Academic journal

There are different types of peer-reviewed research journals; these specific publications are about food science

An academic journal or scholarly journal is a periodical publication in which scholarship relating to a particular academic discipline is published. Academic journals serve as permanent and transparent forums for the presentation, scrutiny, and discussion of research. They nearly-universally require peer-review or other scrutiny from contemporaries competent and established in their respective fields.[1][2] Content typically takes the form of articles presenting original research, review articles, or book reviews. The purpose of an academic journal, according to Henry Oldenburg (the first editor of Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society), is to give researchers a venue to "impart their knowledge to one another, and contribute what they can to the Grand design of improving natural knowledge, and perfecting all Philosophical Arts, and Sciences."[3]

The term academic journal applies to scholarly publications in all fields; this article discusses the aspects common to all academic field journals. Scientific journals and journals of the quantitative social sciences vary in form and function from journals of the humanities and qualitative social sciences; their specific aspects are separately discussed.

The first academic journal was Journal des sçavans (January 1665), followed soon after by Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society (March 1665), and Mémoires de l'Académie des Sciences (1666). The first fully peer-reviewed journal was Medical Essays and Observations (1733).[4]

  1. ^ Gary Blake; Robert W. Bly (1993). The Elements of Technical Writing. Macmillan Publishers. p. 113. ISBN 978-0-02-013085-7.
  2. ^ Monavarian, Morteza (2021-03-01). "Basics of scientific and technical writing". MRS Bulletin. 46 (3): 284–286. Bibcode:2021MRSBu..46..284M. doi:10.1557/s43577-021-00070-y. ISSN 1938-1425. S2CID 233798866.
  3. ^ The Royal Society: Royal Society journal archive made permanently free to access, 26 October 2011.
  4. ^ Mudrak, Ben. "Scholarly Publishing: A Brief History". American Journal Experts. Retrieved 2018-06-18.

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