BBC

British Broadcasting Corporation
TypeStatutory corporation with a royal charter
IndustryMass media
PredecessorBritish Broadcasting Company
Founded18 October 1922 (1922-10-18) (as British Broadcasting Company)
1 January 1927 (1927-01-01) (as British Broadcasting Corporation)
FounderHM Government
HeadquartersBroadcasting House
London, England, UK
Area served
Worldwide
Key people
Products
Services
RevenueIncrease £5.064 billion (2021)[1]
Increase £290 million (2021)[1]
Increase £227 million (2021)[1]
Total assetsIncrease £2.11 billion (2021)[1]
OwnerPublic owned[2]
Number of employees
Decrease 22,219 (2021)[1]
DivisionsBBC Television
BBC Studios
BBC Sport
BBC Radio
BBC News
BBC Online
BBC Sounds
BBC Weather
BBC Music
BBC English Regions
BBC Scotland
BBC Cymru Wales
BBC Northern Ireland
BBC North
Websitewww.bbc.com Edit this at Wikidata

The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is the national broadcaster of the United Kingdom, based at Broadcasting House in London, England. It is the world's oldest national broadcaster, and the largest broadcaster in the world by number of employees, employing over 22,000 staff in total, of whom approximately 19,000 are in public-sector broadcasting.[1][3][4][5][6]

The BBC is established under a royal charter[7] and operates under its agreement with the secretary of state for digital, culture, media and sport.[8] Its work is funded principally by an annual television licence fee[9] which is charged to all British households, companies, and organisations using any type of equipment to receive or record live television broadcasts and iPlayer catch-up.[10] The fee is set by the British Government, agreed by Parliament,[11] and is used to fund the BBC's radio, TV, and online services covering the nations and regions of the UK. Since 1 April 2014, it has also funded the BBC World Service (launched in 1932 as the BBC Empire Service), which broadcasts in 28 languages and provides comprehensive TV, radio, and online services in Arabic and Persian.

Around a quarter of the BBC's revenue comes from its commercial subsidiary BBC Studios (formerly BBC Worldwide), which sells BBC programmes and services internationally and also distributes the BBC's international 24-hour English-language news services BBC World News, and from BBC.com, provided by BBC Global News Ltd. In 2009, the company was awarded the Queen's Award for Enterprise in recognition of its international achievements.[12]

From its inception, through the Second World War (where its broadcasts helped to unite the nation), to the popularisation of television in the post-WW2 era and the internet in the late 20th and early 21st centuries, the BBC has played a prominent role in British life and culture.[13] It is colloquially known as the Beeb, Auntie, or a combination of both (Auntie Beeb).[14][15]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "BBC Group Annual Report and Accounts 2020/21" (PDF). BBC Group Annual Report and Accounts 2020/21. BBC. 6 July 2021. Archived (PDF) from the original on 6 July 2021. Retrieved 5 September 2021.
  2. ^ "BBC – BBC Charter and Agreement – About the BBC". www.bbc.co.uk. Archived from the original on 1 April 2019. Retrieved 1 April 2019.
  3. ^ "BBC History – The BBC takes to the Airwaves". BBC News. Archived from the original on 6 March 2007. Retrieved 19 July 2007.
  4. ^ "BBC: World's largest broadcaster & Most trusted media brand". Media Newsline. 13 August 2009. Archived from the original on 5 October 2010. Retrieved 23 September 2010.
  5. ^ "Digital licence". Prospect. Archived from the original on 7 November 2011. Retrieved 23 September 2010.
  6. ^ "About the BBC – What is the BBC". BBC Online. Archived from the original on 16 January 2010. Retrieved 23 September 2010.
  7. ^ Andrews, Leighton (2005). Harris, Phil; Fleisher, Craig S. (eds.). "A UK Case: Lobbying for a new BBC Charter". The handbook of public affairs. SAGE. pp. 247–48. ISBN 978-0-7619-4393-8.
  8. ^ "BBC – Governance – Annual Report 2013/14". bbc.co.uk. Archived from the original on 5 July 2019. Retrieved 20 December 2019.
  9. ^ "BBC Annual Report & Accounts 2008/9: FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE". Archived from the original on 10 February 2010. Retrieved 12 February 2010.
  10. ^ "TV Licensing: Legislation and policy". Archived from the original on 29 January 2010. Retrieved 12 February 2010.
  11. ^ "BBC Press Office: TV Licence Fee: facts & figures". Archived from the original on 7 September 2010. Retrieved 12 February 2010.
  12. ^ Shearman, Sarah (21 April 2009). "BBC Worldwide wins Queen's Enterprise award". MediaWeek. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 27 June 2019.
  13. ^ "The importance of the BBC". Parliament.uk. Archived from the original on 26 June 2019. Retrieved 26 June 2019. Government recognises the enormous contribution that the BBC has made to British life and culture, both at home and abroad.
  14. ^ "Jack Jackson: Rhythm And Radio Fun Remembered". BBC. Archived from the original on 26 June 2019. Retrieved 26 June 2019.
  15. ^ "Top of the Pops 2 – Top 5". BBC. Archived from the original on 26 June 2019. Retrieved 26 June 2019.

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