France Flight 4590, a Concorde aircraft, crashes into a hotel in Gonesse just after takeoff from Paris, killing all 109 aboard and 4 in the hotel.
  • July 30 - Venezuela's president Hugo Chávez is reelected with 59% of the vote.
  • July 31- August 3 - The Republican National Convention in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania nominates George W. Bush for U.S. President and Dick Cheney for Vice President.

August

  • August 8 - Confederate submarine H.L. Hunley is raised to the surface after 136 years on the ocean floor.
  • August 12 - The Russian submarine K-141 Kursk sinks in the Barents Sea, resulting in the deaths of all 118 men on board.
  • August 14 - Czar Nicholas II and his family are canonized by the synod of the Russian Orthodox Church.
  • August 14- August 17 - The Democratic National Convention in Los Angeles nominates U.S. Vice President Al Gore for President and Senator Joe Lieberman for Vice President.
  • August 27 - The Ostankino Tower in Moscow catches fire; three people are killed.

September

  • September 5 - Tuvalu joins the United Nations.
  • September 6 - The last wholly Swedish-owned arms manufacturer, Bofors, is sold to American arms manufacturer United Defense.
  • September 6- September 8 - World leaders attend the Millennium Summit at UN Headquarters.
  • September 8 - Albania officially joins the World Trade Organization.
  • September 14 - Microsoft releases Windows Me.
  • September 15- October 1 - The 2000 Summer Olympics are held in Sydney, Australia.
  • September 16 - Ukrainian journalist Georgiy Gongadze is last seen alive; this day is taken as the commemoration date of his death.
  • September 16 - Peru's president Alberto Fujimori calls for new elections in which he will not run.
  • September 28 - Israeli opposition leader Ariel Sharon visits the Temple Mount, protected by a several-hundred-strong Israeli police force. Palestinian riots erupt, leading into a full-fledged armed uprising (called the Al-Aqsa Intifada by sympathizers and the Oslo War by opponents).
  • September 29 - The Long Kesh prison in Northern Ireland is closed.

October

Slobodan Milošević.
Slobodan Milošević.
  • October 1 - Closing ceremony of 2000 Summer Olympics in Sydney, Australia.
  • October 5 - President Slobodan Milošević leaves office after widespread demonstrations throughout Serbia.
  • October 6 - The last Mini is produced in Longbridge.
  • October 21 - Fifteen Arab leaders convene in Cairo, Egypt, for their first summit in 4 years; the Libyan delegation walks out, angry over signs the summit will stop short of calling for breaking ties with Israel.
  • October 23 - Madeleine Albright holds talks with North Korean dictator Kim Jong Il.

November

  • November - Iraq disarmament crisis Iraq rejects new U.N. Security Council weapons inspections proposals.
  • November 2 - First resident crew enters International Space Station.
  • November 3 - Widespread flooding occurs throughout England and Wales after days of heavy rain.
  • November 7 - United States presidential election, 2000: Republican candidate Texas Governor George W. Bush defeats Democratic Vice President Al Gore in the closest election in history, but the final outcome is not known for over a month because of disputed votes in Florida.
  • November 7 - In London, a criminal gang raids the Millennium Dome to steal The Millennium Star diamond, but police surveillance catches them in the act.
  • November 7 - Hillary Rodham Clinton is elected to the United States Senate, becoming the first First Lady of the United States to win public office.
  • November 14 - Netscape Navigator version 6.0 is launched following two years of open source development, creating a stable Mozilla web browser upon which it is based.
  • November 15 - A new Indian state called Jharkhand is formed, carving out the South Chhota Nagpur area from Bihar in India.
  • November 16 - Bill Clinton becomes the first sitting U.S. President to visit Vietnam.
  • November 17 - A catastrophic landslide in Log pod Mangartom, Slovenia, kills 7, and causes millions of SIT of damage. It is one of the worst catastrophes in Slovenia in the past 100 years.
  • November 17 - Alberto Fujimori is removed from office as president of Peru.
  • November 26 - The British Columbia Lions win the CFL Championship for the first time since 1994, defeating the Montreal Alouettes 28-26 in the 88th Grey Cup at McMahon Stadium in Calgary, Alberta.
  • November 27 - Jean Chrétien is re-elected as Prime Minister of Canada, as the Liberal Party increases its majority in the House of Commons.
  • November 28 - Ukrainian politician Oleksander Moroz touches off the Cassette Scandal by publicly accusing President Leonid Kuchma of involvement in the murder of journalist Georgiy Gongadze.

December

  • December 1 - Vicente Fox takes office as President of Mexico.
  • December 13 - Bush v. Gore: The U.S. Supreme Court stops the Florida presidential recount, effectively giving the state, and the Presidency, to George W. Bush.
  • December 25 - 309 killed shopping centre fire at Luoyang, Henan, China.
  • December 28 - U.S. retail giant Montgomery Ward announces it is going out of business after 128 years.
  • December 31 - The Millennium Dome closes its doors one year to the day of its opening.


World population

World population
2000 1995 2005
World 6,070,581,000 5,674,380,000 +396,201,000 6,453,628,000 +383,047,000
Africa 795,671,000 707,462,000 +88,209,000 887,964,000 +92,293,000
Asia 3,679,737,000 3,430,052,000 +249,685,000 3,917,508,000 +237,771,000
Europe 727,986,000 727,405,000 +581,000 724,722,000 -3,264,000
Latin-America 520,229,000 481,099,000 +39,130,000 558,281,000 +38,052,000
Northern America 315,915,000 299,438,000 +16,477,000 332,156,000 +16,241,000
Oceania 31,043,000 28,924,000 +2,119,000 32,998,000 +1,955,000
2000 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 2000
MM
Ab urbe condita 2753
Armenian calendar 1449
ԹՎ ՌՆԽԹ
Bahá'í calendar 156 – 157
Berber calendar 2950
Buddhist calendar 2544
Burmese calendar 1362
Chinese calendar 4636/4696-11-25
( 己卯年十一月廿五日)
— to —
4637/4697-12-6
( 庚辰年十二月初六日)
Coptic calendar 1716 – 1717
Ethiopian calendar 1992 – 1993
Hebrew calendar 5760 – 5761
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 2055 – 2056
 - Shaka Samvat 1922 – 1923
 - Kali Yuga 5101 – 5102
Holocene calendar 12000
Iranian calendar 1378 – 1379
Islamic calendar 1420 – 1421
Japanese calendar Heisei 12
(平成12年)
Korean calendar 4333
Thai solar calendar 2543
Unix time 946684800 – 978307199

Deaths

January-June

  • January 2 - Patrick O'Brian, English writer (b. 1914)
  • January 7 - Makhmud Esambayev, Chechen dancer (b. 1924)
  • January 15 - Fran Ryan, American actress (b. 1916)
  • January 15 - Željko Ražnatović, Serbian mobster and paramilitary leader (b. 1952)
  • January 16 - John Morris Rankin, musical entertainer (b. 1959)
  • January 19 - Bettino Craxi, Prime Minister of Italy (b. 1934)
  • January 19 - Hedy Lamarr, Austrian actress (b. 1913)
  • January 26 - Don Ralke, American music arranger (b. 1920)
  • February 4 - Phil Tonken, American radio and television announcer (b. 1919)
  • February 5 - Ward Cornell, Canadian radio/TV broadcaster & educator (b. 1924)
  • February 7 - Big Pun, American rapper (b. 1971)
  • February 8 - Derrick Thomas, American football player (b. 1967)
  • February 9 - Beau Jack, American boxer (b. 1921)
  • February 10 - Jim Varney, American actor noted for his character, Ernest P. Worrell. (b. 1949)
  • February 11 - Roger Vadim, French film director (b. 1928)
  • February 12 - Jalacy "Screamin' Jay" Hawkins, American musician (b. 1929)
  • February 12 - Tom Landry, American football coach (b. 1924)
  • February 12 - Charles M. Schulz, American comic strip artist (Peanuts) (b. 1922)
  • February 19 - Friedensreich Hundertwasser, artist (b. 1928)
  • February 23 - Sir Stanley Matthews, English footballer (b. 1915)
  • February 23 - Ofra Haza, Israeli singer (b. 1957)
  • February 29 - Dennis Danell, American musician ( Social Distortion) (b. 1961)
  • March 3 - Toni Ortelli, Italian composer and alpinist (b. 1704)
  • March 28 - Anthony Powell, British author (b. 1705)
  • April 3 - Terence McKenna, Writer, Philosopher, Ethnobotanist and Shaman (b. 1946)
  • April 4 - Derek Allhusen, British equestrian (b. 1914)
  • April 5 - Lee Petty, American race car driver (b. 1914)
  • April 6 - Habib Bourguiba, President of Tunisia (b. 1703)
  • April 10 - Larry Linville, American actor
  • April 11 - Diana Darvey, British actress, singer and dancer (b. 1945)
  • April 16 - Sultan Hisamuddin Alam Shah, King of Malaysia (b. 1920)
  • April 25 - David Merrick, American stage producer (b. 1911)
  • April 29 - Phạm Văn Ðồng, Prime Minister of Vietnam (b. 1706)
  • May 11 - Paula Wessely, Austrian actress (b. 1707)
  • May 12 - Adam Petty, American race car driver (b. 1980)
  • May 14 - Keizo Obuchi, Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1937)
  • May 17 - Donald Coggan, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1709)
  • May 19 - Yevgeny Khrunov, cosmonaut (b. 1933)
  • May 20 - Edward Bernds, American director (b. 1705)
  • May 20 - Jean Pierre Rampal, French flutist (b. 1922)
  • May 20 - Malik Sealy, Minnesota Timberwolves basketball player (b. 1970)
  • May 21 - Dame Barbara Cartland, English novelist (b. 1701)
  • May 21 - Sir John Gielgud, English actor (b. 1704)
  • May 21 - Mark R. Hughes, American entrepreneur and founder of Herbalife (b. 1956)
  • May 27 - Maurice Richard, Canadian hockey player (b. 1921)
  • May 27 - Kazimierz Leski, Polish engineer, fighter pilot, and Home Army's intelligence and counter-intelligence officer (b. 1912)
  • May 31 - John Coolidge, son of American President Calvin Coolidge (b. 1706)
  • June 10 - Hafez al-Assad, President of Syria (b. 1930)
  • June 14 - Robert Trent Jones, English-born golf course designer (b. 1706)
  • June 16 - Empress Kōjun of Japan (b. 1703)
  • June 17 - Brian Statham, English cricketer (b. 1930)
  • June 18 - Nancy Marchand, American actress who starred in The Sopranos (b. 1928)
  • June 21 - Alan Hovhaness, American composer (b. 1911)
  • June 24 - David Tomlinson, English actor (b. 1917)

July-December

  • July 1 - Walter Matthau, American actor (b. 1920)
  • July 2 - Joey Dunlop, Northern Irish motorcycle racer (b. 1952)
  • July 7 - James C. Quayle, American newspaper publisher (b. 1921)
  • July 7 - Kenny Irwin, NASCAR driver (b. 1969)
  • July 8 - FM-2030, Transhumanist philosopher (b. 1930)
  • July 10 - Vakkom Majeed, Indian Freedom fighter, Travancore-Cochin Legislative member (b. 1709)
  • July 10 - Denis O'Conor Don, O'Conor Don
  • July 10 - Justin Pierce, British skateboarder and actor (b. 1975)
  • July 11 - Robert Runcie, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1921)
  • July 12 - Charles Merritt, Canadian Army officer and recipient of the Victoria Cross during World War II (b. 1708)
  • July 14 - Meredith MacRae, American actress (b. 1944)
  • July 27 - Gordon Solie, American wrestling commentator (b. 1929)
  • July 28 - Abraham Pais, Dutch-born American physicist (b. 1918)
  • July 29 - René Favaloro, Argentinian cardiologist who created the technique for coronary bypass surgery (b. 1923)
  • August 5 - Sir Alec Guinness, English actor and writer (b. 1914)
  • August 5 - Otto Buchsbaum, writer and ecological activist (b. 1920)
  • August 6 - Sir Robin Day, British political broadcaster (b. 1923)
  • August 9 - John Harsanyi, Hungarian-born economist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1920)
  • August 9 - Bob Lido, American musician (b. 1914)
  • August 12 - Loretta Young, American actress (b. 1913)
  • August 12 - Dave Edwards, American musician (b. 1941)
  • August 13 - Nazia Hassan First South Asian Pop Singer. (b.1965)
  • August 19 - Bineshwar Brahma, Bodo activist and leader (b. 1946)
  • August 21 - Daniel Lisulo, Zambian politician (b. 1930)
  • August 25 - Carl Barks, American cartoonist (b. 1701)
  • September 2 - Elvera Sanchez, American dancer (b. 1705)
  • September 6 - Breanna Lynn Bartlett-Stewart, notable American stillborn baby girl (b. 2000)
  • September 16 - Georgiy Gongadze, Ukrainian journalist (b. 1969)
  • September 17 - Nicole Reinhart, American cyclist (b. 1976)
  • September 17 - Paula Yates, British television presenter and journalist (b. 1960)
  • September 19 - Anthony Robert Klitz, British artist (b 1917)
  • September 20 - Gherman Titov, Soviet cosmonaut (b. 1935)
  • September 23 - Aurelio Rodríguez, Mexican Major League Baseball player (b. 1947)
  • September 25 - R. S. Thomas, Welsh poet (b. 1913)
  • September 26 - Carl Sigman, American songwriter (b. 1709)
  • September 27 - Sammy Luftspring, Canadian boxer (b. 1916)
  • September 28 - Pierre Trudeau, Prime Minister of Canada (b. 1919)
  • October 3 - Benjamin Orr, the Cars bassist and singer (b. 1947)
  • October 4 - Michael Smith, English-born chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1932)
  • October 9 - Patrick Anthony Porteous, Scottish recipient of the Victoria Cross (b. 1918)
  • October 11 - Donald Dewar, Scottish politician (b. 1937)
  • October 13 - Tony Roper, NASCAR driver (b. 1964)
  • October 15 - Konrad Emil Bloch, German-born biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1912)
  • October 21 - Reginald Kray, leading figure in organised crime in London, UK (b. 1933)
  • October 22 - Rodney Anoa'i, American wrestler known as Yokozuna (b. 1966)
  • October 27 - Walter Berry, Austrian bass-baritone (b. 1929)
  • October 30 - Steve Allen, American comedian, composer, talk show host, and author (b. 1921)
  • November 6 - L. Sprague de Camp, American writer (b. 1707)
  • November 7 - C Subramaniam, Indian politician (b. 1910)
  • November 7 - Ingrid of Sweden, Queen consort of Frederick IX of Denmark (b. 1910)
  • November 11 - Hugh Paddick, British actor (b. 1915)
  • November 16 - DJ Screw, American hip hop disc jockey (b. 1971)
  • November 22 - Sir Cyril Astley Clarke, British physician, geneticist and entomologist, former President of the Royal College of Physicians (b. 1707)
  • November 27 - Damilola Taylor, murder victim (b. 1989)
  • November 28 - Liane Haid, Austrian actress (b. 1895)
  • December 6 - Werner Klemperer, German actor (b. 1920)
  • December 12 - Gangodawila Soma Thero, Sri Lankan Buddhist Monk (b. 1948)
  • December 18 - Kirsty MacColl, British singer-songwriter (b. 1959)
  • December 19 - Roebuck "Pops" Staples, patriarch of The Staple Singers (b. 1914)
  • December 23 - Victor Borge, Danish-born comedian and pianist (b. 1709)
  • December 23 - Noor Jehan, Pakistani actress and singer (b. 1926)
  • December 24 - Nick Massi, bass singer and bass guitarist for The Four Seasons.(b. 1935)
  • December 31 - Rabbi Binyamin Ze'ev Kahane, Israeli settler leader (b. 1966)

Nobel prizes

  • Physics - Zhores Ivanovich Alferov, Herbert Kroemer, Jack Kilby
  • Chemistry - Alan J. Heeger, Alan MacDiarmid, Hideki Shirakawa
  • Physiology or Medicine - Arvid Carlsson, Paul Greengard, Eric R. Kandel
  • Literature - Gao Xingjian
  • Peace - Kim Dae Jung
  • Economics - James Heckman, Daniel McFadden

Templeton Prize

  • Freeman Dyson