ASEAN

Association of Southeast Asian Nations
  • Burmese:အရှေ့တောင်အာရှနိုင်ငံများအသင်း
    Filipino:Samahan ng mga Bansa sa Timog Silangang Asya[1]
    Indonesian:Perhimpunan Bangsa-Bangsa Asia Tenggara[2]
    Khmer:សមាគមប្រជាជាតិអាស៊ីអាគ្នេយ៍
    Lao:ສະມາຄົມປະຊາຊາດແຫ່ງອາຊີຕະເວັນອອກສຽງໃຕ້
    Standard Malay:Persatuan Negara-negara Asia Tenggara[3]
    Mandarin:东南亚国家联盟
    東南亞國家協會
    Tamil:தென்கிழக்காசிய நாடுகளின் கூட்டமைப்பு
    Thai:สมาคมประชาชาติแห่งเอเชียตะวันออกเฉียงใต้
    Vietnamese:Hiệp hội các quốc gia Đông Nam Á[4]
Motto: "One Vision, One Identity, One Community"[5]
Anthem: "The ASEAN Way"
Logo
Logo of ASEAN.png
Member states shown in dark green.
Member states shown in dark green.
SecretariatJakarta[a]
6°14.3353′S 106°47.9554′E / 6.2389217°S 106.7992567°E / -6.2389217; 106.7992567
Largest cityJakarta
6°11.6962′S 106°49.3837′E / 6.1949367°S 106.8230617°E / -6.1949367; 106.8230617
Working languageEnglish[6]
Official languages
of contracting states
Membership10 member states
Leaders
Lim Jock Hoi
• Chairmanship of ASEAN
Cambodia
Establishment
8 August 1967 (8 August 1967)
• Charter
16 December 2008 (16 December 2008)
Area
• Total
4,522,518[7] km2 (1,746,154 sq mi)
Population
• 2021 estimate
667,393,019[8]
• Density
144/km2 (373.0/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)2022 estimate
• Total
Increase $9.731 trillion[8]
• Per capita
Increase $14,441[8]
GDP (nominal)2022 estimate
• Total
Increase $3.595 trillion[8]
• Per capita
Increase $5,336[8]
HDI (2018)Increase 0.723[b]
high
Time zoneUTC+06:30 to +09:00 (ACT)

ASEAN (UK: /ˈæsiæn/ ASS-ee-an, US: /ˈɑːsiɑːn, ˈɑːzi-/ AH-see-ahn, AH-zee-an),[9][10][11] officially the Association of Southeast Asian Nations,[12] is a political and economic union of 10 member states in Southeast Asia, which promotes intergovernmental cooperation and facilitates economic, political, security, military, educational, and sociocultural integration between its members and countries in the Asia-Pacific. The union has a total area of 4,522,518 km2 (1,746,154 sq mi) and an estimated total population of about 668 million.

ASEAN's primary objective was to accelerate economic growth and through that social progress and cultural development. A secondary objective was to promote regional peace and stability based on the rule of law and the principle of UN Charter. With some of the fastest growing economies in the world, ASEAN has broadened its objective beyond the economic and social spheres. In 2003, ASEAN moved along the path similar to the European Union (EU) by agreeing to establish an ASEAN community that consists of three pillars: the ASEAN Security Community, the ASEAN Economic Community, and the ASEAN Socio-Cultural Community. The ten stalks of rice in the ASEAN flag and insignia represents the ten Southeast Asian countries bound together in solidarity.

ASEAN regularly engages other countries in the Asia-Pacific region and beyond. A major partner of UN, SCO, PA, GCC, MERCOSUR, CELAC and ECO,[13] ASEAN maintains a global network of alliances and dialogue partners and is considered by many as a global powerhouse,[14][15] the central union for cooperation in Asia-Pacific, and a prominent and influential organization. It is involved in numerous international affairs, and hosts diplomatic missions throughout the world.[16][17][18][19] The organization's success has become the driving force of some of the largest trade blocs in history, including APEC and RCEP.[20][21][22][23][24][25]

  1. ^ "Ang Saligang Batas ng ASEAN" [The ASEAN Charter] (PDF) (in Filipino). Association of Southeast Asian Nations. Archived (PDF) from the original on 10 January 2018. Retrieved 10 January 2018.
  2. ^ "Piagam Perhimpunan Bangsa-Bangsa Asia Tenggara" [The ASEAN Charter] (PDF) (in Indonesian). Association of Southeast Asian Nations. Archived (PDF) from the original on 15 December 2017. Retrieved 10 January 2018.
  3. ^ "Piagam Persatuan Negara Asia Tenggara" [The ASEAN Charter] (PDF) (in Malay). Association of Southeast Asian Nations. Archived (PDF) from the original on 10 January 2018. Retrieved 10 January 2018.
  4. ^ "Hiến chương của Hiệp hội các Quốc gia Đông Nam Á" [The ASEAN Charter] (PDF) (in Vietnamese). Association of Southeast Asian Nations. Archived (PDF) from the original on 10 January 2018. Retrieved 10 January 2018.
  5. ^ "ASEAN Motto". ASEAN.org. ASEAN. Archived from the original on 18 March 2015. Retrieved 9 May 2015.
  6. ^ ASEAN Charter (PDF). Association of Southeast Asian Nations. p. 29. Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 November 2015. Retrieved 29 October 2015. Article 34. The working language of ASEAN shall be English.
  7. ^ "Selected Basic ASEAN Indicators" (PDF). ASEAN.organisation. ASEANstats. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 September 2015. Retrieved 9 May 2015.
  8. ^ a b c d e "Report for Selected Countries and Subjects". IMF. Retrieved 26 January 2022.
  9. ^ "How do you say ASEAN?". Voice of America Pronunciation Guide. VOA. Archived from the original on 26 July 2020. Retrieved 31 January 2020.
  10. ^ "NLS/BPH: Other Writings, The ABC Book, A Pronunciation Guide". Library of Congress. 8 May 2006. Archived from the original on 12 January 2009. Retrieved 12 January 2009.
  11. ^ Asean.org Archived 2 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine, ASEAN-10: Meeting the Challenges, by Termsak Chalermpalanupap, Asean.org Archived 11 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine, ASEAN Secretariat official website. Retrieved 27 June 2008.
  12. ^ Cite error: The named reference Overview was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  13. ^ "International/Regional Organisation". ASEAN.
  14. ^ "This is why ASEAN needs a common visa". World Economic Forum. Archived from the original on 25 June 2019. Retrieved 18 March 2018.
  15. ^ "ASEAN bloc must be tapped". www.theaustralian.com.au. Archived from the original on 24 April 2020. Retrieved 18 March 2018.
  16. ^ "Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) | Treaties & Regimes | NTI". www.nti.org. Archived from the original on 13 April 2019. Retrieved 3 March 2018.
  17. ^ "ASEAN-UN Partnership". Asia-Pacific Regional Coordination Mechanism. 20 December 2016. Archived from the original on 12 October 2018. Retrieved 7 December 2017.
  18. ^ "An Overview of ASEAN-United Nations Cooperation - ASEAN - ONE VISION ONE IDENTITY ONE COMMUNITY". Archived from the original on 30 September 2020. Retrieved 28 April 2017.
  19. ^ "Intergovernmental Organizations". www.un.org. Archived from the original on 23 May 2017. Retrieved 28 April 2017.
  20. ^ "A trade pact nearly 10 years in the making: 5 things to know about RCEP | the Straits Times". 15 November 2020.
  21. ^ "India stays away from RCEP talks in Bali".
  22. ^ "PECC - Back to Canberra: Founding APEC".
  23. ^ "What is ASEAN?".
  24. ^ "Beating the Odds: How ASEAN Helped Southeast Asia Succeed". 15 March 2020.
  25. ^ "ASEAN: An Unexpected Success Story". 16 May 2018.


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