Dublin

Dublin
Baile Átha Cliath
Samuel Beckett Bridge At Sunset Dublin Ireland (97037639) (cropped).jpeg
Dublin The Convention Centre 01.JPG
GoergeSalmonTrinityCollegeDublin.jpg
O'Connell Bridge (25748548914).jpg
DublinTheCustomHouse-2014-10.jpg
(Ireland) Dublin Castle Up Yard.JPG
Flag of Dublin
Coat of arms of Dublin
Nickname: 
The Fair City
Motto(s): 
Obedientia Civium Urbis Felicitas
'The Obedience of the citizens produces a happy city'.[1]
Alternatively translated as
'An Obedient Citizenry Produces a Happy City'[2]
Dublin is located in Ireland
Dublin
Dublin
Location within Ireland
Dublin is located in Europe
Dublin
Dublin
Location within Europe
Coordinates: 53°21′00″N 06°15′37″W / 53.35000°N 6.26028°W / 53.35000; -6.26028Coordinates: 53°21′00″N 06°15′37″W / 53.35000°N 6.26028°W / 53.35000; -6.26028
CountryIreland
ProvinceLeinster
RegionEastern and Midland
CountyDublin
FoundedUnknown[4]
Government
 • Local authorityDublin City Council
 • HeadquartersDublin City Hall
 • Lord MayorCaroline Conroy (Green)
 • Dáil constituenciesDublin Central
Dublin Bay North
Dublin North-West
Dublin South-Central
Dublin Bay South
 • EP constituencyDublin
Area
 • Capital city117.8 km2 (45.5 sq mi)
 • Urban
318 km2 (123 sq mi)
 • Metro
1,000 km2 (400 sq mi)
Population
 (2016 / 2022)
 • Capital city588,233[3]
 • Density4,708/km2 (12,190/sq mi)
 • Urban
1,173,179[8]
 • Urban density3,689/km2 (9,550/sq mi)
 • Metro
 (2020)
1,417,700[7]
 • Metro density1,418/km2 (3,670/sq mi)
 • Greater Dublin
2,073,459[9][10]
 • Ethnicity
(2011 Census)
Ethnic groups
DemonymsDubliner, Dub
Time zoneUTC0 (GMT)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+1 (IST)
Eircode
D01 to D18, D20, D22, D24 & D6W
Area code01 (+3531)
GDP[11]€106 billion
GDP per capita€79,000
Websitewww.dublincity.ie

Dublin (/ˈdʌblɪn/; Irish: Baile Átha Cliath,[12] pronounced [ˈbˠalʲə aːhə ˈclʲiə] or [ˌbʲlʲaː ˈclʲiə]) is the capital and largest city of Ireland.[13][14] On a bay at the mouth of the River Liffey, it is in the province of Leinster, bordered on the south by the Dublin Mountains, a part of the Wicklow Mountains range. At the 2016 census it had a population of 1,173,179, while the preliminary results of the 2022 census recorded that County Dublin as a whole had a population of 1,450,701, and that the population of the Greater Dublin Area was over 2 million, or roughly 40% of the Republic of Ireland's total population.[15]

A settlement was established in the area by the Gaels during or before the 7th century,[16] followed by the Vikings. As the Kingdom of Dublin grew, it became Ireland's principal settlement by the 12th century Anglo-Norman invasion of Ireland.[16] The city expanded rapidly from the 17th century and was briefly the second largest in the British Empire and sixth largest in Western Europe after the Acts of Union in 1800.[17] Following independence in 1922, Dublin became the capital of the Irish Free State, renamed Ireland in 1937.

Dublin is a centre for education, arts and culture, administration and industry. As of 2018, the city was listed by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network (GaWC) as a global city, with a ranking of "Alpha minus", which places it as one of the top thirty cities in the world.[18][19]

  1. ^ "Dublin City Council, Dublin City Coat of Arms". Dublincity.ie. Archived from the original on 7 January 2019. Retrieved 29 August 2015.
  2. ^ "An Obedient Citizenry Produces a Happy City – Human Experience". Office of Public Works. Archived from the original on 10 May 2019. Retrieved 10 May 2019.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  3. ^ "Geographic Changes - CSO - Central Statistics Office".
  4. ^ "8 January 1986: 'Bogus' selection of date to mark Dublin's millennium". irishtimes.com. The Irish Times. Retrieved 16 June 2021.
  5. ^ "Dublin City Profile" (PDF). Maynooth University. Dublin City Development Board. 1 January 2002. Archived (PDF) from the original on 4 November 2019. Retrieved 6 November 2020.
  6. ^ "Census of Population 2011". Population Density and Area Size by Towns by Size, Census Year and Statistic. Central Statistics Office. April 2012. Archived from the original on 7 January 2019. Retrieved 30 March 2014.
  7. ^ "Number of Irish returning home at highest level since 2007". The Irish Times. Archived from the original on 25 October 2020. Retrieved 20 August 2020.
  8. ^ "Census of Population 2016" (PDF). Profile 1 – Geographical distribution. Central Statistics Office. 6 April 2017. p. 15. Archived (PDF) from the original on 7 April 2017. Retrieved 6 April 2017. Table 2.2 Population of urban areas, 2011 and 2016 [..] 2016 [..] Dublin city & suburbs [..] 1,173,179
  9. ^ Greater Dublin Area
  10. ^ "Census of Population 2022 – Preliminary Results e". www.cso.ie. Retrieved 23 June 2022.
  11. ^ "Database – Eurostat". European Commission. Archived from the original on 30 July 2020. Retrieved 26 August 2019.
  12. ^ "Dublin – Placename database of Ireland". Archived from the original on 7 January 2019. Retrieved 15 January 2018.
  13. ^ "The Growth and Development of Dublin". Archived from the original (PDF) on 30 March 2013. Retrieved 30 December 2010.
  14. ^ "Primate City Definition and Examples". Archived from the original on 7 January 2019. Retrieved 21 October 2009.
  15. ^ "Geographic Changes - CSO - Central Statistics Office".
  16. ^ a b Dickson, David (2014). Dublin The Making of a Capital City. Profile Books Ltd. pp. x. ISBN 978-0-674-74444-8.
  17. ^ Conway, Richard (31 May 2022). "How Dublin's Modest Terraced Houses Came Back Into Fashion". Bloomberg.com. Retrieved 27 June 2022.
  18. ^ "Global Financial Centres Index 8" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 October 2010. Retrieved 30 December 2010.
  19. ^ "The World According to GaWC 2018". Globalization and World Cities Research Network: Loughborough University. 13 November 2018. Archived from the original on 3 May 2017. Retrieved 23 November 2018.

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