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Muhammad al-Fazari

Abu abdallah Muhammad ibn Ibrahim al-Fazari (d. 796 or 806) was a Muslim philosopher, mathematician and astronomer.[1][2] He is not to be confused with his father Ibrahim al-Fazari, also an astronomer and mathematician.

While some sources refer to him as an Arab[3][4][5][6], other sources state that he was a Persian.[7][8][9]

Al-Fazari translated many scientific books into Arabic and Persian.[10] He is credited to have built the first astrolabe in the Islamic world.[11]

Along with Yaqub ibn Tariq and his father he helped translate the Indian astronomical text by Brahmagupta (fl. 7th century), the Brahmasphutasiddhanta, into Arabic as Az-Zīj ‛alā Sinī al-‛Arab.[12], or the Sindhind. This translation was possibly the vehicle by means of which the Hindu numerals were transmitted from India to Islam. [13]

References

  1. ^ * H. Suter: Die Mathematiker und Astronomen der Araber (p. 4, 1900).
  2. ^ * Introduction to the History of Science by George Sarton - Page 524
  3. ^ Scott L. Montgomery. Science in Translation: movements of knowledge through cultures and time. p. 81.
  4. ^ Abramovich, Boris et al. History of Civilizations of Central Asia. pp. 177-178.
  5. ^ Pingree, David (1970). The Fragments of the Works of Al-Fazari. Journal of Near Eastern Studies. Vol. 29, No. 2. pp. 103-123.
  6. ^ Yaqut al-Hamawi. Irshad al-Arib Fi Ma'rifat al-Adib. Ed. D. S. Margoliouth. "E. J. W. Gibb Mem. Ser.," 6. Vol. 6. 2d ed. London, 1931.
  7. ^ * The Root of Europe: studies in the diffusion of Greek culture by Ralph Westwood Moore, Michael Huxley - 1952 - Page 48
  8. ^ * Richard N. Frye, The Golden Age of Persia, p. 163.
  9. ^ * Useful Reference Encyclopedia Freedom to Freedom: African roots in American soils : selected readings - by Ervin Lewis, Mildred Bain
  10. ^ * Glimpses of Islamic History and Culture by M. D. Zafar - 1987 - Page 331
  11. ^ * Richard N. Frye, The Golden Age of Persia, p. 163.
  12. ^ E. S. Kennedy, A Survey of Islamic Astronomical Tables, (Transactions of the American Philosophical Society, New Series, 46, 2), Philadelphia, 1956, pp. 2, 7, 12 (zijes no. 2, 28, 71).
  13. ^ * D. E. Smith and L. C. Karpinski: The Hindu-Arabic Numerals (Boston, 1911), p.92.).
  • Cantor: Geschichte der Mathematik (I, 3rd ed., 698, 1907).

Related

  • List of Arab scientists
  • List of Iranian scientists
  • zij

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