The Simpsons

The Simpsons
The Simpsons yellow logo.svg
Genre
Created byMatt Groening
Based onThe Simpsons shorts
by Matt Groening
Developed by
Voices of
Theme music composerDanny Elfman
Opening theme"The Simpsons Theme"
Ending theme"The Simpsons Theme"
ComposersRichard Gibbs (1989–1990)
Alf Clausen (1990–2017)
Bleeding Fingers Music (2017–present)
Country of originUnited States
Original languageEnglish
No. of seasons34
No. of episodes745 (list of episodes)
Production
Executive producers
List
Running time21–24 minutes
Production companies
Release
Original networkFox
Picture formatNTSC (1989–2009)
HDTV 720p (2009–present)
Audio formatStereo (1989–1991)
Dolby Surround (1991–2009)
Dolby Digital (2009–present)
Original releaseDecember 17, 1989 (1989-12-17) –
present
Infobox instructions (only shown in preview)
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The Simpsons is an American animated sitcom created by Matt Groening for the Fox Broadcasting Company.[1][2][3] The series is a satirical depiction of American life, epitomized by the Simpson family, which consists of Homer, Marge, Bart, Lisa, and Maggie. The show is set in the fictional town of Springfield and parodies American culture and society, television, and the human condition.

The family was conceived by Groening shortly before a solicitation for a series of animated shorts with producer James L. Brooks. He created a dysfunctional family and named the characters after his own family members, substituting Bart for his own name; he thought Simpson was a funny name in that it sounded similar to "simpleton".[4] The shorts became a part of The Tracey Ullman Show on April 19, 1987. After three seasons, the sketch was developed into a half-hour prime time show and became Fox's first series to land in the Top 30 ratings in a season (1989–1990).

Since its debut on December 17, 1989, 745 episodes of the show have been broadcast. It is the longest-running American animated series, longest-running American sitcom, and the longest-running American scripted primetime television series, both in terms of seasons and number of episodes. A feature-length film, The Simpsons Movie, was released in theaters worldwide on July 27, 2007, and grossed over $527 million, with a sequel in development as of 2018. The series has also spawned numerous comic book series, video games, books, and other related media, as well as a billion-dollar merchandising industry. The Simpsons is a joint production by Gracie Films and 20th Television.[5] On March 3, 2021, the series was announced to have been renewed for seasons 33 and 34,[6] which were later confirmed to have 22 episodes each,[7] increasing the episode count from 706 to 750. The thirty-fourth season premiered on September 25, 2022.[8] On January 26, 2023, the series was renewed for its 35th and 36th seasons,[9] containing a combined total of 51 episodes. Seven episodes are season 34 holdovers, while the other 44 will be produced in the production cycle of the upcoming seasons, bringing the show's overall episode total up to 801.[10]

The Simpsons received widespread acclaim throughout its early seasons in the 1990s, which are generally considered its "golden age". Since then, it has been criticized for a perceived decline in quality. Time named it the 20th century's best television series,[11] and Erik Adams of The A.V. Club named it "television's crowning achievement regardless of format".[12] On January 14, 2000, the Simpson family was awarded a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. It has won dozens of awards since it debuted as a series, including 35 Primetime Emmy Awards, 34 Annie Awards, and 2 Peabody Awards. Homer's exclamatory catchphrase of "D'oh!" has been adopted into the English language, while The Simpsons has influenced many other later adult-oriented animated sitcom television series.


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  1. ^ Ortved, John (October 12, 2010). The Simpsons: An Uncensored, Unauthorized History. Faber & Faber. p. 287. ISBN 978-0-86547-939-5. Archived from the original on April 6, 2014. Retrieved February 2, 2014.
  2. ^ Facts on File, Incorporated (2010). Animation. Infobase Publishing. p. 9. ISBN 978-1-4381-3249-5. Archived from the original on April 6, 2014. Retrieved February 2, 2014.
  3. ^ Irwin, William; Conard, Mark T.; Skoble, Aeon J. (August 21, 2013). The Simpsons and Philosophy: The D'oh! of Homer. Open Court. p. 1972. ISBN 978-0-8126-9694-3. Archived from the original on April 6, 2014. Retrieved February 2, 2014.
  4. ^ "Matt Groening Reveals the Location of the Real Springfield". Smithsonian Magazine. Archived from the original on September 10, 2021. Retrieved May 1, 2020.
  5. ^ "The Simpsons About the Show". Archived from the original on April 25, 2019. Retrieved April 24, 2019.
  6. ^ Andreeva, Nellie (March 3, 2021). "'The Simpsons' Renewed For Seasons 33 & 34 By Fox". Deadline Hollywood. Archived from the original on August 14, 2021. Retrieved March 3, 2021.
  7. ^ Jean, Al (May 8, 2021). "Al Jean's Twitter – Seasons 33 & 34 episode count". Twitter. Archived from the original on July 22, 2021. Retrieved May 22, 2021.
  8. ^ "Breaking News - FOX Announces Fall Premiere Dates for the 2022-2023 Season | TheFutonCritic.com". www.thefutoncritic.com. Retrieved August 16, 2022.
  9. ^ Snierson, Dan (January 26, 2023). "The Simpsons renewed through 2025, will pass 800-episode mark". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved February 16, 2023.
  10. ^ Selman, Matt [@mattselman] (January 27, 2023). "If anyone is questioning the math, @TheSimpsons Season 34 season finale will be Episode 750 — but there are 7 more "holdover" shows airing this fall that were produced as part of production season 34" (Tweet). Retrieved February 16, 2023 – via Twitter.
  11. ^ "The Best of the Century". Time. December 31, 1999. Archived from the original on March 30, 2015. Retrieved March 9, 2015.
  12. ^ "The best animated series ever". The A.V. Club. February 16, 2015. Archived from the original on September 4, 2015. Retrieved January 15, 2022.

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