How to Become an NYPD Detective

If you are an NYC resident with a passion for preventing and investigating crime, a career with the NYPD may be right for you. The NYPD takes pride in the highly trained and specialized members of its Detective Bureau. The decision to promote an officer to the rank of Detective is largely based on the officer’s merit and experience, and the discretion of their commanding officers. You may be able to attain your goal of becoming an NYPD Detective if you meet the NYPD’s requirements for becoming an officer, complete the necessary training, and gain enough relevant work experience.

EditMeeting the Basic Requirements
Meet the age requirements for becoming an officer. Although you can take the NYPD entrance exam once you are at least 17.5 years old, you must be at least 21 before you can be appointed as an officer. You must pass the entrance exam before your 35th birthday.[1]

Complete the NYPD’s educational requirements. In order to be hired as an officer by the NYPD, you need to have completed at least 60 college credits and earned a minimum 2.0 GPA from an accredited school. Alternatively, you must have served at least 2 years of active service in the U.S. Armed Forces.[2]

Provide proof of citizenship and residency in NYC. You must be a U.S. citizen to serve as an NYPD officer. Additionally, you must hold a valid New York driver’s license. You will need to provide proof of residency in one of the 5 boroughs of NYC, or in Nassau, Suffolk, Rockland, Westchester, Putnam, or Orange County, within 30 days of being hired.[3] Proof of residency may include:[4]
A current lease or letter from your landlord including dates of tenancy and rent payments.

A utility bill showing your name and current address.

Your voter registration card.

Income tax returns showing your current address.

An automobile registration certificate or insurance policy.

Make sure you do not have any disqualifying factors. A variety of factors may disqualify you from serving with the NYPD. Before applying to the NYPD, consider whether you:[5]
Have ever been convicted of a felony or domestic violence misdemeanor.

Were dishonorably discharged from the military.

Have a demonstrable history of disrespect for the law (e.g., a pattern of repeated convictions or arrests).

Have violent tendencies.

Have ever been fired from a job due to poor behavior or difficulty dealing with authority.

EditApplying to Become an Officer
Take the Police Officer’s Entrance Exam. The first step to being considered for employment with the NYPD is to pass the entrance exam. You must be at least 17.5 years old and under the age of 35 to take the exam.[6] Fill out an NYPD Recruit Police Officer Registration form here to get information on how to take the exam: If you fail the exam or are unsatisfied with your score, you can sign up to take it again. The exam will test your skills in:[7]

Written comprehension and expression

Deductive and inductive reasoning

Informational ordering

Spatial orientation

Problem sensitivity


Fill out all required application forms. Once you have passed the entrance exam, you must submit to a multi-part candidate screening process. You must register online and complete a series of application forms to begin this process.[8] Start by creating an account here, and following the prompts:

Pass the medical exam. The screening process begins with a medical exam, which is administered by a Police Department Doctor at the Medical Division, 1 Le Frak City Plaza, 59-17 Junction Blvd., Corona, NY 11368. Bring copies of your medical records and report any medical conditions you have that require medication. If the doctor has any concerns about your physical condition, you may be placed on medical review. If this happens, you might need to present more detailed medical records or take further medical tests. The basic medical exam will include:[9]
A vision test. Your corrected vision must be at least 20/30, and your uncorrected vision in each eye must be at least 20/100. Bring your glasses or contacts to the exam.

A hearing test. Hearing aids are not allowed during this test. You must be able to hear sounds no louder than 35 decibels, ranging from 500 hertz to 6000 hertz, with each ear.

A blood pressure test. You must have a controlled blood pressure of no greater than 140/90, as well as a pulse of fewer than 100 beats per minute. For best results, do not eat or drink any products containing caffeine or other stimulants within 24 hours before the test.

An electrocardiogram to test for any cardiac problems.

A medical history assessment and general physical exam.

Submit to a character pre-screening. The character pre-screening is conducted at the Medical Division. During this screening, you must submit proof that you have completed at least 45 college credits with a GPA of 2.0 or higher, or that you have done military service. You will also need to provide fingerprints and report any criminal history or character issues.[10]

Meet with your Investigator to complete your character investigation. If you pass the character pre-screening, you must attend 1 or more interviews with an investigator to review your application. You must attend all scheduled appointments and bring any required materials to your interview(s).[11]

Bring identification documents to your interview(s). When you attend meetings with your investigator, you will be required to bring a wide variety of documents relating to your identity and background. Make sure to bring the following identification documents:[12]
An official copy of your birth certificate with a raised seal

Records of name change, if applicable

Naturalization papers, if you are a foreign-born citizen

Certificates and records relating to your marital status, if applicable

Your Social Security Card

Your driver’s license and motor vehicle registration for any vehicles owned by you or your spouse

2 proofs of residency (e.g., a copy of your lease and a utility bill)

Selective Service Registration and Classification Cards

Provide evidence of your education and work experience. In addition to ID documents, you will need to bring records of your education or time served in the armed forces, along with your employment history. Bring copies of the following to any interviews with your investigator:[13]
Your high school diploma (or equivalent), transcripts from college, and diplomas from any completed college degree programs

Original Discharge or Separation papers for military service, if applicable

Your employment history for the past 10 years or since the age of 18

Present any required financial documents. As part of your background investigation, you must provide evidence of your financial history. Bring these and any other required documents to any interview(s) with your investigator:[14]
W-2 forms and tax returns for the past 5 years

Records of disability benefits or workmen’s compensation benefits

Records of outstanding debts

A Social Security Detailed Earnings Report

Provide any other requested background information. Your investigator may also ask for other documents pertaining to your past and current activities and affiliations. You may need to present some or all of the following:[15]
Membership cards from any unions and social or fraternal organizations to which you belong

Records of any arrests or trials at which you were a defendant

Any licenses you hold from a government agency (e.g., a pistol license or a liquor license)

A DMV Lifetime Driver’s Abstract from every state in which you have held a driver’s license

Take written and oral psychological exams. Both psychological exams will take place at the Medical Division. After you complete the written exam, you will meet with a psychologist and answer questions. Keep your answers during the interview open, honest, and clear.[16]
There is no specific preparation you can do for a police psychology evaluation. The psychologists evaluating your written and oral responses are trying to get an idea of your honesty, general personality, and suitability for the stresses of police work.[17]
You will be asked questions designed to evaluate various aspects of your personality, including emotional stability, social competence, adaptability, assertiveness, dependability, attention to safety, ethics and integrity, ability to tolerate stress, and decision-making skills.[18]

Complete the Job Standard Test. The Job Standard Test will assess your ability to perform a variety of physical tasks in a short period of time (4 minutes and 28 seconds). The components of the Job Standard Test are the Barrier Surmount, the Stair Climb, the Physical Restraint Simulation, the Pursuit Run, the Victim Rescue, and the Trigger Pull. These tasks involve sprinting, climbing, resisting (simulated) physical force or restraint, running or jogging, dragging heavy weights over long distances, and operating a dummy weapon with your non-dominant hand. You will need to be in good physical shape to complete the test successfully. The NYPD suggests that candidates prepare by:[19]
Eating a well-balanced diet in the days leading up to the exam and avoiding junk food, tranquilizers (such as alcohol), and stimulants (such as caffeine).

Getting plenty of rest and avoiding any intense exercise 24 hours before the exam.

Fasting for at least 1.5 hours before the exam.

Wearing a T-shirt, sweat pants, sneakers, and batting gloves on the day of the exam.

Appeal within 30 days, if you are disqualified. You can be disqualified from service with the NYPD if you fail your medical exam, psychological exam, or background check. Fortunately, you have the option of filing for an appeal with the Civil Service Commission. You must file your appeal in the form of a certified letter within 30 days of your disqualification.[20]
A civil service attorney can help you through the appeal process, including writing your appeal letter and gathering supporting evidence for your appeal.

If you failed your medical or psychological exam, you must see an independent medical or psychological professional (e.g., your own primary care doctor or a private psychological therapist) and have them write up their own report supporting your suitability for the job.

You must submit any supporting medical/psychological documentation within 60 days of filing your appeal.

If the Commission decides to consider your appeal, they may schedule a hearing. If you are working with an attorney, they should attend the hearing and present arguments on your behalf. If you were disqualified for medical reasons, bring your doctor.

EditAttaining the Detective Rank
Complete your Police Academy training. All new NYPD recruits must complete rigorous training with the NYPD Police Academy. Your training will consist of a variety of components, including both classroom and tactical instruction. You will also gain practical experience in the form of a 3-week field assignment part-way through your academy training course.[21]

Gain work experience. In most cases, promotion to the status of detective is discretionary, meaning that there is no specific exam or procedure for becoming a detective. You may need to spend several years gaining practical experience as a police officer before your superior officers and/or the Police Commissioner decide you are ready to become a detective.[22]
However, you are automatically eligible for promotion to the rank of 3rd Grade Detective (the lowest detective rank) after spending 18 months doing work that is considered investigative (e.g., serving as a plainclothes officer).

Seek additional education. You may be able to increase your chances of becoming a detective if you gain additional training and education after becoming police officer. The NYPD offers a variety of educational opportunities to its employees, including a partnership with the CUNY John Jay College of Criminal Justice.[23] Talk to your commanding officer about how additional training could help you achieve detective status.
Consider taking courses in crime scene investigation, forensic science, or any area of specialization that you are particularly interested in (e.g., homicide investigations, missing persons, or weapons trafficking).

Develop an exemplary record on the job. In most cases, you must get a recommendation from a superior officer in order to be considered for promotion to detective rank. Do your best to distinguish yourself by performing outstanding work, taking time to develop your skills, and going above and beyond what is asked of you during the course of your regular duties.[24]
For example, you might take a writing class to help hone your skills at drafting exceptionally thorough, well-written police reports.

You might also catch your supervisor’s attention by demonstrating exceptional risk assessment and problem-solving skills.[25]
Demonstrate your suitability for the detective role by maintaining high personal and professional standards for honesty, integrity, and ethical behavior.

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How to Motivate Yourself to Go to the Gym

A gym membership is a great way to give yourself access to high-quality fitness equipment, classes, and trainers. However, many people who have gym memberships do not use them regularly. If you are trying to motivate yourself to go to the gym more often, there are several strategies you can try, such as rewarding yourself, connecting with people at your gym, and keeping your gym bag somewhere convenient.

EditUsing Material Incentives to Stay Motivated
Purchase an audiobook that you commit to listen to only at the gym. Research has shown that only being able to listen to an audiobook while at the gym motivates people to go to the gym more often. Choose an audiobook that you are very interested in listening to so that this will actually motivate you.[1]
If audiobooks aren’t your thing, then try making a list of movies you want to watch and only allow yourself to watch them while you are working out, such as while walking on the treadmill or using the elliptical machine.

You may also consider making a gym-only music playlist. Create a playlist of your favorite songs and commit to only listen to them during your gym workouts.

Another alternative to audiobooks is to find a podcast that you will only listen to at the gym. Choose upbeat tracks to help make your workout more fun.

Set up a reward system. Knowing that you have something that you are working towards may also help you to stay motivated to go to the gym. Take some time to establish rewards for going to the gym a certain number of times weekly and monthly.[2]
For example, you could reward yourself with a new nail polish or movie rental for going to the gym 5 times in 1 week. You could also reward yourself with a pedicure or a trip to the movie theater for hitting the gym 20 times in a month.

Choose rewards that will motivate you and commit to give them to yourself only if you meet your gym visit goals.

Calculate the cost of not going to the gym. Gym memberships are not cheap, so not using your membership is a waste of money. If losing money motivates you, then take some time to calculate how much money you will be losing by not going to the gym or not going often enough.[3]
For example, if your gym membership costs $60 per month, and you don’t go for a week, then you will be wasting $15. If you only go to the gym 2 times in a month, then it is like you are paying $30 per visit.

Pledge money that you will go to the gym or donate to charity. If the idea of losing a larger sum of money than you are spending on your gym membership sounds like it would motivate you, then try making a pledge that you will donate $100 dollars or more to charity if you don’t go to the gym a certain number of times in a month.[4]
For example, you could pledge to go to the gym 20 times in one month or donate $100 to your local animal shelter.

Or, if you think you’d be motivated if the money went to a cause you do not support, then you could pledge to give the money to that cause if you don’t meet your goal.

EditMaking Gym Visits a Positive Experience
Think about your biggest motivation to go to the gym. You may want to get fit to look better in your clothes, to feel more confident, or to improve your health, but these reasons may not be specific enough to motivate you. Instead of focusing on general reasons, try to come up with something very specific and personal to motivate you to go to the gym.[5]
For example, if you have a child, then your motivation might be something like, “I need to go to the gym regularly to be a good example to my son.” Or, you could go even further and say something like, “I want to walk my daughter down the aisle on her wedding day, so I am going to the gym today.”

You can also base your motivation on an upcoming special event. For example, you might say something like, “I want to look amazing at my 10 year high school reunion, so I need to go to the gym today.”

Set goals for yourself. Having a realistic fitness goal can be a great way to stay motivated to go to the gym regularly. Try setting a SMART goal that you can accomplish by going to the gym. SMART stands for specific, measurable, achievable, results-focused, and time-based.[6]
For example, your goal could be to reduce your 5k time by 2 minutes by the end of the next month. This is a specific goal that is measurable and achievable. It is also something that you will clearly know when you have accomplished it (results-focused) and it has a deadline, so it is also time-based.

You could work toward this goal by running a 5k course on the treadmill at your gym 3 times per week.

Participate in exercise routines and classes that you enjoy. Working out will always seem like an unpleasant chore if you force yourself to do activities that you do not enjoy. Instead, find an activity that you enjoy doing to help make visiting the gym something you look forward to.
Try different classes at your gym, such as spinning, step aerobics, kickboxing, and high intensity interval training (HIIT). If you don’t like one class, then take a different one. Showing up a little early for class can help you make friends and feel more invested in your workouts.

Use different machines, such as the treadmill, step machine, stationary bike, and elliptical walker.

If your gym has a circuit training station, try it out to see if you like it.

Get to know the trainers and regulars at your gym. Taking some time to chat with the trainers and regulars at your gym is a good way to make going to the gym a more pleasant experience. It will also help to keep you accountable because if you stop showing up, people will notice. Try saying “hi” to the trainers and regulars you encounter each time you visit the gym. After a few visits, you might want to introduce yourself to the trainers and regulars.[7]
For example, if you encounter a regular or trainer on your way into the gym, say something like, “Hi! My name is Chris. I don’t really feel like being here today, but I am here! How are you doing today?”

You may also consider getting an accountability buddy. This can be someone you meet at the gym or a friend who also needs help sticking to their gym visits. Send each other texts throughout the week each time you go to the gym, or plan to meet the person at the gym a few times each week.

EditSetting Yourself Up to Go to the Gym
Get some comfortable workout clothes. Feeling good about the way you look may be an end goal of regular gym visits for you, but having some workout clothes that you like wearing now may help you achieve this goal. If you have been hitting the gym in old or uncomfortable clothes, buy yourself a few new items to wear to the gym.
For example, you could buy a new pair of leggings or shorts, a new workout t-shirt or tank top, and a comfortable new pair of running shoes.

Go to bed early to ensure that you will have enough energy to work out. Feeling tired is a major reason why some people skip the gym. To avoid feeling too tired to work out, force yourself to go to bed a little earlier than you normally do.[8] Even getting an extra 30 minutes of sleep may make the difference between feeling run down and feeling energized when you head to the gym.
For example, if you normally go to bed at 11:00pm, try going to bed at 10:00 or 10:30pm.

Keep your gym bag packed and ready. Setting yourself up to head to the gym at a moment’s notice may be good motivation. You will have less of an excuse to skip the gym if you are totally prepared to go. Pack your gym bag and stow it somewhere handy at all times.[9]
For example, if you like to go to the gym after work, then keep your gym bag in the trunk of your car or in your office at work. Make sure it is stocked with your workout clothes and shoes, a water bottle, a towel, and a snack.

If you want to hit the gym in the morning before you head to work, stow your gym bag right by your front door. Wear your gym clothes in the morning and stock your gym bag with a water bottle, toiletries, a towel, and a change of clothes for work.

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How to Cut Curly Hair in Layers

Adding layers to curly hair can make your hairdo springier and more vibrant. Cutting them yourself can save you a lot of money, but giving yourself a haircut can be intimidating. It’s not that hard, though, if you start with the right tools. Remember to cut curly hair while it’s dry so you can see the shape of your haircut as you go. Work slowly in sections to add layers that completely transform your look!

EditGetting Your Hair Ready to Be Cut
Find some sharp shears and a wide-tooth comb. Don’t use just any scissors—find some shears especially made for cutting hair, as these will be sharp enough to avoid tearing the ends of your hair when you cut it. A wide-toothed comb is also important when working with curly hair. In fact, the wider the better! This will detangle your hair and it won’t stretch out the hair as much and will help prevent frizz.[1]
Make sure you only ever use your shears for cutting hair. Using them on other objects makes them become dull more quickly.[2]
Stay away from using razors if you have curly hair. This can damage your hair and promote frizz.[3]

Wash, condition, and detangle your hair. Add conditioner and detangle your hair completely. Depending on the kind of conditioner you use, you can comb it through or just apply it and wash it. Detangling your hair will allow you to work with it more easily. Making sure your hair is properly moisturized will help you better identify what hair is damaged and needs to go—sometimes the ends of your hair appear damaged when, in fact, they’re just dry.[4]

Dry your hair. Air-dry your hair, or dry it with a microfiber towel, which is gentler on your hair. Air-drying or gentle towel drying will allow your curls resume their ordinary shape and length. Cutting your hair while it’s dry allows you to see immediately what the final cut is going to look like. Furthermore, curls spring up and get shorter as they dry, so you’re at risk of cutting your layers too short if you chop them while they’re wet.[5]
It’s okay if your hair is a little damp, as long as it is not wet.

Cutting dry hair gives you less control over it, so if you’re finding it too hard to manage sectioning and cutting completely dry hair, you can lightly dampen it with a spray bottle.[6]

EditRemoving Overall Length
Divide your hair in half into two sections. Make a part down the center of your head, starting in the middle by your forehead and continuing all the way back to the nape of your neck. Pull the sections forward over your shoulders.[7]

Put hair ties on each section where you want to make a cut. Tie a hair band over the entire section, and slide the ties down until they’re just above where you want your final length to be.[8]
If you have shorter hair, use clips to section your hair into two or more pieces, and place a clip just above where you want to cut.

At first, aim to trim off an inch or two less than you plan to ultimately cut. You’ll probably have to cut more as you even out the length, and you don’t want to end up with too-short hair. You can always remove more later.

Cut the sections off under your hair tie. Chop your hair in a straight line. Use multiple cuts to get all the way through the section. This will leave you with blunt-cut ends.[9]
If you want to thin out the ends of your hair and make them look more blended, cut upwards into each section, at a slight angle.[10]

Undo the sections and tidy up the length. Remove your hair ties or clips and visually assess your hair. If you see any extra long strands, give them a quick chop. Use two mirrors to look at the back of your hair and straighten out any uneven edges.
Make sure your hair is the same length on both sides of your head. Pull strands of hair from each side forward and verify that they’re the same length. You may need to put your hair back in sections and cut a little bit more off of one side.

If you’re having difficulty getting all of your hair to be one even length, you can also try gathering up all of your hair into a ponytail on top of your head and cutting the ends. This will add some layers into your hair as well. Use clips if your hair is too short for a ponytail.[11]

EditCutting Layers into Your Hair
Divide your hair into four sections. Part your hair down the middle from front to back until your hair is divided in half. Next, divide these halves by making a part from your ear moving backwards towards the middle part.[12]
To part your hair, you can draw the tip of a comb across your scalp. Alternately, put your fingertips on either end of where you want the part to be, and drag your fingers towards each other until they meet.[13]
To make the finished hairstyle look more natural, use a zig-zag shape when you part your hair. The different sections will blend together more easily.[14]
Once you’ve separated out each section, secure the hair with a clip to keep it in place.

Pull the front middle section straight up over your head. Undo the clip keeping the section in place and stretch it up vertically, perpendicular to the floor. You can also pull it out slightly at an angle away from your head.[15]
For shorter layers, hold your hair straight up over your head.[16]
If you prefer longer layers, hold your hair straight out, away from your head, parallel to the ground. If you use this method, the top layers will be longer and closer in length to the bottom layers.[17]

Grasp the ends of the hair between your index and middle fingers. With your hand that is not holding the scissors, use your first 2 fingers to grab the section of hair at its base, closest to your scalp. Slide your fingers up the length of the hair until you reach the point where you want to make a cut.
Look for damage at the ends of your hair. If you see frizz or breakage, try to remove all of it when you cut your layers.

Angle your fingers so that you will cut the hair to be shorter in the front and longer in the back. This type of cut will help push your hair away from your face.[18]
Trim only a small amount of hair at first. You can always go back later and take more off, but it can be tough to fix a haircut if you cut too much off.[19] However, keep in mind that you will need to trim about from the ends to notice layers forming.

Cut the hair off above your fingers. Use several small chops until you’ve trimmed all of the hair. Then, angle your scissors so they’re nearly parallel to your hair, and cut a few times into your hair to thin the ends out slightly.[20]

Repeat the process on the next section. Unclip one of the sections next to the first. Pull the hair straight up, or at the same outward angle that you used when you cut the first section. Use the first section as a guide to determine how much hair to trim—hold up both pieces of hair next to each other, and cut off the new section to be the same length as the first.[21]
When pulling sections upwards to trim them, try to use the same amount of tension so that one section doesn’t end up shorter than another.

Continue lifting and cutting each section in the same way. Bring each section up and forward to the same imaginary point above your head before making the cut. Because the hair on the bottom of your head has further to travel when it is lifted up above your head, it will end up being longer than the hair on top of your head.[22]
Don’t try to use this process for the bottom sections at the nape of your neck. If you leave these unlayered, they will provide a strong, heavy bottom layer. If you layer them, the ends of your hair might appear too thin.[23]

Finish your cut by trimming any areas that stick out. Once you are done cutting the basic layers, let your hair fall naturally around your head, like you would normally wear it. If there are pieces that look too long or that stick out too far away from the rest of your hair, give them a quick trim.[24]
The overall shape of your hair should be fairly even and symmetrical. If the curls on one side of your head are sticking out a lot farther than they are on the other side, resection the longer hair and trim each of these sections to be a little shorter.

EditThings You’ll Need
Sharp shears

Wide-toothed comb



Spray bottle of water

Wall mirror

Handheld mirror

Get a friend to look at the hair in the back of your head to see if it’s even. Have them point out curls that are too long.

If your haircut looks very uneven or is not what you were expecting, don’t try to keep cutting off more and more hair. Make an appointment at a salon and have a professional help you fix it.

Trim your hair every 3-6 months. It’s important to regularly cut off dead or damaged hair to keep your overall hair looking and growing healthy. Trim it more often if you’re treating your hair with chemicals or if you regularly expose your hair to heat.

Avoid brushing your curls. Brushing your hair makes it more likely to break, which in turn makes it frizzier. If your hair needs to be detangled, wash and condition it, and while the conditioner is still in, run a wide tooth comb through your hair. This is helpful whether you have tight or loose curls.

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How to Become a Sports Analyst

You’ve seen them on TV and heard them on the radio, providing color commentary, reciting dizzying statistics by memory, narrating the play-by-play of the big game. Sports analysts play a very important role in presenting and explaining sports to modern audiences. As specialized journalists, sportscasters concern themselves with providing factual information, covering press for sporting events and interpreting the action for viewers. Becoming a sports analyst isn’t easy, but with the right experience and dedication you can rise through the ranks of the sports broadcasting industry.

EditGetting an Education and Building Skills
Learn as much as you can about sports. Most sports analysts start off as sports fans. Once you’ve decided to pursue a career as a sportscaster, absorb as much knowledge about sports as you can. Keep up with collegiate as well as professional teams, and follow multiple sports rather than just one or two. A good sports analyst is expected to be like a walking encyclopedia of sports information.[1]
It is not enough to know all about one team, or even one sport. Sports analysts have to possess a thorough knowledge of all the most sports, including football, basketball, baseball, soccer, hockey, golf, boxing and even Olympic and extreme sports.[2]

Become well-versed in statistics. Start paying close attention to game outcomes, player stats, win-loss records and other statistical information. Commit as much of these facts as you can to memory. Statistics is the language of sports analysis. As an analyst, your job will be to make authoritative assessments and predictions based on statistical models.[3]
There is far more use of mathematical principles in sports analysis than most people realize. Taking a formal statistics course or two will help further your understanding of how these principles come into play.

Earn an undergraduate degree in a related field. Go to school and work towards a degree in journalism, communications or broadcasting. While it’s not strictly necessary to have one of these degrees in order to land a job in sports journalism, most employers prefer that applicants hold a bachelor’s degree or higher. Online programs are also available for those who are unable to attend university classes.[4]
Holding a degree, along with the right experience, can give you an advantage over those without an education when it comes to getting hired.

Many online programs can be completed in less time than a full term at a university, and include all the most relevant courses, such as news reporting, media ethics, sports psychology and broadcasting.[5]

Consider going for a graduate degree. Once you’ve earned an undergraduate degree, think about channeling your efforts into a post-graduate master’s or doctorate level certification. Many graduate programs include courses that focus more specifically on sports analytics and broadcasting, meaning you’ll be getting an education in your chosen field of expertise. These credentials will be very impressive to potential employers.[6][7][8]
A graduate degree will require you to significantly narrow your area of focus, which may not help you get your first job but can make you a commodity for special positions later on.

EditGaining Experience
Play a sport. If you have the opportunity, think about trying out for a sports team. Having a practical knowledge of the sports you’ll be reporting on can be a major plus. Becoming an athlete will give you a chance to work closely with other players, coaches, recruiters and journalists, and afford you a behind-the-scenes look into the workings of the industry.[9]
If you’re not a student and don’t have the option of trying out for a school team, look into joining a community league in your area.

Quite a few well-known sportscasters got their start as players rather than educated journalists.

Hone your communication skills. Start writing out your thoughts and analyses of sporting events for practice. A substantial amount of the expert opinions offered by sports analysts are written down in the form of blurbs, editorials and written interviews. You should also work on polishing your verbal skills and becoming comfortable talking to people to prepare for conducting interviews and appearing on radio or television.[10]
A lot of writing goes into sports reporting, even if you’re working in broadcasting. The better you’re able to write, the better you’ll be at doing your job.[11]
Devise a system for interviewing players, coaches and other personnel. Know how to make the best use of a short interview segment, and which questions to ask to receive the information you’re after.[12]

Make industry connections. Attend sporting events regularly and meet as many industry professionals as you can. See if you can take up a minute of the coach’s time, or ask a sports reporter or even a camera technician how they broke into the business. Give your name to everyone you meet and let them know that you’re interested in getting started as a sportscaster. This way, they’ll remember you once it comes time to put your networking to use.[13]
Don’t be shy about asking for advice. Most sports reporters are very comfortable talking to people and will be happy to share the secrets of their success with you.

Look for a job in sports journalism or broadcasting. When you feel prepared, start seeking out jobs in sports journalism. You may have to smart small initially, working for community newspapers or an independent local television station. There, you will find expression for your love of sports while learning the ins and outs of the business. Begin compiling copies of the articles you write and any tapings you appear on to have a portfolio to show to more prestigious employers in the future.[14]
Don’t be discouraged if you have trouble landing a job at first. Sports analytics is one of the most competitive professions in the nation, and the market is constantly saturated with hopefuls. However, this also means that the demand for hardworking people is very high.

No one begins their career with one of the major sports news networks like ESPN. In all likelihood, working your way up will require you to travel and even move to new cities to work for different press agencies and gather the experience needed to make you an asset to the bigger companies.[15]

EditReaching a Professional Level
Provide credible information. Like any journalist, the mission of a sports analyst should be to provide the public with factual, reliable information. Take care to research facts carefully and represent them faithfully in your write-ups. Call upon your statistical proficiency to produce accurate figures and predictions, and share your own insights whenever you have the chance. Sports fans will be counting on you to provide them with reports that they can count on.[16]
Always verify a piece of information before you relay it to the public.

Aim to construct a network of dependable sources that will give you an inside line on developing updates.

Get comfortable being on the radio or TV. While some sports analysts are confined to offices researching and writing reports, others will find themselves presenting these reports to the masses on the air. If you intend to advance into broadcast journalism, you’ll need to cultivate a distinct professional demeanor and be at ease working in front of the cameras. Learn to think on your feet and stay poised and you’ll quickly get over the nerves of appearing in broadcasts.[17]
Talking for the radio or TV cameras can be intimidating, but will become easier the more you do it.

It may also be a good idea to know how to work with teleprompters, research databases, word processing programs and other technology utilized by professionals.[18]

Be able to meet strict deadlines. As a sports analyst, you will be expected to have prediction models, written columns and other materials prepared under strict time constraints. Get in the habit of starting projects right away and taking an organized approach to data collection and analysis. It’s important that you be able to work briskly and efficiently under pressure and meet a consistent quota.[19]
Your daily workload as a sports journalist will vary depending on where you work and what your exact job description is, but will more often than not include extensive paperwork that has to be submitted in a timely manner in order to support the information included in broadcasts.

Stay up-to-date on sports news and results. Keep watching sports and following the action of different teams, leagues and events. Even if you’re not observing from the press box, you should do your best to stay current on major developments in the sports world such as game results, player trades and injuries and team personnel changes. Your reputation depends on your ability to keep up with all types of sports-related information at once. Luckily, this is the most rewarding part of working as a sports analyst—getting paid to immerse yourself in what you’re most passionate about.[20][21]
In addition to your own research, you should know where to turn for credible, up-to-the-minute sports reporting. Follow the major news outlets like SportsCenter and ESPN to catch the big stories as they unfold.

Make use of your professional sources for exclusive inside information.[22]

If the job market for traditional sports reporting is oversaturated in your area, try looking for jobs with online publications and sponsored blogs. These can make a great platform for launching your career.

Read books and listen to interviews with famous sportscasters to find out more about how they got their start.

Rather than approaching your new career as an eager fan, you should learn to think like a coach. Becoming a successful sports analyst is not just about reporting facts but knowing what factors need to be in place to win games and make a team great.

Be willing to learn and continue honing your craft, even after you’ve done it for years. Your goal should be to constantly refine your expertise and the ways you’re able to relate it.

Working hours may be very long and arduous with demanding deadlines in the midst of different sports seasons.

EditRelated wikiHows
Become a Sports Journalist

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How to Clean a Bamboo Cutting Board

A bamboo cutting board is stronger, more durable, and more hygienic than a wooden cutting board. They also look great and are a more sustainable material than wood.[1] They do, however, require special care and maintenance in order to prevent them from being damaged. You will need to wash your bamboo cutting board quickly and carefully so that it does not warp or crack. If your bamboo cutting board gets stained or starts to smell, there are easy, natural ways to restore it. To keep your bamboo cutting board in prime condition, you will also need to coat it in mineral oil occasionally.

EditWashing a Bamboo Cutting Board
Wash the cutting board in warm water and soap quickly. Wash your bamboo cutting board immediately after use, and do not wash it for more than a few minutes. You should also prevent hot water from coming into contact with bamboo because it can damage it.[2]Do not use an abrasive material to scrub your bamboo cutting board. Rub the board with your hands or a soft cloth if you need to remove larger pieces of food.

Avoid soaking your cutting board in water. Bamboo is sensitive to heat and moisture, especially over prolonged periods. Do not put your bamboo cutting board in the dishwasher or let it soak in the sink, or it will warp and develop cracks.

Rinse your bamboo cutting board with lukewarm water. Make sure to get all of the soap and food residue off of the cutting board by holding it under the running water. Even though the water is not hot, you want to limit the board’s exposure to water, so rinse as quickly as you can.[3]
Dry your bamboo cutting board immediately. As soon as your board is rinsed, dry it off with a soft towel. After you have dried it with a towel, stand it up vertically and allow it to air dry.[4]Air drying the board can take a few hours.

EditRemoving Stains and Odors
Sprinkle coarse sea salt on the surface of the cutting board. Ideally, you should do this immediately after you have washed and rinsed your cutting board, but before it has been dried. Apply extra salt to any stained areas. The salt will act as an abrasive material for scrubbing and it will soak up excess moisture.[5]If you are dealing with a particularly stubborn stain, apply some baking soda instead.[6]

Scrub the board with a halved lemon. Lemon juice will kill bacteria and remove odors from the bamboo. Hold the citrus side of the lemon against the board. Press it into the salt and move it back and forth in a scrubbing motion until the salt has disappeared.[7]Make sure you also scrub the corners and edges of your board.

Cover the surface of your cutting board with another layer of salt. Spread the salt out evenly. Do not scrub off this second layer of salt.Your cutting board should still be somewhat wet from the lemon juice when you apply this second layer of salt. Do not dry the lemon juice off of your cutting board.

Leave the salt on the cutting board over night. If you cannot leave it out over an entire night, you should let the salt stay on the board for at least 2 hours.[8] The lemon juice needs time to penetrate the wood, and the salt will then soak up the excess moisture.
Remove the salt from the bamboo cutting board. Use the back of a spatula to scrape off the salt. Take a damp clean cloth and wipe off any remaining residue.[9]You can reuse this salt until it is no longer white. Just scrape it into a container and store it.

EditPerforming Regular Maintenance
Heat up some mineral oil until it is warm. Pour the mineral oil into a small pan and heat it on the stove until it is warm to the touch. You do not want it to be hot, just warm enough so that the oil soaks into the bamboo.[10]Only use food grade mineral oil on your bamboo cutting board.

Drizzle the warm oil onto all surfaces of the cutting board. Only do one of the large flat sides at a time so that the oil will spread more evenly. Don’t forget to oil the corners and edges.The oil will create a protective barrier that keeps enough moisture in the board to prevent cracking from dryness, but keeps enough water out to prevent warping.

Work in the oil using a soft cloth. Spread the oil around the board using the cloth to get an even coat. Rub with the grain if your bamboo cutting board’s grain has a uniform direction. If it doesn’t, buff in the oil using a small circular motion.[11]Once the oil has soaked into one side of the board, repeat the process with the other side and the edges.

Let the oil soak into the bamboo for at least 1 hour. If you are able, you may let the oil soak into the bamboo overnight. Position the board upright on one of its edges while you let the oil soak in.[12]After the board has soaked, wipe off any excess oil with a clean cloth.

Make sure that you set the oil-soaked board on a surface that will not be damaged by oil stains. Putting it on a plate or an air-dry dish rack would be ideal.

Store the cutting board in a cool, dry place. Prolonged exposure to heat, moisture, and even direct sunlight can cause damage to a bamboo cutting board. Try not to store it with objects that might scratch it like sharp knives and metal utensils.[13]
You should only need to oil your cutting board 1 or 2 times a month. Some people prefer to treat their cutting boards with oil after every use. This can be time consuming, but it does offer more protection for your cutting board.

A bamboo cutting board will last longer if you only use it for specific purposes. To preserve the bamboo for the longest amount of time, do not use it when you are chopping tough, acidic, or abrasive foods.

To reduce the chance of cross-contamination, use separate cutting boards for raw meat and other foods. Because bamboo is porous, you might consider either never cutting raw meat on it, or only using it for raw meat.[14]
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How to Make a Chocolate Souffle

A chocolate soufflé is a delicious dessert perfect to make for the people you love. A Valentine’s Day classic, the soufflé has a reputation for being very difficult to make and very easy to mess up. However, by using high-quality chocolate, whipping a lot of air into your eggs, and cooking them properly, you can make a perfect chocolate soufflé for any occasion.

1 tablespoon (15g) of butter, plus extra for ramekins

of dark chocolate

2 tablespoons (30ml) of freshly brewed black coffee

2 teaspoons (10ml) of vanilla extract

5 large eggs

1 teaspoon (5g) kosher salt

7 tablespoons (85g) of white sugar, plus extra for ramekins

Makes 4 servings

EditMaking the Batter
Combine the chocolate, butter, and coffee in a large glass bowl. Choose a high-quality dark chocolate, as this will be the main flavor of your finished soufflé. Chop chocolate into small pieces and transfer to a bowl with 1 tablespoon (15g) butter and 2 tablespoons (30ml) freshly-brewed coffee.[1]As you’ll be adding extra sugar to the soufflé later on, you should choose a dark, bittersweet chocolate to prevent your soufflé from being too sweet. A high-quality dark chocolate with around 70% cacao will work excellently for this.

The chocolate base is where all of the flavor for the soufflé comes from, with the lightness coming from the meringue that is folded in. You can prepare the base ahead of time and store it in the fridge for a few hours until you need to use it.

Melt the chocolate mixture over a double-boiler. Fill the bottom of a saucepan with around of water and bring it to a slight simmer. Put the glass bowl with the chocolate over the saucepan, making sure to keep the bottom of the bowl out of the water. Let the chocolate melt and combine with the other ingredients, stirring occasionally until smooth.[2]Using a double-boiler will apply a very slight heat to your chocolate, which will prevent it from burning.

If you can’t make a double-boiler, you could also melt the chocolate in a microwave on a very low setting. Heat it for 20 to 30 seconds at a time, stirring often until the mixture is melted.

Stir in the vanilla extract and egg yolks. Pour 2 teaspoons (10ml) of vanilla extract into the melted chocolate mixture, stirring until it is fully incorporated. Take the chocolate off the heat and beat in the yolks of 3 large eggs, saving the egg whites for the meringue. Once everything is fully combined, place the bowl back on the double-boiler and turn the heat as low as it can go.[3]The vanilla extract will complement the flavor of the chocolate, rather than overpowering it.

Let the chocolate cool slightly before adding the egg yolks to stop them from cooking. For extra caution, combine a little of the chocolate mixture with the egg yolks before adding them to the remaining mixture. This will temper the eggs and prevent them from scrambling.

Leaving the chocolate base sitting over the double-boiler will keep it just warm enough to stop the chocolate and butter from solidifying, without cooking the egg yolks. You can leave the chocolate base sitting here while you work on the meringue.[4]

Whip the egg whites and salt in a new bowl until soft and airy. In a different bowl, use a whisk or electric beater to begin whipping 5 egg whites and 1 teaspoon (5g) of salt into a soft meringue. Beat them only until they begin taking in some air, become white in color, and the whole mixture looks lighter.[5]Use the leftover egg whites from the eggs used to make the chocolate base. The two egg yolks you have left over when making the meringue can be used to make custard to serve alongside your soufflé.

You should stop whipping the egg whites just before they get to the soft peak stage. This step is only to lighten the egg whites before slowly incorporating the sugar, in order to make a light and smooth meringue.[6]

Pour in the white sugar, one tablespoon at a time. Once the egg whites are light and airy, you can begin incorporating 7 tablespoons (85g) of sugar. Add 1 tablespoon of sugar to the egg whites, beating them until the sugar is fully incorporated. Repeat this process until all of the sugar has been mixed in and your meringue forms stiff peaks.[7]A meringue that has “stiff peaks” will be able to stand up straight on its own. Lift the whisk or electric beater up and out of the meringue and observe the peaks that form. If they droop over back into the meringue, they are soft peaks. If they stand up straight and only drop slightly, they’re stiff peaks and your meringue is ready.

Stir 1/3 of the meringue mixture into the chocolate base. Use a rubber spatula or a large wooden spoon to transfer around 1/3 of the meringue mixture to the bowl containing the chocolate base. Stir the meringue and chocolate together until the chocolate becomes lighter, in both color and texture, and the two are fully combined.[8]This will help add some air into the chocolate before you mix in the rest of the meringue, making it much easier to combine the two while keeping the mixture light and airy.

Fold the remaining meringue into the chocolate. Transfer the rest of the egg whites to the chocolate bowl. Use long, slow strokes with a rubber spatula or large wooden spoon to the lift the chocolate up and fold the egg whites into it. Keep folding the egg whites into the chocolate until they are just combined.[9]If you overmix your soufflé batter, you’ll knock out a lot of the air and stop the soufflés from rising fully. Mix just until you don’t see any streaks of egg white left in the chocolate mixture.

EditCooking the Soufflé
Preheat your oven to . While this won’t be the temperature your souffle cooks at, it will give them a blast of extra hot air just as they go in the oven. This will help expand the egg whites and make your soufflé rise more evenly.[10]
Grease your ramekins with butter and coat them with sugar. Use a pastry brush or something similar to cover the entire inside of your ramekins with melted butter. Once they are greased, add a teaspoon or two of white, granulated sugar to each ramekin. Rotate the ramekins so that they are coated in sugar and pour the excess out.[11]This recipe creates approximately enough batter for four ramekins.

The grease of the butter and the fine granulation of the sugar will stop the edges of your soufflé from catching on the edges as it attempts to rise.

Pour the mixture evenly between the ramekins. Slightly overfill each ramekin with the soufflé batter, so that the mixture is just above the top of the ramekin. Use a knife or other flat utensil to quickly scrape any excess batter off of the top and back into the bowl, giving your soufflé a perfectly level top.[12]As with most other steps in preparing to cook your soufflé, leveling the top off will help your soufflé rise evenly as it cooks.

Use your finger to wipe away any stray batter that lands on the rim or outside of the ramekin as you pour.

Run your thumb around the edge of the ramekin. Slightly below the top edge of a standard ramekin is a second, lower rim. Place your thumb on the inside of the ramekin so that it is just touching the lower rim. Rotate the ramekin around, lifting the soufflé batter away from the top edge of the ramekin as you do. Repeat with the other ramekins.[13]Again, this will help your souffle rise, preventing it from getting caught on any stray or quick cooking batter on the edge of the ramekin.

Put the soufflés in the oven and lower the temperature to . Lowering the temperature immediately after putting the soufflés the oven will give them a blast of hot air needed to kickstart their rising without burning the tops. Place the ramekins on a baking tray to make taking them out easier, and leave them to cook for around 14 minutes.[14]Do not open the oven while the soufflés are cooking. The change in temperature can halt the rising of the soufflés and make them start sinking instead.

Remove the soufflés from the oven and serve immediately. As soon as they are taken out of the oven, the soufflés will begin to sink. Take them off the baking tray and serve them as soon as possible to keep them very light and airy.[15] Here are a few extra serving suggestions:Dust the top of your soufflés with a little powdered sugar or cocoa powder for some extra or sweetness or chocolate flavor.

Use a spoon to make a small hole in the center of the soufflé and add a dollop of whipped cream or creme anglaise just before serving. This will help balance out some of the dense chocolate flavor of the soufflé.

EditThings You’ll Need

Glass bowl


Chopping board

Wooden spoon

Mixing bowl

Whisk or electric beater


Rubber spatula

Baking tray

EditRelated wikiHows
Make a Chocolate Lover’s Pumpkin Pie

Make Lemon Meringue Pie

Make a Gooey Pumpkin Pie

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