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List of African Origin inventors and scientists

Name Life Occupation Inventions/Accomplishments
Virgie Ammons Invented a device for dampening fireplaces
A.P. Ashbourne Invented the Biscuit Cutter
L.C. Bailey Invented the Folding Beds.
Benjamin Banneker 1731-1806 Mathematician
Astronomer
Surveyor
Clockmaker
Author
Farmer
Constructed wooden clock (1753). Assisted in survey of the original boundaries of the District of Columbia (1791). Authored almanac and ephemeris (1792-1797)
James A. Bauer He invented the coin changer.
Patricia Bath 1942- ophthalmologist First African Origin female physician to receive a patent for a invention
Andrew Beard 1849-1921 Farmer
Carpenter
Blacksmith
Railroad worker
Businessman
Inventor
Made improvements to Jenny Coupler
Earl S. Bell 1977- Inventor
architectural theorist
building designer
Miriam Benjamin Inventor Invented Gong and Signal Chair for hotels
Second black woman to receive a patent
Edmond Berger Inventor Invented early spark plug
Leonidas Berry 1902-1995 Gastroenterologist Pioneer in the development and use of the gastroscope
David Blackwell 1919- Statistician
Henry Blair ?-1860 Inventor Second black inventor issued a patent
Invented early spark plug
Bessie Blount Griffin 1914- Physical therapist
Inventor
Invented object allowing amputees to feed themselves
Sarah Boone Inventor Invented improved ironing board allowing sleeves of women's garments to be ironed more easily
James E. Bowman 1923- Physician Renown pathologist and geneticist; Professor Emeritus Pritzker School of Medicine; first tenured African-American professor at the University of Chicago Division of Biological Sciences
Otis Boykin 1947-1982 Inventor
St. Elmo Brady 1884-1966 Chemist
Herman Branson 1914-1995 Physicist
Educator
Best known for his research on protein structure
E. Luther Brookes 1900s?-? Chemist, Educator
Charles Brooks Inventor Invented a type of street sweeper truck, and a type of paper punch
Phil Brooks Inventor Received a patent for a disposable syringe
Henry Brown Inventor Invented fire safe
Marie Brown Inventor Invented video home security system
John Albert Burr Inventor Received a patent for a type of Rotary-blade lawn mower
William Warrick Cardozo 1905-1962 Pediatrician Pioneered research on sickle cell anemia. In October 1937 he published "Immunologic Studies in Sickle Cell Anemia" in the Archives of Internal Medicine, many of the findings still valid today.
Ben Carson 1951- Pediatric Neurosurgery at Johns Hopkins University
George Washington Carver 1865-1943 Botanical researcher Discovered hundreds of uses for previously useless vegtables and fruits namely the Peanut.
Emmett Chappelle 1925- Scientist and researcher Made valuable contributions in several fields: medicine, biology, food science, and astrochemistry
David Crosthwait, Jr. 1898-1976 Research engineer Expert on heating, ventilation, and air conditioning
Received some 40 U.S. patents relating to HVAC systems.
Marie Maynard Daly 1921- First black American woman with a Ph.D. in chemistry
Charles Drew 1904-1950 Medical researcher
Lloyd Noel Ferguson 1918-? Chemist
Educator
First African Origin to receive a chemistry doctorate (1943, University of California, Berkeley)
Sarah P. Goode 1850s-? Inventor Invented cabinet bed
First African Origin woman to receive a patent in the United States
Joseph L. Graves Evolutionary biologist
Lloyd Hall 1894-1971 Chemist
James A. Harris 1932-? Co-discovered two new elements: Rutherfordium (element 104) and Hafnium (element 105) at Lawrence Livermore Laboratory
Walter Lincoln Hawkins 1911-1992 Scientist Inventor at Bell Laboratories
John E Hodge 1914-1996 Chemist
Kerrie Holley Research computer scientist at IBM Co-creator of Service-Oriented Modeling and Architecture, SOMA and the Service Integration Maturity Model (SIMM)
Erich Jarvis Duke University Neuroscience Studies bird songs
Elgy S. Johnson ?-1987 Mathematician
Frederick McKinley Jones 1893-1961 Inventor
Percy Julian 1899-1975 Chemist
Ernest Just 1883-1941 Biologist
Samuel Lee Kountz, Jr. 1931-1981 Transplant surgeon/researcher Pioneer in organ transplantation, particularly renal transplant research and surgery
Author or co-author of 172 articles in scientific publications
Lewis Latimer 1848-1928 Inventor
USAF Major Robert Henry Lawrence, Jr. 1935-1967 Major
Astronaut
First black astronaut and member of the Air Force's Manned Orbiting Laboratory program
Jan Matzeliger 1852-1889 Inventor
Henry McBay 1914-1995 Chemist
Ronald McNair 1950-1986 Astronaut Astronaut killed during mission STS-51-L in the Space Shuttle Challenger Disaster
Garrett Morgan 1877-1963 Inventor
Norbert Rillieux 1806-1894 Inventor
Engineer
John Uzo Ogbu 1939–2003 Anthropologist Studied race and intelligence
Claude Steele ? - Social scientist First studied stereotype threat
Vivien Thomas August 29, 1910 – November 26, 1985 Surgical technician Helped develop the procedures used to treat blue baby syndrome in the 1940s
Neil deGrasse Tyson 1958- Influential astronomer
Daniel Hale Williams 1856-1931
Granville Woods 1856-1910 Inventor
Madam C.J. Walker 1867–1919 Inventor created black cosmetic products

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