Explore Inventors Biography Alphabetically

 

Home A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

 
Techsciencenews Home 
 
 
 

Art | Business Studies | Citizenship | Countries | Design and Technology | Everyday life | Geography | History | Information Technology | Language and Literature | Mathematics | Music | People | Portals | Religion | Science | Subject Index

 

List of inventors

This is a list of inventors.

See also: Timeline of historic inventions, List of inventions

Alphabetical list

Contents: Top - 0–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

A

  • Vitaly Mikhaylovich Abalakov, (1906-1986), Russia — camming devices, Abalakov thread (or V-thread) gearless ice climbing anchor.
  • Hovannes Adamian, (1879-1932), Armenia/Russia — tricolor principle of the color television
  • Robert Adler, (1913-2007), Austria/United States — wireless remote control
  • Turhan Alçelik (c. 2006), Turkey — non-glaring headlamp
  • Rostislav Alexeyev, (1916-1980) , Russia — Ekranoplan.
  • Mary Anderson, (1866–1953), United States — windshield wiper blade
  • Nicolas Appert, (1749-1841), France — canning (airtight food preservation)
  • Archimedes, (c. 287-212 BC), Greece — Archimedes' screw
  • Ami Argand, (1750-1803), France — Argand lamp
  • Edwin H. Armstrong,(1890-1954), U.S. — FM radio
  • William George Armstrong, (1810-1900), UK — hydraulic crane
  • Neil Arnott, (1788-1874), UK — waterbed
  • Lev Artsimovich, (1909-1973), Russia — Tokamak
  • Al-Ashraf, (fl. 1282-1296), Yemen — dry compass
  • Joseph Aspdin, (1788-1855), EnglandPortland cement
  • John Vincent Atanasoff, (1903-1995), United States — modern programmable computer

B

C

D

  • Gustaf Dalén, (1869-1937), Sweden — AGA cooker; Dalén light; Agamassan
  • Salvino D'Armate, (?-?), Italy — credited for inventing eyeglasses in 1284
  • Corradino D'Ascanio, (1891-1981), Italy - D'AT3 helicopter; Vespa scooter
  • Jacob Davis, (1868-1908), U.S. — riveted jeans
  • Edmund Davy, (1785-1857), Ireland — acetylene
  • Humphry Davy, (1778-1829), UK — Davy miners lamp
  • Joseph Day, (1855-1946), UK — the crankcase-compression two-stroke engine
  • Lee DeForest, (1873-1961), U.S. — triode
  • Miksa Deri (1854-1938), Hungary — co-inventor of an improved closed-core transformer
  • James Dewar, (1842-1923), UK — Thermos flask
  • William Kennedy Laurie Dickson, (1860-1935), UK — motion picture camera
  • Philip Diehl, (1847-1913), U.S. — Ceiling fan, electric sewing machine
  • Rudolf Diesel, (1858-1913), GermanyDiesel engine
  • Taqi al-Din, (1526–1585), Syria/Egypt/Turkey — steam turbine, smoke jack, six-cylinder 'Monobloc' suction pump, mechanical alarm clock, spring-powered pocket watch measured in minutes, spring-powered astronomical clock measured in minutes and seconds, framed sextant
  • Al-Dinawari, (828-896), Persia — more than a hundred plant drugs
  • William H. Dobelle, (1943-2004), United States — first functioning artificial eye
  • Bryan Donkin, (1768-1855), UK — print industry composition roller
  • Hub van Doorne, (1900-1979), Netherlands, Variomatic continuously variable transmission
  • Anastase Dragomir, (1896-1966), Romania — Ejection seat
  • Karl Drais, (1785-1851), Germany — dandy horse (Draisine)
  • Cornelius Drebbel, (1572-1633), The Netherlands — first navigable submarine
  • Richard Drew, (1899-1980), U.S. — Masking tape
  • John Boyd Dunlop, (1840-1921) UK — first practical pneumatic tyre
  • Cyril Duquet, (1841-1922) CA — Telephone headset Headset_(telephone/computer)
  • James Dyson, (1947- ) UK — Dual Cyclone bagless vacuum cleaner, incorporating the principles of cyclonic separation.

E

  • George Eastman, (1854-1932), U.S. — roll film
  • Thomas Edison, (1847-1931), U.S. — phonograph, commercially practical light bulb, motion picture projector, stock ticker, etc
  • Willem Einthoven, (1860-1927), The Netherlands — the electrocardiogram
  • Rune Elmqvist, (1857-1924), Sweden — implantable pacemaker
  • Douglas Engelbart, (1925-), U.S. — the computer mouse [2]
  • John Ericsson, (1803-1889), Sweden — the two screw-propeller
  • Lars Magnus Ericsson, (1846-1926), Sweden — the handheld micro telephone
  • Ole Evinrude, (1877-1934), Norway — outboard motor

F

G

  • Dennis Gabor, (1900-1979), Hungaryholography
  • Boris Borisovich Galitzine, (1862-1916), Russia — Electromagnetic seismograph.
  • Elmer R. Gates, (1859-1923), USA — foam fire extinguisher, electric loom mechanisms, magnetic & diamagnetic separators, educational toy ("box & blocks")
  • Richard J. Gatling, (1818-1903), U.S. — wheat drill, first successful machine gun
  • Hans Wilhelm Geiger, (1882-1945), GermanyGeiger counter
  • Henri Giffard, (1825-1882), France — powered airship, injector
  • Heinrich Göbel, (1818-1893), Germany — incandescent lamp
  • Leonid Gobyato, (1875-1915), Russia — first modern man-portable mortar
  • Robert Goddard, (1882-1945), U.S. — liquid fuel rocket
  • Peter Carl Goldmark, (1906-1977), Hungaryvinyl record (LP), CBS color television
  • Charles Goodyear, (1800-1860), U.S. — vulcanization of rubber
  • Gordon Gould, (1920-2005), U.S. — co-inventor of laser
  • Richard Hall Gower, (1768-1833), England — ship's hull and rigging
  • Bette Nesmith Graham, (1924-1980), U.S. — Liquid Paper
  • James Henry Greathead, (1844-1896), South Africa — tunnel boring machine, tunnelling shield technique
  • Chester Greenwood, (1858-1937), U.S. — thermal earmuffs
  • James Gregory, (1638-1675), Scotland — Gregorian telescope
  • William Robert Grove, (1811-1896), Wales — fuel cell
  • Otto von Guericke, (1602-1686), Germanyvacuum pump, manometer, dasymeter
  • Hakan Gürsu, (c. 2007), Turkey — Volitan
  • Johann Gutenberg, (c. 1390s-1468), Germany — movable type printing press
  • Samuel Guthrie, (1782-1848), U.S. — discovered chloroform

H

  • John Hadley, (1682-1744), EnglandOctant
  • Waldemar Haffkine, (1860-1930), Russia/Switzerland — first anti-cholera and anti-plague vaccines
  • Tracy Hall, (1919-2008 ), U.S. — synthetic diamond
  • Christopher Hansteen, (1783-1873), Norway — discovery of terrestrial magnetism
  • James Hargreaves, (1720-1778), Englandspinning jenny
  • John Harington, (1561-1612), England - the flush toilet
  • John Harrison, (1693-1776), Englandmarine chronometer
  • Victor Hasselblad, (1906-1978), Sweden — invented the 6 x 6 cm single-lens reflex camera
  • Ibn al-Haytham (Alhazen), (965-1039), Iraqcamera obscura, pinhole camera, magnifying glass, concave and convex mirrors, spherical mirror
  • Robert A. Heinlein, (1907-1988), U.S. — waterbed
  • Jozef Karol Hell, (1713-1789), Slovakia — the water pillar
  • Rudolf Hell, (1901-2002), Germany — the Hellschreiber
  • Joseph Henry, (1797-1878), Scotland/U.S. — electromagnetic relay
  • Heron, (c. 10-70), Roman Egypt — usually credited with invention of the aeolipile, although it may have been described a century earlier
  • John Herschel, (1792–1871)), England – photographic fixer (hypo)
  • William Herschel, (1738-1822), England — infrared
  • Heinrich Hertz, (1857-1894), Germany — radio telegraphy, electromagnetic radiation
  • George de Hevesy, (1885-1966), Hungary — radioactive tracer
  • Rowland Hill, (1795-1879), UK — postage stamp
  • Felix Hoffmann (Bayer), (1868-1949), Germany — Aspirin
  • Herman Hollerith, (1860-1929), U.S. — recording data on a machine readable medium, tabulator, punched cards
  • Nick Holonyak, (1928- ), U.S. — LED (Light Emitting Diode)
  • Robert Hooke, (1635-1703), England — balance wheel, iris diaphragm
  • Erna Schneider Hoover, (1926-), U.S. — computerized telephone switching system
  • Frank Hornby, (1863-1936), England — invented Meccano
  • Coenraad Johannes van Houten, (1801-1887), Netherlands — cocoa powder, cacao butter, chocolate milk
  • Elias Howe, (1819-1867), U.S. — sewing machine
  • Muhammad Husayn, (fl. 1600s), Persia — cartographic Qibla indicator with sundial and compass
  • Christiaan Huygens, (1629-1695), Netherlands — pendulum clock
  • John Wesley Hyatt, (1837-1920), U.S. — celluloid manufacturing

I

  • Ibn Yunus, (950-1009), Egypt — pendulum
  • Sumio Iijima, (1939- ), Japan — nanotubes
  • Gavriil Ilizarov, (1921-1992), Russia — Ilizarov apparatus and distraction osteogenesis.
  • János Irinyi, (1817-1895), Hungary — noiseless match

J

K

  • Mikhail Kalashnikov, (1919-), Russia — AK-47 and AK-74 assault rifles
  • Dean Kamen, (1951-), U.S. — Invented the Segway HT scooter and the IBOT Mobility Device
  • Heike Kamerlingh Onnes, (1853-1926), Netherlands — liquify helium
  • Jamshīd al-Kāshī, (c. 1380-1429), Persia — plate of conjunctions, analog planetary computer
  • Abu 'Abdullah Muhammad ibn Naser ibn Saghir ibn Khalid al-Kaysarani, (c. 1154), Syriastriking clock, clock tower
  • John Harvey Kellogg, (1852-1943), cornflake breakfasts
  • John George Kemeny, (1926-1992), Hungary — co-inventor of BASIC
  • Alexander Kemurdzhian, (1921-2003), Russia — first space exploration rover (Lunokhod)
  • Kerim Kerimov, (1917-2003), Azerbaijan and Russia — human spaceflight, space dock, space station
  • Charles F. Kettering, (1876-1958), U.S. — invented automobile self-starter ignition, Freon ethyl gasoline and more
  • Khalid, (fl. 800s), Ethiopia — coffee
  • Fazlur Khan, (1929-1982), Bangladesh — structural systems for high-rise skyscrapers
  • Al-Khazini, (fl. 1115-1130), Persiahydrostatic balance
  • Abu-Mahmud al-Khujandi, (c. 940-1000), Persiaastronomical sextant
  • Muhammad ibn Mūsā al-Khwārizmī (Algoritmi), (c. 780-850), Persia — modern algebra, mural instrument, quadrant, horary quadrant, sine quadrant, Quadrans Vetus, shadow square
  • Jack Kilby, (1923-2005), U.S. — patented the first integrated circuit
  • Al-Kindi (Alkindus), (801–873), Iraq/Yemen — ethanol, pure distilled alcohol, cryptanalysis, frequency analysis
  • Fritz Klatte, (1880-1934), Germany — vinyl chloride, forerunner to polyvinyl chloride
  • Margaret E. Knight, (1838-1914), U.S. — machine that completely constructs box-bottom brown paper bags
  • Ivan Knunyants, (1906-1990), Armenia/Russia — invented Nylon-6
  • Robert Koch, (1843-1910), Germany — method for culturing bacteria on solid media
  • Willem Johan Kolff, (1911-2009), Netherlands — artificial kidney hemodialysis machine
  • Rudolf Kompfner, (1909–1977), U.S. — Traveling-wave tube
  • Sergey Korolyov, (1907-1966), Ukraine/Russia — invented R-7 rocket family, designed Sputniks (including first Earth-orbiting artificial satellite), supervised Vostok program (including first human spaceflight)
  • Gleb Kotelnikov, (1872-1944), Russia — knapsack parachute
  • Ivan Kulibin, (1735-1818), Russia — Elevator using screw mechanisms. Also invented an automobile that featured a flywheel, brake, gear box, and bearing.[1]
  • Igor Kurchatov, (1903-1960), Russia — first nuclear power plant, first nuclear reactors for submarines and surface ships
  • Raymond Kurzweil, (1948-), Optical character recognition; flatbed scanner
  • Stephanie Kwolek, (1923-), U.S. — Kevlar
  • John Howard Kyan (1774-1850), Ireland — The process of Kyanization used for wood preservation

L

M

N

  • Ibn al-Nafis, (1213-1288), Syria/Egypt — circulatory physiology, otolaryngology, theological novel, science fiction novel
  • John Napier, (1550-1617), Scotland — logarithms
  • James Naismith, (1861-1939), Canadian born, USA — invented basketball and American football helmet
  • Yoshiro Nakamatsu, (b. 1928), Japanfloppy disk, "PyonPyon" spring shoes, digital watch, CinemaScope, armchair "Cerebrex", sauce pump, taxicab meter
  • James Nasmyth, (1808-1890), Scotland — steam hammer
  • Nebuchadrezzar II, (c. 630-562 BC), Iraq (Mesopotamia) — screw, screwpump
  • John von Neumann, (1903-1957), Hungary — Von Neumann computer architecture
  • Isaac Newton,(1642-1727), England — reflecting telescope (which reduces chromatic aberration)
  • Joseph Nicephore Niépce, (1765-1833), France — photography
  • Jun-Ichi Nishizawa, (1926-), Japan — Optical communication system, SIT/SITh (Static Induction Transistor/Thyristor), Laser diode, PIN diode
  • Alfred Nobel, (1833-1896), Sweden — dynamite
  • Carl Rickard Nyberg, (1858-1939), Sweden — the blowtorch

O

  • Theophil Wilgodt Odhner, (1845–1903), Sweden — the Odhner Arithmometer, a mechanical calculator
  • J. Robert Oppenheimer, (1904–1967), United States — Atomic bomb
  • Hans Christian Ørsted, (1777–1851), Denmark — electromagnetism, aluminium
  • Elisha Otis, (1811–1861), U.S. — passenger elevator with safety device
  • William Oughtred, (1575–1660), Englandslide rule

P

  • Larry Page, (1973-), U.S. — with Sergey Brin invented Google web search engine
  • Helge Palmcrantz, (1842-1880), Sweden — the multi-barrel, lever-actuated, machine gun
  • Daniel David Palmer, (1845-1913), Canada — chiropractic
  • Luigi Palmieri, (1807-1896), Italyseismometer
  • Alexander Parkes, (1831-1890), Englandcelluloid
  • Charles Algernon Parsons, (1854-1931), British — steam turbine
  • Spede Pasanen, (1930-2001), Finland — ski jumping sling
  • Blaise Pascal, (1623-1662), France — barometer, Pascal's calculator
  • Les Paul, (1915-), U.S. — multitrack recording
  • Nicolae Paulescu, (1869 – 1931), Romania — insulin
  • Gustaf Erik Pasch, (1788-1862), Sweden — safety match
  • Arthur Paul Pedrick, England — chromatically selective cat flap and others
  • John Pemberton, (1831-1888), U.S. — Coca-Cola
  • Slavoljub Eduard Penkala, (1871-1922), Croatia — mechanical pencil
  • Henry Perky, (1843-1906), U.S. — shredded wheat
  • Stephen Perry, England — rubber band
  • Peter Petroff, (1919-2004), Bulgaria — digital wrist watch, heart monitor, weather instruments
  • Fritz Pfleumer, (1881-1945), Germany — magnetic tape
  • Arthur Pitney, (1871-1933), United States — postage meter
  • Joseph Plateau, (1801-1883), Belgium — phenakistiscope (stroboscope)
  • Baltzar von Platen, (1898-1984), Sweden — gas absorption refrigerator
  • James Leonard Plimpton, U.S. — roller skates
  • Petrache Poenaru, (1799 – 1875), Romania — fountain pen
  • Christopher Polhem, (1661-1751), Sweden — the modern padlock
  • Ivan Polzunov, (1728-1766), Russia — first two-cylinder motor
  • Olivia Poole, (1889-1975), U.S., — the Jolly Jumper baby harness
  • Alexander Stepanovich Popov, (1859-1906), Russia — lightning detector.
  • Joseph Priestley, (1733-1804), England — soda water
  • George Pullman, (1831-1897), U.S. — Pullman sleep wagon
  • Michael I. Pupin, (1858-1935), Serbia — pupinization (loading coils), tunable oscillator
  • Tivadar Puskas, (1844-1893), Hungarytelephone exchange

R

  • Mario Rabinowitz, (1936-), U.S. — solar concentrator with tracking micromirrors
  • Hasan al-Rammah, (fl. 1270s), Syria — purified potassium nitrate, explosive gunpowder, torpedo
  • Harun al-Rashid, (763-809), Iraq/Persia — public hospital, medical school
  • Muhammad ibn Zakarīya Rāzi (Rhazes), (865-965), Persiadistillation and extraction methods, sulfuric acid and hydrochloric acid, soap, kerosene, kerosene lamp, chemotherapy, red lead, copper acetate, lead sulfide, zinc oxide, bismuth oxide, iron acetate, cinnabar, arsenic trioxide, sodium hydroxide, aludel, rose water, heated bath, funnel, sieve
  • Karl von Reichenbach, (1788-1869), paraffin, creosote oil, phenol
  • Ira Remsen, (1846-1927), U.S. — saccharin
  • Ralf Reski, (* 1958), Germany — Moss Bioreactor 1998
  • Josef Ressel, (1793-1857), Czechoslovakia — ship propeller
  • Charles Francis Richter, (1900-1985), U.S. — Richter magnitude scale
  • Hyman George Rickover, (1900–1986), U.S. — Nuclear submarine
  • John Roebuck, (1718-1794) England — lead chamber process for sulfuric acid synthesis
  • Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen, (1845-1923), Germany — the X-ray machine
  • Ernő Rubik, (1944-), Hungary — Rubik's cube, Rubik's Magic and Rubik's Clock
  • Ernst Ruska, (1906-1988), Germany — electron microscope

S

T

U

  • Lewis Urry, (1927-2004), Canada — long-lasting alkaline battery

V

  • Theophilus Van Kannel, (1841-1919), United States — revolving door (1888)
  • Louis R. Vitullo, (1924?-2006), United States — developed the first sexual assault evidence kit
  • Alessandro Volta, (1745-1827), Italy — battery
  • Faust Vrančić, (1551-1617), Croatia — parachute
  • Traian Vuia, (1872-1950), Romania — designed, built and flew the first self-propelling heavier-than-air aircraft in Europe

W

Y

Z

References

See also