Paris

Paris
La Tour Eiffel vue de la Tour Saint-Jacques, Paris août 2014 (2).jpg
Arcdetriomphe 2.jpg
Paris Opera full frontal architecture, May 2009 (cropped).jpg
Louvre Courtyard, Looking West.jpg
From top, left to right: the Eiffel Tower on the Seine; the Arc de Triomphe on the Champs-Élysées; the Palais Garnier; and the Louvre
Motto(s): 
Fluctuat nec mergitur
"Tossed by the waves but never sunk"
Location of Paris
Paris is located in France
Paris
Paris
Paris is located in Île-de-France (region)
Paris
Paris
Coordinates: 48°51′24″N 2°21′08″E / 48.856613°N 2.352222°E / 48.856613; 2.352222Coordinates: 48°51′24″N 2°21′08″E / 48.856613°N 2.352222°E / 48.856613; 2.352222
CountryFrance
RegionÎle-de-France
DepartmentParis
IntercommunalityMétropole du Grand Paris
Subdivisions20 arrondissements
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Anne Hidalgo (PS)
Area
1
105.4 km2 (40.7 sq mi)
 • Urban
 (2020)
2,853.5 km2 (1,101.7 sq mi)
 • Metro
 (2020)
18,940.7 km2 (7,313.0 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2019)[1]
2,165,423
 • Density21,000/km2 (53,000/sq mi)
 • Urban
 (Jan. 2017[2])
10,785,092
 • Urban density3,800/km2 (9,800/sq mi)
 • Metro
 (Jan. 2017[3])
13,024,518
 • Metro density690/km2 (1,800/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Parisian(s) (en) Parisien(s) (masc.), Parisienne(s) (fem.) (fr), Parigot(s) (masc.), "Parigote(s)" (fem.) (fr, colloquial)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
75056 /75001-75020, 75116
Elevation28–131 m (92–430 ft)
(avg. 78 m or 256 ft)
Websitewww.paris.fr
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Paris (French pronunciation: ​[paʁi] (listen)) is the capital and most populous city of France, with an estimated population of 2,165,423 residents in 2019 in an area of more than 105 km² (41 sq mi),[4] making it the 34th most densely populated city in the world in 2020.[5] Since the 17th century, Paris has been one of the world's major centres of finance, diplomacy, commerce, fashion, gastronomy, science, and arts, and has sometimes been referred to as the capital of the world. The City of Paris is the centre and seat of government of the region and province of Île-de-France, or Paris Region, with an estimated population of 12,997,058 in 2020,[6] or about 18% of the population of France.[7] The Paris Region had a GDP of €709 billion ($808 billion) in 2017.[8] According to the Economist Intelligence Unit Worldwide Cost of Living Survey, in 2021 Paris was the city with the second-highest cost of living in the world, tied with Singapore, and after Tel Aviv.[9]

Paris is a major railway, highway, and air-transport hub served by two international airports: Paris–Charles de Gaulle (the second-busiest airport in Europe) and Paris–Orly.[10][11] Opened in 1900, the city's subway system, the Paris Métro, serves 5.23 million passengers daily;[12] it is the second-busiest metro system in Europe after the Moscow Metro. Gare du Nord is the 24th-busiest railway station in the world and the busiest located outside Japan, with 262 million passengers in 2015.[13] Paris is especially known for its museums and architectural landmarks: the Louvre received 2.8 million visitors in 2021, despite the long museum closings caused by the COVID-19 virus.[14] The Musée d'Orsay, Musée Marmottan Monet and Musée de l'Orangerie are noted for their collections of French Impressionist art. The Pompidou Centre Musée National d'Art Moderne has the largest collection of modern and contemporary art in Europe. The Musée Rodin and Musée Picasso exhibit the works of two noted Parisians. The historical district along the Seine in the city centre has been classified as a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1991; popular landmarks there include the Cathedral of Notre Dame de Paris on the Île de la Cité, now closed for renovation after the 15 April 2019 fire. Other popular tourist sites include the Gothic royal chapel of Sainte-Chapelle, also on the Île de la Cité; the Eiffel Tower, constructed for the Paris Universal Exposition of 1889; the Grand Palais and Petit Palais, built for the Paris Universal Exposition of 1900; the Arc de Triomphe on the Champs-Élysées, and the hill of Montmartre with its artistic history and its Basilica of Sacré-Coeur.[15]

Paris hosts several United Nations organisations: the UNESCO, the Young Engineers / Future Leaders, the World Federation of Engineering Organizations, and other international organisations such as the OECD, the OECD Development Centre, the International Bureau of Weights and Measures, the International Energy Agency, the International Federation for Human Rights, the International Organisation of La Francophonie; along with European bodies such as the European Space Agency, the European Banking Authority or the European Securities and Markets Authority. Other international organisations were founded in Paris such as the CIMAC in 1951 (International Council on Combustion Engines | Conseil International des Machines à Combustion),[16] or the modern Olympic Games in 1894[17] which was then moved to Lausanne, Switzerland.

Tourism recovered in the Paris region in 2021, increasing to 22.6 million visitors, thirty percent more than in 2020, but still well below 2019 levels. The number of visitors from the United States increased by 237 percent over 2020.[18] Museums re-opened in 2021, with limitations on the number of visitors at a time and a requirement that visitors wear masks.

The football club Paris Saint-Germain and the rugby union club Stade Français are based in Paris. The 80,000-seat Stade de France, built for the 1998 FIFA World Cup, is located just north of Paris in the neighbouring commune of Saint-Denis. Paris hosts the annual French Open Grand Slam tennis tournament on the red clay of Roland Garros. The city hosted the Olympic Games in 1900, 1924 and will host the 2024 Summer Olympics. The 1938 and 1998 FIFA World Cups, the 2007 Rugby World Cup, as well as the 1960, 1984 and 2016 UEFA European Championships were also held in the city. Every July, the Tour de France bicycle race finishes on the Avenue des Champs-Élysées in Paris.

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2019". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 29 December 2021.
  2. ^ "Comparateur de territoire: Unité urbaine 2020 de Paris (00851)" (in French). INSEE. Archived from the original on 19 January 2021. Retrieved 10 February 2021.
  3. ^ "Comparateur de territoire: Aire d'attraction des villes 2020 de Paris (001)". INSEE. Archived from the original on 20 January 2021. Retrieved 10 February 2021.
  4. ^ "Populations légales 2019: Commune de Paris (75056)". INSEE. 29 December 2021. Archived from the original on 22 January 2022. Retrieved 3 February 2022.
  5. ^ "The World's Most Densely Populated Cities". WorldAtlas. 4 October 2020. Archived from the original on 19 March 2022. Retrieved 4 March 2022.
  6. ^ "Metropolitan areas". stats.oecd.org. Archived from the original on 12 April 2019. Retrieved 4 March 2022.
  7. ^ "Comparateur de territoire: Région d'Île-de-France (11)". INSEE. Archived from the original on 1 February 2021. Retrieved 10 February 2021.
  8. ^ "Regional GDP per capita in EU" (Press release). Eurostat. 28 February 2018. Archived from the original on 2 September 2019. Retrieved 6 March 2018.
  9. ^ By Maureen O'Hare. "These are the world's most expensive cities in 2021". CNN. Archived from the original on 16 April 2022. Retrieved 16 April 2022.
  10. ^ "List: The world's 20 busiest airports (2017)". USA Today. Archived from the original on 25 June 2018. Retrieved 2 May 2018.
  11. ^ "ACI reveals the world's busiest passenger and cargo airports". Airport World. 9 April 2018. Archived from the original on 28 June 2018. Retrieved 2 May 2018.
  12. ^ "Métro2030". RATP (Paris metro operator). Archived from the original on 21 December 2016. Retrieved 25 September 2016.
  13. ^ "The 51 busiest train stations in the world – all but 6 located in Japan". Japan Today. 6 February 2013. Archived from the original on 22 April 2017. Retrieved 22 April 2017.
  14. ^ "The Art Newspaper", 5 January 2022
  15. ^ "Paris, Banks of the Seine". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization. Archived from the original on 9 May 2019. Retrieved 17 October 2021.
  16. ^ Purayil, Anirudh Thekke. "History". www.cimac.com. Archived from the original on 4 March 2022. Retrieved 4 March 2022.
  17. ^ "Pierre de Coubertin". Archived from the original on 19 August 2021. Retrieved 4 March 2022.
  18. ^ Comité Régional du Tourisme Paris Île-de-France (CRT), Paris-Ile-de-France, retrieved 4 March 2022

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia · View on Wikipedia

Developed by Nelliwinne