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Albert Einstein

Albert Einstein (/ˈaɪnstaɪn/ EYEN-styne; German: [ˈalbɛʁt ˈʔaɪnʃtaɪn] (listen); 14 March 1879 – 18 April 1955) was a German-born theoretical physicist...

Last Update: 2023-06-02T13:47:58Z Word Count : 21222

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Hans Albert Einstein

Hans Albert Einstein (May 14, 1904 – July 26, 1973) was a Swiss-American engineer and educator, the second child and first son of physicists Albert Einstein...

Last Update: 2023-05-19T04:09:44Z Word Count : 1174

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Albert Brooks

Albert Brooks (born Albert Lawrence Einstein Yiddish: אַלבערט אײַנשטײן, romanized: Albert Aynshteyn; July 22, 1947) is an American actor, comedian, and...

Last Update: 2023-05-30T22:56:55Z Word Count : 1917

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Brain of Albert Einstein

The brain of Albert Einstein has been a subject of much research and speculation. Albert Einstein's brain was removed within seven and a half hours of...

Last Update: 2023-04-27T02:42:34Z Word Count : 2568

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Religious and philosophical views of Albert Einstein

Albert Einstein's religious views have been widely studied and often misunderstood. Albert Einstein stated "I believe in Spinoza’s God". He did not believe...

Last Update: 2023-05-30T05:34:22Z Word Count : 9950

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Albert Einstein House

The Albert Einstein House at 112 Mercer Street in Princeton, Mercer County, New Jersey, United States was the home of Albert Einstein from 1935 until...

Last Update: 2023-03-14T16:43:20Z Word Count : 653

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Albert Einstein College of Medicine

73°50′42″W / 40.850852°N 73.844949°W / 40.850852; -73.844949 The Albert Einstein College of Medicine is a private, nonprofit, research-intensive medical...

Last Update: 2023-04-21T09:16:16Z Word Count : 2673

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Albert Einstein (disambiguation)

Albert Einstein was a German-born theoretical physicist. Albert Einstein may also refer to: Albert Lawrence Einstein, the birth name of actor, comedian...

Last Update: 2023-04-16T21:39:33Z Word Count : 501

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Mileva Marić

and mathematician and the first wife of Albert Einstein from 1903 to 1919. She was the only woman among Einstein's fellow students at Zürich Polytechnic...

Last Update: 2023-05-31T20:25:49Z Word Count : 4650

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Political views of Albert Einstein

Albert Einstein was predominantly known during his lifetime for his development of the theory of relativity and his work in the field of physics in general...

Last Update: 2023-05-24T22:38:31Z Word Count : 6465

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Main result

Albert Einstein

Albert Einstein ( EYEN-styne; German: [ˈalbɛʁt ˈʔaɪnʃtaɪn] (listen); 14 March 1879 – 18 April 1955) was a German-born theoretical physicist. Best known for developing the theory of relativity, he also made important contributions to the development of the theory of quantum mechanics, and thus to modern physics. His mass–energy equivalence formula E = mc2, which arises from relativity theory, has been dubbed "the world's most famous equation". His work is also known for its influence on the philosophy of science. He received the 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics "for his services to theoretical physics, and especially for his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect", a pivotal step in the development of quantum theory. Einsteinium, one of the synthetic elements in the periodic table, was named in his honor.In 1905, Einstein published four groundbreaking papers. These outlined the theory of the photoelectric effect, explained Brownian motion, introduced special relativity, and demonstrated mass–energy equivalence. He thought that the laws of classical mechanics could no longer be reconciled with those of the electromagnetic field, which led him to develop his special theory of relativity. He then extended the theory to gravitational fields; he published a paper on general relativity in 1916, introducing his theory of gravitation. In 1917, he applied the general theory of relativity to model the structure of the universe. He continued to deal with problems of statistical mechanics and quantum theory, which led to his explanations of particle theory and the motion of molecules. He also investigated the thermal properties of light and the quantum theory of radiation, which laid the foundation of the photon theory of light. However, for much of the later part of his career, he worked on two ultimately unsuccessful endeavors. First, despite his great contributions to quantum mechanics, he opposed what it evolved into, objecting that "God does not play dice". Second, he attempted to devise a unified field theory by generalizing his geometric theory of gravitation to include electromagnetism. As a result, he became increasingly isolated from the mainstream of modern physics. Born in the German Empire, Einstein moved to Switzerland in 1895, forsaking his German citizenship (as a subject of the Kingdom of Württemberg) the following year. In 1897, at the age of 17, he enrolled in the mathematics and physics teaching diploma program at the Swiss Federal polytechnic school in Zürich, graduating in 1900. In 1901, he acquired Swiss citizenship, which he kept for the rest of his life. In 1903, he secured a permanent position at the Swiss Patent Office in Bern. In 1905, he was awarded a PhD by the University of Zurich. In 1914, he moved to Berlin in order to join the Prussian Academy of Sciences and the Humboldt University of Berlin. In 1917, he became director of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Physics; he also became a German citizen again, this time Prussian. In 1933, while he was visiting the United States, Adolf Hitler came to power in Germany. Einstein objected to the policies of the newly elected Nazi government; he settled in the United States and became an American citizen in 1940. On the eve of World War II, he endorsed a letter to President Franklin D. Roosevelt alerting him to the potential German nuclear weapons program and recommending that the US begin similar research. Einstein supported the Allies but generally denounced the idea of nuclear weapons.


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