Italians

Italians
Italian: Italiani
Map of the Italian Diaspora in the World.svg
Total population
c. 140 million
Regions with significant populations
Italy        55,551,000[1]
Brazil25–33 million (incl. ancestry)[3][4][5]
Argentina20–25 million (incl. ancestry)[6][7]
United States16-23 million (incl. ancestry)[8][9][10][11]
France1-5 million (incl. ancestry)[5][12][13]
Venezuela1-5 million (incl. ancestry)[14][15][16][17]
Paraguay2.5 million (incl. ancestry)[18]
Colombia2 million (incl. ancestry)[19]
Canada1.5 million (incl. ancestry)[20]
Australia1.1 million (incl. ancestry)[21][22]
Uruguay1.0 million (incl. ancestry)[5]
Germany801,082[23]
Switzerland639,508[23]
Chile600,000[24]
Peru500,000[25]
United Kingdom481,382[23]
Belgium451,825[26]
Costa Rica381,316[27]
Spain350,981[28]
Mexico85,000[29]
South Africa77,400[5]
Ecuador56,000[30]
Russia53,649[31]
Netherlands52,789[23]
Austria38,904[23]
San Marino33,400[32]
Luxembourg30,933
Portugal28,159[33]
Ireland22,160
Croatia19,636[34]
Sweden19,087
Albania19,000[35]
Israel16,255[23]
Greece12,452[23]
United Arab Emirates10,795[23]
Denmark10,092[23]
Poland10,000[36]
Thailand10,000[37]
Languages
Italian and other languages of Italy
Religion
Christianity (predominantly Roman Catholicism)[38]
Minority Irreligion[39]
Related ethnic groups
Corsicans, Maltese, Sammarinese

Italians (Italian: Italiani, pronounced [itaˈljaːni]) are a Romance-speaking ethnic group native to the Italian geographical region and its neighboring insular territories.[40][41][42] Italians share a common culture, history, ancestry and language. Their predecessors differ regionally, but include the ancient Greeks in Magna Graecia, the Etruscans in northern Italy and, most notably, the Romans in central Italy, who helped create and evolved into the modern Italian identity.[43][44][45][46] Legally, Italian nationals are citizens of Italy, regardless of ancestry or nation of residence (in effect, however, Italian nationality is largely based on jus sanguinis) and may be distinguished from ethnic Italians in general or from people of Italian descent without Italian citizenship and ethnic Italians living in territories adjacent to the Italian peninsula without Italian citizenship.[47][48] The Latin equivalent of the term Italian had been in use for natives of the geographical region since antiquity.[49]

The majority of Italian nationals are native speakers of the country's official language, Italian, or a variety thereof, that is regional Italian. However, many of them also speak a regional or minority language native to Italy, the existence of which predates the national language.[50][51] Although there is disagreement on the total number, according to UNESCO, there are approximately 30 languages native to Italy, although many are often misleadingly referred to as "Italian dialects".[52][45][53][54]

Since 2017, in addition to the approximately 55 million Italians in Italy (91% of the Italian national population),[1][55] Italian-speaking autonomous groups are found in neighboring nations; about a half million are in Switzerland,[56] as well as in France,[57] the entire population of San Marino. In addition, there are also clusters of Italian speakers in the former Yugoslavia, primarily in Istria, located between in modern Croatia and Slovenia (see: Istrian Italians), and Dalmatia, located in present-day Croatia and Montenegro (see: Dalmatian Italians). Due to the wide-ranging diaspora following Italian unification, World War I and World War II, (with over 5 million Italian citizens that live outside of Italy)[58] over 80 million people abroad claim full or partial Italian ancestry.[59] This includes about 60% of Argentina’s population (Italian Argentines),[60][61] 1/3 of Uruguayans (Italian Uruguayans), 15% of Brazilians (Italian Brazilians, the largest Italian community outside Italy),[62] more than 18 million Italian Americans, and people in other parts of Europe (e.g. Italians in Germany, Italians in France and Italians in the United Kingdom), the American Continent (such as Italian Venezuelans, Italian Canadians, Italian Colombians and Italians in Paraguay, among others), Australasia (Italian Australians and Italian New Zealanders), and to a lesser extent in the Middle East (Italians in the United Arab Emirates).

Italians have influenced and contributed to fields like arts and music, science, technology, fashion, cinema, cuisine, restaurants, sports, jurisprudence, banking and business.[63][64][65][66][67] Furthermore, Italian people are generally known for their attachment to their locale, expressed in the form of either regionalism or municipalism.[68]

  1. ^ a b c "Indicatori demografici Istat (Italian)" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 15 November 2018. Retrieved 14 November 2018.
  2. ^ "Sono circa 80 milioni gli oriundi italiani nel mondo" (in Italian). 4 February 2020. Retrieved 10 November 2021.
  3. ^ "República Italiana". itamaraty.gov.br. Archived from the original on 25 October 2019. Retrieved 25 December 2019.
  4. ^ "Rapporto italiani nel mondo" (PDF). Progetto culturale (in Italian).
  5. ^ a b c d "Italiani nel Mondo: diaspora italiana in cifre" [Italians in the World: Italian diaspora in figures] (PDF) (in Italian). Migranti Torino. 30 April 2004. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 February 2008. Retrieved 22 September 2012.
  6. ^ "Rapporto italiani nel mondo" (PDF). Progetto culturale (in Italian).
  7. ^ Departamento de Derecho y Ciencias Políticas de la Universidad Nacional de La Matanza (14 November 2011). "Historias de inmigrantes italianos en Argentina". infouniversidades.siu.edu.ar (in Spanish). Se estima que en la actualidad, el 90% de la población argentina tiene alguna ascendencia europea y que al menos 25 millones están relacionados con algún inmigrante de Italia.
  8. ^ "Total ancestry categories tallied for people with one or more ancestry categories reported 2010 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 18 January 2015. Retrieved 30 November 2012.
  9. ^ "The United States-Italy Relationship and Transatlantic Unity". U.S. Department of State. 27 June 2021. Retrieved 29 July 2022.
  10. ^ "Who We Are - The National Italian American Foundation". Retrieved 4 December 2022.
  11. ^ Gambino, Richard (April 30, 1972). "Twenty Million Italian-Americans". The New York Times. Retrieved 3 January 2023.
  12. ^ Documento "Italiens" del CIRCE dell'Università Sorbona - Parigi 3
  13. ^ Cohen, Robin (1995). Cambridge Survey. Cambridge University Press. p. 143. ISBN 9780521444057. Retrieved 2009-05-11. 5 million italians in france.
  14. ^ "Italianos celebran en Venezuela los 150 años de la Unificación". El Universal. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 10 July 2015.
  15. ^ "Embajador de Italia en Caracas asegura que el sistema electoral venezolano es confiable". Correo del Orinoco. Retrieved 10 July 2015.
  16. ^ Notargiovanni, Caterina (2017). "Por qué tantos en Venezuela están eligiendo Italia para huir de la crisis" (in Spanish). BBC. Retrieved 31 March 2021. "Estimamos que hay 2 millones de descendientes de italianos en Venezuela", le explica a BBC Mundo el primer secretario Lorenzo Solinas, encargado de prensa de la Embajada de Italia en Caracas.
  17. ^ Scalzotto, Davide. "Noi veneti del Venezuela, siamo i nuovi profughi fantasma". Il Gazzettino (in Italian). Retrieved 10 May 2021. I veneti in Venezuela sono invece 5 milioni: un quinto della popolazione.
  18. ^ "Ya se puede sacar la nacionalidad italiana". ABC Color. Retrieved 29 May 2020.
  19. ^ "Convenzioni Inps estere, Fedi sollecita Nuova Zelanda ma anche Cile e Filippine". 2018-02-09. Archived from the original on 2018-02-09. Retrieved 2021-03-31.
  20. ^ Government of Canada, Statistics Canada (2022-10-26). "Ethnic or cultural origin by generation status: Canada, provinces and territories, census metropolitan areas and census agglomerations with parts". www12.statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved 2022-10-26.
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  26. ^ "Vreemde afkomst 01/01/2012". Npdata.be. Archived from the original on 8 September 2012. Retrieved 29 March 2015.
  27. ^ Ramírez, Kevin (11 June 2012). "Costa Rica e Italia: países unidos por la historia y la cultura". Distance State University (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 8 January 2017. Retrieved 12 August 2022.
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  29. ^ "Episodio 10: Italianos". Canal Once. Archived from the original on 5 March 2016. Retrieved 6 July 2015.
  30. ^ "Le comunità italiane in Cile ed Ecuador — Lombardi nel Mondo". portale.lombardinelmondo.org. Archived from the original on 16 April 2014.
  31. ^ "ФМС России". Fms.gov.ru. Archived from the original on 30 April 2016. Retrieved 12 December 2017.
  32. ^ "San Marino country profile". BBC News. 18 May 2018. Archived from the original on 14 June 2018. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  33. ^ Relatório de Imigração, Fronteiras e Asilo (PDF) (in Portuguese), Serviço de Estrangeiros e Fronteiras, 2020, ISSN 2183-2935, retrieved 21 April 2022
  34. ^ "SAS Output". www.dzs.hr. Archived from the original on 15 May 2019. Retrieved 23 August 2019.
  35. ^ "Italians looking for work in Albania – 19,000, says minister". ANSAmed. 15 May 2014. Archived from the original on 12 June 2014. Retrieved 14 June 2014.
  36. ^ redazione. "Z miesiąca na miesiąc rośnie liczba Włochów w Polsce". Nasz Swiat (in Polish). Retrieved 2022-02-16.
  37. ^ "House of Italy". The Cloud. 8 February 2021. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
  38. ^ "L'Italia e le religioni nel 2016". Italofilia.Pl. 12 November 2016. Archived from the original on 22 July 2019. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
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  40. ^ Pop, Ioan-Aurel (1996). Romanians and Hungarians from the 9th to the 14th century. Romanian Cultural Foundation. ISBN 0880334401. Archived from the original on 22 April 2020. Retrieved 3 September 2019. We could say that contemporary Europe is made up of three large groups of peoples, divided on the criteria of their origin and linguistic affiliation. They are the following: the Romanic or Latin peoples (Italians, Spaniards, Portuguese, French, Romanians, etc.), the Germanic peoples (Germans), the Anglo Saxons (English) the Nordic (Dutch, Danes, Norwegians, Swedes, Icelanders, etc.), and the Slavic peoples (Russians, Ukrainians, Belarussians, Poles, Czechs, Slovaks, Bulgarians, Serbs, Croats, Slovenians, etc.)
  41. ^ Minahan, James (2000). One Europe, Many Nations: A Historical Dictionary of European National Groups. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 156. ISBN 0313309841. Archived from the original on 21 March 2015. Retrieved 10 July 2018. The Italians are a Latin people, also known as Mediterranean people
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  43. ^ Miti e simboli della rivoluzione nazionale Archived 10 August 2018 at the Wayback Machine. Treccani.it
  44. ^ Ethnic and Cultural Diversity by Country, James D. Fearon Archived 13 November 2018 at the Wayback Machine. Department of Political Science, Stanford University
  45. ^ a b : The usage of Italian language, dialects and other languages in Italy Archived 10 December 2018 at the Wayback Machine. Istat.it
  46. ^ Giuliano Procacci (ed.) (2009) Storia degli Italiani (In Italian: History of the Italian People). Rome, Italy: Editori Laterza.
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  48. ^ Ruggiero Romano, Corrado Vivanti, (1972). 'I caratteri originali'. In: Giulio Einaudi Editore (ed), Storia d'Italia Einaudi. 1st ed. Torino: Einaudi. pp.958–959.
  49. ^ Pliny the Elder, Letters 9.23.
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  56. ^ "Italian — University of Leicester". .le.ac.uk. Archived from the original on 2 May 2014. Retrieved 22 October 2015.
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  60. ^ Bridger, Gordon A. (2013). Britain and the Making of Argentina. p. 101. ISBN 9781845646844. Some 86% identify themselves as being of European descent, of whom 60% would claim Italian links
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  63. ^ Barone, Michael (2 September 2010). "The essence of Italian culture and the challenge of the global age". Council for Research in Values and philosophy. Archived from the original on 22 September 2012. Retrieved 22 September 2012.
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  68. ^ Keating, Michael (2004). Regions and regionalism in Europe. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing. p. 378. ISBN 1-84376-127-0. Archived from the original on 24 April 2016. Retrieved 12 December 2015.

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